Trasimeno Italy

Total area (ha)

114.156   ha

Brief description of the location

The Mountain Community of Trasimeno is a territory of 13 municipalities in the Umbria Region. Its beautiful hilly landscape is more than 50% under the Regional Landscape Protection Law and is composed of large areas of olive groves, vineyards, area devoted to grain production, rotation pastures, sunflower fields, grass meadows and coppice forests. The District of the Trasimeno lake is characterized by agricultural production of high commercial value, such as olive oil (Protected Designations of Origin Umbria) and wine (Controlled designations of origin – DOC Colli del Trasimeno, Colli Perugini). In addition to agricultural production, tourism is a very important activity in economic terms (with the Trasimeno Lake, numerous cities of art, trails, bike paths, hiking trails, parks) and the farm, with over 150 active companies. The conservation and maintenance of the territory, in addition to the work of farmers, is in the hands of public institutions (Trasimeno, communes Park) and several farms or holdings that provide quality and value to the landscape. Agricultural products, residues of the landscape maintenance and conservation works of the many green areas, the roads and paths, besides conservation and cleaning works on rivers and lake basins finally offer a very high biomass potential allocable to the production of renewable energy, at low cost of production and with a low environmental impact.

CM1

Type of landscape

Sub-hilly area around the lake, in the mid-Tiber valley in Umbria region

EN CMT2

Farms characters:

1)     TFA – Total Farmland Area (m.v. of total surface per farm): 15,30  ha

2)     UAA – Utilised Agriculture Area (m.v. of cultivated area per farm): 11,24 ha

3)     Altitude: 250 mt

4)     Cereals : 2,60 ha

5)     Olive Trees (medium): 3,45 ha

6)     Vineyard (medium): 1,48 ha

7)     Wood trees: 0,78 ha (medium)

8)     Fruits trees: 0,06 ha (medium)

9)     Forest (medium): 5,04 ha

10) Pasture (medium): 2,06 ha

CM3

CM4

Type of population

The Trasimeno Mountain Community is composed by 13 small municipalities which count with 3.500 to 15.000 inhabitants each, for a total of 116.000 inhabitants. The city of Perugia joins the Community through an historical agreement and adds further 160.000 inhabitants.

Economic activity

Agriculture, tourism, small industries.

Types of LCMW biomass in the region

1. Trenches form vineyards and olive groves

CM5

CM6

2. Ditch biomass (artificial waterways)

CM7

CM7b

3. Garden and Park biomass

CM8

CM8b

4. Roadsides

CM9

CM10

Relevance  of LCMW biomass types

1. Trenches from vineyards and olive groves

  • Small, individual agricultural properties à Homogeneous distribution over the whole region
  • Approximate the vineyards cover 0,9% (1.065 ha) of the region area and the olive groves cover 4,7% ( 5.353 ha) of the total area of the model region.
  • Traditional systems of olive groves and vineyards make up the most important and typical productions of the area and create a high landscape value which strongly characterizes this region.  Maintenance work of this agricultural areas (mowing, pruning), is essential to preserve this landscape and develop local economy. à Scenery, recreation, environmental protection
  • The LCMW biomass is currently burnt and used in minimum part

2. Ditch  biomass (artificial waterways)

  • Homogeneous distribution (hydraulic network of the district)
  • Approximate the extension of the artificial waterways network is 203 km.
  • Vegetation growing in ditches is periodically cut for flood safety reasons à Defence, public security
  • The LCMW biomass is currently not used (left aside were it is cut)

3. Garden and Park biomass

  • Public and private green spaces in the region à lives and herbs spot disseminated
  • Approximate the public and private green spaces cover 15,3% (17.500 ha) of the region area.
  • Maintain green areas and landscape conservation àScenery, recreation,
  • The LCMW biomass is currently sent to composting or landfill plants

4. Roadside

  • Homogeneous distribution over the whole region
  • Approximate the extension of the secondary roads network is 510 km.
  • Clear roads from vegetation to prevent blocking and secure passage  à Technical infrastructure, traffic
  • The LCMW biomass is currently not used (left aside were it is cut)