A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Barbera, Federica; Pais, Bárbara  Socio-Economic and Environmental Responsible Models for Sustainable Biomass Exploitation in European Protected Areas BioEUParks 2016 EU

Title (orig.): Socio-Economic and Environmental Responsible Models for Sustainable Biomass Exploitation in European Protected Areas

Language: English

Summary:

Final report (D1.2) of the BioEUParks project (2012 – 2016) : Exploiting the potentialities of solid biomasses in EU Parks.

BioEUParks project borns to answer to a crucial question: how to match nature and biodiversity conservation with sustainable exploitation of woody biomass for energy purpose?

Link:

Socio-economic and environmental responsible models for sustainable biomass exploitation in european protected areas

Barcelona  Management of biodiversity and green areas Barcelona 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Barcelona website

Language: EN

Summary:

Green spaces in the city of Barcelona are  of a big importance. On its website, a lot of information about it can be found regarding the use of natural resources, maintenance of the parks and gardens which generate biomass that is recycled by turning it into compost, an organic fertilizer for the green spaces in Barcelona.

Link:

Ecology, Urban Planning and Mobility Area (website)
Street Tree Management in Barcelona (brochure)

Baum et. al.  Potential For Agricultural Biomass Production for Energy Purposes in Poland: a Review Vizja Press&IT 2012 PL

Title (orig.): Potential For Agricultural Biomass Production for Energy Purposes in Poland: a Review

Language: English

Link:

Potential For Agricultural Biomass Production for Energy Purposes in Poland: a Review

Baur, Frank; Faßbender, Beate; Frantzen, Jörg; Speck, Mike; Springer, Mikael; Trapp, Manuel; Weiler, Katja; Wern, Bernhard; Ziegler, Claudia; Gebhard, Ralf  Biomass potential analysis for the Saarland Ministerium für Umwelt, Energie und Verkehr des Saarlands 2011 DE

Title (orig.): Biomasse-Potenzialanalyse für das Saarland - Der Teilplan Biomasse zum Masterplan Neue Energie

Language: German

Summary:

A master plan “New Energy” has been developed in the German Saarland in order to describe the path to a sustainable energy supply, including the possibilities and necessary measures to be taken. The plan based, inter alia, on the regional potential for expansion of renewable energies. To this end, a range of potential analyses were carried out, the results of which are presented for the biomass sector as part of this report.

Link:

Download on homepage of the Institut for Future Energy Systems

Bioenergie-Region Ludwigsfelde  Final report on "potential and possibilities of energy recovery from urban green cuttings (green cuttings, leaves, wood) in the bioenergy region Ludwigsfelde RegioFutur 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Endbericht „Potentiale und Möglichkeiten der energetischen Verwertung von kommunalem Begleitgrün (Grünschnitt, Laub, Holz) in der Bioenergie-Region Ludwigsfelde Plus+

Language: German

(LCMW) Relevance: Final report on "potential and possibilities of energy recovery from urban green cuttings.

Bioenergy Promotion  Bioenergy Promotion Demo Region: Rotenburg (Wümme), Germany - Sustainable woody bioenergy resources from private forests and hedgerow maintenance Bioenergy Promotion 2014 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy Promotion Demo Region: Rotenburg (Wümme), Germany - Sustainable woody bioenergy resources from private forests and hedgerow maintenance

Language: English

Summary:

Rotenburg (Wümme) County supports renewable energy mainly from biogas and woody resources through a strategy which was founded in 2007 and acts as a platform for commuication and information among related actors. This strategy is supported by addressing renwable energy in all mandatory publc planning like the Regional Development Plan (under renewal in 2014), the Regional Landscape Plan and the Concept for Climate Protection. Moreover, forestry-related, mostly EU-co-financed support schemes like site mapping, forest inventory and investment support provide good opportunities for assessment and utilisation of woody biomass, taking sustainability principles into account. A close cooperation exists between three local forest owners associations, which can form a basis for resliable supply of wood as an energy carrier.

(LCMW) Relevance: Project partner - greenGain.

Biomass logistic centers in Ourense, Galicia  Biomass logistic centers in Ourense, Galicia Bioenergy International 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Centros de Tratamiento de la Biomasa, Ourense, Galicia

Language: ES

Summary:

The network of biomass treatment centres (CTB) distributed along Ourense (Spain) allows the use of biomass from roadside cleaning and forest for energy purposes. The Provincial Council of Ourense has converted the existing problem regarding the residues accumulation and fire risk related to roadside biomass and forest areas in an opportunity to increase the life quality of the local habitants through the biomass potential use for energy which is strategically distributed among the 3 biomass logistic centres.

Link:

Centros de Tratamiento de la Biomasa, Ourense, Galicia

BMU & UBA  Ecologically sensible recycling of biowaste; Suggestions for municipal decision makers BMU & UBA 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ökologisch sinnvolle Verwertung von Bioabfällen; Anregungen für kommunale Entscheidungsträger

Language: German

Summary:

Die Bundesregierung will bis spätestens 2020 die Emission treibhausrelevanter Gase in Deutschland um 40 Prozent gegenüber 1990 reduzieren. Ziele, die sich nur durch eine nachhaltige Energiewirtschaft – der Einsparung von Energie, der regenerativen Energieerzeugung und einen effizienteren Energieeinsatz – erreichen lassen. Angesichts dieser hochgesteckten Ziele ist zu prüfen, welchen Beitrag die Abfallwirtschaft, und hierbei auch die Bioabfälle zur Erreichung
der Ressourcen-, Energie- und Klimaziele, künftig zusätzlich noch leisten kann.

(LCMW) Relevance: Recycling of biowaste.

Bratkovich Steve , Bowyer Jim, Fernholz Kathryn and Alison Lindburg  Urban Tree Utilization and Why It Matters Alliance for Community Trees 2008 USA

Title (orig.): Urban Tree Utilization and Why It Matters

Language: EN

Summary:

Comprehensive article about the problematic of treatment of urban wood in the USA.

Link:

Urban Tree Utilization and Why It Matters

Bratkovich, Steve , et al.  Urban Forests & Urban Tree Use Opportunities on Local, State, National and International Scales DOVETAIL PARTNERS, INC. 2014 USA

Title (orig.): Urban Forests & Urban Tree Use Opportunities on Local, State, National and International Scales

Language: English

Summary:

This report focuses on urban forestry (urban forest management) as it is practiced in urban areas as defined by the Bureau of the Census. These areas include urbanized areas with populations of 50,000 or more, places that contain some urbanized areas within their boundaries, or places with at least 2,500 people and located outside of urbanized areas. Community forestry is a phrase that can mean one thing in Mexico or Nepal, and different things in the United States. For example, in the Pacific Northwest, where the federal government is the major landowner, community forestry might refer to the process by which loggers, environmentalists, and others come together to craft a vision for the management of public lands. In New England, community forestry can mean the management of predominantly rural town forests by local municipalities. In this report, community forestry and urban forestry are used interchangeably to describe tree and forestry activities practiced in population centers, whether large or small.

(LCMW) Relevance: This report focuses on urban forestry (urban forest management).

Britton, Renée Bradford  The potential for CO2 reduction of energetically used landscape conservation materials and green waste in the county Marburg - Biedenkopf, Germany Kassel University, Kassel, Germany and Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt (Master thesis) 2013 DE

Title (orig.): The potential for CO2 reduction of energetically used landscape conservation materials and green waste in the county Marburg - Biedenkopf, Germany

Language: EN

Summary:

The goal of this thesis is to ascertain the annual average amount of green waste available from LCMW and to determine the potential of its energetic use and its positive contribution to the climate targets.

(LCMW) Relevance: Key messages and data for greenGain Approaches: Bio-waste management analysis in Marburg-Biedenkopf Literature review on relevant energy-conversion technology Overview on green waste in Germany, key stakeholders of the energetic use Importance of logistic for the use of green residues Determining the potential of the green residues for the energy utilisation (yield of methane) Tool for modelling CO2 emissions Case scenario for Marburg-Biedenkopf: coal vs. grass plant Transferability of the concept to Jamaican context.

Link:

Thesis
Presentation

Bundesamt für Umwelt (BAFU) & Bundesamt für Energie (BFE)  Energy wood potentials outside of the forest in Switzerland Ernst Basler + Partner AG 2009 CH

Title (orig.): Energieholzpotenziale außerhalb des Waldes

Language: DE - CH

Summary:

The aim of this study is to assess the potential amount of meadow wood (= wood growing on areas outside of forests) in Switzerland, how it is currently used and what gains and costs occur. The authors defined five sources for meadow wood (along roads, along rivers and lakes, urban green, hedgerows and agricultural areas). They used a GIS-model and conducted expert interviews for the data collection. The study showed that on 10 % of Switzerland’s area meadow wood is growing (400 000 ha) and that 420 000 t TS per year can be sustainably used. Over 80 % of the meadow wood is on urban or agricultural are and mostly in the region of the Swiss midland. Of today’s use only 54 % are used for energetic purposes, 39 % are left on the site and 7 % is used for material production. The profits and costs differ strongly between the regions. In some regions, the same material is sold and in others, disposal charges have to be paid.

(LCMW) Relevance: Broad overview of the situation of LCMW biomass in Switzerland.

Link:

Energieholzpotenziale außerhalb des Waldes (PDF)
Holzenergie (website)

Carlini, Maurizio , et al.  Waste Wood Biomass Arising from Pruning of Urban Green in Viterbo Town: Energy Characterization and Potential Uses Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2013 IT

Title (orig.): Waste Wood Biomass Arising from Pruning of Urban Green in Viterbo Town: Energy Characterization and Potential Uses

Language: English

Summary:

The use of residual biomass arising from urban green pruning for energy production is a current and interesting subject for three main reasons: to achieve the aims of the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce the reliance on fossil fuels and to manage the urban green in a sustainable way.The aim of this study is a qualitative and quantitative analysis of waste wood biomass from urban green pruning in Viterbo in order to use it for energy production. Moisture, ash, C, H, N contents and Calorific Value analysis are carried out. Starting from the results analysis, two energy uses are proposed: wood-chips boiler and gasification.

(LCMW) Relevance: Qualitative and quantitative analysis of waste wood biomass from urban green pruning.

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Conrady et. al.  Landscape management without shepherd? – Results based on the pilot project “Biodiversity and firewood” Thüringer Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Forsten, Umwelt und Naturschutz 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Landschaftspflege ohne Schäfer? - Ergebnisse aus dem Pilotprojekt "Biodiversität und Energieholz"

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

The pilot project “Biodiversity and firewood” examines the use of wood from landscape management for energy production to maintain the natural value of open habitats with their important biodiversity in cultural landscapes. Since 2009, different methods of timber harvesting have been tested on up to 34 areas in Brandenburg and Thuringia in Germany – with a special focus on cost reduction, economic efficiency and environmental compatibility. The project shows the benefit of combining efforts to maintain open habitats in our cultural landscape with using harvested woody biomass as fuel wood. This benefit was visible already after the first few measures – economically and ecologically.

(LCMW) Relevance: Hederows on banks, nature protection, landscape management

Link:

Download portal for single chapters of conference script "The steppe habitats in Europe - Hazards, conservation measures and protection"

Attachment

PDF Landschaftspflege ohne Schäfer (323.30 KB)

Cremer, Tobias  Mobilisation and economical utilization of raw wood from forests and landscape for energy production DBU (Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt) 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Mobilisierung und wirtschaftliche Nutzung von Rohholz aus Wald und Landschaft zur Energieerzeugung

Language: DE

Summary:

The aim of this project was to develop and implement optimised mobilisation, supply and logistic concepts for energy wood from forests and LCMW biomass for a concrete region. Existing and innovative technologies and organisational approaches for the supply of energy wood were further developed and combined. During this process, all affected regional actors were involved.

(LCMW) Relevance: A new approach for the assessment of the potential of LCMW biomass for energetic use was described.

Link:

Mobilisierung und wirtschaftliche Nutzung von Rohholz aus Wald und Landschaft zur Energieerzeugung

Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources  Green paper on energy policy in Ireland Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources 2014 IE

Title (orig.): Green paper on energy policy in Ireland

Language: English

Summary:

White Paper on Energy Policy in Ireland is all about providing a vision for sustainable energy in Ireland into the future, and a pathway to get there. This Green Paper on Energy Policy in Ireland aims to stimulate a discussion between citizens, policymakers, businesses and stakeholders on such a vision for Irish energy policy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Providing suistanable energy in Ireland

Link:

PDF online

Department of Energy & Climate change  UK Biomass Strategy Department of Energy & Climate change 2012 UK

Title (orig.): UK Biomass Strategy

Language: English

Summary:

This publication was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government.

This strategy sets out the Coalition Government’s approach to securing the benefits of bioenergy. It is the result of extensive analysis by a Cross Government team. In considering how to secure these benefits have been examined the wide range of evidence on the availability of sustainably-produced biomass feedstocks to UK users, the likely carbon impacts of bioenergy compared to possible alternative uses of the biomass resource; and the role of biomass in the energy system compared to other choices for low-carbon energy. The strategy also builds on analysis used for the Committee on Climate Change’s Bioenergy Review and includes the Coalition Government’s response to that review.

(LCMW) Relevance: Evidence on the availability of sustainably-produced biomass feedstocks to UK users

Link:

UK Bioenergy Strategy

Deputy Secretariat of State for Green Economy Development and Climate Policy for the Ministry of National Development  Republic of Hungary national renewable energy action plan 2010 - 2020 Hungary, Deputy Secretariat of State for Green Economy Development and Climate Policy for the Ministry of National Development 2010 HU

Title (orig.): Republic of Hungary national renewable energy action plan 2010 - 2020

Language: English

Summary:

The aim of the National Action Plan is to provide the greatest possible benefit to the entire society by drawing on Hungary’s natural, economic, social, cultural and geopolitical assets. The main objective of the utilisation of renewable and alternative energy is to reduce dependency on gas and crude oil imports.

The measures of the present National Action Plan concern the following public tasks:

>> the drafting of a new act on sustainable energy management in 2011;

>> restructuring of the implementation of existing aid schemes and making it more efficient and more simple;

>> launching an independent energy support scheme (cofinanced by the EU) between 2014 and 2020;

>> a comprehensive adaptation of the mandatory off-take scheme for renewable electricity (hereinafter referred

to as green electricity) (the relevant amendment of Act LXXXVI of 2007 on Electricity is currently being submitted

for administrative consultations);

>> examination of the possibilities for subsidising green heat;

>> facilitating a more active participation in direct Community support and other support schemes;

>> review of the incentives incorporated into energy regulations for buildings (in accordance with Directive 2010/31/EC);

>> review of spatial plans, creation of regional energy concepts;

>> establishment of green forms and programmes of financing (green bank);

>> review and simplification of regulatory and authorization systems and procedures;

>> drafting of awareness-raising programmes and information campaigns (integrated information programmes);

>> launching educational and training programmes based on renewable and alternative energy sources and energy efficiency;

>> launching employment programmes in the field of renewable energy sources;

>> launching development programmes for the purpose of developing the related industries;

>> encouraging research and development and innovation incentive programmes;

>> programmes and measures for spreading second generation bio- and alternative fuels;

>> drafting of an agricultural energy programme;

>> preparation of the administrative staff taking part in regulatory and authorisation procedures in relation to renewable energy and related fields.

Link:

Republic of Hungary national renewable energy action plan 2010 - 2020

Dorottya Hujber and Tamás Szilágyi, ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building  Danube Region Biomass Action Plan ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building 2014 HU

Title (orig.): Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

Language: English

Link:

Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

Enel Energia  Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant Biomass magazine 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Language: EN

Summary:

Enel Energia has begun construction of an innovative combined-cooling,-heat-and-power (CCHP) mini-biomass plant (capacity of 199 kWe) at the historic Luxottica factory in Agordo, in the Veneto region’s Belluno province of Italy. The plant will be fuelled with solid biomass from the local area, such as woodchips, clippings and pruning by-products.

Link:

Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Environment Agency  Environment Management Guide Environment Agency 2014 UK

Title (orig.): Environment Management Guide

Language: English

Summary:

Environmental management guidance ”Manage waste on land: guidance for land managers” describes how to deal with waste, including hazardous waste, register waste exemptions and apply for environmental permits in UK.

(LCMW) Relevance: Desription how to deal with biomass waste in UK

Link:

Environmental management guidance online

Finish Government  National Energy and Climate strategy 2013 Finish Government 2013 FIN

Title (orig.): National Energy and Climate strategy 2013

Language: English

Link:

National Energy and Climate strategy 2013

Garay et. al.  The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary Studies in Agricultural Economics 114 (2012) 1-9 2012 HU

Title (orig.): The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary

Language: English

Link:

The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary

García D., Gómez M., García A., Royo F.J.  Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring CIRCE Foundation - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption. Natural Resources Division 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring

Language: EN

Summary:

Paper presented to the 16th European biomass conference (2 – 6 June 2008, Valencia, Spain).

The reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a relevant part in many of the current energy and environment policies in most of the European countries. Diverse alternatives are being used by the governments and the private companies to palliate the emissions and the costs derived from the emissions trade system; one of these possibilities for the CO2 emission remediation is the replacement of solid fossil fuels by biomass (co-firing) in different sectors. In Spain the consumption of fossil fuels account for more than 124 Mtep, from which solid fossil fuels represent 20 % of the share in the primary energy.

The main solid fuel consuming sectors are the power generation sector (more than 82 %) and cement industry (more than 7 %). The equivalent CO2emissions of those solid fuel intensive consuming sectors account for more than 20 % of the gross CO2 equivalent emissions, similar to other important sectors like the transport. Therefore the co-firing technology arises as a promising mean to reduce the emissions from solid fossil fuels.

The current paper presents the project ENE2005-00304/ALT (founded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education). The main objective is the assessment of the potential of co-firing in Spain and the development of a methodology based on the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), allowing a precise knowledge about the multiplier effect, in terms of GHG emissions reduction, associated with this technology and the related economic benefits.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Authors are one of the greenGain project partners (Daniel García, Maider Gómez; CIRCE).

García D., Pascual J., García A., Asín J.  The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain) CIRCE Foundation - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption 2007 ES

Title (orig.): The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain)

Language: EN

Summary:

Paper presented to the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition 7-11 May 2007 (Berlin, Germany)

The best location for the sitting of a biomass plant inside a territory requires as input data the energy potentials of the territory. Up to date the area outside the territory under assessment has not been considered, and the territory was studied as an island. The paper summarizes the results of using different spatial resolution degrees for the area surrounding the Spanish Teruel province (NUTS 3). Residual biomass from woody crops pruning has been estimated inside the province of Teruel using the geographical resolution of the Corine Land Cover. The resources evaluation for the area surrounding Teruel province (50 km in straight line) has been carried out at four levels of spatial resolution: no biomass in the surroundings, biomass per province (NUTS3), biomass per municipalities (NUTS5), and biomass assigned to the Corine Land Cover land use characterisation. The sum of the potential biomass in a 50 km-radius circle has been calculated for every point inside the province of Teruel per resolution scale. A comparison among the cases has been carried out by qualitative and quantitative observations. The results have shown the essentiality of the surrounding areas when searching for the maximum potentials in a territory. The use of spatially vast information (NUTS 3) generates a distortion in the geographical potentials and may lead to excessively large errors. For the analysed zone, it has been proved that municipality resolution (NU

Link:

The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain)

Gołuchowska et. al.  Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives Journal of Ecological Engineering vol. 16(3), 2015 2015 PL

Title (orig.): Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Language: English

Link:

Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Höner, G.  Heating with hedge rows Forstmagazin Top Agrar Online 2017 DE

Title (orig.): Heizen mit Hecken

Language: German

Summary:

In der Ausgabe 2012/2012 des Forstmagazins Topagrar.com wird das Management der Wallheckenpflege durch den Heckenkoordinator im Münsterland beschrieben. Dabei werden die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Heckeneigentümer und Lohnunternehmer, die regionale Vermarktung der Hackschnitzel und der maschinelle Einsatz im Kreis Steinfurt genauer betrachtet.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Onlineartikel Heizen mit Hecken

Igliński et. al.  Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 2014 PL

Title (orig.): Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

Language: English

Link:

Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

Kaltschmitt et. al.  Overall economic assessment of energy production from biomass taking into account external and macroeconomic effects Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten; Federal Ministry of Food, Agricutlure and Forestry 2000 DE

Title (orig.): Gesamtwirtschaftliche Bewertungder Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse unter Berücksichtigung externer und makroökonomischer Effekte

Language: German

Summary:

The aim of this study was to determine the advantages and disadvantages of increased energy generation from biomass in Germany from a business and economic point of view. As a result of the investigation, conclusions were reached about the marginal and basic conditions that make energy supply from biogenic solid and liquid fuels most cost-effective for the operator and for the economy as a whole.

(LCMW) Relevance: Economic aspect of LCMW biomass utilisation

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Funda, Karsten; Lootsma, Auke; Hofmann, Hubertus  Costs and benefits of an optimized bowaste utilisation in regard to energy efficiency, climate- and resource protection Umweltbundesamt, German environmental protection agency 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Separately collected organic wastes in Germany are currently predominately composted and subsequently recycled for soil improvement and fertilization. Usage of the immanent energy potential of the organic wastes is just emerging. With special emphasis on organic wastes from households, parks and gardens as well as landscape management, the study analyses key questions on an improved material flow management.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management possibilities for LCMW material

Link:

Download on the homepage of the German environmental protection agency

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Graven, Thomas; Bergs, Claus-Gerhard; Hermann, Tim  Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste - Suggestions for policy-makers at local authorities

Language: English, German

Summary:

In order to provide guidance in optimising bio-waste collection and use especially for local policy-makers, this booklet sets out the potential in bio-waste and the technical processes currently available for using the various categories of bio-waste. Furthermore, with the aid of a checklist local policy-makers can estimate whether optimising bio-waste recovery is practical in terms of increasing the amounts collected or the quantity of energy generated on site.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment, energetic and material utilisation, economic and ecologic aspects

Link:

Download of booklet on homepage of BMU

Attachment

Booklet ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste (6.56 MB)

Kirsten Graulich  Energy Transition - Do it yourself Tagesspiegel Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energiewende selber Machen

Language: DE

Summary:

The German regions Teltow, Kleinmachnow and Stahnsdorf lack sufficient biomass for a biomass facility. But now there is the idea of using leaf-fall for energy production. The local citizens should take part on this project.

Link:

Energiewende selber Machen

La Voz de Galicia  Recycling and biomass plant to use biomass from roadside cleaning La Voz de Galicia.es 2007 ES

Title (orig.): Sugieren una planta de reciclaje y aprovechamiento de biomasa para residuos de cunetas

Language: ES

Summary:

Pontevedra could carry out a project to use biomass from roadsides for energy purposes if the initiative proposed by the Workers’ Commissions succeed. The trade Union asked the Council, to which are attributable 2,200 km of roads, to launch the initiative.

The plant would produce energy and fertilizers or both at the same time. It would also treat the biomass residues from different centres and farms of the provincial agency. Additionally it would process the residues from the forest cleaning, agriculture and vineyards.

The residues from the roadside cleaning are many times abandoned in site and therefore become a dangerous fuel in case a fire starts.

Link:

Sugieren una planta de reciclaje y aprovechamiento de biomasa para residuos de cunetas

Madlener R., Vögtl S.  Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel CEPE Working Paper 2006 CH

Title (orig.): Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

Language: EN

Summary:

The municipal utilities of Basel (IWB) are in the process of building a 30 MW wood-fired CHP plant in the city of Basel, a project idea that was initially propelled by visionaries from the forest sector. The plant is attractive both politically and from a business perspective, as several goals related to the increased use of renewable energy can be achieved simultaneously. Moreover, significant woody biomass resources are awaiting further exploitation in the Basel region, which could help to improve markedly the cost effectiveness of forest maintenance. In this paper we study the history and some of the characteristics of the planned project from a socio-economic perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Socio-economic analysis of diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas.

Link:

Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

Milan Oravec & Marián Slamka  Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia foropa.eu 2013 SK

Title (orig.): Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia

Language: English

Link:

Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Energy options of biomass use Ministry of Agriculture 2013 CZ

Title (orig.): Možnosti energetického využití biomasy

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication tries to indicate the possibility of biomass energy utilization, set up appropriate support mechanisms and the direction of development of technology for biomass utilization.

The booklet helps to zoom on the Biomass Action Plan 2012 – 2020 for citizens, to describe the potential of biomass, and discovers in detail the possibility of using biomass for wider public.

The publication is thus divided into three thematic sections, according to whom it is addressed, practical application of knowledge of Biomass Action Plan 2012-2020:

  • possibilities of cultivation and utilization of biomass energy in agriculture
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in the municipalities
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in households.

Link:

Možnosti energetického využití biomasy (PDF)

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland  Finnish Bioeconomy strategy Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland 2014 FIN

Title (orig.): Finnish Bioeconomy strategy

Language: English

Summary:

The Finnish Bioeconomy Strategy is based on smart exploitation of biomass, but strongly based on the traditional forest industry. No direct reference to landscape material, but goal 4 of the strategy is the accessibility of biomass in which the diversity of origin from within Finland should be secured.

Link:

Finnish Bioeconomy strategy PDF

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland  Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland 2014 FIN

Title (orig.): Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015

Language: English

Link:

Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 PDF

Morgenroth, Andreas  The energy transition at the cemetery - production and use of renewable energies in cemetery open spaces Aeternitas e.V. - Verbraucherinitiative Bestattungskultur 2006 DE

Title (orig.): Die Energiewende auf dem Friedhof - Erzeugung und Nutzung regenerativer Energien auf Friedhofsfreiflächen

Language: DE

Summary:

Landscape architect Andreas Morgenroth describes the benefits and shows how to use renewable energy in cemeteries. He constitutes the framework of the energy transition and explains sustainability aspects of cemetery management, taking into account the special cemetery cultural concerns. On German cemeteries approximately 15,000 hectares are no longer needed for burials. The trend is towards small urn graves. Morgenroth explains several options of production and use of renewable energies and describes cemetery open spaces as predestined.

(LCMW) Relevance: Potential of landscape material from cemeteries for incineration and digestion.

Link:

Pressemitteilung: Friedhöfe könnten Energie erzeugen
Die Energiewende auf dem Friedhof (PDF)

Municipality of Salas  Interreg - Salas Interreg 2009 CZ

Title (orig.): Interreg - Salaš

Language: Czech

Summary:

The Interreg IIIA project was supported to use environmentally clean heating biomass – wood, along with the use of solar collectors for domestic hot water. The basic idea is to utilize local sources of wood (contract with Lesy Czech Republic) for heating houses also reducing emissions from transport. The result of the project is the creation of one job associated with the organization of harvesting, handling, record keeping and billing itself individual participants in the project.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of environmentally clean biomass for heating.

Link:

Interreg - Salas

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Presenters at the conference  Script of the conference "Biomass to Power and Heat" 1. - 2. 6. 2016 Zittau University of Zittau/Görlitz 2016 DE

Title (orig.): Tagungsband - Beiträge zum Fachkolloquium "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Language: German and English

Summary:

The script of the conference „Biomass to Power and Heat“ 2016 includes the summaries of the 15 expert presentations of this year´s event. The contributions focus on practical introduction, and scientific and economic support for decentralized supply approaches and power generation of wood-like biomass in cogeneration. Accordingly, the presentations cover topics as:

  • biomass from agroforestry
  • new technologies for producing and using pellets
  • spontaneous reactions when storing biomass
  • combined heat and power units with Stirling motor
  • regulation- and monitoring systems for pollution emissions
  • biogas production
  • biochar
  • syngas
  • regional energy markets
  • experiences with different combustibles.

The aims and work of the greenGain project were introduced as well and are summarised in the according chapter of the conference script.

(LCMW) Relevance: Technologies, experiences and new findings in the field of biomass firings. Aline Clalüna from COALS (Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen), partner of the greenGain project, had a presentation at the conference dedicated to the greenGain project (see p. 9 - 13).

Link:

Homepage on conference "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Attachment

Conference script "Biomass to Power and Heat" (22.01 MB)
Flyer with program of the conference (518.18 KB)

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Rösch, Christine  Intercomparison of Approaches to Biowaste and Green Waste Utilization for Material and Energy Production with Particular Consideration of the Situation in Baden- Württemberg Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH 1996 DE

Title (orig.): Vergleich stofflicher und energetischer Wege zur Verwertung von Bio- und Grünabfällen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Verhältnisse in Baden-Württemberg

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

In this work helpful tools were developed for decision making in policy, administration and economy, starting from systems analytical comparison of different approaches of biowaste and green waste treatment with a view to material and energy production. The methods included in the comparison are composting in the backyard, on agricultural fields, in special plants treating only green waste or biowaste and green waste, biowaste treating in biofermentation plants as well as the utilization of green waste and crop residues as biofuel in biomass power plants.

Link:

Download on Homepage of the Karlsruher Institute for Technology

Rosenberg, Alexander  Assessment of energy wood potential from roadside maintenance in the county Rotenburg (Wümme) Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Chamber of Agriculture Lower Saxony 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Einschätzung des Energieholzpotenzials aus Straßenbegleitgrün im Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)

Language: German

Summary:

This report describes the assessment of the biomass potential from roadside maintenance in the German county Rotenburg (Wümme) in the course of the EU INTERREG Baltic Sea Region project Bioenergy Promtion. The author describes the methodology of measuring hedge- and treerows along county roads and illustrates the estimation of vegetation type structures and maintenance urgency. Among other he also names options for efficient planing and implementation of the LCMW in this region.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from roadside maintenance in the pilot region Rotenburg (Wümme)

Attachment

PDF Report Bioenergy Promotion (1.24 MB)

Stegner, Jan  Framework for energetic utilization of biomass from landscape management in Saxony - Final Report Sächsischen Staatsministeriums für Umwelt und Landwirtschaft 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Rahmenkonzept zur energetischen Verwertung von Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Freistaat Sachsen – Abschlussbericht

Language: DE

Summary:

Following topics are assessed:

  • Political and legal framework for energy recovery from biomass from landscape management
  • Volume of landscaping material in Saxony
  • Determination of energetic utilization demand for biomass from landscape management
  • Technical solutions for utilizing biomass from landscape management
  • Analysis and presentation of technological deficiencies and uncertainties exploitation potential
  • Regionalized analysis of acceptance for plant operators and farms with regard to their willingness to energetic utilization of biomass from landscape management
  • Suitable recycling methods and technologies for the energy use of landscaping material

Under the current technical and technological and politico-economic conditions, the energetic use of landscape material via biogas and combustion in small and medium combustion plants or large combustion plants are appropriate ways. Both pathways require further procedural and logistical improvement.

The energetic use of landscape material is currently in Saxony barely realized. Especially in biogas plants, energy use with small technical changes would be possible. However, the political and economic conditions contradict such use.

(LCMW) Relevance: The political and economic conditions contradict the utilization of this biomass type.

Link:

Rahmenkonzept zur energetischen Verwertung von Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Freistaat Sachsen

Straub, Christoph  Assessment of the energy wood potential and its availability in the forest and in the open country with new remote sensing methods Inaugural Dissertation at the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg in Breisgau 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Erfassung des Energieholzpotentials und seiner Verfügbarkeit im Wald und im Offenland mit neuen Fernerkundungsmethoden

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

The aim of this thesis was to develop new methods to provide detailed information regarding the spatial distribution of biomass and those components that can be used for energy production using modern remote sensing techniques. An important aspect was the development of automated procedures with appropriate software solutions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment with remote sensing

Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland  Bioenergy roadmap Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland 2010 IE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy roadmap

Language: English

Summary:

In 2010 a Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland was developed and published to outline the growth potential of bioenergy in Ireland to 2050 such as:

  • Annual abatement of over 11Mt of CO2
  • Bioenergy is highly suitable for inclusion in a national distributed energy network
  • Over 3,500Ktoe of indigenous resources are available for the bioenergy supply chain by 2050
  • bioenergy in transport should meet 27% of total transport  primary energy demand
  • biomass in electricity generation should meet 28% of total electricity demand
  • biomass should meet 40% of  total heat demand
  • reach 80% emissions reduction

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland

Link:

Bioenergy roadmap PDF online
SEAI online

Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland  Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland - DE

Title (orig.): Wallhecken Landkreis Friesland

Language: German

Summary:

The brochure gives an introduction what defines hedgerows on bank (Wallhecken, Knicks) and shows their occurence in the county Friesland in the North of the German state Lower Saxony. Further, the history and ecological importance of hedgerows on banks is explained and what factors threatens their preservation. Finally, the brochure lists the measures necessary to protect and maintain these landscape structures and informs about the availalbe financial support for owners.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ecological, legal, treatment and financial information on hedgerows on banks

Link:

General information on hedgerows on bank on the homepage of the Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland

Attachment

PDF Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland (14.27 MB)

Wiehe, Julia  Energetic utilisation of wood from landscape maintenance: Hedgerows on banks as heat source for the county Grafschaft Bentheim Inaugural Dissertation at the University Hanover 2003 DE

Title (orig.): Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege - Wallhecken als Wärmequelle für den Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim

Language: German

Summary:

In this diploma thesis it was investigated if in the German county Grafschaft Bentheim and the neighboring Dutch province of Overijssel poorly preserved hedgerows on banks can be used as a renewable energy source for heat generation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Utilisation of hedgerows on banks

Link:

Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege

WMW (Waste Management World)  Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa WMW (Waste Management World). Multi-fuel fired plant 2010 SE

Title (orig.): Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa

Language: EN

Summary:

The new facility in Landskrona, Sweden is part of a new generation of plants capable of burning a wide range of biomass and sorted waste fuels. Multi-fuel fired combined heat and power plants will cover the future need for advanced technology to exploiting all resources. New fuels, ranging from sorted industrial waste to wood chips, will contribute towards meeting the EU requirements for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases.