Friesland Germany

Model region total area (ha)

60 785 ha

Brief description of the location

The county Friesland lies in the North-West of Germany, 130 km west of Hamburg and belongs to the metropolian region of Bremen and Oldenburg. In the north the county borders to the Wadden Sea of the North Sea and in the east to the Jade Bay with the city Wilhelsmhaven laying in-between.

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Type of landscape

The predominat landscape type is the „Marsch“ (alluvial land), followed by Geest (slightly raised landscape with sandy soil) and moor. Hedgerows on banks are widely spread and are part of Friesland´s cultural landscape. Mostly there is agricultural area, however economically tourism also plays an important role due to the direct contact to the North Sea with the Wadden Sea (Wattenmeer) and the island Wangerooge.

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Type of population

  • 8 municipalities
  • 96 937 inhabitants
  • 159,5 inhabitants per km2

The majority of the population lives in the cities Varel (~23 550) Schortens (~20 200) and Jever (~13 800). The smallest municipality, the island Wangerooge, has only about 1290 inhabitants.

Economic activity

Share of employees in the main economic sectors:

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About 73% of the area in Friesland is used for agricultural purposes, about 7% is forest.

Types of LCMW biomass in the region

1.  Hedge- and treerows 

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2. Moorland

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Relevance of LCMW biomass types

1.  Hedgerows

  • Distribution homogenous over whole region
  • Approximate 13 % of the regions landscape is characterised by hedge rows on banks.
  • The total length of all hedge rows on banks sums up to about 562 km and with an average width of 3 m they cover approximately 0,3 % of the counties area.
  • Trees and shrubs on banks are a historical heritage, have ecological importance and economic advantages (wind protection, pest control, water balance,…)à nature/environmental protection, scenery
  • The LCMW biomass is currently used as fuel wood to a very limited extend, smaller dimensions unused

2. Moorland

  • Concentrated on certain areas
  • <1 % of the region area
  • Moorland under nature protection or/and NATURA 2000. Maintenance work in order to reduce drainage through trees à Nature/environmental protection
  • The LCMW biomass is currently used to limited extent

Pictures: Nora Kretzschmar, Alexander Rosenberg