|Author||Title (in English)||Publisher||Year||Country|
|Ministry of Economy||National Renewable Energy Action Plan||Ministry of Economy||2013||HR||Show detail|
Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan
In the Biomass supply table (2006): in biomass from forestry sector, the landscape management residues (woody biomass from parks, gardens, tree rows, bushes) are included but unfortunately not quantified in potential. Same treatment in the Biomass from agriculture and fisheries sector for clippings form vines, olives, fruit trees.
Unused arable land:
The Agricultural Land Act (Official Gazette 39/13) stipulates that arable lands must be maintained suitable for agricultural production, which implied preventing its overgrowth with weeds or perennial vegetation, and reductions of its fertility. Furthermore, the Act prescribes the obligation for agricultural land owners and users to cultivate arable lands, with the use of the necessary agrotechnical measures, in a manner that does not diminish its value. The Act also prescribes the level of monetary fines for legal persons, responsible persons and natural persons in the case that arable lands are not maintained in a suitable state for agricultural production, and are not cultivated using the appropriate agrotechnical measures. As evident from the above, non-use of arable lands is not permitted in the Republic of Croatia.
For the implementation of tasks to protect, use, disposal of, trade and consolidate agricultural lands, in 2009 the Government of the Republic of Croatia established the Agency for Agricultural Lands. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Act, unused arable land (defined as those lands that are not in function or are overgrown in perennial vegetation) under government ownership comprises an integral part of the Land Fund the Agency manages. The Agency may issue public calls to give these arable lands into lease or exchange them, exceptionally it may sell them and manage them for the purpose of consolidation. The decision to call a public tender is made by the Agency. Following public tenders implemented in the period from 2003 to 2011, a total of 53,966.87 ha of unused arable lands remain in state ownership, which has remained available and may be given for concession or multi-year lease.
The Energy Strategy of the Republic of Croatia has set the objective that agricultural production used in energy purposes in 2020 is equivalent to at least 20% of the total conditional cattle heads, thus producing about 2.6 PJ of energy from biogas or about 100 million m3 of biogas. The Republic of Croatia promotes the production and use of biogas for the purpose of rational energy use (substitution of fossil fuels with RES), the handling of waste from agricultural and food production, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and stimulating the development of agricultural holdings.
The produced biogas is most often used as a fuel in cogeneration plants for the production of electricity and thermal energy. In the system of eligible electricity producers, with which HROTE has concluded an agreement on electricity purchase, a total of nine biogas-fuelled plants have been connected to the electricity network, with a total installed capacity of 8.135 MW. HROTE has concluded electricity purchase agreements with four project leaders whose plants are yet to become operational, with a total installed capacity of 3.299 MW (status as at 30 September 2013). All produced electricity, reduced by own consumption, is delivered to the electricity distribution system, with the application of incentive prices in line with the Tariff system for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources and cogeneration (Official Gazette 63/12). A part of the produced heat is used through own consumption for maintaining technological processes of anaerobic degradation, while the remainder may be sold (e.g. for heating greenhouses for the growing of vegetables, heating/cooling of rooms or other useful purposes). Producers have not yet achieved the right to the incentive price for the production of thermal energy using biogas as a fuel.
With the applied technology of anaerobic decomposition, biodegradable organic waste is used as a raw material for the production of electricity and thermal energy, and high quality organic fertiliser. Plans are in place to implement technology that would purify biogas to the quality of natural gas (biomethane) and its compression into the distribution network of natural gas, and the use of compressed biomethane in transport.
This website has been launched as part of the greenGain project funded by the H2020 Programme and led by FNR - The Agency for Renewable Resources. The website is managed by CZ Biom - Czech Biomass Association.
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