A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Biogas Forum Bayern  Use of landscape material in biogas plants Biogas Forum Bayern 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Nutzung von Landschaftspflegematerial in Biogasanlagen

Language: German

Summary:

Based on Best Practice recommendations and successful examples, the manual outlines the energetic use of landscape maintenance material in biogas plants. It further shows the ecological and economical advantages of using this feedstock in biogas plants and describes the regulatory framework (EEG / Renewable Energy Law).

(LCMW) Relevance: LCMW biomass energetic use in biogas plants

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.69 MB)

Chamber of Commerce of Padova  Recovery of prunings in vineyards and orchards for the production of energy Chamber of Commerce of Padova, in cooperation with CNR-Ivalsa, Confagricoltura, Coldiretti, CIA 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Recupero delle potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

Language: IT

Summary:

The publication presents the results of a project, which aimed to test new rational solutions that would allow market actors to have economic benefit from the use of LCMW biomass from pruning in vineyards and orchards in the Padua area. The test was conducted through the creation of collection / treatment sites in the hills and plains, aimed at studying and testing functional technologies able to the overrun the challenges related to collection and logistics.

Objectives:

  • Define the productivity of the machines and the cost of recovery of the residual biomass, according to various length of the rows, extraction distance, yield of the pitch and type of collection
  • Identify the elements of optimization to reduce the cost of pruning collection
  • Identify the quality of wood chips obtained (size, water content and energy content)

(LCMW) Relevance: Given that the biomass boilers are three time as expensive as a natural gas boiler, the cost of primary energy provided by chipped trenches in an optimized system is the cheapest possible: 27 €/MWh against 70 €/MWh for natural gas and 108 €/MWh for heating oil/diesel.

Link:

Recupero di potature di vigneti e frutteti finalizzato alla valorizzazione energetica

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Butler Manning, David; Bemann, Albrecht; Bredemeier, Michael; Lamersdorf, Norbert; Ammer, Christian  Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Wiley-VCH 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas

Language: English

Summary:

This book shows the major reasearch foundings of the projects AgroForNet: Linking the Producers and Consumers of Woodfuel to Contribute to the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas and BEST: Strengthening Bioenergy Regions. In stand-alone scientific research papers the latest knowledge on cultivation of dendromass for bioenergy purposes in Germany is presented in the context of international research. Different aspects are covered, among other i) environmental constraints, landscape functions, ecosystem services; ii) evaluating, managing and enhancing the supply of dendromass; and iii) socio-economic and legal aspects fo dendromass for bioenergy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Examples of frameworks for the development of woodfuel-based service systems and supply chains

Höner, G.  Heating with hedge rows Forstmagazin Top Agrar Online 2017 DE

Title (orig.): Heizen mit Hecken

Language: German

Summary:

In der Ausgabe 2012/2012 des Forstmagazins Topagrar.com wird das Management der Wallheckenpflege durch den Heckenkoordinator im Münsterland beschrieben. Dabei werden die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Heckeneigentümer und Lohnunternehmer, die regionale Vermarktung der Hackschnitzel und der maschinelle Einsatz im Kreis Steinfurt genauer betrachtet.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Onlineartikel Heizen mit Hecken

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Funda, Karsten; Lootsma, Auke; Hofmann, Hubertus  Costs and benefits of an optimized bowaste utilisation in regard to energy efficiency, climate- and resource protection Umweltbundesamt, German environmental protection agency 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Separately collected organic wastes in Germany are currently predominately composted and subsequently recycled for soil improvement and fertilization. Usage of the immanent energy potential of the organic wastes is just emerging. With special emphasis on organic wastes from households, parks and gardens as well as landscape management, the study analyses key questions on an improved material flow management.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management possibilities for LCMW material

Link:

Download on the homepage of the German environmental protection agency

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Graven, Thomas; Bergs, Claus-Gerhard; Hermann, Tim  Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste - Suggestions for policy-makers at local authorities

Language: English, German

Summary:

In order to provide guidance in optimising bio-waste collection and use especially for local policy-makers, this booklet sets out the potential in bio-waste and the technical processes currently available for using the various categories of bio-waste. Furthermore, with the aid of a checklist local policy-makers can estimate whether optimising bio-waste recovery is practical in terms of increasing the amounts collected or the quantity of energy generated on site.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment, energetic and material utilisation, economic and ecologic aspects

Link:

Download of booklet on homepage of BMU

Attachment

Booklet ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste (6.56 MB)

Ministry of the Environment  CO2 Reduction Action Plan Ministry of the Environment 2006 LU

Title (orig.): CO2 Reduction Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

The CO2 Reduction Action Plan was presented on 3 May 2006 by the Minister of Environment, introducing multi-sectoral measures targeting emissions reductions.

The measures elaborated in the Plan are to be tracked and progress measured regularly, while the plan is to evolve as necessary. Implementation and monitoring of the Plan is to be done through a taskforce, supervised by the Ministry of Environment, but which brings together various Ministries (Agriculture, Finance, Housing, Interior, Transport and Public Services).

(LCMW) Relevance: Supporting use of cogeneration and biomass

Link:

CO2 Reduction Action Plan

Pehlken, Alexandra , et al.   Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015, 110, pp. 66–77 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions

Language: English

Summary:

The Story: Potential of alternative biomass types for energy recovery in two regions in the context of German renewable energy regulation (EEG) was addressed. Two selected regions were represented by two biogas plant operators interested in reducing the amount of maize as biogas substrate in their plants due to the new EEG regulation. In the Dornum region, the mayor, the water association, the biogas producer and citizens of Dornum came together to discuss and define the bioenergy solution for their region. During the discussion, it became clear, how advantageous it is to discuss the situation with the wide spectrum of actors and that there are benefits out of it for all the participants. Similar was the situation in the Ihausen region. Although there were some doubts of using some materials, the biogas plant operator made it clear based on his experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of not dedicated cultures for biogas production

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (2.51 MB)

Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE  SwissEnergy Programme Energieschweiz 2001 CH

Title (orig.): SwissEnergy Programme

Link:

SwissEnergy Programme

Tuscany Region  Regional Law 46 of 2013 (Tuscany): promotion of citizen participation in the processes of construction of regional and local policies Regione Toscana 2013 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 46 del 2013. Dibattito pubblico regionale e promozione della partecipazione alla elaborazione delle politiche regionali e locali

Language: Italian

Summary:

At the end of 2007 the Region of Tuscany approved Law no. 69 defining the rules on the Promotion of Participation in the Formulation of Regional and Local Policies. The new regional law on participation (LR 46/2013), follows and reinforces the positive experiences started in Tuscany in recent years due to the previous regional law (LR 69/2007) which represented, in many ways, a pilot case in Italy. This was an innovative legal provision explicitly aimed at pro-actively promoting citizen engagement in local and regional decision making: by incorporating features explicitly derived from deliberative theory, it institutionalizes citizen participation; that is, the involvement through group dialogue of citizens and stakeholders in decision-making about problems or issues of public interest. The results from this laboratory are of relevance to scholars, practitioners and politicians who are interested in such democratic innovations. The law was updated by the Law 46/2013 which instituted as compulsory the public regional debate for the investments over 50 million euro and as discretionary for investments above 10 million (which are anyway considered at regional level).

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Umbria Region  Regional Law 14 of 2010 Umbria Region 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 14 del 2010: Disciplina degli istituti di partecipazione alle funzioni delle istituzioni regionali (Iniziativa legislativa e referendaria, diritto di petizione e consultazione)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the Regional Law n. 14 of the 16th of February 2010, the Region of Umbria introduces new rules over the administrative and political participation of civil society in decision-making procedures within the competence of the regional institutions. Four instruments are designed to provide the participation of stakeholders: the legislative initiative, the referendum question initiative, the right to petition and finally the consultation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Wiehe, Julia  Energetic utilisation of wood from landscape maintenance: Hedgerows on banks as heat source for the county Grafschaft Bentheim Inaugural Dissertation at the University Hanover 2003 DE

Title (orig.): Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege - Wallhecken als Wärmequelle für den Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim

Language: German

Summary:

In this diploma thesis it was investigated if in the German county Grafschaft Bentheim and the neighboring Dutch province of Overijssel poorly preserved hedgerows on banks can be used as a renewable energy source for heat generation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Utilisation of hedgerows on banks

Link:

Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege