27. 12. 2016
EU

The interviews to greenGain stakeholders: advices for policy makers and business development

Legal, policy, financial and governance frameworks regarding energetic use of feedstock from LCMW were analysed by 31 experts through interviews by project partners: the results address both policy making and business development.

In WP6 “Policies, Finance, Governance and Public acceptance” 31 stakeholders at all levels have been interviewed to receive theoretical and practical information on policies, finance, governance and public acceptance of biomass projects, in order to elaborate comprehensive recommendations for the final strategy paper (D6.4). The results will be combined with the results of the literature research and discussed in the Stakeholders Working Groups (SWG) for validation.

Figure  1: Concept of the greenGain assessment of legal, policy, financial and governance frameworks for the use of LCMW feedstock

Figure 1: Concept of the greenGain assessment of legal, policy, financial and governance frameworks for the use of LCMW feedstock

The interviews provided a two-fold set of indications:

Indications useful for the provision of Policy recommendations for a top-down approach, regarding elements which are not under the control of supply chain actors and can be only indirectly influenced. Four thematic areas were identified:

  • Incentives:
    • Support at national level should be provided for the development of small scale technologies
    • Subsidies should be provided for supporting the use of biomass by big consumers
    • Certifications should be promoted at all levels
  • Legal regulations:
    • A clear definition, scope and legislation about LCMW must be elaborated
    • Clear standards should be fixed at EU level for the definition of waste and by-products
    • Clear regulations and information should be provided about the need of LCMW for the management of nature conservation areas
    • Renewable energy should be included in Waste Management Concepts
    • Companies could be obliged to produce/procure a percentage of the energy they consume
    • The number of chimneys should be fixed at local/regional level
  • Support to local authorities:
    • National and regional support for pilot projects and consultation services should be provided to local authorities
  • Knowledge and acceptance:
    • Clear information must be provided about funding policies and electricity billing (how incentives are paid)
    • Public hearings should be made compulsory for plants above a certain power

Results useful for the Development of an effective business model through a bottom–up approach, regarding elements which are under the control or direct influence of supply chain actors and which present a potential direct application in the model regions. Three thematic areas were identified:

  • Business development:
    • Security of supply is a fundamental condition. Long term biomass provision contracts and bundling of sources and suppliers are recommended
    • Reduction factors must be considered when the potential production of an area is assessed (see also next article of this newsletter on the greenGain Biomass Assessment)
    • Quality and uniformity: comparable and consistent properties of the LCMW biomass should be guaranteed
    • LCMW complementarity: the LCMW energy exploitation in itself could rarely be sufficient as core business for a company / logistic platform / conversion plant
    • Certification is recommended to every possible extent
    • Closure of the cycle: match demand and offer at local level
  • Governance:
    • A supply/value chain approach must be used, ensuring actors and facilities for all steps of the pathway before engaging in the investments
    • Logistic platforms: storage, selection and treatment areas to provide added value to biomasses
    • Fragmentation of property and access rights must be overcome
    • Community-based initiatives (such as cooperation pacts, community based investment and purchasing groups) should be supported
  • Public acceptance:
    • Mitigation and compensation measures should be automatically foreseen for plants
    • Energy workshops and public hearings
    • Local stakeholders should be invited to visit other similar plants in order to understand process and impacts
    • Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) should be conducted and published (publicity of economic, environmental and social effects)

Author: Federico De Filippi , SOGESCA

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