A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente - Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 127/2013 establishing industrial emission requirements to prevent soil, water and air pollution Agência Portuguesa do Ambiente - Portuguese Environmental Agency 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 127/2013 de 30 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and 8 Annexes, establishes industrial emission requirements to prevent soil, water and air pollution. In particular, it establishes the regime for industrial emissions applicable to prevention and integrated control of pollution, as well as norms and requirements to avoid or reduce any kind of emission or production of waste in soil, water and air in order to reach a high level of environmental protection, transferring to National legislation the EU Parliament and Council Directive No. 2010/75 related to industrial emissions. Annexes specify residue limits and environmental quality standards to be met and authorised activities to be performed within the National territory.

Link:

Factsheet: Industrial emissions

Agency for the Environment and Energy Resources (ADEME)  Wood Energy Programme Agency for the Environment and Energy Resources (ADEME) 1999 FR

Title (orig.): Wood Energy Programme

Language: English

Summary:

For domestic heating, the programme seeks to maintain the same national wood consumption by 2006 and to improve the energy and environmental efficiency of wood combustion. It includes a communication plan for supporting best practices in wood combustion for public/privates operators. Quality labels have been established with manufacturers for wood devices.

Link:

Wood Energy Programme

Agency for the Environment and Energy Resources (ADEME)  Heat Fund Agency for the Environment and Energy Resources (ADEME) 2008 FR

Title (orig.): Heat Fund

Language: English

Summary:

The Heat Fund was implemented in order to support the production of heat from renewable resources and recovered energy. This system of support for investment is one of the commitments of the Grenelle Environment Forum.The Heat Fund’s goal is to support 5.5 Mtoe production of renewable heat between 2009 and 2020; this number represents more than a quarter of the renewable energy production target of 20 Mtoe by 2020 set by the Grenelle Environment Forum.The Heat Fund mainly supports the development of the use of biomass (forestry, agriculture, production and thermal recovery of biogas, etc.), geothermal energy, heat pumps and solar thermal. The targetted sectors are collective housing, tertiary, agriculture and industry. By encouraging the use of renewable energy by heating networks, the Heat Fund will also have an important social impact (reduction and stabilisation of heating bills of essentially social housing) and directly encourage overall diversification of the energy supply.The Heat Fund intervention methods are:- for large scale biomass facilities (production of renewable heat greater than 1 000 toe/year) in the industrial, agricultural and tertiary sectors: there is an annual national call for projects. Four calls for projects have been already launched and a fifth one will be launched in September 2012.- for all other sectors (including residential), and for biomass facilities between 100 and 1000 toe/year, the Heat Fund is managed by the ADEME at regional level with regional calls for projects. It complements aid currently granted in the context of State-Region Project Contracts.

Link:

Heat Fund

Agentschap NL (Netherlands Enterprise Agency)  Netherlands National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) Ministry of Economic Affairs, European Comission 2010 NL

Title (orig.): Netherlands National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

Netherlands 2020 targets:

  • Overall target: 14.5% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption;
  • Heating and cooling: 9% of heat consumption met by renewable sources;
  • Electricity: 37% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
  • Transport: 10% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources.

In order to achieve above enlisted targets Netherlands established comprehensive legal and administrative framework nurturing deployment of renewables with a number of complementary financial, fiscal and promotional measures:

(LCMW) Relevance: Renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets

Link:

Netherlands National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Bulgarian Ministry of Finance  Excise Duties and Tax Warehouses Act Bulgarian Ministry of Finance 2013 BG

Title (orig.): Excise Duties and Tax Warehouses Act

Language: English

Summary:

Tax regulation mechanism: A reduced rate of excise duty is applied to unleaded petrol or gas oil if a share of 4 to 5% of bioethanol or biodiesel has been added.

Link:

Excise Duties and Tax Warehouses Act

Butler Manning, David; Bemann, Albrecht; Bredemeier, Michael; Lamersdorf, Norbert; Ammer, Christian  Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Wiley-VCH 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas

Language: English

Summary:

This book shows the major reasearch foundings of the projects AgroForNet: Linking the Producers and Consumers of Woodfuel to Contribute to the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas and BEST: Strengthening Bioenergy Regions. In stand-alone scientific research papers the latest knowledge on cultivation of dendromass for bioenergy purposes in Germany is presented in the context of international research. Different aspects are covered, among other i) environmental constraints, landscape functions, ecosystem services; ii) evaluating, managing and enhancing the supply of dendromass; and iii) socio-economic and legal aspects fo dendromass for bioenergy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Examples of frameworks for the development of woodfuel-based service systems and supply chains

Croatian Energy Market Operator  Croatia Feed in tariff Croatian Energy Market Operator 2011 HR

Title (orig.): Croatia Feed in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

Feed-in tariff. RES-E plant operators, which have been classified as “qualified producers” and have signed a contract with the Croatian Energy Market Operator (HROTE), are paid a fixed price per kWh of electricity supplied.

Moreover the following support schemes are available

HBOR-Loans. The loans granted for the employment of RES-E technologies are part of the “environmental protection” loan scheme by the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR) in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Fund and business banks.

Environmental Fund-Loans. The Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency offers interest-free loans for the promotion of renewable energy sources.

In general, all RES-E technologies are eligible for all incentive schemes

Link:

Tariffs for RES and CHP electricity

DECC and in Northern Ireland: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (DETI)  Renewables Obligation (RO) DECC and in Northern Ireland: Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (DETI) 2002 UK

Title (orig.): Renewables Obligation (RO)

Language: English

Summary:

The Renewables Obligation (RO) is one of the main support mechanisms for renewable electricity projects in the UK. Smaller scale generation is mainly supported through the Feed-In Tariff (FITs). The RO came into effect in 2002 in England and Wales, and Scotland, followed by Northern Ireland in 2005. It places an obligation on UK electricity suppliers to source an increasing proportion of the electricity they supply from renewable sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support mechanisms for renewable electricity projects in the UK

Link:

Renewables Obligation (RO)

Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources (DCENR)  Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2 and 3 (REFIT 2 and 3) Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources (DCENR) 2010 IE

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff 2 and 3 (REFIT 2 and 3)

Language: English

Summary:

Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff (REFIT) scheme in Ireland is split into two programmes: REFIT 2 and REFIT 3. REFIT 2 programme was opened in March 2012 and covers small and large scale onshore wind, biomass landfill gas and small hydro (≤ 5MW). REFIT 3 programme opened in February 2012 and supports anaerobic digestion, biomass with CHP and biomass combustion and co-firing. The REFIT 2 and REFIT 3 competitions are separate schemes with separate terms and conditions in respect to each scheme. Both schemes close down to new applications on 31st December 2015 or if the capacity caps in both programmes will be reached before that date. REFIT capacity cap is 4,000MW and REFIT 3 has an overall limit of 310 MW, differentiated by technology:

  • Anaerobic digestion (including AD CHP): 50MW
  • Biomass CHP: 100MW
  • Biomass combustion (including co-firing with peat): 160MW.

FIT contracts are awarded for period of 15 years (both for REFIT 2 and REFIT 3). Projects benefiting from REFIT programmes must be operational by 2017. The financial support awarded through REFIT will not exceed beyond 31st December 2032.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on biomass production in Ireland

Link:

IEA online

Department of Environment, Community and Local Government  National Strategy on Biodegradable Waste Department of Environment, Community and Local Government 2006 IE

Title (orig.): National Strategy on Biodegradable Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Improving waste management system is a key challenge that is currently engaging Ireland’s citizens and government. A primary goal in accordance with the EU Landfill Directive is to reduce dependence on landfill in favour of more environmentally sound alternatives. This document outlines Government policy for the diversion of biodegradable municipal waste from landfill, building upon the key objectives established in policy documents Changing Our Ways (1998), Delivering Change – Preventing and Recycling Waste (2002) and Waste Management: Taking Stock and Moving Forward (2004).

(LCMW) Relevance: Diversion of biodegradable waste

Link:

PDF online

Dept of Communications, Energy & Natural Resources  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Dept of Communications, Energy & Natural Resources 2010 IE

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

Ireland’s overall target is 16% of gross final energy consumption to come from renewable sources by 2020 (3.1% in 2005). This 16% target will be made up of contributions from renewable energy in electricity (RES-E), renewable energy in transport (RES-T) and renewable energy for heat and cooling (RES-H). The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) sets out the Government’s strategic approach and concrete measures to deliver on Ireland’s 16% target under Directive 2009/28/EC.

(LCMW) Relevance: National Renewable Energy Action Plan of Ireland

Link:

National action plan online
SEAI online

Directorate General for Energy and Climate  Tax credit for energy transition (CITE) Directorate General for Energy and Climate 2005 FR

Title (orig.): Tax credit for energy transition (CITE)

Language: English

Summary:

In 2005, the government recalibrated the tax credits for purchases of equipment for primary residences (Article 200 of the General Tax Code) to promote both sustainable development and energy conservation. Specifications regarding equipment covered were modified in 2006 and 2007, to account for technological change. These were modified again in 2009, when the credit was extended to 31 December 2012 (from end of 2009). To be eligible for the tax credits the building in which the equipment is used must be a primary residence and at least two years old; for renewable energy equipment the building can be new or old. The tax credits are as follows: – 15% for purchases of low-temperature boilers; (until 31 December 2008) – 25% for purchases of condensation boilers, thermal insulation and heating regulation devices; This amount increases to 40% if: a) the material and equipment is installed in a home constructed both before 1 January 1977 and that this installation occurs before the 31 December of the second year of the homes acquisition by its present owners; b) the material was purchased after 1 January 2006. Since 2009, the installation costs for thermal insulation of walls, floors, roofs and ceilings are also covered by the tax credit. – 40% for energy production equipment using renewable energy and heat pumps devoted primarily to heat production; Increased to 50% for renewable energy used for heating as of 1 January 2006. However the credit for heat pumps decreases to 40% in 2009 and 25% in 2010 for biomass or wood boilers, and heat pumps. It remains at 40% if the material and equipment is installed in a home constructed both before 1 January 1977 and that this installation occurs before the 31 December of the second year of the homes acquisition by its present owners. Air-air heat pumps are excluded as of 1 January 2009. -50% for obtaining an energy audit, when not required by law (as of 1 January 2009, limited to one audit every 5 years); -25% for the purchase of equipment and heating systems drawing the majority of their power from cogeneration or renewable energy sources (as of 1 January 2006); The tax credit is limited to EUR 8000 per person, EUR 16 000 for a couple and EUR 400 for each additional dependent.

Since 2005 and the Programme Law setting the directions of the energy policy (POPE), privateindividuals have been able to benefit from a tax credit for the purchase of the most efficient materials or equipment in terms of saving energy or generating renewable energy.From 1st July 2015, the CIDD will be subject to an eco-conditionality criterion: the work must be performed by installers that hold the quality sign “recognised Grenelle de l’environnement”.Between 2005 and 2011, over 6 million of the 34 million primary residences in metropolitan France benefited from the CIDD at least once.

Link:

Tax credit for energy transition (CITE)

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 34/2011 of 8 March - legal framework for RES-E generation by small power installations or plants Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 34/2011 de 8 de Março

Language: English

Summary:

This decree-law establishes the legal framework for renewable energy generation by small power installations or plants (miniproduction units). A miniproduction unit is defined as an installation that uses a single production technology and has a capacity of up to 250 kW (art. 1 DL 34/2011). Any entity that has a contract for purchasing electricity with a relevant consumption of electricity can apply to this law, provided that injected power does not exceed 50% of the contracted power. A special tariff is provided to installations with a capacity below 20 kW. For biogas and biomass installations in case of miniproduction, 60% of the reference tariff is provided (art 11(7) DL34/2011). The tariffs are limited to 15 years, the maximum production may not exceed 5 MWh/year and the annual maximum capacity eligible for the tariff is 30 MW in 2013 (art 11). Currently the regime is being discussed by the government.

Link:

Factsheet: RES-E in small power installations

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 363/2007 of 2 November - legal framework for renewable electricity generated by ‘microproduction units Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 363/2007 de 2 de Novembro

Language: English

Summary:

This decree-law establishes the legal framework for renewable energy generation by ‘microproduction units’. A microproduction unit is defined as an installation that uses a single production technology and a single-phase or three-phase load operating at low voltage and has a capacity of up to 5.75 kW (art. 3 DL 118-A/2010). It provides for a simplified licensing regime for local grid connected, low-voltage, small/residential renewable energy producers. Licensing is conducted through the internet, via the System of Registration of Microproducers (SRM), an electronic platform through which producers register their installations. Micro producers cannot inject more than 50 % of the power mentioned in the purchasing contract, except in the case of installations for condominiums. The tariffs are limited to 15 years, the maximum production may not exceed 4 MWh/year and the annual maximum capacity eligible for the tariff is 11 MW in 2013 (art 1 DL 118-A/2010). Currently the regime is being discussed by the government.

Link:

Factsheet: RE in microproduction units

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May - Feed-in tariff Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 189/88 de 27 de Maio - Tarifas feed-in

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May – Feed-in tariff. In Portugal, the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. Decree-Law No. 189/88 regulates the generation of renewable electricity. DL 225/2007, DL 33A-2005 and DR 71/2007 amended the provisions on the feed-in tariff for electricity from renewable sources. The guaranteed feed-in tariff is the only promotion mechanism. The amount of incentive is dependent on the energy source. Using a coefficient Z (DL 339-C/2001) the FiT is varied according to the technology used. Currently the regime is being discussed by the government. For biogas (fermentation of municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, agricultural and food waste and landfill gas) the support in provided for 15 years, for biomass (forest and animal biomass) the support is provided for 25 years. In case of micro- or miniproduction a separate degree is in force, respectively 363/2007 and 34/2011.

Link:

Factsheet: Feed-in tariff

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-law 23/2010 of 25 March Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 23/2010 de 25 de Março

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-law 23/2010 introduced the legal framework for cogeneration activities and a remunerative framework for operators. As such it implements the directive 2004/8/EC of February 11 of the European parliament and council on the promotion of cogeneration which amended directive 92/42/EEC of May 21. It aims to increase energy efficiency and security of supply by creating a framework for the promotion and development of high efficiency cogeneration of heat and electricity based on useful heat demand and primary energy savings in the internal energy market. This law regulates the activity of cogeneration, establishing its legal status and remuneration. The tariff is based on two modalities, according to the choice of cogeneration, accessible to efficient cogeneration and high efficiency cogeneration. Incentives are provided based on three criteria: reduction of primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions compared with the separate production of electric and thermal energy; cogeneration production that is efficient and uses renewable resources; and promoting the participation of cogeneration in the electricity market. At least 50% of primary energy consumed must come from renewable resources.

Link:

Factsheet: Cogeneration

Directorate General for Energy and Raw Materials (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning)  Livret de Developpement Durable Directorate General for Energy and Raw Materials (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning) 2007 FR

Title (orig.): Livret de Developpement Durable

Language: English

Summary:

Preferential loans for energy saving measures. On 5 October 2006, the French Government announced the creation of a EUR 10 billion fund for the funding of domestic energy conservation projects with low-interest loans. Available from 1 January 2007, the low-interest loans are based on a previous tax-free savings account known as the CODEVI (Compte pour le Développement Industriel). This savings product allowed banks to finance the development of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The CODEVI as of 1 January 2007 has been renamed the LDD (Livret de Développement Durable), and banks must use a portion of these funds to offer preferential loans for domestic energy conservation projects. While the CODEVI was capped at EUR 4600 per person, the LDD cap has been raised to EUR 6000 per person to raise additional funds for these loans. As of 2009 the account pays tax-free interest of 2.5% a year. In 2008, banks must dedicate 2% of the funds to energy conservation loans, rising to 5% in 2009 and 10% thereafter. Preferential loans can be awarded to individuals, co-properties and entrepreneurs for the purchase and installation of equipment producing energy from renewable sources; space and water heating equipment using wood or other biomass; heat pumps. Applicants must provide the bank with documents from the equipment installer, certifying that the equipment and installation meets the required criteria.

Link:

Livret de Developpement Durable

DZIENNIK USTAW, RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ  Renewable Energy Law of Poland DZIENNIK USTAW, RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ 2015 PL

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Law of Poland

Language: Polish

Summary:

Renewable Energy Act of Poland

Attachment

PDF (644.80 KB)

ENEA  Italian Action Plan for Energy Efficiency 2014 ENEA 2014 IT

Title (orig.): Piano d'azione per l'efficienza energetica 2014 (PAEE)

Language: Italian

Summary:

The document, drawn up by ENEA, shows the energy efficiency targets set by Italy in 2020 and policy measures to enable their achievement. In particular, the Plan proposes to strengthen the measures and existing instruments and introduce new mechanisms to overcome the problems encountered, particularly in some sectors.Particular attention is devoted to the description of the new measures introduced by Legislative Decree 102/2014, which transposed Directive 2012/27/ EU.

Link:

Piano d'azione per l'efficienza energetica 2014 (PAEE)

Environment and Energy Management Agency  Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund Environment and Energy Management Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund

Language: English

Summary:

The French government introduced in 2008 a heat fund (Fonds Chaleur) in order to support the production of heat through renewable energy plants (Art. 19 §4, Loi n° 2009-967). The budget of the heat fund is divided into two subvention types: on the one hand, a national call for tenders, which is published yearly for large biomass plants, on the other hand the support of other renewable energy projects is administered on a regional level by the regional agencies of the ADEME. The call for tender 2014 will close on 30.01.2014. Only biomass plants with a heat production over 1,000 toe per year are eligible, provided they are submitted for the industrial, agricultural and service sectors. The payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan and with consideration of the relation between the amount of support asked for and the amount of renewable heat produced.

Link:

Grenelle 1 - Heat fund
Feed-in tariff

Estonian Government  Estonian Waste Act Estonian Government 2004 EST

Title (orig.): Estonian Waste Act

Language: English

Link:

Estonian Waste Act

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)  Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) 2014 BG

Title (orig.): Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL)

Language: English

Summary:

BEERECL has been established to support industrial energy efficiency and small renewable energy projects in the private sector by using funding from the Kozloduy International Fund, which was created by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in May 2002. BEERECL provides grants of up to 20 percent of the disbursed loan principle for RES projects financed prior to 30 September 2009, and up to 15 percent grants for financing received after the latter date. However, eligible Investments in biomass should have installed capacity of less than 5 MW electric output, and Investments in biomass heat only boilers with a thermal input higher than 10 MWth are subject to EBRD approval – No restrictions for biogas plants.

Link:

Bulgarian Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (BEERECL)

European Commission  ILUC Directive (amendments to RED and FQD) European Commission 2015 EU

Title (orig.): ILUC Directive (amendments to RED and FQD)

Language: English

Summary:

The Directive aims to promote transition from conventional (starch-rich energy crops) biofuels (with a risk of ILUC emissions) to advanced biofuels (that deliver substantial greenhouse gas savings and low-ILUC) and encourage a greater market penetration of advanced biofuels by allowing such fuels to contribute more to the targets in the RED than conventional biofuels.

The ILUC Directive sets a cap for biofuels produced from energy crops, however, it promotes a production and use of advanced generation biofuels.

References to the RED and FQD that sets out the sustainability criteria. The overall obejctive of the ILUC Directive is to limit ILUC.

In Recital 7 it is recognised that “advanced biofuels, such as those made from wastes and algae, provide high greenhouse gas emission savings, with low risk of causing indirect land use change, and do not compete directly for agricultural land for the food and feed markets. It is appropriate, therefore, to encourage greater research, development and production of such advanced biofuels as they are currently not commercially available in large quantities”. Recital 15 states that “biofuels made from feedstocks that do not lead to additional demand for land, such as those from waste feedstocks, should be assigned a zero emissions factor.” Article 2(1)(p) establishes that ‘waste’ shall be defined as in Article 3(1) of Directive 2008/98/EC. Article 2(2) explains that when setting policies for the promotion of the production of advanced biofuels, MS “shall have due regard to the waste hierarchy as established in Article 4 of Directive 2008/98/EC, including its provisions regarding life-cycle thinking on the overall impacts of the generation and management of different waste streams”.

Link:

ILUC Directive (amendments to RED and FQD)

European Commission  Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy 2014-2020 European Commission 2014 EU

Title (orig.): Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy 2014-2020

Language: English

Summary:

These European Commission guidelines are new rules on public support for environmental protection and energy to help renewable sources of energy enter the marketplace. Their aim is to support EU countries in reaching their 2020 climate targets while addressing the market distortions that may result from subsidies granted to renewable energy sources.

Art 3.2.5.1.For measures supporting integrated projects such as integrated energy-efficiency measures, or biogas projects, the counterfactual scenario can be difficult to establish. Where a counterfactual scenario cannot credibly

be established, the Commission is amenable to consider the total costs of a project as an alternative, which may imply lower aid intensities to reflect the different eligible cost calculation. Art 3.3.2.3. A i d f o r e x i s t i n g b i o m a s s pl a n t s a f t e r p l a n t d e p r e c i a t i o n (132) Unlike most other renewable sources of energy, biomass requires relatively low investment costs but higher operating costs. Higher operating costs may prevent a biomass    *(2) plant from operating even after depre ciation of the installation as the operating costs can be higher than the revenues (the market price). On the other hand, an existing biomass plant may operate by using fossil fuel instead of biomass as an input source if the use of fossil fuel as an input is more economically advantageous than the use of biomass. To preserve the use of biomass in both cases, the Commission may find operating aid to be compatible with the internal market even after plant depreciation.

(133) The Commission will consider operating aid for biomass after plant depreciation compatible with the internal market if a Member State demonstrates that the operating costs borne by the beneficiary after plant depreciation are still higher than the market price of the energy concerned and provided that the following cumulative conditions are met:

(a) the aid is only granted on the basis of the energy produced from renewable sources;

(b) the measure is designed such that it compensates the difference in operating costs borne by the beneficiary and the market price; and

(c) a monitoring mechanism is in place to verify whether the operating costs borne are still higher than the market price of energy. The monitoring mechanism needs to be based on updated production cost information and take place at least on an annual basis.

(134) The Commission will consider operating aid for biomass after plant depreciation compatible with the internal market if a Member State demonstrates that, independent from the market price of the energy concerned, the use of fossil fuels as an input is more economically advantageous than the use of biomass and provided that the following cumulative conditions are met:

(a) the aid is only granted on the basis of the energy produced from renewable sources;

(b) the measure is designed such that it compensates the difference in operating costs borne by the beneficiary from biomass compared to the alternative fossil fuel input;

(c) credible evidence is provided that without the aid a switch from the use of biomass to fossil fuels would take place within the same plant; and

(d) a monitoring mechanism is in place to verify that the use of fossil fuels is more beneficial than the use of biomass. The monitoring mechanism needs to be based on updated cost information and take place at least on an annual basis   Annex 2 Typical State Intervention Biogas production which is upgraded to a level of natural gas: If the aid is limited to the upgrading of biogas, the counterfactual

constitutes the alternative use of these biogas (including burning). Biofuels and biogas used for transport:  In principle the extra investment cost compared to that of a normal

refinery should be chosen, but the Commission can accept alternative counterfactuals if duly justified.

Targets are:

— greenhouse gas emissions 20 % (or even 30 %, if the conditions are right) lower than 1990 levels;

— 20 % of energy from renewables; and

— 20 % increase in energy efficiency.

Link:

Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy 2014-2020

European Commission  Fuel Quality Directive (FQD); 2009/30/EC European Commission 2009 EU

Title (orig.): Fuel Quality Directive (FQD); 2009/30/EC

Language: English

Summary:

The Directive sets environmental criteria for fossil fuel components such as petrol and diesel. It also determines the permitted level of emissions derived from fossil fuels and includes GHG emission reduction target.

The FQD determines permitted GHG emissions level and reduction targets from fuels. It also sets a sustainability criteria and describes mass-balance system (same as the RED).

Art. 7b sets out sustainability criteria for all biofuels produced or consumed in the EU to ensure that they guarantee real GHG savings and protects biodiversity. Art. 7b.1 defines that biofuels produced from waste and residues, other than agricultural, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry residues, need only fulfil the sustainability criteria in relation to the GHG savings. (Same as the RED).

Art. 7c defines a mass balance system, which allows consignments of raw material or biofuel with differing sustainability characteristics to be mixed and requires information about the sustainability characteristics and sizes of the consignments. (same as the RED)

Art. 7a.2 sets a requirement on fuel suppliers to reduce the GHG intensity of energy supplied for road transport by up to 10 % by 2020 (Low Carbon Fuel Standard). This reduction shall consist of: (1) 6 % by 2020 with the intermediate targets: 2 % by 2014 and 4 % 2017; (2) 2% by 2020 to be achieved through: “the supply of energy for transport supplied for use in any type of road vehicle, non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural or forestry tractor or recreational craft” and/or “the use of any technology (including carbon capture and  storage) capable of reducing life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel or energy supplied”; (3) 2% by 2020 to be achieved through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC.

Link:

Fuel Quality Directive (FQD); 2009/30/EC

European Parliament & Council  Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives European Parliament & Council 2008 EU

Title (orig.): Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives

Language: English

Link:

Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives

European Unions Community Support Framework (POE)  Revision of Energy Programme and PEDIP, SIME European Unions Community Support Framework (POE) 2000 PT

Language: English

Summary:

Revision of Energy Programme and PEDIP, SIME. In 2000, a new programme in support of economic development activities under the European Unions Community Support Framework (POE) was prepared. It set out new regulations related to incentives for energy efficiency and energy diversification (renewables) projects.

Link:

Revision of Energy Programme and PEDIP, SIME

Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation  Federal Energy Law/Energy Act Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation 2014 CH

Title (orig.): Federal Energy Law/Energy Act

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Energiegesetz (EnG)

Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation  Federal Act on the Protection of the Environment Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation 2015 CH

Title (orig.): Federal Act on the Protection of the Environment

Language: English

Link:

Federal Act on the Protection of the Environment

Federal Council  Energy Strategy 2050 Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE 2011 CH

Title (orig.): Energy Strategy 2050

Language: English

Link:

Energy Strategy 2050

Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC)  Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications (DETEC) 2007 CH

Title (orig.): Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Language: English

Link:

Action Plans for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Federal Environment Ministry  Market Premium Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Market Premium

Language: English

Summary:

2014 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act EEG

Link:

Market Premium

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy  Renewable Energy Sources Act Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2014 DE

Title (orig.): Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz (EEG)

Language: English

Summary:

Crucial law for the development of renewable energies in Germany is the “2014 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act –EEG” supporting energy production from renewable sources. The objective of the EEG is to continue steady deployment of renewable energy in Germany in a cost efficient manner by fostering the integration of renewable energy sources into the market. The act aims to increase the gross consumption of electricity produced by renewable energies to 40%-45% by 2025 and to 55% – 60% by 2035. One mean to reach this goal is, among others, to rise the installed performance of biomass energy plants up to 100 MW per year (gross) (EEG, § 3(4)).

Mandatory direct marketing:

In order to better integrate renewable energy into the market, operators of new renewable energy plants are obliged to market their generated electricity directly, either independently or through a direct marketer. The EEG 2014 contains two ways of direct marketing:

  1. direct marketing with the purpose of receiving a market premium (subsidised direct marketing) or
  2. direct marketing without receiving a subsidy (other direct marketing).

The payment of the market premium requires that the energy is direct marketed. The Market Premium consists of the fixed statutory tariff of the respective renewable energy plant minus its technology-specific monthly market value.

Following plants are exempted from obligatory direct marketing:

  • Plants with a capacity no larger than 500 kW commissioned before 1st January 2016 and
  • Plants with a capacity no larger than 100  kW commissioned before 31st December 2015.

RES generators with a capacity up to 500 kW commissioned before 1st of January 2016 are supported via fixed feed-in tariffs. Plant operators may switch on a monthly basis between feed-in tariffs and a market premium or may benefit proportionately from the feed-in tariffs or the market premium.

In connection with the EEG the specifications for the energetic use of biomass are described in the Biomass Ordinance (BiomasseV). The Ordinance regulates for the scope of the EEG which materials are classified as biomass, what technical procedures for power production from biomass apply for the EEG and what environmental requirements have to be met when producing power with biomass (BiomasseV, § 1). In paragraph 2 the Biomass Ordinance defines, among others, organic waste as biomass according to § 2 Nr. 1 of the Ordinance for Organic Waste (BioAbfV). Here material from landscape and maintenance work without the main purpose of nature conservation is categorized as organic waste (BioAbfV, Annex 1) and the energetic use e.g. in biogas plants oblige different permission and must meet many requirements.

For detailed information on the exact requirements for the singe renewable energy sources, the given tariff amounts (Euros/kWh) and the particular regression rates see second link bellow.

Link:

2014 Amendment of the Renewable Energy Sources Act -EEG-
Feed-in tariff (EEG feed-in tariff)

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy  Renewable Energies Heat Act (EEWärmeG) Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Erneuerbare-Energien-Wärmegesetz

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Erneuerbare-Energien-Wärmegesetz

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy  Biomass Regulation Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy 2005 DE

Title (orig.): Biomass Regulation

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Biomasse-Verordnung

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Bio Waste Regulation Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 1996 DE

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Bioabfallverordnung

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Federal Emissions Protection Ordinances (BImSchV) Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 2015 DE

Title (orig.): 1. BImSchV: Verordnung über kleine und mittlere Feuerungsanlagen

Language: Deutsch

Link:

1. BImSchV: Verordnung über kleine und mittlere Feuerungsanlagen

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Federal Act for the Protection of Nature and Landscape Management Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Gesetz über Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Gesetz über Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)  Law on Energy and Climate Fund Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) 2011 DE

Title (orig.): Law on Energy and Climate Fund

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)  National Energy Action Plan Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), European Comission 2010 DE

Title (orig.): National Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

Measures in Germany are the EEG, Combined Heat and Power Act and Market Incentive Program (all also separately listed)

Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour  Eco-Tax Reform Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour 1999 DE

Title (orig.): Eco-Tax Reform

Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER  BELGIUM National renewable energy action plan Plan Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER 2010 BE

Title (orig.): D’action national en matière d'énergies renouvelables; Nationaal actieplan voor hernieuwbare energie

Language: English

Summary:

Belgian authorities pursue a sustainable energy policy that takes into account the economic and social interests of the energy sector as well as the exhaustion of fossil resources and environmental concerns. In this context, renewable energy sources contribute to achieving the following targets:

  • reducing consumption of energy from fossil sources to safeguard future reserves
  • reducing greenhouse gas emissions; – reducing the country’s dependence on energy imports
  • minimising the impact of price fluctuations for energy from other sources
  • creating employment in the framework of an innovative economy
  • diversifying the available range of energy to improve the functioning of the energy market

In the field of electricity generation, Belgium has set up a scheme of green certificates and guaranteed minimum prices to support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources

Link:

Belgium National Action Plan

Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises  Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises 2008 FR

Title (orig.): Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement

Language: English

Summary:

On 29 January 2008, the French Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning signed a five-year agreement with the Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises, representing 26 500 outlets nationwide. The agreement commits the retail sector to establish packaging waste and greenhouse gas emission reduction goals. Retailers agreed to undertake detailed analysis of the CO2 emissions of all their activities, to better assess emissions from merchandise transportation and in-store activities. They also pledged to improve energy efficiency in stores, by switching to low-energy lighting and upgrading refrigeration and freezer systems. They also committed to acquiring at least 20% of their overall energy use from renewable energy sources by 2020

Link:

Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement

Finish Ministry of the Environment  Land Use and Building Act (Finish) Ministry of the Environment 1999 FI

Title (orig.): Land Use and Building Act

Language: English

Summary:

The objective of this Act is to ensure that the use of land and water areas and building activities on them create preconditions for a favourable living environment and promote ecologically, economically, socially and culturally sustainable development.

The Act also aims to ensure that everyone has the right to participate in the preparation process, and that planning is high quality and interactive, that expertise is comprehensive and that there is open provision of information on matters being processed.

Link:

Land Use and Building Act

Attachment

Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market  Flanders: Net-Metering (Mécanisme de compensation) Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market 2012; 2014 BE

Title (orig.): Flanders: Net-Metering (Mécanisme de compensation)

Language: English

Summary:

Flanders supports electricity from renewable energy sources by means of a quota system, an ecological premium and a net-metering scheme. Regarding heating and cooling from renewable energy resources, the Flemish support scheme provides for a quota system. Grid operators and municipalities are responsible for setting up premium schemes. The access of electricity from renewable energy sources to the grid is regulated by the basic legislation on energy market and technical regulations by the Flemish Electricity and Gas Regulator (VREG). Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid. Distribution grid operators are obliged to finance grid expansion. Diverse policies are currently under discussion. The level of implementation differs. On 28 September 2012, the Energy Regulation has been revised transposing the building obligations for heat from renewable energy into Flemish law.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on electricity from renewable energy sources

Link:

Flanders: Net-Metering

FPS Public health - environment  Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances FPS Public health - environment 2011 BE

Title (orig.): Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

Language: English

Summary:

The Royal Decree of 5/4/2011 on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances establishes sustainability and physico-chemicals requirements for wood pellets.

(LCMW) Relevance: Wood pellets

Link:

Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2000 FR

Title (orig.): Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance

Language: English

Summary:

Disposition Général des Aides à la Décision. Starting in 2000, ADEME provided surveys and pre-feasibility studies in the areas of renewables, energy efficiency, waste management, pollution. – Surveys (conseil dorientation, prédiagnostique) are used to identify and prioritise possible solutions to resource mismanagement. Over a two-day period, certified experts audit and diagnose a situation, for a total cost of 2 300 euros. -“Conseils dorientation” are used for complex sites and can cost up to 75000 Euro (ceilings for residential and transport projects are regionally set). A maximum of 70% of the costs for both technical studies are supported by ADEME. – Diagnostics and feasibility studies are used to go to a further level of detail. Diagnostics can cost up to 30 000 Euro for industry and agriculture, ceilings for residential and transport projects are locally set. Feasibility studies can cost up to 75 000 Euro in industry, maximum support levels are 50% of costs. In 2000, ADEME provided assistance to 540 projects in industry, 2240 buildings and 110 000 households.

Link:

Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2001 FR

Title (orig.): Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment

Language: English

Summary:

The FOGIME was created in 2000 in co-operation with the French development bank for small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) and ADEME. The guarantee fund for investments in energy sustainability (efficiency and renewables) has a budget of approximately ? 17.8 million, of which ? 7.62 million comes from ADEME and ? 10.21 million come from a branch of the development bank for SMEs (BDPME). This fund guarantees up to ? 242 million for loans to the private sector. Its goal is to provide SMEs with the option to obtain loans for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments. This guarantee is only available for SMEs created prior to 2000. Eligible investments include: high performance production, use, recovery and energy storage equipment; energy efficient modifications of production processes and renewables. The guarantee covers medium and long-term risks (2-15 years) and insures the risk taken by the financial institution providing the loan. The guarantee covers 70% of the loan in comparison to 40% average coverage rates for other SME projects covered by BDPME.

Link:

Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion) French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 1999 FR

Title (orig.): Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion)

Language: English

Summary:

In addition to available grants for surveys, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies, ADEME provides support for demonstration projects and diffusion in the renewable energy sector. Grants for demonstration projects can go up to 30 to 40% of project costs depending on the energy source and targeted sector. Assistance can also be provided for market diffusion of demonstrated technologies/projects, grants can reach 15 to 30% of the costs depending on sector they can also be calculated on the basis of avoided CO2-equivalent emissions (up to 400 Euro/t avoided carbon). Support is also available to increase market diffusion of mature and validated innovative technologies which still need to overcome cost barriers. The programme covers wood-energy for industrial boilers, collective and individual household heating; biogas recovery for energy production, electricity from renewables, geothermal heat and ground source heat pumps as well as solar energy.

Link:

Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion)

French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2010 FR

Title (orig.): Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future

Language: English

Summary:

Since 2010, the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) has been in charge of four investment programmes to support testing in real conditions and demonstration plants for renewable energy and green chemistry, lowcarbon vehicle, smart grid and circular economy projects. Totalling EUR 2.45 billion of credits, this initiative is part of the EUR 35 billion Investments for the Future (PIA) programme. The programme is already demonstrating its ability to unite companies and research partners, and to stimulate their innovation capabilities. Compared to other existing national research programmes, this new programme aims at bringing innovation to the market and focuses on specific fields set up by strategic roadmaps.

Specific fields eligible for funding include:

(i) renewable energy and green chemistry (EUR 1.1 billion): development of new technologies in decarbonised energy (e.g. solar, wind), bioresources, low-carbon buildings, energy storage and carbon capture and storage (CCS); (ii) smart grids (EUR 165 million): research and testing in real conditions to enable the integration of intermittent renewable energies into electrical grids and to promote “smart services” that improve energy demand management;(iii) circular economy (EUR 210 million): demonstration plants and circular economy industries, including waste management, soil and sediment remediation, ecodesign and industrial ecology; and (iv) lowcarbon vehicles (EUR 950 million): development of innovative technologies and solutions focused on land and sea transportation.

To manage these projects, ADEME developed specific financial tools, bearing in mind the public objectives of job creation, activity development in the French territory, economic competitiveness and environmental benefits:

(i) state aids complying with European Union regulations on competition. This type of support, the most widely used, consists of refundable grants, where the return mechanism is correlated to the project’s success, and of traditional (non-refundable) grants, mostly dedicated to research laboratories and smalland medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); and

(ii) equity investment tools, where the state plays the role of market investor, one for SME projects and one for intermediate-sized and large enterprise projects. The first 115 selected projects represent investments of more than EUR 3 billion, supported with EUR 940 million from the programme to date. Around two-thirds of allocated credits generate financial returns for the state, based on a risk/gain sharing policy, a new unique form of public-private partnerships in France.

Link:

Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future

Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency  Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency 2013 HR

Title (orig.): Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme

Language: English

Summary:

The loans granted for the employment of RES-E technologies are part of the “environmental protection” loan scheme by the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR) in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Fund and business banks.

Link:

Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme

Government  National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus Government 2014 CY

Title (orig.): National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus

Language: English

Summary:

Cuprus is a small and isolated system (an island country) without any interconnections to European or other energy networks (electricity, petroleum, natural gas) at present, Cyprus attaches great importance to energy efficiency aiming, inter alia, to improve energy supply security, increase competitiveness and ensure sustainable development/environmental protection. A set of Regulations published in January 2014, provides for the creation of a registry of certified installers of small RES systems for the f Installers of biomass boilers and heating appliances.

Link:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus

Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP) Government 2010 SI

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

The objective of the NREAP is to assess and determine the necessary quantitative values of energy consumption from RES by individual sector (heating and cooling, electricity and transport) and to propose measures to facilitate consumption of the desired quantity of energy from RES in future years. In the NREAP account needs to be taken of the effects of policies for efficient energy use (EEU) on final energy consumption, and measures that must be adopted to achieve the target shares of RES and to fulfil the requirements of Articles 13 to 19 of Directive 2009/28/EC, taking into account the cooperation of local and national authorities, the envisaged statistical transfers of energy from renewable sources between Member States or joint RES projects in other Member States or third countries, and national policies for developing existing and mobilising new sources of biomass.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP)

Government  Loan (Environmental Fund) Government 2006 HR

Title (orig.): Loan (Environmental Fund)

Language: English

Summary:

The Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency offers interest-free loans for the promotion of renewable energy sources.

Link:

Loan (Environmental Fund)

Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) Government 2010 RO

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

In the Biomass supply table (2006):  in biomass from forestry sector, the landscape management residues (woody biomass from parks, gardens, tree rows, bushes) are included but unfortunately not quantified in potential. Same treatment in the Biomass from agriculture and fisheries sector for clippings form vines, olives, fruit trees.

Budget allocations for the afforestation of degraded lands, which allowed the afforestation of approx. 5 000 ha of degraded lands per year during the 2005-2006 period have significantly decreased in recent years. Following the issuing of Law 46/2008 – the Forestry Code – the special financial resources established by the latter (the Forest Conservation and Regeneration Fund) or by Law No 18/1991 of the Land Fund (Improvement fund of the forestry land fund) for the afforestation of forest lands and degraded lands incorporated in the forest fund, have also decreased. This decrease has been mainly caused by the fact that special laws have been promoted by means of which developers building touristic roads by forest clearance have been exempted from performance of compensatory payments. Such measures had a direct negative effect on the integrity of the current Forestry Fund, the possibility to extent it in the future as well as on the balance of GHG emissions resulting from the forest clearance action (which shall also be compulsorily reported in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol), which could prevent the fulfilment of the emissions reduction engagement undertaken for the 2010 – 2020 period. Such derogations shall be eliminated from the Organic Law (the Forestry Code).

At present, there are no specific measures promoting the production and use of biogas. Biogas is supported by the following laws: – Law 220/2008 on the establishment of the system for the promotion of energy production from renewable sources, which provides for the granting of 3 green certificates for each 1 MWh supplied within the electricity network by producers generating electricity from biomass, biogas, landfill gas, geothermal energy and associated fuel gas.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Government  Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions Government 1999 FR

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions

Language: English

Summary:

This policy provided the enabling conditions for EdF to purchase electricity produced from renewable sources such as hydro, co-generation, waste incineration and photovoltaics.

Link:

Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions

Government  Electricity Law 2000 Government 2000 FR

Title (orig.): Electricity Law 2000

Language: English

Summary:

One part of the Energy Law of 10 February 2000, addresses the obligatory purchase of electricity from renewable sources and cogeneration at fixed feed-in tariffs. The law regulates the free access of independent energy producers to the grid and lays the foundation for higher feed-in tariffs for electricity production from renewables and a new tender scheme for renewable energy production capacity. These tariffs have subsequently been updated in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007 (see separate database entries).

Link:

Electricity Law 2000

Government  Royal Decree 413/2014, regulating the activity of electricity production from renewable energy sources, cogeneration and waste Government 2014 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 413/2014, de 6 de Junio, por el que se regula la producción de energía eléctrica a partir de fuentes renovables, cogeneración y residuos

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 413/2014, regulating the activity of electricity production from renewable energy sources, cogeneration and waste develops the principles established by the Electricity Sector Law and regulates the basis of the new compensation scheme for these facilities. The compensation scheme for each particular facility will be specified according with the type facility to which it will be allocated and the compensation parameters determined for each type facility. Therefore, this Royal Decree will be developed by the corresponding Ministerial Orders providing the type facilities and the corresponding compensation parameters.

Link:

Real Decreto 413/2014, de 6 de Junio, por el que se regula la producción de energía eléctrica a partir de fuentes renovables, cogeneración y residuos

Government  Royal Decree 1699/2011 of 18 November 2011, regulating the grid connection of low-power electricity production facilities Government 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1699/2011 de 18 de noviembre de 2011, que regula la conexión a red de baja potencia las instalaciones de producción de electricidad

Language: Spanish

Summary:

2011 saw the publication of Royal Decree 1699/2011 of 18 November 2011, regulating the grid connection of low-power electricity production facilities. This standard establishes basic, simplified administrative and technical conditions for connection to the low and high voltage grid (up to 36 kV) of renewable energy and low-power cogeneration facilities in order to reduce the proceedings required to develop these facilities.

Link:

Real Decreto 1699/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se regula la conexión a red de instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica de pequeña potencia

Government  Law 54/1997 of 27 November, on the Electricity Sector Government 1997 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Electricity Sector Law 54/1997, of November 27, whose main objective is to regulate the activities of the special regime for power generation from renewable energies, power less than 50MW, granting powers to the Autonomous Communities for authorization. This Act is repealed, except the additional provisions 6,7,21 and 23, by repealing 1.a of law 24/2013 of December 26. BOE-A-2013-13645, subject to the provisions of the final disposition 3 of the act. However, the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of art. 38 and 2, 3 and 4 of Art.42, will remain in force until the art. 33 of the Act applies, as provided transitional provision 7.

Link:

Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Government  Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October Government 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October, which regulates the procedure assignment of specific remuneration system in the call for new production of electricity from biomass located on the mainland electricity system and technology facilities Wind convened pursuant to Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, their remuneration parameters are adopted.

Link:

Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Government  National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) Government 2010 MT

Title (orig.): National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

Malta 2020 targets:

  • Overall target: 10% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption
  • Heating and cooling: 6% of heat consumption met by renewable sources
  • Electricity: 14% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources
  • Transport: 11% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources

In order to achieve above enlisted targets Malta runs following incentive schemes:

  • Feed-in tariff
  • Net-metering
  • Grants framework for electric vehicles, PV, solar thermal, wind turbines
  • CHP promotion
  • Biofuels support
  • Guidelines for micro wind turbine installations
  • Certification framework for solar technologies installers

Link:

National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Government  National Energy Policy Government 2012 MT

Title (orig.): National Energy Policy

Language: English

Summary:

The National energy policy for Malta was launched in December 2012 after the publication of a first draft in 2009 and the finalisation of a strategic environmental impact assessment in September 2012. It lists decisions and actions that have already been implemented as well as measures aimed at ensuring the sustainability of Malta’s energy sector.

Proposed measures on renewable energy include:

1) a feed-in tariff system for the installation of PV panels by the private sector which are not supported through other funding, providing between 16 and 18 cents per kWh;

2) a new call for tender to install PV panels on an additional 40,000 square meters of public building rooftops;

3) a new scheme giving the option of a communal PV solution for small investors and for households who do not have access to a rooftop;

4) the extension of incentives for the purchase of solar water heaters and the installation of double glazing apertures and other measures of insulation and efficient use of energy

Link:

National Energy Policy

Government  Decree-Law No. 17/2009 establishing the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System Government 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 17/2009 de 14 de Janeiro

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and one Annex, establishes the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System and defines protecting new measures and implementing actions for the aforementioned System in view of an effective fire prevention and management of forests. It regulates necessary fire prevention, planning activities, zoning of vulnerable areas and provides an organizational framework for forestry planning at both national and local levels. It also regulates authorized fires and monitors activities. Sanctions and offences are prescribed within. Annex specifies requirements for fuel management.

Link:

Factsheet: National forest protection system

Government  Decree-Law No. 179/2012 establishing measures to promote production and exploitation of forest biomass Government 2012 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 179/2012 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law amends article 3 of Decree-Law No. 5/2011, establishing measures to promote the production and exploitation of those forests destined to the supply of biomass centrals. Amendments specify extension of delays to present request of incentives.

Link:

Factsheet: Exploitation of forest biomass

Government  Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment Government 1999 PT

Language: English

Summary:

New budget provisions allow purchasers of renewable energy equipment, such as solar panels for residential use, to benefit from a reduced VAT of 5%. Investment costs in renewable end-use technology were deductible from the income tax with a limit to the deduction set at PTE 50 000 in 2000. Beginning in 1999, investors in equipment using solar energy are entitled to claim a depreciation rate of 25% (previously set at 7.14%).

Link:

Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment

Government  New Tariffs for Renewables Government 2001 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In 2001, the buy-back tariffs for renewables were increased (up to 25% for wind energy), in order to develop more electricity generation under the special regime for co-generation and renewables.

Link:

New Tariffs for Renewables

Government  Portugal feed-in tariff Government 2014 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In Portugal, electricity from renewable sources generated in existing installations is promoted through a feed-in tariff. Support to new installations can be provided through specific power granting tenders. The new remuneration regime for Small Production Units (UPP) will come into force in January 2015 and will be based on a bidding model in which producers offer discounts to a reference tariff.

In Portugal, the government has set a fund to finance research and projects on innovation and technological development in the field of renewable energy, as well as has started campaigns to raise awareness on RES issues. With regards to policies in the building sector, the obligation to use solar thermal collectors for heating water and other regulations on the certification of performance and durability of installations and components are in place. In addition, training programmes for installers of RES plants are already part of the education system. In Portugal, there are two support schemes for the use of renewable energy sources in the transport sector: a tax exemption to small producers (PPDs) and a biofuel quota to companies supplying fuels for consumption in the market.

Link:

Feed-in tariff (Tarifas feed-in)

Government departments Aragon  Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 Government departments Aragon 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The May 15, 2013, he appeared at the Crown Room of the Government of Aragon draft Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 . It is a document that reflects the indicative planning on energy for the coming years prepared by the Directorate General of Energy and Mines of the Department of Industry and Innovation, in close contact with the other comprising the regional government and the key industry players such as energy companies, technology centers, large consumers or project promoters. With this presentation, the plan, which is undergoing environmental assessment of plans and programs to the competent body of the Autonomous Community -INAGA-, starts the way of public information. The Directorate General of Energy and Mines in cooperation with the Directorate General for Citizen Participation, External Action and Cooperation start over June a specific participation process. Their goal is not only to account for the content of the Plan, but society is part of their preparation and setup or what is the same, get an energy plan for each and for all the Aragonese.

Link:

Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Government departments Aragon  Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon, for which actions on certification of energy efficiency of buildings are regulated and their record is created in the area of Aragon Government departments Aragon 2014 ES

Language: Spanish

Summary:

RD 46/2014 , of April 1, the Government of Aragon, by which the proceedings are covered in certification of energy efficiency of buildings and their record is created, within the Community Autonoma de Aragon. Decree 46/2014 creates the Registry and technical certificates, specifying the procedures of registration certificates, instructions for displaying labels, as well as control and inspection certificates, among others.

 

Link:

Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon

Government of Aragón  Law 3/2014, of 29 May, amending Law 15/2006 of 28 December, amending Montes de Aragon Government of Aragón 2014 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 3/2014, de 29 de Mayo, de Montes

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Law 3/2014, of 29 May .The content of the reform of the Forest Act of Aragon is based on the need for certain aspects of environmental legislation are consistent with the structural reforms being made to reactivate the economy and employment, without losing sight of the management and sustainable use of forest resources. One of the goals being pursued is the simplification of administrative procedures in various procedures, eliminating ineffective intervention mechanisms, that even delay management by public administrations. The main changes the following stand out: He reviews the legal definition of “forests” and its scope is changed in certain cases; stopping at the characteristics required of abandoned agricultural land, forest land enclaves and those that can be ascribed to forestry to be included within the category of “mountains”. In Relation to the indivisibility of woodlots or mountain, will be indivisible when its surface is less than twenty hectares (previously exceeding ten hectares) He extended to fifteen years the validity of the project management and technical plans and the plans of management of forest resources, disappearing authorization process of harvesting of private forests to conform to the plan during that period.

Link:

Ley 3/2014, de 29 de mayo, por la que se modifica la Ley 15/2006, de 28 de diciembre, de Montes de Aragón

Government of Aragón  ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure Government of Aragón 2015 ES

Title (orig.): ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Language: Spanish

Summary:

ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure.

Link:

ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Government of Spain  Law 45/2007 of 13 December, for the sustainable development of rural areas Government of Spain 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Law 45/2007 for the sustainable development or rural areas, the basis of its own rural policy, as state policy, fully adapted to the economic, social and environmental conditions established particular the Spanish countryside, allowing complement the implementation of the instruments of European policies and convencional sectoral policies to ensure sustainable development of rural areas.

Link:

Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Government of Spain  Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October Government of Spain 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, which establishes a call for granting the specific remuneration system to new facilities for production of electricity from biomass in the peninsular and technology for wind power system.

Link:

Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE) IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 1974 ES

Title (orig.): El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy, IDAE, is a part of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism agency, through the Ministry of Energy, which oversees organically. Contribute to achieving the objectives that have acquired our country in terms of improving energy efficiency, renewable energy and other low carbon technologies is the strategic framework of their activity. In this sense, the IDAE conducts dissemination and training, technical support, development of specific programs and funding technological innovation projects and replicable character. Also, the Institute is leading an intense international activity within the framework of various European programs and cooperation with third countries.

Link:

El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  Renewable Energy Plan 2011-2020 IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The government temporarily suspended bonuses for new installations of special regime. Given the economic crisis and the situation of the electricity system, which draws a large and growing tariff deficit that threatens its sustainability, the Council of Ministers approved on 27th January 1 Royal Decree Law   to temporarily suspend proceedings renewable earmarking remuneration and suppress, also temporarily, economic incentives for new installations producing electricity from renewable energy sources, waste and cogeneration . The Renewable Energy Plan (PER) 2011-2020 has been approved by the Council of Ministers Agreement of 11 November 2011, establishing objectives in line with Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, and according to the terms of Royal Decree 661/2007, by which the activity of electricity production under the special regime and regulates Law 2/2011, of March 4, Sustainable Economy.

Link:

Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  Technical Guide thermal biomass installations in buildings IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 2009 ES

Title (orig.): Guía técnica: Instalaciones de biomasa térmica en edificios

Language: Spanish

Link:

Guía técnica: Instalaciones de biomasa térmica en edificios

Malta Resources Authority  Malta feed-in tariff Malta Resources Authority 2014 MT

Title (orig.): Malta feed-in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

In Malta, electricity generated by domestic PV installations is mainly supported through a feed-in tariff. Malta promotes solar water heating systems for domestic use through a subsidy scheme. Support for renewable energy sources used in transport is provided through tax relief. The Malta Resources Authority is proposing that the existing system of tax exemption on biofuels is partly replaced by a mandatory substitution obligation. When the new regulation enters into force, importers will be obliged to blend a specific percentage of biofuels into their product. Electricity generated by renewable energy plants must be given priority transmission. According to the regulations in place, new grid capacity will be offered through a tendering procedure where required. There is a registration scheme for RES installations and a training programme for installers in Malta.

Link:

Malta feed-in tariff

Minister Gospodarski  National action plan for renewable energy Minister Gospodarski 2010 PL

Title (orig.): Krajowy plan dzialania w zakresie energii ze źródel odnawialnych

Language: Polish

Summary:

The national action plan for energy from renewable sources, hereinafter referred to as the National Plan … is fulfilling the obligation under Art. 4 paragraphs. 1 Directive of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2009/28 / EC of 23 April 2009. On the promotion of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77 / EC and 2003/30 / EC. The national action plan for energy from renewable sources has been prepared by the schedule prepared by the European Commission (Commission Decision 2009/548 / EC of 30 June 2009. Establishing a template for the national action plans for energy from renewable sources under Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament and the Council).

Link:

Krajowy plan dzialania w zakresie energii ze źródel odnawialnych

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Forest Code Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 1979 FR

Title (orig.): Forest Code

Language: English

Summary:

The French forest code is a collection of regulations and legislation concerning the protection and management of forests in France, including public forests. Sustainable forest management ensures their biodiversity, productivity, regeneration capacity, vitality and their potential to fulfill, now and in the future, relevant economic, ecological and social functions, at local, national and international level without causing damage to other ecosystems.

Link:

Forest Code

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 1987 FR

Title (orig.): Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks

Language: English

Summary:

The law covers provisions relating to the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks. It consists of 53 articles divided into 2 parts, namely: Organisation of civil security, establishing the conditions for the preparation of safeguard measures and the implementation of means to deal with major risks and disasters, in order to protect people, property and the environment against accidents, disasters and catastrophes (I); Forest protection against fire and prevention of major risks, bearing dispositions on the right of citizens to information on the major risks to which they are subject to the control of urbanization, forest defense against the fire, the prevention of natural and technological risks (II). The Act amends various previous laws and, in particular, it adds three tracks to Act No. 65-498 of 29 June 1965 on the transport of chemicals by pipeline.

Link:

Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Rural development and marine fishing code Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 2014 FR

Title (orig.): Rural development and marine fishing code

Language: English

Summary:

This code contains all legislation concerning the planning and sustainable development of rural areas and marine fishing. The code consists of 9 different parts: (1) furnishings and equipment for rural areas, (2) veterinary public health and plant protection, (3) agricultural exploitation, (4) land leases, (5) agricultural professional organizations, (6) production and markets, (7) social provisions, (8) Education, vocational training and agricultural development, and agricultural research and (9) Marine fisheries and marine aquaculture.

Link:

Rural development and marine fishing code

Ministère de l'écologie et du développement durable  Environmental Code Ministère de l'écologie et du développement durable 2014 FR

Title (orig.): Environmental Code

Language: English

Summary:

The Environmental Code combines the main legal and regulatory texts, which are applicable to “classified facilities”, waste, water and air. Classified facilities are those that may present a risk to the surrounding area, public health and safety, agriculture, the protection of nature and the environment and the conservation of sites, monuments and places of archaeological heritage. They fall within the scope of the nomenclature established by the relevant legislation. They are subject to an integrated permit regime, which is divided into the declaration regime (for lowest risk activities), the registration regime (for medium risk activities) or the authorisation regime (for highest risk activities).

Link:

Environmental Code

Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy  Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Language: English

Summary:

A promotional tariff may be awarded to the winners of tenders for the construction of renewable energy plants. The ministry responsible for energy invites tenders at irregular intervals to reach the target production of electricity from renewable sources, which is specified in the multi-annual investment plant (Programmation Pluriannuelle des Investissements PPI), (art. 8 Loi n°2000-108). The calls for tenders are published in the official gazette of the European Union. The actual payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan (art. 1 Décret n°2002-1434).

Link:

Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie  Energy Transition Act. Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie 2015 FR

Title (orig.): Energy Transition Act.

Summary:

In mid-2014 France has revealed a draft of its Energy Bill (likely to be adopted in 2015) establishing climate and renewable energy targets to be reached by 2030.

The split of the renewable energy target for 2030 follows NREAP model:

  • Overall target: 32% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption;
  • Heating and cooling: 38% of heat consumption met by renewable sources;
  • Electricity: 40% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
  • Transport: 15% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources.

In order to reach the above 2030 target France is planning to use mechanisms set by NREAP.

The Bill set a goal to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% (compared to 1990 baseline) and to reduce overall fossil fuel consumption 30% by 2030.

Also France is aiming at decreasing its reliance on nuclear energy power generation. The goal is to reduce the share of nuclear energy to 50% of electricity production by 2025, from around 75% in 2014.

Link:

Energy Transition Act.

Ministere de leconomie et des finances  Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment Ministere de leconomie et des finances 2002 FR

Title (orig.): Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment

Language: English

Summary:

Under the 2003 Finance Law, the reduced VAT rates applying to equipment for renewable energy production and use which is installed in primary or secondary residencies built for more than two years has been extended until 31 December 2003. The VAT rate is 5.5% in France and Corsica and 2.1% in Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion. The equipment must be bought from and installed by the same company. Reference Law n° 2002-1575 of 30 December 2002 – Finance Law for 2003

Link:

Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment

Ministere de leconomie, des finances  District Heating Classification Ministere de leconomie, des finances 1999 FR

Title (orig.): District Heating Classification

Language: English

Summary:

A decree on 5 May 1999 introduced a simplified procedure for classifying district heating using renewable energy or cogeneration, allowing local authorities to obligate new buildings in specified zones to be connected to the district heating grid.

Link:

District Heating Classification

Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain  Royal Decree 1027/2007, of 20 July, approving the Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings approved Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1027/2007, de 20 de julio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de Instalaciones Térmicas en los Edificios

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The new Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings, hereinafter RITE,approved in Royal Decree 1027/2007 and published in the Official Gazette of August 29, 2007, is the basic regulatory framework that establishes the requirements for energy efficiency and security to be met by thermal installations in buildings designed to meet the demand for welfare and health of people, during the design and sizing, implementation, maintenance and use, and to determine the procedures to demonstrate compliance.

Link:

Real Decreto 1027/2007, de 20 de julio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de Instalaciones Térmicas en los Edificios

Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain  Royal Decree 900/2015 of 9 October laying down the administrative and financial arrangements for supplying electric power consumption with consumption and production conditions, technical regulating Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 900/2015, de 9 de octubre, por el que se regulan las condiciones administrativas, técnicas y económicas de las modalidades de suministro de energía eléctrica con autoconsumo y de producción con autoconsumo

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 900/2015 of 9 October, the technical and economic conditions of the modes of supply of electric energy consumption and production with consumption are regulated, it proceeds to make a brief summary. Probably it can’t be expected immediately implement this decree, for the Autonomous Communities in the scope of its powers, must adapt and implement their own standards to facilitate its implementation. Let’s see if once and for all, regulate in favor of a rational application of minimum requirements to avoid discouraging demand for these savings and CO2 savings, especially for photovoltaic plants.

Link:

Real Decreto 900/2015, de 9 de octubre, por el que se regulan las condiciones administrativas, técnicas y económicas de las modalidades de suministro de energía eléctrica con autoconsumo y de producción con autoconsumo

Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain  Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, by which the activity of electricity production under the special regime (Valid until July 14, 2013) is regulated Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain 2007 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 661/2007, de 25 de Mayo, por el que se regula la actividad de producción de energía eléctrica en régimen especial

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, by which the activity of electricity production in the special regime, established under remuneration to apply to the special regime facilities (renewable and cogeneration), including photovoltaics. However, compensation under RD 661 only applies to photovoltaic systems with final registration in the Administrative Register of production facilities under the special regime before September 2008, so it is necessary to regulate the remuneration of the facilities that fall under the such registration after this date. In the following link you can find a summary of Royal Decree 1578/2008, of 26 September, remuneration for production of electricity using solar photovoltaic technology for installations after the deadline keeping the remuneration of Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, for the technology.

Link:

Real Decreto 661/2007, de 25 de mayo, por el que se regula la actividad de producción de energía eléctrica en régimen especial

Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain  Order ITC / 2877/2008, of October 9, establishing a mechanism to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport sets Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Orden ITC/2877/2008, de 9 de octubre, por la que se establece un mecanismo de fomento del uso de biocarburantes y otros combustibles renovables con fines de transporte

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Order ITC / 2877/2008, of October 9, establishing a mechanism to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport sets

Link:

Orden ITC/2877/2008, de 9 de octubre, por la que se establece un mecanismo de fomento del uso de biocarburantes y otros combustibles renovables con fines de transporte

Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs  Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA) Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs 2000 MT

Title (orig.): Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA)

Language: English

Summary:

Article 4 of the MRA establishes the functions of the Authority and gives wide ranging responsibilities essentially involving regulation of practices, operations and activities in the energy, water and minerals Industrial enterprises exploiting resources such as oil exploration, quarry owners and abstractors of groundwater;sectors. This broadly can be considered to incorporate the regulation of: The national utilities and service providers for energy and water namely Enemalta Corporation and the Water Services Corporation and their subsidiary companies; Retailers and operators in the regulated sectors including: operators of petrol stations, gas and kerosene delivery entities, offshore bunkering companies, private operators of desalination plants and operators of road tankers; Tradesmen such as electricians.

The Authority is also responsible for oil exploration and climate change, as well as having the function to promote energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy.

and gives wide ranging responsibilities essentially involving regulation of practices, operations and activities in the energy, water and minerals Industrial enterprises exploiting resources such as oil exploration, quarry owners and abstractors of groundwater;sectors. This broadly can be considered to incorporate the regulation of: The national utilities and service providers for energy and water namely Enemalta Corporation and the Water Services Corporation and their subsidiary companies; Retailers and operators in the regulated sectors including: operators of petrol stations, gas and kerosene delivery entities, offshore bunkering companies, private operators of desalination plants and operators of road tankers; Tradesmen such as electricians. The Authority is also responsible for oil exploration and climate change, as well as having the function to promote energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy

Link:

Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA)

Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs  Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs 2004 MT

Title (orig.): Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES

Language: English

Summary:

In 2004, government appointed Green Leaders, one in each Line Ministry, in an initiative aimed towards meeting Government’s corporate responsibilities with regards to the environment. Government has also embarked on various information campaigns within the educational sector and the public sector.

The Green Leader system has driven each ministry, department and entity to take steps to reduce energy consumption and waste of resources. Energy audits have been carried out in all administrative buildings as well as in residential homes for the elderly and health centers and measures have been actuated to reduce energy. The Green Leaders have also led an educational campaign to eliminate waste, with stickers attached to light switches and above water taps to serve as a constant reminder against waste.

All these measures are intended to complement the government’s public environmental awareness campaign and propulsion towards sustainable lifestyles. Educational talks are organized within schools for awareness on alternative energies. Adverts and programmes are created for the promotion of alternative energy.

Link:

Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES

Ministry od economic development  Ministerial Decree 06/07/2012 Ministry od economic development 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Ministeriale 06/07/2012

Language: Italian

Summary:

Defines how the incentives for the production of electricity from renewable sources,from 2013, promoting the implementation of determined types of systems.The Decree issued by the Minister of Economic Development on 6 Jul. 2012, in consultation with the Minister of Environment, Land and Sea Protection, implemented article 24 of Legislative Decree no. 28 of 3 Mar. 2011 on support for electricity generation by renewable power plants other than photovoltaic ones. The Decree gave, among others, indications about the management of Guarantees of Origin.

Link:

Decreto Ministeriale 06/07/2012

Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery  Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations

Language: English

Summary:

In February 2009, the French government launched a plan to improve the energy efficiency of agricultural exploitations. The plan will support the Grenelle de lEnvironment objective of having 30% of agricultural exploitations be low-energy consumption by 2013. As part of the plan six agreements have been signed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing and various public and private organisations (ADEME, GDF-Suez, EDF, the agriculture chamber APCA, Sofiprotéol, Cristal Union, federation of agricultural equipment users FNCUMA). The plan comprises eight streams: 1-Improved evaluation of energy use: The plan will enhance and improve data collection and analysis on agricultural energy use, including renewable energy production and use. 2-Implementing energy performance evaluations 3-Improving the energy efficiency of agricultural equipment 4-Improving the energy efficiency of agricultural production 5-Promoting the use of renewable energy: The plan will seek to promote the use of methane for energy production and support investment in other renewable energy equipment such as biomass heaters, hot-water heaters and driers, as well as solar PV systems. 6-Addressing special needs of overseas territories: The above activities are to be adapted for overseas territories and their crops, and will include renewable energy pilot projects and the promotion of sugar cane bagasse as an energy source. 7-Promoting research and innovation; this will involve a needs assessment, deployment activities and financial and technical support innovative activities. 8-Monitoring, reporting and communication on the plans activities, including designating responsibility and establishing the necessary institutions at both the national and regional level. Investments must be at a minimum EUR 2000 to be eligible for support. Qualifying energy-saving and renewable energy equipment qualify for investment support of 40%, to a maximum of EUR 40 000, or EUR 150 000 for a cooperative. Investment support goes up to 50% if the applicant has the status of Young Farmer. Examples of qualifying equipment include building insulation, milk pre-coolers, engine test stands, heat recovery equipment, solar water heaters, biomass heaters, heat exchangers and solar heaters. Engine test stands for tractors can benefit from investment support of up to 75%, to a maximum of EUR 250 000. For anaerobic digestion units, the maximum amount is EUR 500 000. For 2009, the plan has received funding of EUR 35 billion, of which EUR 30 billion have been allocated as part of the French governments economic stimulus plan.

Link:

Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland  Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland 1996 FIN

Title (orig.): Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Language: English

Summary:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry (1094/1996, amendments up to 112/2003 included) contains 9 chapters:

  • Chapter 1 – General provisions
  • Chapter 2 – Ensuring the sustainability of timber production
  • Chapter 3 – Support for maintaining the biological diversity in forests
  • Chapter 4 – Forest ecosystem management
  • Chapter 5 – Other promotion measures
  • Chapter 6 – Application, granting and payment as well as recovery and legal consequences
  • Chapter 7 – Steering and supervision
  • Chapter 8 – Miscellaneous provisions
  • Chapter 9 – Entry into force and transitional provisions

(LCMW) Relevance: Financial support on maintenance of forest biomass

Link:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment  Royal Decree 1007/2015, of 6 November, by which regulates the acquisition, for the Carbon Fund for a Sustainable Economy, carbon credit Plan to Promote Environment in the sector of the company "PIMA Company" for reducing greenhouse gases at its facilities Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1007/2015, de 6 de noviembre, por el que se regula la adquisición, por el Fondo de Carbono para una Economía Sostenible, de créditos de carbono del Plan de Impulso al Medio Ambiente en el sector de la empresa "PIMA Empresa" para la reducción de gases de efecto invernadero en sus instalaciones

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 1007/2015, of 6 November, by which regulates the acquisition, for the Carbon Fund for a Sustainable Economy, carbon credit Plan to Promote Environment in the sector of the company “PIMA Company” for reducing greenhouse gases at its facilities.

Link:

Real Decreto 1007/2015, de 6 de noviembre, por el que se regula la adquisición, por el Fondo de Carbono para una Economía Sostenible, de créditos de carbono del Plan de Impulso al Medio Ambiente en el sector de la empresa "PIMA Empresa" para la reducción de gases de efecto invernadero en sus instalaciones

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 2007 FR

Title (orig.): Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment

Language: English

Summary:

The provisions of this Decree state that the State may grant the general budget to enable the achievement of the following: 1) afforestation, reforestation, regeneration and stand; 2) Work forest improvement; 3) The work of forest service; 4) The work of forest protection including restoration of mountain land, investment in prevention and defense against forest fires and coastal dune fixation operations; 5) cleaning, restoration and pest control in forest stands affected by exceptional natural phenomena; 6) The work of protection and restoration of biodiversity. Grants are awarded on the basis of an estimate and description, in accordance with the general rules on state subsidies for investment projects. However, the subsidy amounts for the transactions referred to in item 5 may be established on the basis of regional scales adopted by regional prefects, under the conditions laid down in Annex 1 to this Order.

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Forest Subsidies
Feed-in tariff

Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP)  Decree Law No. 63/2004, of 22 March (Permanent Forest Fund (FFP) Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP) 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 63/2004 de 22 de Março (Fundo Florestal Permanente (FFP))

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 6 articles, institutes the Permanent Forestry Fund, an autonomous body, created complementarily with the Institute for Financing and Supporting the Agriculture and Fisheries Development (IFADAP). It sets the objectives of the Fund, as, for instance: promoting the investment, management and prevention of forest fires; supporting the preventive measures of forest fires; creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry models. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be granted by the Fund. Finally, the Decree indicates the various possible aid foreseen (subsidies, credit lines, insurance premiums and guarantees) and the areas covered by the Fund. The decree is amended by Order No. 296/2013. Amended articles: 3-5 and 7-26 of the Regulation of the Permanent Forestry Fund (approved by Order No. 113/2011) deal with administrative and legal proceedings as well as competence, duties and responsibilities of the above mentioned Forestry Fund, aiming at creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry sector. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be grated by the Fund.

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Factsheet: Permanent forest fund

Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Service  Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Service 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions

Language: English

Summary:

Sustainable energy provisions. The 2009 Finance Law contains various provisions to increase support of renewable energy. Some of the primary measures are described below. Eco-loan: 0% loan for energy-efficient renovation (Art. 99) The Law also creates a zero-interest loan programme for major renovation activities. The aim is for energy savings to allow repayment of the loans capital. Activities that can be covered under the loan include: -Thermal insulation for roofs, exterior walls, and exterior glass surfaces; -Installation, regulation or replacement of heating or hot water systems; -Installation of heating or hot water systems using renewable energy. The loan amount is limited to EUR 30 000. Biofuels (Articles 16 and 17) The Law also includes some provisions targeting biofuels. Ethanol E85 is to benefit from progressively reduced consumption taxes; these are EUR 23.85 per hectolitre as of 1 January 2009, going down to EUR 20.69 as of 1 January 2010, and EUR 17.29 as of 1 January 2011. In addition, a new category of biofuel blend known as E10 is recognised, a low-lead fuel containing 10% ethanol and 22% ethers. It also provides for a consumption tax reduction on a variety of biofuels, ranging from EUR 15 to 21 in 2009, EUR 11 to 18 in 2011, and EUR 8 to 14 in 2012.

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Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions