A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Ministry of Environment  10 regional Waste Management Plans Latvian Government 2007 LV

Title (orig.): Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Language: Latvian

Link:

Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Attachment

PDF (656.96 KB)

Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM)  Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP) Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM) 2002 BE

Title (orig.): Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Language: English

Summary:

In April 2000, the federal government decided that all generators of electricity from renewable sources will become progressively free to choose their own electricity supplier if they use more electricity than they are able to generate. Consumers who buy a significant amount of their electricity from renewable sources are also eligible to choose their electricity supplier. When coordinating the call to electricity suppliers, the transport-grid manager, taking into account the needed supply security, gives priority to plants using renewable energy sources for power production, or to cogeneration units. The Flemish Parliament approved the decree regarding the liberalisation of the electricity market and marked the following categories as eligible:

  • Producers using quality CHP installations or renewables for electricity generation (up to a certain ceiling)
  • Consumers of renewables-generated electricity by means of a CHP unit (for a certain amount of electricity) or consumers using heat from CHP units or renewables
  • Consumers using heat from a supplier who generates this heat by means of CHP units or renewables (for a maximum of 500 kWh electricity per GJ heat)

In Wallonia, a corresponding decree was approved and aims to gradually open the market for producers using CHP and/or renewables for electricity generation, as well as consumers using renewable electricity and/or electricity generated by means of a CHP unit, or using heat from CHP units or renewables.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from renewable sources

Link:

Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Ministry of the Environment  Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2012 LU

Title (orig.): Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Language: Luxembourgish

Summary:

Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending:

  • A law of 31 May 1999 on the establishment of a fund for environmental protection
  • The law of 25 March 2005 on the operation and financing of the action SuperDrecksKëscht
  • The law of 19 December 2008 a) on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators b) amending the amended Law of 17 June 1994 on the prevention and management of waste
  • The law of 24 May 2011 on services in the internal market

(LCMW) Relevance: Management of waste and amending

Link:

Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2005 CZ

Title (orig.): Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland  Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland 1996 FIN

Title (orig.): Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Language: English

Summary:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry (1094/1996, amendments up to 112/2003 included) contains 9 chapters:

  • Chapter 1 – General provisions
  • Chapter 2 – Ensuring the sustainability of timber production
  • Chapter 3 – Support for maintaining the biological diversity in forests
  • Chapter 4 – Forest ecosystem management
  • Chapter 5 – Other promotion measures
  • Chapter 6 – Application, granting and payment as well as recovery and legal consequences
  • Chapter 7 – Steering and supervision
  • Chapter 8 – Miscellaneous provisions
  • Chapter 9 – Entry into force and transitional provisions

(LCMW) Relevance: Financial support on maintenance of forest biomass

Link:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Environment and Energy Management Agency  Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund Environment and Energy Management Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund

Language: English

Summary:

The French government introduced in 2008 a heat fund (Fonds Chaleur) in order to support the production of heat through renewable energy plants (Art. 19 §4, Loi n° 2009-967). The budget of the heat fund is divided into two subvention types: on the one hand, a national call for tenders, which is published yearly for large biomass plants, on the other hand the support of other renewable energy projects is administered on a regional level by the regional agencies of the ADEME. The call for tender 2014 will close on 30.01.2014. Only biomass plants with a heat production over 1,000 toe per year are eligible, provided they are submitted for the industrial, agricultural and service sectors. The payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan and with consideration of the relation between the amount of support asked for and the amount of renewable heat produced.

Link:

Grenelle 1 - Heat fund
Feed-in tariff

Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy  Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Language: English

Summary:

A promotional tariff may be awarded to the winners of tenders for the construction of renewable energy plants. The ministry responsible for energy invites tenders at irregular intervals to reach the target production of electricity from renewable sources, which is specified in the multi-annual investment plant (Programmation Pluriannuelle des Investissements PPI), (art. 8 Loi n°2000-108). The calls for tenders are published in the official gazette of the European Union. The actual payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan (art. 1 Décret n°2002-1434).

Link:

Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Action Plan for Biomass in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 Ministry of Agriculture 2012 CZ

Title (orig.): Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020

Language: CS

Summary:

Biomass Action Plan in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 presents an analysis of the biomass use in the Czech Republic for energy purposes, and proposes appropriate measures for sustainable agro-energy interconnections till the year 2020.

The material includes information on key areas of energy use of biomass, including the use of solid biomass for direct combustion to produce heat and electricity, biogas production and liquid biofuels and proposes appropriate measures for the sustainability of the biomass field by 2020.

Biomass Action Plan presents real potential of various types of biomass for efficient energy utilization.

The Biomass Action Plan is built on a previous similar document prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture for years 2009-2011, which indicated the possibility of biomass energy utilization.

Link:

Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020 (PDF)

Commission for Technology and Innovation CTI  Action plan for coordinated energy research Commission for Technology and Innovation CTI 2013 CH

Title (orig.): Action plan for coordinated energy research

Language: English

Link:

Action plan for coordinated energy research

Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC)  Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) 2007 CH

Title (orig.): Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Language: English

Link:

Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

ADAS  Addressing the land use issues for non-food crops, in response to increasing fuel and energy generation opportunities. ADAS 2008 UK

Title (orig.): Addressing the land use issues for non-food crops, in response to increasing fuel and energy generation opportunities.

Language: English

Summary:

One of the roles of the NNFCC is to develop markets for UK renewable feedstocks. One of these, biomass, has the potential to supply energy for heating, electricity production and as a liquid transport fuel. This report establishes the current scale and location of biomass production in the UK and assesses the potential for increasing biomass production in the future. This report was commissioned by the National Non-Food Crops Centre (NNFCC) on behalf of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).

(LCMW) Relevance: Development of renewable feedstocks markets in UK.

Ministry of Environment  Advice of the Directorate General for waste and pollution of 27/05/15 Ministry of Environment 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Language: Italian

Summary:

Clarification on the classification of pruning residues resulting from the activities LCMW.  The Note (prot. n. 0006038 / RIN MATTM( laying clarifications on the “Classification of prunings  from the maintenance of the green,” he reiterated definitively settled interpretation of the Environmental Code (Legislative Decree 152/2006): the green waste arising from maintenance and pruning urban green areas can be excluded from the regulation of waste and used to produce energy, if it is shown that the conditions required by Article 184 bis of Legislative Decree 152/2006 on the regulation of by-products.

Link:

Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Baumgartner, Hansjakob  Also in meadows grows energy wood Federal Office for Environment (CH), Magazine "Umwelt" 2010 CH

Title (orig.): Auch in der Flur wächst Energieholz

Language: DE - CH

Summary:

Meadows enrich the landscape among other also by providing important habitats for animals and plants. To fulfil this function on a long term regular maintenance work is necessary. The resulting woody biomass has a high potential to contribute to a climate neutral energy potential.

(LCMW) Relevance: In the city of Bern, biomass coming from LCMW is nearly completely used for energetic purposes. Description of the use of LCMW biomass in Switzerland.

Link:

Aktionsplan Holz: Auch in der Flur wächst Energieholz

Havlíčková, K. et al.  Analysis of the biomass potential in the Czech Republic The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG) 2010 CZ

Title (orig.): Analýza potenciálu biomasy v České republice

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication presents the outcomes of the MŽP SP/3G/24/07 project implemented by the The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG), (in original Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (VÚKOZ)). The book consists of eight chapters dealing mainly with determining the biomass potential of arable land and economy of energy from biomass There are 26 colored graphic attachments at the end of the publication, which display various map outputs describing the resource maps and the attachment. Potential of forest harvest residues by age levels is also indicated in this attachment.

Link:

Website of the project
Homepage of the institute

Government departments Aragon  Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 Government departments Aragon 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The May 15, 2013, he appeared at the Crown Room of the Government of Aragon draft Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 . It is a document that reflects the indicative planning on energy for the coming years prepared by the Directorate General of Energy and Mines of the Department of Industry and Innovation, in close contact with the other comprising the regional government and the key industry players such as energy companies, technology centers, large consumers or project promoters. With this presentation, the plan, which is undergoing environmental assessment of plans and programs to the competent body of the Autonomous Community -INAGA-, starts the way of public information. The Directorate General of Energy and Mines in cooperation with the Directorate General for Citizen Participation, External Action and Cooperation start over June a specific participation process. Their goal is not only to account for the content of the Plan, but society is part of their preparation and setup or what is the same, get an energy plan for each and for all the Aragonese.

Link:

Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Šipkovs et. al.  Article: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia (2012) Riga Technical University 2012 LV

Title (orig.): Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

Language: Latvian

Link:

Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

Sandija Zēverte-Rivža  Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014) Energetika 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014)

Language: English

Link:

Promotion of biogas production in Latvia

Rosenberg, Alexander  Assessment of energy wood potential from roadside maintenance in the county Rotenburg (Wümme) Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Chamber of Agriculture Lower Saxony 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Einschätzung des Energieholzpotenzials aus Straßenbegleitgrün im Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)

Language: German

Summary:

This report describes the assessment of the biomass potential from roadside maintenance in the German county Rotenburg (Wümme) in the course of the EU INTERREG Baltic Sea Region project Bioenergy Promtion. The author describes the methodology of measuring hedge- and treerows along county roads and illustrates the estimation of vegetation type structures and maintenance urgency. Among other he also names options for efficient planing and implementation of the LCMW in this region.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from roadside maintenance in the pilot region Rotenburg (Wümme)

Attachment

PDF Report Bioenergy Promotion (1.24 MB)

Straub, Christoph  Assessment of the energy wood potential and its availability in the forest and in the open country with new remote sensing methods Inaugural Dissertation at the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg in Breisgau 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Erfassung des Energieholzpotentials und seiner Verfügbarkeit im Wald und im Offenland mit neuen Fernerkundungsmethoden

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

The aim of this thesis was to develop new methods to provide detailed information regarding the spatial distribution of biomass and those components that can be used for energy production using modern remote sensing techniques. An important aspect was the development of automated procedures with appropriate software solutions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment with remote sensing

WMW (Waste Management World)  Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa WMW (Waste Management World). Multi-fuel fired plant 2010 SE

Title (orig.): Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa

Language: EN

Summary:

The new facility in Landskrona, Sweden is part of a new generation of plants capable of burning a wide range of biomass and sorted waste fuels. Multi-fuel fired combined heat and power plants will cover the future need for advanced technology to exploiting all resources. New fuels, ranging from sorted industrial waste to wood chips, will contribute towards meeting the EU requirements for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases.

Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER  BELGIUM National renewable energy action plan Plan Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER 2010 BE

Title (orig.): D’action national en matière d'énergies renouvelables; Nationaal actieplan voor hernieuwbare energie

Language: English

Summary:

Belgian authorities pursue a sustainable energy policy that takes into account the economic and social interests of the energy sector as well as the exhaustion of fossil resources and environmental concerns. In this context, renewable energy sources contribute to achieving the following targets:

  • reducing consumption of energy from fossil sources to safeguard future reserves
  • reducing greenhouse gas emissions; – reducing the country’s dependence on energy imports
  • minimising the impact of price fluctuations for energy from other sources
  • creating employment in the framework of an innovative economy
  • diversifying the available range of energy to improve the functioning of the energy market

In the field of electricity generation, Belgium has set up a scheme of green certificates and guaranteed minimum prices to support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources

Link:

Belgium National Action Plan

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Bio Waste Regulation Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 1996 DE

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Bioabfallverordnung

Energy Technologies Institute  Bioenergy - An insights report by the Energy Technologies Institute Energy Technologies Institute 2015 UK

Title (orig.): "Bioenergy - An insights report by the Energy Technologies Institute"

Language: English

Summary:

The ETI’s Bioenergy Value Chain Model (BVCM) is a comprehensive and flexible toolkit for the modelling and optimisation of fullsystem bioenergy value chains over the next five decades. It has been designed to answer variants of the question: What is the most effective way of delivering a particular bioenergy outcome in the UK, taking into account the available biomass resources, the geography of the UK, time, technology options and logistics networks?

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy Value Chain Model

Link:

PDF online

Department for Communications Marine and Natural Resources  Bioenergy action plan Department for Communications Marine and Natural Resources 2007 IE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy action plan

Language: English

Summary:

Comprehensive strategy for the 2007-2013 period to increase the deployment of renewable energy across three key sectors: transport, heat and electricity and aims to cut Ireland’s greenhouse gas emissions by 2 million tonnes per year.

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy action plan of Ireland

Link:

Online PDF
Online source

Butler Manning, David; Bemann, Albrecht; Bredemeier, Michael; Lamersdorf, Norbert; Ammer, Christian  Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Wiley-VCH 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas

Language: English

Summary:

This book shows the major reasearch foundings of the projects AgroForNet: Linking the Producers and Consumers of Woodfuel to Contribute to the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas and BEST: Strengthening Bioenergy Regions. In stand-alone scientific research papers the latest knowledge on cultivation of dendromass for bioenergy purposes in Germany is presented in the context of international research. Different aspects are covered, among other i) environmental constraints, landscape functions, ecosystem services; ii) evaluating, managing and enhancing the supply of dendromass; and iii) socio-economic and legal aspects fo dendromass for bioenergy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Examples of frameworks for the development of woodfuel-based service systems and supply chains

Bioenergy Promotion  Bioenergy Promotion Demo Region: Rotenburg (Wümme), Germany - Sustainable woody bioenergy resources from private forests and hedgerow maintenance Bioenergy Promotion 2014 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy Promotion Demo Region: Rotenburg (Wümme), Germany - Sustainable woody bioenergy resources from private forests and hedgerow maintenance

Language: English

Summary:

Rotenburg (Wümme) County supports renewable energy mainly from biogas and woody resources through a strategy which was founded in 2007 and acts as a platform for commuication and information among related actors. This strategy is supported by addressing renwable energy in all mandatory publc planning like the Regional Development Plan (under renewal in 2014), the Regional Landscape Plan and the Concept for Climate Protection. Moreover, forestry-related, mostly EU-co-financed support schemes like site mapping, forest inventory and investment support provide good opportunities for assessment and utilisation of woody biomass, taking sustainability principles into account. A close cooperation exists between three local forest owners associations, which can form a basis for resliable supply of wood as an energy carrier.

(LCMW) Relevance: Project partner - greenGain.

Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland  Bioenergy roadmap Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland 2010 IE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy roadmap

Language: English

Summary:

In 2010 a Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland was developed and published to outline the growth potential of bioenergy in Ireland to 2050 such as:

  • Annual abatement of over 11Mt of CO2
  • Bioenergy is highly suitable for inclusion in a national distributed energy network
  • Over 3,500Ktoe of indigenous resources are available for the bioenergy supply chain by 2050
  • bioenergy in transport should meet 27% of total transport  primary energy demand
  • biomass in electricity generation should meet 28% of total electricity demand
  • biomass should meet 40% of  total heat demand
  • reach 80% emissions reduction

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland

Link:

Bioenergy roadmap PDF online
SEAI online

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)  Bioenergy: a burning issue Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) 2012 UK

Title (orig.): Bioenergy: a burning issue

Language: English

Summary:

The UK is currently witnessing a major rush to build large-scale electricity-only biomass plants as well as seeing an increase in biomass used in co-firing. The scale of proposed power plant development dwarfs the planned use of domestic fuel resource. Instead, many of these new plants are expected to be dependent on imported biomass. They are generally being built on the UK coast near port facilities with expected sources of feedstock from Canada, the US, Russia and the Baltic States, among others. Furthermore, new plants are often being sited in locations where it is either not possible or not economic to capture the substantial quantities of heat produced, significantly reducing their efficiency and therefore their ability to deliver greenhouse gas emissions reductions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass plants in UK

Link:

Bioenergy: a burning issue

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Biomass logistic centers in Ourense, Galicia  Biomass logistic centers in Ourense, Galicia Bioenergy International 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Centros de Tratamiento de la Biomasa, Ourense, Galicia

Language: ES

Summary:

The network of biomass treatment centres (CTB) distributed along Ourense (Spain) allows the use of biomass from roadside cleaning and forest for energy purposes. The Provincial Council of Ourense has converted the existing problem regarding the residues accumulation and fire risk related to roadside biomass and forest areas in an opportunity to increase the life quality of the local habitants through the biomass potential use for energy which is strategically distributed among the 3 biomass logistic centres.

Link:

Centros de Tratamiento de la Biomasa, Ourense, Galicia

Baur, Frank; Faßbender, Beate; Frantzen, Jörg; Speck, Mike; Springer, Mikael; Trapp, Manuel; Weiler, Katja; Wern, Bernhard; Ziegler, Claudia; Gebhard, Ralf  Biomass potential analysis for the Saarland Ministerium für Umwelt, Energie und Verkehr des Saarlands 2011 DE

Title (orig.): Biomasse-Potenzialanalyse für das Saarland - Der Teilplan Biomasse zum Masterplan Neue Energie

Language: German

Summary:

A master plan “New Energy” has been developed in the German Saarland in order to describe the path to a sustainable energy supply, including the possibilities and necessary measures to be taken. The plan based, inter alia, on the regional potential for expansion of renewable energies. To this end, a range of potential analyses were carried out, the results of which are presented for the biomass sector as part of this report.

Link:

Download on homepage of the Institut for Future Energy Systems

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy  Biomass Regulation Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2005 DE

Title (orig.): Biomass Regulation

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Biomasse-Verordnung

Federal Office of Energy, Federal Office of Agriculture, Federal Office of Spatial Development and Federal Office of Environment  Biomass Strategy Switzerland Federal Office of Energy, Federal Office of Agriculture, Federal Office of Spatial Development and Federal Office of Environment 2009 CH

Title (orig.): Biomass Strategy Switzerland

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Biomassestrategie Schweiz legt übergeordnete Ziele fest

Gołuchowska et. al.  Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives Journal of Ecological Engineering vol. 16(3), 2015 2015 PL

Title (orig.): Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Language: English

Link:

Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland  Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland - DE

Title (orig.): Wallhecken Landkreis Friesland

Language: German

Summary:

The brochure gives an introduction what defines hedgerows on bank (Wallhecken, Knicks) and shows their occurence in the county Friesland in the North of the German state Lower Saxony. Further, the history and ecological importance of hedgerows on banks is explained and what factors threatens their preservation. Finally, the brochure lists the measures necessary to protect and maintain these landscape structures and informs about the availalbe financial support for owners.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ecological, legal, treatment and financial information on hedgerows on banks

Link:

General information on hedgerows on bank on the homepage of the Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland

Attachment

PDF Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland (14.27 MB)

Economy and Employment Administration of the Brussels-Capital region; Public Service of the Walloon region – Directorate General for Energy (DG04)  Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014; Aide à l'investissement) Economy and Employment Administration of the Brussels-Capital region; Public Service of the Walloon region – Directorate General for Energy (DG04) 2004; 2006; 2009 BE

Title (orig.): Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014; Aide à l'investissement)

Language: English

Summary:

Primes Energies 2014: Within the bounds of its available budget, the Brussels Capital region provides energy subsidies for residential, industrial as well as service sector buildings located in the Brussels region. Moreover, energy subsidies can also apply for renovation works in buildings older than 10 years. The energy subsidies are defined each year and apply from 1 January to 31 December.

The energy subsidies of the Brussels Capital region are allocated according to the income level. Three levels of subsidies are thus possible (6.4 Conditions générales primes énergies 2014):

  • Base income: > € 60,000 for singles and > € 75,000 for couples
  • Middle income: € 30,000 – 60,000 for singles and € 45,000 – 75,000 for couples
  • Low income: < € 30,000 for singles and < € 45,000 for couples

These income limits are increased by € 5,000 EUR per fiscally irresponsible person and if the applicant is under 35 years old. The subsidy is increased by 10 % for residential buildings situated within a Housing and Renovation Development Area (Espace de Développement Renforcé du Logement et de la Rénovation).

Social real estate agencies, public service real estate agencies as well as the Housing fund of the Brussels region benefit of the subsidies of the low income category. Industrial as well as service sector buildings benefit from the subsidies of the base income category (6.4 Conditions générales primes énergies 2014).

Aide à l’investissement: Within the bounds of its available budget, the Brussels-Capital provides investment assistance for companies which develop environmental projects, including investments in renewable energy plants.

(LCMW) Relevance: Development of environmental projects, including investments in renewable energy plants

Link:

Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014)
Brussels: Subsidy (Aide à l'investissement)

Conference of cantonal directors of energy departments, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Swiss Federal Office of the Environment  Building Renovation Program Conference of cantonal directors of energy departments, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Swiss Federal Office of the Environment 2010 CH

Title (orig.): Building Renovation Program

Language: English

Link:

Building Renovation Program

State Energy and Water Regulation Commission  Bulgaria feed-in tariff State Energy and Water Regulation Commission 2011 BG

Title (orig.): Bulgaria feed-in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

In Bulgaria, electricity from renewable sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. Producers of electricity from renewable sources are contractually entitled against the grid operator to the purchase and payment of electricity at a guaranteed price. The connection of renewable energy plants to the grid is subject to the provisions of the general legislation on energy. Renewable energy is not given priority access. The use of renewable energy for heating and cooling is promoted through a subsidy from the European Regional Development Fund, several loan schemes and through an exemption for building owners from property tax. In Bulgaria, the main support scheme for renewable energy sources used in transport is a quota system. This scheme obliges companies importing or producing petrol or diesel to ensure that biofuels make up a defined percentage of their annual fuel sales. Furthermore, biofuels are supported through a fiscal regulation mechanism. The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations in Bulgaria: There is a professional training programme for RES-installers as wells as a building obligation for the use of renewable heating and for the exemplary role of public authorities. eNERGY ACT 2013 (last amended mid-2015)

Link:

Bulgaria feed-in tariff

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)  Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 2014 BG

Title (orig.): Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL)

Language: English

Summary:

BEERECL has been established to support industrial energy efficiency and small renewable energy projects in the private sector by using funding from the Kozloduy International Fund, which was created by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in May 2002. BEERECL provides grants of up to 20 percent of the disbursed loan principle for RES projects financed prior to 30 September 2009, and up to 15 percent grants for financing received after the latter date. However, eligible Investments in biomass should have installed capacity of less than 5 MW electric output, and Investments in biomass heat only boilers with a thermal input higher than 10 MWth are subject to EBRD approval – No restrictions for biogas plants.

Link:

Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL)

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy  CHP Agreements with Industry Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2012 DE
Norman Dandy  Climate change & street trees project Social Research Report The social and cultural values, and governance, of street trees "The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission" 2010 UK

Title (orig.): "Climate change & street trees project Social Research Report The social and cultural values, and governance, of street trees"

Language: English

Summary:

There are two main elements of the report – a review of the social and cultural values associated with street trees (Section 2) and a review of the governance affecting the presence and absence of street trees in the urban environment (Section 3). These relate to Milestone M1 of Work Package 5 within the Climate Change & Street Trees project plan. Funding for further work on this Work Package has been withdrawn.

(LCMW) Relevance: Maintanance of urban trees

Link:

Report online

UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC)  Climate Change Act 2008 UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) 2008 UK

Title (orig.): Climate Change Act 2008

Language: English

Summary:

On 26 November 2008, the Climate Change Act became law. The Act aims to improve carbon management, help the transition toward a low-carbon economy, and demonstrate strong international UK leadership. Major provisions of the Act include the setting of legally binding targets, the establishment of a carbon budgeting system, and the creation of a Committee on Climate Change. The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) is an independent body designed to recommend targets, advise on the level of carbon budgets, as well as to monitor and report progress towards targets.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Act aims to improve carbon management and related increase of renewable energy (as the biomass energy)

Link:

Report: The Carbon Plan - reducing greenhouse gas emissions
CCC websites
Climate Change Act 2008

Ministry of the Environment  CO2 Reduction Action Plan Ministry of the Environment 2006 LU

Title (orig.): CO2 Reduction Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

The CO2 Reduction Action Plan was presented on 3 May 2006 by the Minister of Environment, introducing multi-sectoral measures targeting emissions reductions.

The measures elaborated in the Plan are to be tracked and progress measured regularly, while the plan is to evolve as necessary. Implementation and monitoring of the Plan is to be done through a taskforce, supervised by the Ministry of Environment, but which brings together various Ministries (Agriculture, Finance, Housing, Interior, Transport and Public Services).

(LCMW) Relevance: Supporting use of cogeneration and biomass

Link:

CO2 Reduction Action Plan

CENTRE TECHNIQUE DU BOIS ET DE L'AMEUBLEMENT  Coexistence of biomass energy projects at regional level FP5-LIFE QUALITY 2004 FR

Title (orig.): Cohabitation de projets énergie - biomasse - à l’échelle d’un territoire

Language: French

Summary:

Study aims to optimize the coexistence in the region of energy production from biomass taking into better account the externatilities related to different projects, share the information regarding the stakeholders requirements over the different impacts from the projects. Croiser les vues des acteurs sur différents profils de projets (impacts) and accumulate experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Coexistence in the region of energy production from biomass taking into better account the externatilities related to different projects

Link:

Website

Attachment

Alena Kolářová, Karolína Ortov  Collective treatment of organic waste Czech Association of Local Governments 2015 CZ

Title (orig.): Biologicky rozložitelný odpad (Jak-se-vam-libi-nas-venkov-SMSCR)

Language: Czech

Summary:

Collective purchase of composters for organic residues from public areas and households (288 composters, volume of 900 liter each; 12 composters for public areas, volume of 5100 liter each).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW (predominantly) and municipal organic waste collectively composted

Link:

Web

Attachment

PDF (4.54 MB)

EC  Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels EC 2010 EU

Title (orig.): Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels

Language: English

Link:

Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels

EC  Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy EC 2015 EU

Title (orig.): Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy

Language: English

Link:

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy

Alena Kolářová, Karolína Ortov  Community composting Czech Association of Local Governments 2015 CZ

Title (orig.): Kompostujeme na území MAS Ploštin (Jak-se-vam-libi-nas-venkov-SMSCR)

Language: Czech

Summary:

The citizens have the possibility to borrow the composter for home composting; The municipalities can borrow the composter for processing of biomass from public areas.

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW (predominantly) and municipal organic waste sent to composting

Link:

Web

Attachment

PDF (4.54 MB)

Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade, Department of Energy  Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2010 (last amended 2014) LU

Title (orig.): Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity

Language: English

Summary:

The regulation establishes a clearing mechanism for the net costs resulting from the feed-in tariff system for the deployment of renewable energy instillations.

The compensation fund is managed by the Luxembourg Institute of Regulation (ILR), which sets the amount of the annual contribution based on the market price of electricity produced by conventional methods. The revenues gathered through the mechanism are distributed to the end electricity consumers in order to decrease electricity bills costs.

(LCMW) Relevance: Feed-in tariff system for the deployment of renewable energy instillations

Link:

Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Funda, Karsten; Lootsma, Auke; Hofmann, Hubertus  Costs and benefits of an optimized bowaste utilisation in regard to energy efficiency, climate- and resource protection Umweltbundesamt, German environmental protection agency 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Separately collected organic wastes in Germany are currently predominately composted and subsequently recycled for soil improvement and fertilization. Usage of the immanent energy potential of the organic wastes is just emerging. With special emphasis on organic wastes from households, parks and gardens as well as landscape management, the study analyses key questions on an improved material flow management.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management possibilities for LCMW material

Link:

Download on the homepage of the German environmental protection agency

Bioenergy Promotion project  Country Policy Assessment Report on Bioenergy 2011 Interreg IVB 2011 LV

Title (orig.): Country Policy Assessment Report on Bioenergy 2011

Language: English

Link:

Country policy assessment report from Latvia

Attachment

PDF (909.74 KB)

European Commission  Country Report Sweden 2015 European Commission 2015 SWE

Title (orig.): Country Report Sweden 2015

Language: English

Link:

Country Report Sweden 2015 PDF

Croatian Energy Market Operator  Croatia Feed in tariff Croatian Energy Market Operator 2011 HR

Title (orig.): Croatia Feed in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

Feed-in tariff. RES-E plant operators, which have been classified as “qualified producers” and have signed a contract with the Croatian Energy Market Operator (HROTE), are paid a fixed price per kWh of electricity supplied.

Moreover the following support schemes are available

HBOR-Loans. The loans granted for the employment of RES-E technologies are part of the “environmental protection” loan scheme by the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR) in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Fund and business banks.

Environmental Fund-Loans. The Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency offers interest-free loans for the promotion of renewable energy sources.

In general, all RES-E technologies are eligible for all incentive schemes

Link:

Tariffs for RES and CHP electricity

Ministry of Climate, Energy and Building  Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020 Danish Government 2012 DK

Title (orig.): Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020

Summary:

The Agreement establishes a framework for the policy on climate and energy up to 2020 and outlines the direction Denmark will take until 2050.

According to the Agreement in 2020 half of the electricity consumption will come from wind power, enabling a share of 35% renewable energy in gross energy consumption in 2020. Moreover, the energy consumption is to decrease by more than 12 % in 2020 compared to 2006.

Biogas expansion

  • the current funding of biogas for CHP is to be increased;
  • other opportunities for using biogas – in the natural gas grid, in industrial processes or in the transport sector – are to be made financially more attractive by introducing a series of new funding schemes;
  • capital installation subsidies are to be increased from 20% to 30%;
  • a task force is to be established. This task force is to support the specific projects and make recommendations for additional initiatives, if, in 2012-13, it is assessed that the expansion process is too slow.

Green heating measures:

  • converting from coal to biomass at large-scale power plants will be made more attractive by amending the Heating Supply Act;
  • the smaller open-field plants that are struggling in the wake of high heating prices will be allowed to produce cheap heating based on biomass;

DKK 35 million will be committed to promoting new renewable technologies, e.g. geothermal energy and large heat pumps.

Link:

Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020

Dorottya Hujber and Tamás Szilágyi, ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building  Danube Region Biomass Action Plan ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building 2014 HU

Title (orig.): Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

Language: English

Link:

Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

Ministry of Economic Development  Decree "Conto Thermal", DM 28/12/12 G.S.E. S.p.a. 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Conto Termico (DM 28/12/12)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the publication of DM 28/12/12, the SO-CALLED Decree “Conto Thermal”, it gives effect to the support system introduced by Legislative Decree 3 March 2011, n. 28 for the stimulation of interventions of small dimensions for increased energy efficiency, and for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources.The Manager of Energy Services – GSE S.p.A. It is the entity responsible for the implementation and management of the mechanism, including the provision of incentives to the beneficiaries. The incentive mechanism is aimed at two types of subjects :

  • Public administrations
  • Private entities , considered as physical persons , condominiums and owners of business income or income from farming

For access to the mechanism , the beneficiary of the incentive is called ” Responsible Party ” is the person who incurred the expenses for the implementation of interventions. The responsible entity may operate through a delegated person for submitting the request for incentive (so-called ” card – demand ” ) and management of contractual relations with the GSE. Are eligible for incentives provided by the DM 12/28/12 the following two categories of actions:

A) interventions to increase energy efficiency

B) interventions of small dimensions relative to installations for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources and high efficiency systems

The government may require the incentive for both categories of interventions (category A and category B).Private individuals are eligible for incentives only for interventions related to small plants for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources and efficient systems (category B). Interventions access to incentives Income Thermal relation to the amount in excess of that required for compliance with the requirements for the integration of renewable sources in new buildings and existing buildings undergoing major renovation, provided by Legislative Decree no. 28/11 and required to the issuance of the building.Now in 2016 it is going to be approved the new the new Conto Thermal: allowed more intervention and introduced simplifications.New types of work allowed , from home automation lighting for processing into nearly zero energy buildings , more generous incentives and simpler procedures . These are the main new features of the new version of the Income Thermal second draft in circulation. New types of work allowed, from home automation lighting for processing into NZEB (nearly zero energy buildings), more generous incentives and simpler procedures. These are the main new features of the new version of the Income Thermal second draft in circulation (attached below), developed by the Ministry of Economic Development in the valley of the public consultation ended on 28 February and which will replace the MD 28 December 2012 .As in the current version, there are available 900 million euro per year, 700 to 200 individuals and businesses and for public authorities. In the latter also includes housing cooperatives.New interventions incentivized the new draft adds, always only for the government, three new measures:

  • transformation into “nearly zero energy buildings” (NZEB)
  • replacement of lighting systems with efficient devices
  • installation of technology management and automatic control of the heating and electrical systems in buildings (building automation), systems of thermoregulation and heat metering

Link:

Conto Termico (DM 28/12/12)
Ecco il nuovo Conto Termico: ammessi più interventi e introdotte semplificazioni

Government departments Aragon  Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon, for which actions on certification of energy efficiency of buildings are regulated and their record is created in the area of Aragon Government departments Aragon 2014 ES

Language: Spanish

Summary:

RD 46/2014 , of April 1, the Government of Aragon, by which the proceedings are covered in certification of energy efficiency of buildings and their record is created, within the Community Autonoma de Aragon. Decree 46/2014 creates the Registry and technical certificates, specifying the procedures of registration certificates, instructions for displaying labels, as well as control and inspection certificates, among others.

 

Link:

Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon

Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP)  Decree Law No. 63/2004, of 22 March (Permanent Forest Fund (FFP) Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP) 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 63/2004 de 22 de Março (Fundo Florestal Permanente (FFP))

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 6 articles, institutes the Permanent Forestry Fund, an autonomous body, created complementarily with the Institute for Financing and Supporting the Agriculture and Fisheries Development (IFADAP). It sets the objectives of the Fund, as, for instance: promoting the investment, management and prevention of forest fires; supporting the preventive measures of forest fires; creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry models. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be granted by the Fund. Finally, the Decree indicates the various possible aid foreseen (subsidies, credit lines, insurance premiums and guarantees) and the areas covered by the Fund. The decree is amended by Order No. 296/2013. Amended articles: 3-5 and 7-26 of the Regulation of the Permanent Forestry Fund (approved by Order No. 113/2011) deal with administrative and legal proceedings as well as competence, duties and responsibilities of the above mentioned Forestry Fund, aiming at creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry sector. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be grated by the Fund.

Link:

Factsheet: Permanent forest fund

Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Ministère de l'Environnement - Ministry of the Environment  Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Ministère de l'Environnement - Ministry of the Environment 2002 FR

Title (orig.): Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste

Language: English

Summary:

All information relating to waste under Title IV of Part V of the Environmental Code and its implementing regulations must be provided using the codes listed in the list contained in Annex II of this decree. Waste that exhibits one or more of the properties listed in Annex I of this decree is considered hazardous waste. These hazardous wastes are marked with an asterisk in the list in Annex II.

Link:

Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 2007 FR

Title (orig.): Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment

Language: English

Summary:

The provisions of this Decree state that the State may grant the general budget to enable the achievement of the following: 1) afforestation, reforestation, regeneration and stand; 2) Work forest improvement; 3) The work of forest service; 4) The work of forest protection including restoration of mountain land, investment in prevention and defense against forest fires and coastal dune fixation operations; 5) cleaning, restoration and pest control in forest stands affected by exceptional natural phenomena; 6) The work of protection and restoration of biodiversity. Grants are awarded on the basis of an estimate and description, in accordance with the general rules on state subsidies for investment projects. However, the subsidy amounts for the transactions referred to in item 5 may be established on the basis of regional scales adopted by regional prefects, under the conditions laid down in Annex 1 to this Order.

Link:

Forest Subsidies
Feed-in tariff

National Agency for Housing  Decree of 2 April 2012 regarding the regulation of the fund for the support of the thermal renovation of private housings National Agency for Housing 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Decree of 2 April 2012 regarding the regulation of the fund for the support of the thermal renovation of private housings

Language: English

Summary:

The French government has introduced a national programme to support modest households in the thermal renovation of their buildings in order to decrease energy losses called “habiter mieux”. This subsidy is given in form of a lump sum, which can only be granted in addition to a subsidy of the National Agency for Housing, provided the renovation works improve the energetic performance of the housing unit by at least 25% (compared to the conventional energy consumption) (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). Moreover, the district where the housing unit is located shall be signatory of a local commitment agreement against fuel poverty (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). Biogas is eligible, as well as wood fuelled burners, heat-accumulation stoves, pellet stoves and wood-burning stoves are eligible under certain conditions regarding the capacity and output of the plant (Art. 41-44, Arrêté du 3 mai 2007) The subsidy amounts to € 1,600 per household. However the applicant may receive an additional support of the local authorities where the building is located, in which case the National Agency for Housing commits itself to increase the subsidy by the same amount up to € 500. The maximum amount of the subsidy allocated by the National Agency for Housing cannot exceed € 2,100 (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). From 2013, the amount of the subsidy shall be revised on 1 January of each year.

Link:

Fund for thermal renovation of private housings
Feed-in tariff

Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning  Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Sources Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning 2002 (last amended 2012) SI

Title (orig.): Uredba o podporah električni energiji, proizvedeni iz obnovljivih virov energije – neuradno prečiščeno besedilo NPB7, PisRS)

Language: English

Summary:

A decree law passed in 2002 paved the way for establishing prices and premiums for purchasing electricity from qualified producers. Qualified producers are those that produce electricity from renewable energy sources, or in facilities with higher than average efficiency for combined heat and power.

Under the scheme producers can choose to receive either fixed feed-in tariffs or premium feed-in tariffs from the network operators. A Purchase Agreement is concluded, valid for 10 years. According to the Law on Energy, the uniform annual prices and premiums are set at least once a year. Feed-in tariffs and premiums are differentiated in terms of both technology and size. In 2006, the size differentiation was removed for solar energy, and increased the tariff and premium for biomass. Producers can also choose to adhere to a double tariff system, whereby either the tariff or premium amount varies according to season and time of day. This system is advantageous to producers that can adapt their production.

As of January 2012, new rates for the feed-in premium allocated to renewable power producers on top of the electricity price for technologies have been adjusted. Premiums for all technologies and for plants smaller than 5 MW were increased, except for biomass and CHP. Tariffs for solar PV projects greater than 5 MW were reduced and increased for biomass and CHP. Due to a change in legislation (Off. Gazette, 43/2011) biogas plants connected to the grid after 1. 7. 2012 that use 40% or more of primary agricultural produce (e.g. corn) are not entitled to receive support. If they use less than 40% but more than 25%, then the variable part of the reference costs are set at 70 %.The variable part of feed in tariff in case of solid biomass shall be adjusted in line with changes to the prices of wood biomass (contained in the forecast published by the Energy Agency of the Republic of Slovenia).

Link:

Decree on Renewable Electricity support

FPS Public health - environment  Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances FPS Public health - environment 2011 BE

Title (orig.): Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

Language: English

Summary:

The Royal Decree of 5/4/2011 on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances establishes sustainability and physico-chemicals requirements for wood pellets.

(LCMW) Relevance: Wood pellets

Link:

Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-law 23/2010 of 25 March Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 23/2010 de 25 de Março

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-law 23/2010 introduced the legal framework for cogeneration activities and a remunerative framework for operators. As such it implements the directive 2004/8/EC of February 11 of the European parliament and council on the promotion of cogeneration which amended directive 92/42/EEC of May 21. It aims to increase energy efficiency and security of supply by creating a framework for the promotion and development of high efficiency cogeneration of heat and electricity based on useful heat demand and primary energy savings in the internal energy market. This law regulates the activity of cogeneration, establishing its legal status and remuneration. The tariff is based on two modalities, according to the choice of cogeneration, accessible to efficient cogeneration and high efficiency cogeneration. Incentives are provided based on three criteria: reduction of primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions compared with the separate production of electric and thermal energy; cogeneration production that is efficient and uses renewable resources; and promoting the participation of cogeneration in the electricity market. At least 50% of primary energy consumed must come from renewable resources.

Link:

Factsheet: Cogeneration

Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente - Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 127/2013 establishing industrial emission requirements to prevent soil, water and air pollution Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente - Portuguese Environmental Agency 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 127/2013 de 30 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and 8 Annexes, establishes industrial emission requirements to prevent soil, water and air pollution. In particular, it establishes the regime for industrial emissions applicable to prevention and integrated control of pollution, as well as norms and requirements to avoid or reduce any kind of emission or production of waste in soil, water and air in order to reach a high level of environmental protection, transferring to National legislation the EU Parliament and Council Directive No. 2010/75 related to industrial emissions. Annexes specify residue limits and environmental quality standards to be met and authorised activities to be performed within the National territory.

Link:

Factsheet: Industrial emissions

Government  Decree-Law No. 17/2009 establishing the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System Government 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 17/2009 de 14 de Janeiro

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and one Annex, establishes the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System and defines protecting new measures and implementing actions for the aforementioned System in view of an effective fire prevention and management of forests. It regulates necessary fire prevention, planning activities, zoning of vulnerable areas and provides an organizational framework for forestry planning at both national and local levels. It also regulates authorized fires and monitors activities. Sanctions and offences are prescribed within. Annex specifies requirements for fuel management.

Link:

Factsheet: National forest protection system

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 171/2009 creating the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 171/2009 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 10 articles, creates the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation. It establishes composition, duties and competencies of this institution, the aim of which is the conservation, management, research and a sustainable development of the Portuguese biodiversity. The objectives of this Fund are the following: support biodiversity, endangered species and nature conservation projects; promote research and projects contributing to the extension of the protected areas included into the RFCN, etc.

Link:

Factsheet: Fund for biodiversity protection

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 178/2006 on waste management Portuguese Environmental Agency 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 178/2006

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree, composed of 81 articles divided in five titles, introduces in the national legal order the Directives no. 2006/12/EC on waste and Council and No. 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste. It defines the general system for waste management, including collection, transport, storage, disposal, treatment, valorization and elimination. Moreover, it rules on soil decontamination. Finally, the Decree-Law rules on licensing, registration and control procedures. Among the principles undergoing waste management is worth mentioning: self-sufficiency, management responsibility, prevention and reduction, hierarchy of waste management operations and citizens’ responsibility.

Link:

Factsheet: Waste management Decree

Government  Decree-Law No. 179/2012 establishing measures to promote production and exploitation of forest biomass Government 2012 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 179/2012 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law amends article 3 of Decree-Law No. 5/2011, establishing measures to promote the production and exploitation of those forests destined to the supply of biomass centrals. Amendments specify extension of delays to present request of incentives.

Link:

Factsheet: Exploitation of forest biomass

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May - Feed-in tariff Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 189/88 de 27 de Maio - Tarifas feed-in

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May – Feed-in tariff. In Portugal, the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. Decree-Law No. 189/88 regulates the generation of renewable electricity. DL 225/2007, DL 33A-2005 and DR 71/2007 amended the provisions on the feed-in tariff for electricity from renewable sources. The guaranteed feed-in tariff is the only promotion mechanism. The amount of incentive is dependent on the energy source. Using a coefficient Z (DL 339-C/2001) the FiT is varied according to the technology used. Currently the regime is being discussed by the government. For biogas (fermentation of municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, agricultural and food waste and landfill gas) the support in provided for 15 years, for biomass (forest and animal biomass) the support is provided for 25 years. In case of micro- or miniproduction a separate degree is in force, respectively 363/2007 and 34/2011.

Link:

Factsheet: Feed-in tariff

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 233/2004 ruling on greenhouse gas trading license system Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 233/2004

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 38 Articles and five Chapters, introduces into the national legal system the European Parliament and Council Directive No. 2003/87/CE ruling on greenhouse gas trading licenses within the European Community. In particular, the Decree-Law rules on competent bodies, trading licenses systems, national licenses plan, monitoring and information communication, controlling procedures, and penalties.

Link:

Factsheet: Greenhouse gas emission trading system

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 34/2011 of 8 March - legal framework for RES-E generation by small power installations or plants Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 34/2011 de 8 de Março

Language: English

Summary:

This decree-law establishes the legal framework for renewable energy generation by small power installations or plants (miniproduction units). A miniproduction unit is defined as an installation that uses a single production technology and has a capacity of up to 250 kW (art. 1 DL 34/2011). Any entity that has a contract for purchasing electricity with a relevant consumption of electricity can apply to this law, provided that injected power does not exceed 50% of the contracted power. A special tariff is provided to installations with a capacity below 20 kW. For biogas and biomass installations in case of miniproduction, 60% of the reference tariff is provided (art 11(7) DL34/2011). The tariffs are limited to 15 years, the maximum production may not exceed 5 MWh/year and the annual maximum capacity eligible for the tariff is 30 MW in 2013 (art 11). Currently the regime is being discussed by the government.

Link:

Factsheet: RES-E in small power installations

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 351/2007 on air quality Portuguese Environmental Agency 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 140/99

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law is composed of eight articles and five annexes. It introduces in the national legal order Directive 2004/107/EC relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air. In particular, it rules on assessment of air concentrations and on related communication procedures. Annexes provide: standards and methods for concentration assessment; reference values of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; quality objectives.

Link:

Factsheet: Decree on biodiversity protection

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 363/2007 of 2 November - legal framework for renewable electricity generated by ‘microproduction units Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 363/2007 de 2 de Novembro

Language: English

Summary:

This decree-law establishes the legal framework for renewable energy generation by ‘microproduction units’. A microproduction unit is defined as an installation that uses a single production technology and a single-phase or three-phase load operating at low voltage and has a capacity of up to 5.75 kW (art. 3 DL 118-A/2010). It provides for a simplified licensing regime for local grid connected, low-voltage, small/residential renewable energy producers. Licensing is conducted through the internet, via the System of Registration of Microproducers (SRM), an electronic platform through which producers register their installations. Micro producers cannot inject more than 50 % of the power mentioned in the purchasing contract, except in the case of installations for condominiums. The tariffs are limited to 15 years, the maximum production may not exceed 4 MWh/year and the annual maximum capacity eligible for the tariff is 11 MW in 2013 (art 1 DL 118-A/2010). Currently the regime is being discussed by the government.

Link:

Factsheet: RE in microproduction units

García D., Gómez M., García A., Royo F.J.  Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring CIRCE Foundation - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption. Natural Resources Division 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring

Language: EN

Summary:

Paper presented to the 16th European biomass conference (2 – 6 June 2008, Valencia, Spain).

The reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a relevant part in many of the current energy and environment policies in most of the European countries. Diverse alternatives are being used by the governments and the private companies to palliate the emissions and the costs derived from the emissions trade system; one of these possibilities for the CO2 emission remediation is the replacement of solid fossil fuels by biomass (co-firing) in different sectors. In Spain the consumption of fossil fuels account for more than 124 Mtep, from which solid fossil fuels represent 20 % of the share in the primary energy.

The main solid fuel consuming sectors are the power generation sector (more than 82 %) and cement industry (more than 7 %). The equivalent CO2emissions of those solid fuel intensive consuming sectors account for more than 20 % of the gross CO2 equivalent emissions, similar to other important sectors like the transport. Therefore the co-firing technology arises as a promising mean to reduce the emissions from solid fossil fuels.

The current paper presents the project ENE2005-00304/ALT (founded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education). The main objective is the assessment of the potential of co-firing in Spain and the development of a methodology based on the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), allowing a precise knowledge about the multiplier effect, in terms of GHG emissions reduction, associated with this technology and the related economic benefits.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Authors are one of the greenGain project partners (Daniel García, Maider Gómez; CIRCE).

Igliński et. al.  Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 2014 PL

Title (orig.): Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

Language: English

Link:

Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

Madlener R., Vögtl S.  Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel CEPE Working Paper 2006 CH

Title (orig.): Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

Language: EN

Summary:

The municipal utilities of Basel (IWB) are in the process of building a 30 MW wood-fired CHP plant in the city of Basel, a project idea that was initially propelled by visionaries from the forest sector. The plant is attractive both politically and from a business perspective, as several goals related to the increased use of renewable energy can be achieved simultaneously. Moreover, significant woody biomass resources are awaiting further exploitation in the Basel region, which could help to improve markedly the cost effectiveness of forest maintenance. In this paper we study the history and some of the characteristics of the planned project from a socio-economic perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Socio-economic analysis of diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas.

Link:

Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

European Parliament & Council  Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives European Parliament & Council 2008 EU

Title (orig.): Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives

Language: English

Link:

Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives

European Parliament & Council  Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure European Parliament & Council 2014 EU

Title (orig.): Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Language: English

Link:

Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Ministere de leconomie, des finances  District Heating Classification Ministere de leconomie, des finances 1999 FR

Title (orig.): District Heating Classification

Language: English

Summary:

A decree on 5 May 1999 introduced a simplified procedure for classifying district heating using renewable energy or cogeneration, allowing local authorities to obligate new buildings in specified zones to be connected to the district heating grid.

Link:

District Heating Classification

Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour  Eco-Tax Reform Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour 1999 DE

Title (orig.): Eco-Tax Reform

BMU & UBA  Ecologically sensible recycling of biowaste; Suggestions for municipal decision makers BMU & UBA 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ökologisch sinnvolle Verwertung von Bioabfällen; Anregungen für kommunale Entscheidungsträger

Language: German

Summary:

Die Bundesregierung will bis spätestens 2020 die Emission treibhausrelevanter Gase in Deutschland um 40 Prozent gegenüber 1990 reduzieren. Ziele, die sich nur durch eine nachhaltige Energiewirtschaft – der Einsparung von Energie, der regenerativen Energieerzeugung und einen effizienteren Energieeinsatz – erreichen lassen. Angesichts dieser hochgesteckten Ziele ist zu prüfen, welchen Beitrag die Abfallwirtschaft, und hierbei auch die Bioabfälle zur Erreichung
der Ressourcen-, Energie- und Klimaziele, künftig zusätzlich noch leisten kann.

(LCMW) Relevance: Recycling of biowaste.

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Graven, Thomas; Bergs, Claus-Gerhard; Hermann, Tim  Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste - Suggestions for policy-makers at local authorities

Language: English, German

Summary:

In order to provide guidance in optimising bio-waste collection and use especially for local policy-makers, this booklet sets out the potential in bio-waste and the technical processes currently available for using the various categories of bio-waste. Furthermore, with the aid of a checklist local policy-makers can estimate whether optimising bio-waste recovery is practical in terms of increasing the amounts collected or the quantity of energy generated on site.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment, energetic and material utilisation, economic and ecologic aspects

Link:

Download of booklet on homepage of BMU

Attachment

Booklet ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste (6.56 MB)

Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy  Electricity act (ElWOG) Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy 2010 AT

Title (orig.): Electricity act (ElWOG)

Language: English

Link:

Electricity act (ElWOG)

Government  Electricity Law 2000 Government 2000 FR

Title (orig.): Electricity Law 2000

Language: English

Summary:

One part of the Energy Law of 10 February 2000, addresses the obligatory purchase of electricity from renewable sources and cogeneration at fixed feed-in tariffs. The law regulates the free access of independent energy producers to the grid and lays the foundation for higher feed-in tariffs for electricity production from renewables and a new tender scheme for renewable energy production capacity. These tariffs have subsequently been updated in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007 (see separate database entries).

Link:

Electricity Law 2000

Waste serv ltd.  Electricity Production from waste treatment plant Waste serv ltd. 2011 MT

Title (orig.): Electricity Production from waste treatment plant

Language: English

Summary:

The new Sant’ Antnin Waste Treatment Plant includes a biological treatment plant for the production of biogas through the anaerobic digestion of biodegradable municipal solid waste.

The biogas produced is to be used for the generation of electricity by combustion in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant, and any excess electricity will be fed to the grid

Link:

Electricity Production from waste treatment plant

Enel Energia  Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant Biomass magazine 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Language: EN

Summary:

Enel Energia has begun construction of an innovative combined-cooling,-heat-and-power (CCHP) mini-biomass plant (capacity of 199 kWe) at the historic Luxottica factory in Agordo, in the Veneto region’s Belluno province of Italy. The plant will be fuelled with solid biomass from the local area, such as woodchips, clippings and pruning by-products.

Link:

Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Wiehe, Julia  Energetic utilisation of wood from landscape maintenance: Hedgerows on banks as heat source for the county Grafschaft Bentheim Inaugural Dissertation at the University Hanover 2003 DE

Title (orig.): Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege - Wallhecken als Wärmequelle für den Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim

Language: German

Summary:

In this diploma thesis it was investigated if in the German county Grafschaft Bentheim and the neighboring Dutch province of Overijssel poorly preserved hedgerows on banks can be used as a renewable energy source for heat generation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Utilisation of hedgerows on banks

Link:

Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Energy Act (Act No 458/2000 Coll., on business conditions and public administration in the energy sectors) Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic 2000 CZ

Title (orig.): Zákon č. 458/2000 Sb., o podmínkách podnikání a o výkonu státní správy v energetických odvětvích a o změně některých zákonů (energetický zákon)

Language: CS

Link:

Energy Act (English translation)
Energy Act (original)

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland  Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland 2014 FIN

Title (orig.): Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015

Language: English

Link:

Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 PDF

Bundesregierung  Energy Concept Bundesregierung 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Das Energiekonzept: Deutschlands Weg zu einer bezahlbaren, zuverlässigen und umweltschonenden Energieversorgung

Language: Deutsch

Summary:

Energy and Climate Fund

Link:

Das Energiekonzept: Deutschlands Weg zu einer bezahlbaren, zuverlässigen und umweltschonenden Energieversorgung

Ministry of Economy  Energy Development Strategy 2014-2020 Latvian Government 2014 LV

Title (orig.): STRATĒĢISKAIS IETEKMES UZ VIDI NOVĒRTĒJUMS Enerģētikas attīstības pamatnostādnēm 2014.- 2020.gadam

Language: Latvian

Link:

STRATĒĢISKAIS IETEKMES UZ VIDI NOVĒRTĒJUMS Enerģētikas attīstības pamatnostādnēm 2014.- 2020.gadam

State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC)  Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA) State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC) 2014 BG

Title (orig.): Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Language: English

Summary:

Grid connection. Part of the Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA). Based on the regulations of the Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources and Biofuels Act, electricity distribution companies are obliged to purchase the electricity generated from geothermal and solar energy for 25 years, whereas from the other sources of RES, including biomass, the offtake obligation is fixed at 15 years. End suppliers are obliged to offtake the electricity produced by RES. Failure to do so will result in a penalty amounting to between BGN 7,000 (appr. EUR 3,600) and BGN 20,000 (appr. EUR 10,225).

Link:

Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

SPW-DGO4-Département de lénergie et du Bâtiment durable  Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia SPW-DGO4-Département de lénergie et du Bâtiment durable 2005; 2010 BE

Title (orig.): Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia

Language: English

Summary:

As of 2006, the Walloon government awarded grants for the installation of micro-cogeneration systems and high-efficiency wood-burning furnaces and heating boilers. Households, entreprises, self-employed workers and private entities were all eligible to receive grants. Every year, the programme is reviewed, taking into account the evolution of technology.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grants for the installation of high-efficiency wood-burning furnaces and heating boilers

Link:

Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Energy options of biomass use Ministry of Agriculture 2013 CZ

Title (orig.): Možnosti energetického využití biomasy

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication tries to indicate the possibility of biomass energy utilization, set up appropriate support mechanisms and the direction of development of technology for biomass utilization.

The booklet helps to zoom on the Biomass Action Plan 2012 – 2020 for citizens, to describe the potential of biomass, and discovers in detail the possibility of using biomass for wider public.

The publication is thus divided into three thematic sections, according to whom it is addressed, practical application of knowledge of Biomass Action Plan 2012-2020:

  • possibilities of cultivation and utilization of biomass energy in agriculture
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in the municipalities
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in households.

Link:

Možnosti energetického využití biomasy (PDF)

BAFU & BFE  Energy potencial of wood outside the forest: Study commissioned by the Federal Office for the Environment and the Federal Office of Energy BAFU & BFE 2009 DE

Title (orig.): Energieholzpotenziale ausserhalb des Waldes; Studie im Auftrag des Bundesamtes für Umwelt BAFU und des Bundesamtes für Energie BFE

Language: German

Summary:

In der Schweiz steigt die Nachfrage nach Energieholz. Aus diesem Grund wird auch ausserhalb des Waldes anfallendes Holz vermehrt genutzt. Bisher liegen kaum Informationen darüber vor, wie viel Holz ausserhalb des Waldes nachwächst und wie dieses Flurholz verwertet wird. Die vorliegende Studie trägt dazu bei, diese Lücke zu schliessen. Ein wichtiger Aspekt ist dabei die Potenziale an Flurholz in der Schweiz abzuschätzen. Weiter wurde untersucht, wie Flurholz verwertet wird und mit welchen finanziellen Aufwendungen und Erträgen die Bewirtschaftung von Flurgehölzen verbunden ist.

(LCMW) Relevance: Study on energy potencial of wood outside the forest.

Swiss Federal Office of Energy  Energy Research Program Swiss Federal Office of Energy 1977 CH

Title (orig.): Energy Research Program

Language: English

Link:

Energy Research Program

Federal Council  Energy Strategy 2050 Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE 2011 CH

Title (orig.): Energy Strategy 2050

Language: English

Link:

Energy Strategy 2050