A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Ministry of Environment  10 regional Waste Management Plans Latvian Government 2007 LV

Title (orig.): Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Language: Latvian

Link:

Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Attachment

PDF (656.96 KB)

Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM)  Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP) Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM) 2002 BE

Title (orig.): Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Language: English

Summary:

In April 2000, the federal government decided that all generators of electricity from renewable sources will become progressively free to choose their own electricity supplier if they use more electricity than they are able to generate. Consumers who buy a significant amount of their electricity from renewable sources are also eligible to choose their electricity supplier. When coordinating the call to electricity suppliers, the transport-grid manager, taking into account the needed supply security, gives priority to plants using renewable energy sources for power production, or to cogeneration units. The Flemish Parliament approved the decree regarding the liberalisation of the electricity market and marked the following categories as eligible:

  • Producers using quality CHP installations or renewables for electricity generation (up to a certain ceiling)
  • Consumers of renewables-generated electricity by means of a CHP unit (for a certain amount of electricity) or consumers using heat from CHP units or renewables
  • Consumers using heat from a supplier who generates this heat by means of CHP units or renewables (for a maximum of 500 kWh electricity per GJ heat)

In Wallonia, a corresponding decree was approved and aims to gradually open the market for producers using CHP and/or renewables for electricity generation, as well as consumers using renewable electricity and/or electricity generated by means of a CHP unit, or using heat from CHP units or renewables.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from renewable sources

Link:

Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Ministry of the Environment  Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2012 LU

Title (orig.): Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Language: Luxembourgish

Summary:

Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending:

  • A law of 31 May 1999 on the establishment of a fund for environmental protection
  • The law of 25 March 2005 on the operation and financing of the action SuperDrecksKëscht
  • The law of 19 December 2008 a) on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators b) amending the amended Law of 17 June 1994 on the prevention and management of waste
  • The law of 24 May 2011 on services in the internal market

(LCMW) Relevance: Management of waste and amending

Link:

Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2005 CZ

Title (orig.): Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland  Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland 1996 FIN

Title (orig.): Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Language: English

Summary:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry (1094/1996, amendments up to 112/2003 included) contains 9 chapters:

  • Chapter 1 – General provisions
  • Chapter 2 – Ensuring the sustainability of timber production
  • Chapter 3 – Support for maintaining the biological diversity in forests
  • Chapter 4 – Forest ecosystem management
  • Chapter 5 – Other promotion measures
  • Chapter 6 – Application, granting and payment as well as recovery and legal consequences
  • Chapter 7 – Steering and supervision
  • Chapter 8 – Miscellaneous provisions
  • Chapter 9 – Entry into force and transitional provisions

(LCMW) Relevance: Financial support on maintenance of forest biomass

Link:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Environment and Energy Management Agency  Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund Environment and Energy Management Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund

Language: English

Summary:

The French government introduced in 2008 a heat fund (Fonds Chaleur) in order to support the production of heat through renewable energy plants (Art. 19 §4, Loi n° 2009-967). The budget of the heat fund is divided into two subvention types: on the one hand, a national call for tenders, which is published yearly for large biomass plants, on the other hand the support of other renewable energy projects is administered on a regional level by the regional agencies of the ADEME. The call for tender 2014 will close on 30.01.2014. Only biomass plants with a heat production over 1,000 toe per year are eligible, provided they are submitted for the industrial, agricultural and service sectors. The payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan and with consideration of the relation between the amount of support asked for and the amount of renewable heat produced.

Link:

Grenelle 1 - Heat fund
Feed-in tariff

Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy  Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Language: English

Summary:

A promotional tariff may be awarded to the winners of tenders for the construction of renewable energy plants. The ministry responsible for energy invites tenders at irregular intervals to reach the target production of electricity from renewable sources, which is specified in the multi-annual investment plant (Programmation Pluriannuelle des Investissements PPI), (art. 8 Loi n°2000-108). The calls for tenders are published in the official gazette of the European Union. The actual payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan (art. 1 Décret n°2002-1434).

Link:

Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Action Plan for Biomass in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 Ministry of Agriculture 2012 CZ

Title (orig.): Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020

Language: CS

Summary:

Biomass Action Plan in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 presents an analysis of the biomass use in the Czech Republic for energy purposes, and proposes appropriate measures for sustainable agro-energy interconnections till the year 2020.

The material includes information on key areas of energy use of biomass, including the use of solid biomass for direct combustion to produce heat and electricity, biogas production and liquid biofuels and proposes appropriate measures for the sustainability of the biomass field by 2020.

Biomass Action Plan presents real potential of various types of biomass for efficient energy utilization.

The Biomass Action Plan is built on a previous similar document prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture for years 2009-2011, which indicated the possibility of biomass energy utilization.

Link:

Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020 (PDF)

Commission for Technology and Innovation CTI  Action plan for coordinated energy research Commission for Technology and Innovation CTI 2013 CH

Title (orig.): Action plan for coordinated energy research

Language: English

Link:

Action plan for coordinated energy research

Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC)  Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) 2007 CH

Title (orig.): Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Language: English

Link:

Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

ADAS  Addressing the land use issues for non-food crops, in response to increasing fuel and energy generation opportunities. ADAS 2008 UK

Title (orig.): Addressing the land use issues for non-food crops, in response to increasing fuel and energy generation opportunities.

Language: English

Summary:

One of the roles of the NNFCC is to develop markets for UK renewable feedstocks. One of these, biomass, has the potential to supply energy for heating, electricity production and as a liquid transport fuel. This report establishes the current scale and location of biomass production in the UK and assesses the potential for increasing biomass production in the future. This report was commissioned by the National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) on behalf of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).

(LCMW) Relevance: Development of renewable feedstocks markets in UK.

Ministry of Environment  Advice of the Directorate General for waste and pollution of 27/05/15 Ministry of Environment 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Language: Italian

Summary:

Clarification on the classification of pruning residues resulting from the activities LCMW.  The Note (prot. n. 0006038 / RIN MATTM( laying clarifications on the “Classification of prunings  from the maintenance of the green,” he reiterated definitively settled interpretation of the Environmental Code (Legislative Decree 152/2006): the green waste arising from maintenance and pruning urban green areas can be excluded from the regulation of waste and used to produce energy, if it is shown that the conditions required by Article 184 bis of Legislative Decree 152/2006 on the regulation of by-products.

Link:

Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Baumgartner, Hansjakob  Also in meadows grows energy wood Federal Office for Environment (CH), Magazine "Umwelt" 2010 CH

Title (orig.): Auch in der Flur wächst Energieholz

Language: DE - CH

Summary:

Meadows enrich the landscape among other also by providing important habitats for animals and plants. To fulfil this function on a long term regular maintenance work is necessary. The resulting woody biomass has a high potential to contribute to a climate neutral energy potential.

(LCMW) Relevance: In the city of Bern, biomass coming from LCMW is nearly completely used for energetic purposes. Description of the use of LCMW biomass in Switzerland.

Link:

Aktionsplan Holz: Auch in der Flur wächst Energieholz

Havlíčková, K. et al.  Analysis of the biomass potential in the Czech Republic The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG) 2010 CZ

Title (orig.): Analýza potenciálu biomasy v České republice

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication presents the outcomes of the MŽP SP/3G/24/07 project implemented by the The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG), (in original Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (VÚKOZ)). The book consists of eight chapters dealing mainly with determining the biomass potential of arable land and economy of energy from biomass There are 26 colored graphic attachments at the end of the publication, which display various map outputs describing the resource maps and the attachment. Potential of forest harvest residues by age levels is also indicated in this attachment.

Link:

Website of the project
Homepage of the institute

Government departments Aragon  Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 Government departments Aragon 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The May 15, 2013, he appeared at the Crown Room of the Government of Aragon draft Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 . It is a document that reflects the indicative planning on energy for the coming years prepared by the Directorate General of Energy and Mines of the Department of Industry and Innovation, in close contact with the other comprising the regional government and the key industry players such as energy companies, technology centers, large consumers or project promoters. With this presentation, the plan, which is undergoing environmental assessment of plans and programs to the competent body of the Autonomous Community -INAGA-, starts the way of public information. The Directorate General of Energy and Mines in cooperation with the Directorate General for Citizen Participation, External Action and Cooperation start over June a specific participation process. Their goal is not only to account for the content of the Plan, but society is part of their preparation and setup or what is the same, get an energy plan for each and for all the Aragonese.

Link:

Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Šipkovs et. al.  Article: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia (2012) Riga Technical University 2012 LV

Title (orig.): Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

Language: Latvian

Link:

Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

Sandija Zēverte-Rivža  Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014) Energetika 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014)

Language: English

Link:

Promotion of biogas production in Latvia

Rosenberg, Alexander  Assessment of energy wood potential from roadside maintenance in the county Rotenburg (Wümme) Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Chamber of Agriculture Lower Saxony 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Einschätzung des Energieholzpotenzials aus Straßenbegleitgrün im Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)

Language: German

Summary:

This report describes the assessment of the biomass potential from roadside maintenance in the German county Rotenburg (Wümme) in the course of the EU INTERREG Baltic Sea Region project Bioenergy Promtion. The author describes the methodology of measuring hedge- and treerows along county roads and illustrates the estimation of vegetation type structures and maintenance urgency. Among other he also names options for efficient planing and implementation of the LCMW in this region.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from roadside maintenance in the pilot region Rotenburg (Wümme)

Attachment

PDF Report Bioenergy Promotion (1.24 MB)

Straub, Christoph  Assessment of the energy wood potential and its availability in the forest and in the open country with new remote sensing methods Inaugural Dissertation at the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg in Breisgau 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Erfassung des Energieholzpotentials und seiner Verfügbarkeit im Wald und im Offenland mit neuen Fernerkundungsmethoden

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

The aim of this thesis was to develop new methods to provide detailed information regarding the spatial distribution of biomass and those components that can be used for energy production using modern remote sensing techniques. An important aspect was the development of automated procedures with appropriate software solutions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment with remote sensing

WMW (Waste Management World)  Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa WMW (Waste Management World). Multi-fuel fired plant 2010 SE

Title (orig.): Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa

Language: EN

Summary:

The new facility in Landskrona, Sweden is part of a new generation of plants capable of burning a wide range of biomass and sorted waste fuels. Multi-fuel fired combined heat and power plants will cover the future need for advanced technology to exploiting all resources. New fuels, ranging from sorted industrial waste to wood chips, will contribute towards meeting the EU requirements for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases.