A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Parliament of the Czech Republic  Energy Act (Act No 458/2000 Coll., on business conditions and public administration in the energy sectors) Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic 2000 CZ

Title (orig.): Zákon č. 458/2000 Sb., o podmínkách podnikání a o výkonu státní správy v energetických odvětvích a o změně některých zákonů (energetický zákon)

Language: CS

Link:

Energy Act (English translation)
Energy Act (original)

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2001 CZ

Title (orig.): Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.)

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2005 CZ

Title (orig.): Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Pat Howes, Judith Bates, Mike Landy, Susan O’Brien, AEA, Rhys Herbert, Oxford Economics and Robert Matthews and Geoff Hogan, Forest Research  UK and Global Bioenergy Resource - Final report AEA 2011 UK

Title (orig.): UK and Global Bioenergy Resource - Final report

Language: English

Summary:

This report examines potential biomass supply in the UK between 2010 and 2030, given current constraints and the potential to address some of these constraints. It examines the supply side issues only and does not consider constraints on the conversion and use of biomass. The analysis examined the situation to 2030, based on forward estimates of potential biomass supply and included three international development scenarios: business as usual; high investment; and low development. The resource estimated for 2030 is not available now in many cases; a significant proportion of the supply in 2030 would require considerable investment to become available.

(LCMW) Relevance: This report examines potential biomass supply in the UK.

Pehlken, Alexandra , et al.   Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015, 110, pp. 66–77 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions

Language: English

Summary:

The Story: Potential of alternative biomass types for energy recovery in two regions in the context of German renewable energy regulation (EEG) was addressed. Two selected regions were represented by two biogas plant operators interested in reducing the amount of maize as biogas substrate in their plants due to the new EEG regulation. In the Dornum region, the mayor, the water association, the biogas producer and citizens of Dornum came together to discuss and define the bioenergy solution for their region. During the discussion, it became clear, how advantageous it is to discuss the situation with the wide spectrum of actors and that there are benefits out of it for all the participants. Similar was the situation in the Ihausen region. Although there were some doubts of using some materials, the biogas plant operator made it clear based on his experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of not dedicated cultures for biogas production

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (2.51 MB)

PHILIPPE, Roi des Belges  Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme PHILIPPE, Roi des Belges 2003 (last amended 2014) BE

Title (orig.): Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme

Language: English

Summary:

The Royal Decree on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources was adopted in July 2002 and came into force 1 July 2003. It addresses two fundamental issues: first, it sets the conditions for issuing green certificates by the federal regulator (CREG) for offshore wind energy production, and second, it states that the grid operator is obliged to buy green certificates issued anywhere in Belgium at minimum prices of:

  • EUR 107/MWh for offshore wind energy (for installations with a financial close before 1/5/2014) for energy produced by first installed capacity up to 216 MW for each concession, and EUR 90/MWh for additional capacity, and at minimum prices equal to LCOE – [reference price of electricity – correction factor] for installations with a financial close after 1/5/2014, with LCOE = 138 EUR/MWh;
  • EUR 20/MWh for ocean energy (namely wave and tidal).

Other obligations related to buying green certificates have been deleted by the Royal Decree of 21/12/2012. Only green certificates delivered to PV installations commissioned before 1/8/2012 can benefit from a minimum purchase price obligation of up to 150 EUR/MWh.

By virtue of a Royal Decree of 20 December 2000, last modified by the Royal Decree of 20 March 2014, the Minister for Energy from now on can deliver domanial concessions for the construction and the exploitation of installations of electricity production, generated from water, currents or winds, in the territorial sea and the exclusive economic zone of Belgium. The decree in question determinates precisely the zone where the installations may be set up. It also specifies the criteria of granting and the procedure by which the concessions are being issued.

The Programme law of July 2005 called for the mandatory contribution by national transmission service operators (TSO) of up to EUR 25 million worth of undersea cables for each concession. An imbalance costs regime for offshore wind production has been put in place by the Royal Decree of 30/3/2009. Imbalance refers to when the electricity producer produces too much or too little electricity, and must pay the difference to the Regulator. The new policy provides a 10% price reduction on the daily market price for the imbalance cost, for output gaps up to 30 %, or has to be compensated by the producer for imbalances above 30 %, based on the TSO’s tariff for the compensation of imbalances or according to the market conditions for imbalance energy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources

Link:

Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division  Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division 2001 MT

Title (orig.): Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division

Language: English

Summary:

The Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division (PPCD) was established to ensure the efficient absorption and management of European assistance, both EU and Bi-lateral through effective co-ordination across government departments, authorities, agencies and other stakeholders.

Among others, PPCD offers financial funds to Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency projects (public and private).

Link:

Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 178/2006 on waste management Portuguese Environmental Agency 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 178/2006

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree, composed of 81 articles divided in five titles, introduces in the national legal order the Directives no. 2006/12/EC on waste and Council and No. 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste. It defines the general system for waste management, including collection, transport, storage, disposal, treatment, valorization and elimination. Moreover, it rules on soil decontamination. Finally, the Decree-Law rules on licensing, registration and control procedures. Among the principles undergoing waste management is worth mentioning: self-sufficiency, management responsibility, prevention and reduction, hierarchy of waste management operations and citizens’ responsibility.

Link:

Factsheet: Waste management Decree

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 233/2004 ruling on greenhouse gas trading license system Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 233/2004

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 38 Articles and five Chapters, introduces into the national legal system the European Parliament and Council Directive No. 2003/87/CE ruling on greenhouse gas trading licenses within the European Community. In particular, the Decree-Law rules on competent bodies, trading licenses systems, national licenses plan, monitoring and information communication, controlling procedures, and penalties.

Link:

Factsheet: Greenhouse gas emission trading system

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 171/2009 creating the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 171/2009 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 10 articles, creates the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation. It establishes composition, duties and competencies of this institution, the aim of which is the conservation, management, research and a sustainable development of the Portuguese biodiversity. The objectives of this Fund are the following: support biodiversity, endangered species and nature conservation projects; promote research and projects contributing to the extension of the protected areas included into the RFCN, etc.

Link:

Factsheet: Fund for biodiversity protection

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Regional Legislative Decree No. 16/2005/A implementing Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances Portuguese Environmental Agency 2005 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto Legislativo Regional n. 16/2005/A de 20 de Julho Transpõe a Directiva n.o 286/278/CEE, do Conselho, de 12 de Junho, referente à utilização das lamas de depuração na agricultura

Language: English

Summary:

Regional Legislative Decree No. 16/2005/A implementing Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances included in List I of the Annex to Directive 76/464/EEC. This Decree, composed of 14 articles, introduces in the Azores Regional legal system the Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances within agricultural activities. In particular, the Decree regulates discharges’ characteristics, soil requirements, protection areas, licensing procedures, information duties, control and monitoring procedures and the required reporting system.

Link:

Factsheet: Decree on discharge of dangerous substances in agriculture

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 351/2007 on air quality Portuguese Environmental Agency 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 140/99

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law is composed of eight articles and five annexes. It introduces in the national legal order Directive 2004/107/EC relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air. In particular, it rules on assessment of air concentrations and on related communication procedures. Annexes provide: standards and methods for concentration assessment; reference values of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; quality objectives.

Link:

Factsheet: Decree on biodiversity protection

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Government Resolution No. 65/2006 on the National Plan for Forest Protection against fires PNDFCI Portuguese Environmental Agency 2007 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 351/2007

Language: English

Summary:

This Resolution is composed of one article and one Annex. It approves the National Plan for Forest Protection against fires PNDFCI. The Plan defines the general objectives, the main axes of intervention and the Plan’s continuous monitoring. Moreover, it provides Municipal Operative Plans (POM) and related monitoring indicators. The Plan also contains as appendix an historical perspective of forests in Portugal.

Link:

Factsheet: Air quality Decree

Presenters at the conference  Script of the conference "Biomass to Power and Heat" 1. - 2. 6. 2016 Zittau University of Zittau/Görlitz 2016 DE

Title (orig.): Tagungsband - Beiträge zum Fachkolloquium "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Language: German and English

Summary:

The script of the conference „Biomass to Power and Heat“ 2016 includes the summaries of the 15 expert presentations of this year´s event. The contributions focus on practical introduction, and scientific and economic support for decentralized supply approaches and power generation of wood-like biomass in cogeneration. Accordingly, the presentations cover topics as:

  • biomass from agroforestry
  • new technologies for producing and using pellets
  • spontaneous reactions when storing biomass
  • combined heat and power units with Stirling motor
  • regulation- and monitoring systems for pollution emissions
  • biogas production
  • biochar
  • syngas
  • regional energy markets
  • experiences with different combustibles.

The aims and work of the greenGain project were introduced as well and are summarised in the according chapter of the conference script.

(LCMW) Relevance: Technologies, experiences and new findings in the field of biomass firings. Aline Clalüna from COALS (Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen), partner of the greenGain project, had a presentation at the conference dedicated to the greenGain project (see p. 9 - 13).

Link:

Homepage on conference "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Attachment

Conference script "Biomass to Power and Heat" (22.01 MB)
Flyer with program of the conference (518.18 KB)

Regional Networks for the Development of a Sustainable Market for Bioenergy in Europe  Report: Biomass Action Plan for Salacgrīva Region in Latvia Bioregions. 2012 LT

Title (orig.): Report: Biomass Action Plan for Salacgrīva Region in Latvia

Language: English

Summary:

This document represents one of the five biomass action plans developed within BioRegions project. Action plans set framework for the promotion of renewable energy production and use in five European regions. The action plan for Salacgrīva region (Latvia) was developed by Ekodoma Ltd. in collaboration with Salacgrīva municipality and Salacgrīva Tourism information centre. The aim of the action plan is to create framework for the support of concrete biomass projects in the target region, as well as to develop a wider strategy for regional energy supply with maximum utilization of the regions’ biomass potential. The content of the action plan is following, in Chapter 2 a general description of the region is given, followed by a description of the biomass situation in Chapter 3 and then followed by SWOT analysis in Chapter 4. This is followed by determination of regional bioenergy targets in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 lists concrete actions that should be undertaken to reach these targets, including short to long term actions. Chapter 7 lists the possible impacts of the actions taken and ends with a proposal of monitoring and evaluation of the progress of the actions in the action plan.

(LCMW) Relevance: Creation of framework for the support of concrete biomass projects in the target region

Regional Waste Coordinator (Ireland)  Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021 Southern Region Waste Management 2015 IE

Title (orig.): Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021

Language: English

Summary:

10 local authorities in the Southern Region of Ireland have been set a number of key targets in relation to waste prevention activities under a new plan that was launched on the 14th May 2015 – Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management plan on utilization of biomass waste

Link:

Southern Waste Region

Attachment

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Rösch, Christine  Intercomparison of Approaches to Biowaste and Green Waste Utilization for Material and Energy Production with Particular Consideration of the Situation in Baden- Württemberg Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH 1996 DE

Title (orig.): Vergleich stofflicher und energetischer Wege zur Verwertung von Bio- und Grünabfällen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Verhältnisse in Baden-Württemberg

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

In this work helpful tools were developed for decision making in policy, administration and economy, starting from systems analytical comparison of different approaches of biowaste and green waste treatment with a view to material and energy production. The methods included in the comparison are composting in the backyard, on agricultural fields, in special plants treating only green waste or biowaste and green waste, biowaste treating in biofermentation plants as well as the utilization of green waste and crop residues as biofuel in biomass power plants.

Link:

Download on Homepage of the Karlsruher Institute for Technology

Rosenberg, Alexander  Assessment of energy wood potential from roadside maintenance in the county Rotenburg (Wümme) Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Chamber of Agriculture Lower Saxony 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Einschätzung des Energieholzpotenzials aus Straßenbegleitgrün im Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)

Language: German

Summary:

This report describes the assessment of the biomass potential from roadside maintenance in the German county Rotenburg (Wümme) in the course of the EU INTERREG Baltic Sea Region project Bioenergy Promtion. The author describes the methodology of measuring hedge- and treerows along county roads and illustrates the estimation of vegetation type structures and maintenance urgency. Among other he also names options for efficient planing and implementation of the LCMW in this region.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from roadside maintenance in the pilot region Rotenburg (Wümme)

Attachment

PDF Report Bioenergy Promotion (1.24 MB)