A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Ministry of Environment  Law on Environmental protection Latvian Government 2003 LV

Title (orig.): Law on Environmental protection

Language: English

Link:

Law on Environmental protection

Ministry of Environment  Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF) Lithuanian Government 2011 LT

Title (orig.): Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF)

Link:

Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF)

Ministry of Environment  Advice of the Directorate General for waste and pollution of 27/05/15 Ministry of Environment 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Language: Italian

Summary:

Clarification on the classification of pruning residues resulting from the activities LCMW.  The Note (prot. n. 0006038 / RIN MATTM( laying clarifications on the “Classification of prunings  from the maintenance of the green,” he reiterated definitively settled interpretation of the Environmental Code (Legislative Decree 152/2006): the green waste arising from maintenance and pruning urban green areas can be excluded from the regulation of waste and used to produce energy, if it is shown that the conditions required by Article 184 bis of Legislative Decree 152/2006 on the regulation of by-products.

Link:

Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Ministry of Environment  Legislative Decree 152/2006 Ministry of Environment 2006 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152

Language: Italian

Summary:

Regulates the management of waste and remediation of contaminated sites, providing with measures that protect the environment and human health by preventing or reducing the adverse impacts of the generation and management of waste and by reducing overall impacts of resource use and improving the effectiveness. The Decree establishing the classification of by-product of biomass, causing the exclusion of their management in the context of waste.

Link:

Decreto Legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152

Ministry of Environment and regional Development  National Waste management Plan 2013-2020 Latvian Government 2013 LV

Title (orig.): Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas valsts plāns 2013.-2020

Language: Latvian

Link:

Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas valsts plāns 2013.-2020.gadam

Attachment

PDF (656.96 KB)

Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs  Royal Decree 1274/2011, of 16 September approving the Strategic Plan of the natural heritage and biodiversity 2011-2017 is approved. Pursuant to Law 42/2007 of December 13th, the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Government 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1274/2011, de 16 de Septiembre por el que se aprueba el Plan estratégico del patrimonio natural y de biodiversidad 2011-2017. En aplicación a la Ley 42/2007, de 13 de Diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de Biodiversidad

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Strategic Plan for Natural Heritage and Biodiversity 2011-2017 represents the fundamental element of development of the Law 42/2007 on Natural heritage and Biodiversity. His instrument, the new Spanish legislation establishes goals, objectives and actions to promote conservation, sustainable use and restoration of natural heritage and biodiversity for the period 2011-2017.

The Strategic Plan incorporates the commitments made by Spain in international and Community level biodiversity, in particular from the Strategic Plan of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity for the period 2011 2020 (approved by the Contracting Parties in October 2010) and the European Biodiversity Strategy (adopted in May 2011 by the European Commission and endorsed by the Council of Environment Ministers in June 2011).

Link:

Real Decreto 1274/2011, de 16 de septiembre, por el que se aprueba el Plan estratégico del patrimonio natural y de la biodiversidad 2011-2017, en aplicación de la Ley 42/2007, de 13 de diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2010 GR

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

This political document  has been translated in institutional reform and policy measures that include:The establishment of a new Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC),The formal acknowledgment of the priority given to achieving the targets set by Directive 2009/28/EC and by international commitments of the country for theprotection of the environmentù; The recent adoption by Parliament of Law L3851/2010 which came into effect on 4th June 2010 and in which ambitious national targets for RES (namely 20% on final energy consumption, 2% above the mandatory level of 18%.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  Law L3851/2010 - Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2010 GR

Title (orig.): Law L3851/2010 - Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change

Language: English

Summary:

Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with  climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority  of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change.                 The Law distinguishes biogas from other biomass feedstocks

Link:

Law L3851/2010

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA) Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2006 GR

Title (orig.): Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Language: English

Summary:

Part of the Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA). Producers that own power plants can sell the electricity with regulated prices (feed-in tariff), differentiated on the basis of type of technology (biomass-biogas), plant size and type of fuel (biomass waste, organic fraction of MSW, sewage sludge, agricultural biomass)

Link:

Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2014 GR

Title (orig.): National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

This NEEAP takes stock of the progress achieved in improving energy efficiency through the  implementation of policies, measures, market mechanisms, and research and development activities. It is in this context that strategy which is to be implemented to achieve the national energy savings target by 2020, is being developed.

Link:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Ministry of Finace  Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism) Latvian Government 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism)

Language: English

Link:

Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism)

Ministry of Finance  Law on Excise Duties (Tax regulation mechanism) Latvian Government 2013 LV

Title (orig.): Law on Excise Duties (Tax regulation mechanism)

Language: English

Link:

Tax regulation mechanism (Law on Excise Duties)

Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment  Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax) Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 2012 NL

Title (orig.): Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax)

Language: English

Summary:

In the Netherlands, the consumption of electricity and natural gas is subject to the Act on the Environmental Protection Tax (art. 48 (1) in conjunction with art. 50 (1) WBM). A given consumer is exempt from this tax if the electricity consumed is electricity from renewable energy sources and was generated by the consumer himself (own consumption clause) (art. 64 (1) in conjunction with art. 50 (4), (5) WBM).

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on renewable energy sources

Link:

Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax)

Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment  Net-Metering Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 2013 NL

Title (orig.): Net-Metering

Language: English

Summary:

Net-metering applies to clients who are at the same time producer of electricity, which are connected to the electricity grid through a connection with a throughput value smaller than or equal to 3*80A. Clients need to apply for an offer from the responsible grid operator for injecting electricity to the grid and are required to pay a grid use charge (art. 95(a) and (c) in conjunction with art. 31(c) Electricity Act). For small scale clients, energy taxes only apply to the net electricity consumption, defined as the difference between electricity obtained from and fed-in to the grid (art. 50 (1) and (2) WBM).

(LCMW) Relevance: Net-metering clients (producers of electricity)

Link:

Net-Metering

Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic  State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2014 update) Ministry of Industry and Trade 2014 CZ

Title (orig.): Aktualizace státní energetické koncepce České republiky

Language: CS

Summary:

The document sets a strategic task for the development of Czech energy for another 25 years. The mission of National Energy Policy of the Czech Republic is to provide reliable, safe and environmentally friendly energy supply for the needs of the population and national economy, and also to ensure that the Czech Republic will have a steady supply of energy in case of crisis situations.

The main reason for the approval of the State Energy Policy is needed to clearly articulate priorities and strategic objectives of the state within the energy sector and provide stability to investors, citizens and government in today’s turbulent and dynamic period.

National Energy Concept identifies strategic priorities, which should contribute to the fulfillment of top targets.

Link:

State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (PDF)
Aktualizace státní energetické koncepce České republiky (ZIP)

Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic  National Action Plan for Renewable Energy (2012 update) Ministry of Industry and Trade 2012 CZ

Title (orig.): Národní akční plán pro energii z obnovitelných zdrojů

Language: CS

Summary:

The National Action Plan for energy from renewable sources sets a national target for the share of energy from renewable sources by 2020 in electricity, heating, cooling and transport. The publication describes the set and projected trajectory of achieving the sets objectives.

Link:

Národní akční plán České republiky pro energii z obnovitelných zdrojů

Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment  Renewables for Government Buildings Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment 2001 NL

Title (orig.): Renewables for Government Buildings

Language: English

Summary:

Under Dutch implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, a scheme for joint purchasing of energy for government buildings is effective. The objective is to arrive at a climate neutral supply of energy for government structures by 2012. In the period 2002-2004, a mandate required that 50% of the consumption of electricity of all government buildings to be derived from renewable energy sources.

Under Dutch implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, a scheme for joint purchasing of energy for government buildings is effective. The objective is to arrive at a climate neutral supply of energy for government structures by 2012. In the period 2002-2004, a mandate required that 50% of the consumption of electricity of all government buildings to be derived from renewable energy sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from renewable energy sources

Link:

Renewables for Government Buildings

Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning  National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020 Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning 2015 SI

Title (orig.): National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020

Language: English

Summary:

The measures contained in the plan are divided by sector: households, the public sector, commerce and  transport. Most of the measures are already in place and being implemented, with the intermediate targets  having so far been met. Some of th e measures are new, chiefly those in the public sector, where there is a  requirement to meet an obligation to renovate 3% of the total floor area of central government buildings every year. There are also additional measures in the commercial sector: efficient energy consumption is becoming an ever more important factor in improving economic competitiveness. The plan include co-financing programme for the construction of district heating systems using wood biomass.

Link:

National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020

Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning  Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Sources Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning 2002 (last amended 2012) SI

Title (orig.): Uredba o podporah električni energiji, proizvedeni iz obnovljivih virov energije – neuradno prečiščeno besedilo NPB7, PisRS)

Language: English

Summary:

A decree law passed in 2002 paved the way for establishing prices and premiums for purchasing electricity from qualified producers. Qualified producers are those that produce electricity from renewable energy sources, or in facilities with higher than average efficiency for combined heat and power.

Under the scheme producers can choose to receive either fixed feed-in tariffs or premium feed-in tariffs from the network operators. A Purchase Agreement is concluded, valid for 10 years. According to the Law on Energy, the uniform annual prices and premiums are set at least once a year. Feed-in tariffs and premiums are differentiated in terms of both technology and size. In 2006, the size differentiation was removed for solar energy, and increased the tariff and premium for biomass. Producers can also choose to adhere to a double tariff system, whereby either the tariff or premium amount varies according to season and time of day. This system is advantageous to producers that can adapt their production.

As of January 2012, new rates for the feed-in premium allocated to renewable power producers on top of the electricity price for technologies have been adjusted. Premiums for all technologies and for plants smaller than 5 MW were increased, except for biomass and CHP. Tariffs for solar PV projects greater than 5 MW were reduced and increased for biomass and CHP. Due to a change in legislation (Off. Gazette, 43/2011) biogas plants connected to the grid after 1. 7. 2012 that use 40% or more of primary agricultural produce (e.g. corn) are not entitled to receive support. If they use less than 40% but more than 25%, then the variable part of the reference costs are set at 70 %.The variable part of feed in tariff in case of solid biomass shall be adjusted in line with changes to the prices of wood biomass (contained in the forecast published by the Energy Agency of the Republic of Slovenia).

Link:

Decree on Renewable Electricity support

Ministry of Middle Class and Ministry of Budget  Subsidies for companies for investing in renewable electricity generation II Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2005 LU

Title (orig.): Subsidy II (Régime d'aide à la protection de l'environnement et à l'utilisation rationnelle des ressources naturelles)

Language: English

Summary:

Companies investing in renewable electricity generation are eligible for investment grants.

Grants may cover up to 45% of the additional costs arising from the use of renewable energy as compared to non-renewable sources. The grant may increase by 20 percentage points for small enterprises and by 10 percentage points for medium-sized enterprises (Art. 8 Loi du 18 février 2010).

Applications shall be submitted to the Ministry of Economy before the investment is made (Art. 11 Loi du 18 février 2010). Art. 11 contains a list of the required documents. Subsidies are awarded by joint decision of the Ministries of Economy and Finance.

(LCMW) Relevance: Companies investing in renewable electricity generation including the biomass

Link:

Subsidy II (Régime d'aide à la protection de l'environnement et à l'utilisation rationnelle des ressources naturelles)