A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Agentschap NL (Netherlands Enterprise Agency)  Implementation of EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD): Energy Performance Certificate and Energy Labeling Ministry of Economic Affairs 2006 NL

Title (orig.): Implementation of EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD): Energy Performance Certificate and Energy Labeling

Language: English

Summary:

Upon its publication in the EU Official Journal on 4 January 2003, the EU Directive on the Energy Performance of Buildings (EPBD) entered into EU law, allowing member states until 4 January 2006 to transpose the Directive into domestic building codes. The Directives principal objectives are: To promote the improvement of the energy performance of buildings within the EU through cost effective measures; To promote the convergence of building standards towards those of Member States which already have ambitious levels. Measures include: Methodology for calculating the energy performance of buildings; Application of performance standards on new and existing buildings; Certification schemes for all buildings; Regular inspection and assessment of boilers/heating and cooling installations. The Netherlands transposed into national law these measures, along with a building labelling scheme designed to encourage property buyers to choose property using relatively less fossil energy – either through integrated renewable energy generation or the buildings energy efficiency.

(LCMW) Relevance: Renewable energy generation and the buildings energy efficiency

Link:

Implementation of EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD): Energy Performance Certificate and Energy Labeling

Alena Kolářová, Karolína Ortov  Community composting Czech Association of Local Governments 2015 CZ

Title (orig.): Kompostujeme na území MAS Ploštin (Jak-se-vam-libi-nas-venkov-SMSCR)

Language: Czech

Summary:

The citizens have the possibility to borrow the composter for home composting; The municipalities can borrow the composter for processing of biomass from public areas.

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW (predominantly) and municipal organic waste sent to composting

Link:

Web

Attachment

PDF (4.54 MB)

Alena Kolářová, Karolína Ortov  Collective treatment of organic waste Czech Association of Local Governments 2015 CZ

Title (orig.): Biologicky rozložitelný odpad (Jak-se-vam-libi-nas-venkov-SMSCR)

Language: Czech

Summary:

Collective purchase of composters for organic residues from public areas and households (288 composters, volume of 900 liter each; 12 composters for public areas, volume of 5100 liter each).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW (predominantly) and municipal organic waste collectively composted

Link:

Web

Attachment

PDF (4.54 MB)

Anders, Kenneth; Fischer, Lars  Woody roads into a new landscape? Aufland Verlag 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Holzwege in eine neue Landschaft? - Perspektiven für holzige Biomasse aus der Sicht von Akteuren

Language: German

Summary:

Within the scope of the AgroForNet research network, the Landscape Communication Agency has conducted extensive surveys on short-term plantations, material from landscape maintenance and forestry residuals as well as other uses of woody biomass in German landscapes between 2010 and 2013. These were supplemented by research on historical agroforest systems, middle and low forests. From this material, the authors compiled a reading book, which supports the question of the future of these land use forms with the existing practices. The book is a snapshot of high landscape dynamics and a catalog of diverse possibilities to shape one’s own landscape and to create new value-creating relationships.

(LCMW) Relevance: Best practice examples of roles of stakeholders when using LCMW biomass

Link:

Purchase book

Barbera, Federica; Pais, Bárbara  Socio-Economic and Environmental Responsible Models for Sustainable Biomass Exploitation in European Protected Areas BioEUParks 2016 EU

Title (orig.): Socio-Economic and Environmental Responsible Models for Sustainable Biomass Exploitation in European Protected Areas

Language: English

Summary:

Final report (D1.2) of the BioEUParks project (2012 – 2016) : Exploiting the potentialities of solid biomasses in EU Parks.

BioEUParks project borns to answer to a crucial question: how to match nature and biodiversity conservation with sustainable exploitation of woody biomass for energy purpose?

Link:

Socio-economic and environmental responsible models for sustainable biomass exploitation in european protected areas

Butler Manning, David; Bemann, Albrecht; Bredemeier, Michael; Lamersdorf, Norbert; Ammer, Christian  Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Wiley-VCH 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas

Language: English

Summary:

This book shows the major reasearch foundings of the projects AgroForNet: Linking the Producers and Consumers of Woodfuel to Contribute to the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas and BEST: Strengthening Bioenergy Regions. In stand-alone scientific research papers the latest knowledge on cultivation of dendromass for bioenergy purposes in Germany is presented in the context of international research. Different aspects are covered, among other i) environmental constraints, landscape functions, ecosystem services; ii) evaluating, managing and enhancing the supply of dendromass; and iii) socio-economic and legal aspects fo dendromass for bioenergy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Examples of frameworks for the development of woodfuel-based service systems and supply chains

CENTRE TECHNIQUE DU BOIS ET DE L'AMEUBLEMENT  Coexistence of biomass energy projects at regional level FP5-LIFE QUALITY 2004 FR

Title (orig.): Cohabitation de projets énergie - biomasse - à l’échelle d’un territoire

Language: French

Summary:

Study aims to optimize the coexistence in the region of energy production from biomass taking into better account the externatilities related to different projects, share the information regarding the stakeholders requirements over the different impacts from the projects. Croiser les vues des acteurs sur différents profils de projets (impacts) and accumulate experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Coexistence in the region of energy production from biomass taking into better account the externatilities related to different projects

Link:

Website

Attachment

Department of Environment, Community and Local Government  National Strategy on Biodegradable Waste Department of Environment, Community and Local Government 2006 IE

Title (orig.): National Strategy on Biodegradable Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Improving waste management system is a key challenge that is currently engaging Ireland’s citizens and government. A primary goal in accordance with the EU Landfill Directive is to reduce dependence on landfill in favour of more environmentally sound alternatives. This document outlines Government policy for the diversion of biodegradable municipal waste from landfill, building upon the key objectives established in policy documents Changing Our Ways (1998), Delivering Change – Preventing and Recycling Waste (2002) and Waste Management: Taking Stock and Moving Forward (2004).

(LCMW) Relevance: Diversion of biodegradable waste

Link:

PDF online

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Ministry of Economic Affairs  NL Green Deals Ministry of Economic Affairs 2011 NL

Title (orig.): NL Green Deals

Language: English

Summary:

Launched in 2011 in order to help Netherlands achieve its EU 2020 target – 14 % of total energy consumption.

The Green Deals programme seeks to promote and support domestic sustainability. Citizens, companies, local councils and other can propose projects to the government. The projects must address energy, raw materials, transport or water. The government does not provide grants for these projects but can offer seed capital and loans through an innovation fund, and supports projects in various other ways, including through tax breaks, sustainable public procurement and even changing the law to eliminate obstacles.

The aim of Green Deals is to support projects that will produce rapid results – the benefits should become clear within three years.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on domestic sustainability

Link:

NL Green Deals

Ministry of the Environment  Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE) Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 1999 LU

Title (orig.): Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE)

Language: English

Summary:

The Fund for Environmental Protection (“Fonds pur la Protection de l’Environment (FPE)”) was established on 25th November 1999. The goals of the Fund are:

  • Prevention and fight with air pollutions, noise and climate change
  • Prevention and waste management
  • Protection of the environment and environmental heritage
  • Rehabilitation of waste disposal sites and their management
  • Rehabilitation of contaminated areas
  • Promotion of rational usage of energy and energy efficiency
  • Deployment of renewable energies

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of rational usage of energy and energy efficiency; Deployment of renewable energies

Link:

Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE)

Pehlken, Alexandra , et al.   Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015, 110, pp. 66–77 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions

Language: English

Summary:

The Story: Potential of alternative biomass types for energy recovery in two regions in the context of German renewable energy regulation (EEG) was addressed. Two selected regions were represented by two biogas plant operators interested in reducing the amount of maize as biogas substrate in their plants due to the new EEG regulation. In the Dornum region, the mayor, the water association, the biogas producer and citizens of Dornum came together to discuss and define the bioenergy solution for their region. During the discussion, it became clear, how advantageous it is to discuss the situation with the wide spectrum of actors and that there are benefits out of it for all the participants. Similar was the situation in the Ihausen region. Although there were some doubts of using some materials, the biogas plant operator made it clear based on his experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of not dedicated cultures for biogas production

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (2.51 MB)

Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE  SwissEnergy Programme Energieschweiz 2001 CH

Title (orig.): SwissEnergy Programme

Link:

SwissEnergy Programme

Tuscany Region  Regional Law 46 of 2013 (Tuscany): promotion of citizen participation in the processes of construction of regional and local policies Regione Toscana 2013 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 46 del 2013. Dibattito pubblico regionale e promozione della partecipazione alla elaborazione delle politiche regionali e locali

Language: Italian

Summary:

At the end of 2007 the Region of Tuscany approved Law no. 69 defining the rules on the Promotion of Participation in the Formulation of Regional and Local Policies. The new regional law on participation (LR 46/2013), follows and reinforces the positive experiences started in Tuscany in recent years due to the previous regional law (LR 69/2007) which represented, in many ways, a pilot case in Italy. This was an innovative legal provision explicitly aimed at pro-actively promoting citizen engagement in local and regional decision making: by incorporating features explicitly derived from deliberative theory, it institutionalizes citizen participation; that is, the involvement through group dialogue of citizens and stakeholders in decision-making about problems or issues of public interest. The results from this laboratory are of relevance to scholars, practitioners and politicians who are interested in such democratic innovations. The law was updated by the Law 46/2013 which instituted as compulsory the public regional debate for the investments over 50 million euro and as discretionary for investments above 10 million (which are anyway considered at regional level).

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Umbria Region  Regional Law 14 of 2010 Umbria Region 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 14 del 2010: Disciplina degli istituti di partecipazione alle funzioni delle istituzioni regionali (Iniziativa legislativa e referendaria, diritto di petizione e consultazione)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the Regional Law n. 14 of the 16th of February 2010, the Region of Umbria introduces new rules over the administrative and political participation of civil society in decision-making procedures within the competence of the regional institutions. Four instruments are designed to provide the participation of stakeholders: the legislative initiative, the referendum question initiative, the right to petition and finally the consultation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland  Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland - DE

Title (orig.): Wallhecken Landkreis Friesland

Language: German

Summary:

The brochure gives an introduction what defines hedgerows on bank (Wallhecken, Knicks) and shows their occurence in the county Friesland in the North of the German state Lower Saxony. Further, the history and ecological importance of hedgerows on banks is explained and what factors threatens their preservation. Finally, the brochure lists the measures necessary to protect and maintain these landscape structures and informs about the availalbe financial support for owners.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ecological, legal, treatment and financial information on hedgerows on banks

Link:

General information on hedgerows on bank on the homepage of the Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland

Attachment

PDF Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland (14.27 MB)

von der Mühlen & Dietrich  Landscape Management Plan County Friesland Landkreis Friesland 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Landkreis Friesland Fortschreibung des Landschaftsrahmenplans: Biotopkartierung, Erhebung der gesetzlichen geschützen Biotope, Überprüfen der vorliegenden Wallheckenkartierung

Language: German

Summary:

Im Juni 2011 wurde durch den Landkreis Friesland die Biotoptypenkartierung auf der Grundlage einer Luftbildinterpretation, die Erfassung der gesetzlich geschützten Biotope sowie die Überprüfung der vorliegenden Wallheckenkartierung von 1987 / 88 in Auftrag gegeben. Auftrag war es, eine für das Kreisgebiet flächendeckende Biotoptypenkarte unter Berücksichtigung der gesetzlich geschützten Biotope (§ 30 BNatSchG) als Grundlage für die Fortschreibung des Landschaftsrahmenplanes des Landkreis Friesland zu erstellen. Vorgehensweise und Ergebnisse der Bestandserhebungen werden in diesem Fachbeitrag beschrieben.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Landkreis Friesland

Attachment

Landschaftsrahmenplan Landkreis Friesland (2.84 MB)