A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
The Danisch parliament  Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009 Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009

Language: English

Link:

Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009

The Danish parliament  Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act) Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act)

Language: English

Link:

Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act)

The Federal Ministry of Finance (Service Public Fédéral des Finances)  Tax regulation mechanism (tax deduction on investments costs for companies) The Federal Ministry of Finance (Service Public Fédéral des Finances) 1992 (last amended 2014) BE

Title (orig.): Arrêté royal d'exécution du Code des impôts sur les revenus 92 du 27 Août 1993, lequel est dénommé, en abrégé, “AR/CIR 92” / Koninklijk Besluit Tot Uitvoering Van Het Wetboek Van De Inkomstenbelastingen 1992, Afgekort Als "Kb/Wib 92

Language: English

Summary:

Entitled companies may reduce their taxable profit by a fixed percentage of their investment in renewable energy installations.  The regions are responsible for determining whether renewable energy installations are eligible or not (Art. 49 AR/CIR 92 referring to Annex II). The categories of eligible investments are listed within the appendix 1 of the form CEB 2 available in each region and referring to Annex II of AR/CIR 92.

The tax deduction amounts to 14,5% of the investment value for the fiscal year 2014 (Avis relatif à la déduction pour investissement).

  • Tax deductions on investments costs can be claimed through the tax return.
  • A certificate regarding investments for energy saving devices is necessary. The certificate is delivered by the regions, according to the investment location. The competent administration departments of the regions are to be found in the notice of the federal tax administration regarding the tax deduction on investments.

Link:

National: Tax regulation mechanism (tax deduction on investments costs for companies)

The French National Research Agency  Investments for the Future programme The French National Research Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Investments for the Future programme

Language: English

Summary:

Launched in 2009 by the French Government, the Investments for the Future programmes are strategic initiatives which aim to boost French competitiveness by investing in research, higher education and vocational training, in industry and SMEs, in sustainable development and in expanding sectors such as digital technology, biotechnology and nuclear energy. Drawing on ANR know-how and expertise, the French Government has entrusted the agency with management of the research and higher education component of the programmes. The aim is to massively invest over the long-term in innovative S&T projects which will eventually be a source of growth and progress for the French economy.

ANR’s activities aim at:

-Developing science and technology

-Rallying teams around societal and S&T challenges

-Speeding up knowledge creation and transfer, and fostering academic-industry partnerships

-Promoting collaborative work and interdisciplinary dialogue

-Preparing a new generation of talents

-Facilitating European and international collaborations

Link:

Investments for the Future programme

The government (Venstre and De Konservati ve [Venstre, the Danish Liberal Party and The Danish Conservative Party]) and Dansk Folkeparti [The Danish Peoples’ Party]  Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012 Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012

Language: English

Link:

Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012

The Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic  The promotion of renewable energy sources and high-efficiency cogeneration and some changes to certain laws The Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic 2009 SK

Title (orig.): The promotion of renewable energy sources and high-efficiency cogeneration and some changes to certain laws

Language: Slovak

Link:

Zákon o podpore obnoviteľných zdrojov energie a vysoko účinnej kombinovanej výroby a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov

The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia  Waste Management Act Latvian Govenment 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Waste Management Act

Language: English

Link:

Waste Management Act

The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia  Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030 Latvian Government 2010 LV

Title (orig.): Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030

Language: English

Attachment

PDF (2.30 MB)

Tischew, S., Heck, P.  Establishing an example of a regional energy cycle with biomass from LCMW in the natural park Unteres Saaletal with special consideration of a GIS- assessment on the long-term availability of the biomass potential DBU (Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt) 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Etablierung eines beispielhaften regionalen Energiekreislaufs mit Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Naturpark Unteres Saaletal unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer GIS-gestützten Abschätzung des langfristig zur Verfügung stehenden Biomassepotenzials

Language: DE

Summary:

1) Analyse status quo – classification of the research area with areal photos and existing data to select LCMW areas
2) Determination and definition of use- and maintenance- categories based on aims of nature protection
3) Establish 18 test areas to verify height classes, perform a biomass collection (harvest) and record data on vegetation and habitat.
4) Develop a procedure based on GIS to assess the biomass potential
5) Selection of several representative forest stands and record of random samples to derive forest stand types
6) Calculation of the biomass stock of the selected stands and calculation of the wood stock of the single stand types
7) Derive the actual useable biomass potential of all LCMW areas
8) Develop a regional concept for the use of wood from LCMW for a heating site in the primary school Wettin and make a cost calculation for the heating system

(LCMW) Relevance: Method for a comprehensive determination of the available standing woody biomass potential from LCMW

Link:

Etablierung eines beispielhaften regionalen Energiekreislaufs mit Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Naturpark Unteres Saaletal unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer GIS-gestützten Abschätzung des langfristig zur Verfügung stehenden Biomassepotenzials

Tuscany Region  Regional Law 46 of 2013 (Tuscany): promotion of citizen participation in the processes of construction of regional and local policies Regione Toscana 2013 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 46 del 2013. Dibattito pubblico regionale e promozione della partecipazione alla elaborazione delle politiche regionali e locali

Language: Italian

Summary:

At the end of 2007 the Region of Tuscany approved Law no. 69 defining the rules on the Promotion of Participation in the Formulation of Regional and Local Policies. The new regional law on participation (LR 46/2013), follows and reinforces the positive experiences started in Tuscany in recent years due to the previous regional law (LR 69/2007) which represented, in many ways, a pilot case in Italy. This was an innovative legal provision explicitly aimed at pro-actively promoting citizen engagement in local and regional decision making: by incorporating features explicitly derived from deliberative theory, it institutionalizes citizen participation; that is, the involvement through group dialogue of citizens and stakeholders in decision-making about problems or issues of public interest. The results from this laboratory are of relevance to scholars, practitioners and politicians who are interested in such democratic innovations. The law was updated by the Law 46/2013 which instituted as compulsory the public regional debate for the investments over 50 million euro and as discretionary for investments above 10 million (which are anyway considered at regional level).

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

UE  Reg. (EU) N.1305/2013 UE 2013 IT

Title (orig.): REGOLAMENTO (UE) N. 1305/2013 DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO E DEL CONSIGLIO

Language: Italian

Summary:

Support for rural development by the Fund of European Agricultural for Rural Development (FEASR)

Link:

REGOLAMENTO (UE) N. 1305/2013 DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO E DEL CONSIGLIO

UE and Regional Government  Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020 UE and Regional Government 2014 SI

Title (orig.): Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020

Language: English

Summary:

Support for rural development by the Fund of European Agricultural for Rural Development (FEASR).

Link:

Factsheet on 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme for Slovenia

UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC)  Climate Change Act 2008 UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) 2008 UK

Title (orig.): Climate Change Act 2008

Language: English

Summary:

On 26 November 2008, the Climate Change Act became law. The Act aims to improve carbon management, help the transition toward a low-carbon economy, and demonstrate strong international UK leadership. Major provisions of the Act include the setting of legally binding targets, the establishment of a carbon budgeting system, and the creation of a Committee on Climate Change. The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) is an independent body designed to recommend targets, advise on the level of carbon budgets, as well as to monitor and report progress towards targets.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Act aims to improve carbon management and related increase of renewable energy (as the biomass energy)

Link:

Report: The Carbon Plan - reducing greenhouse gas emissions
CCC websites
Climate Change Act 2008

UK Government  UK Green Deal UK Government 2010 UK

Title (orig.): UK Green deal

Language: English

Summary:

The Green Deal provides a framework of accredited market participants, through which people pay for some of the cost of improving their homes and businesses using a type of loan that is paid back with the savings they can expect to make on their fuel bills. Prior to signing a Green Deal Plan, an assessor will recommend improvements that are appropriate for a property and indicate whether they can be expected to pay for themselves through reduced energy bills.

 

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on homes and businesses use of sustainable energy

Link:

UK Green Deal

UK Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) UK Government 2010 UK

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC, member countries of the European Union were obliged to draft, and submit to the European Commission, National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathways that will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy targets.

The UK Government believes that climate change is one of the gravest threats we face, and that urgent action at home and abroad is required. We need to use a wide range of levers to decarbonise the economy. The development of renewable energy sources, alongside nuclear power and the development of carbon capture and storage, will also enable the UK to play its full part in international efforts to reduce the production of harmful greenhouse gases.

(LCMW) Relevance: UK 2020 renewable energy targets

Link:

National action plans online

UK Government  Second Progress Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom (2009) UK Government 2013 UK

Title (orig.): "Second Progress Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom (2009)"

Language: English

Summary:

The UK Government strongly supports renewable energy as part of a diverse low-carbon and secure energy mix. Alongside gas and low-carbon transport fuels, nuclear power and carbon capture and storage (CCS), renewable energy brings energy security, decarbonisation of our economy and green growth. UK Government committed to achieving the UK’s challenging and legally binding target of 15% renewables by 2020 in a cost effective and sustainable way, minimising the impact on consumer bills. All parts of the UK are playing a part in delivering this commitment, with the Devolved Administrations setting themselves challenging targets for the level of renewable electricity and heat consumption by 2020.

(LCMW) Relevance: Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom

Link:

PDF online

UK Government  Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 UK Government 2009 UK

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

Language: English

Summary:

The UK Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 is a white paper outlining how the UK will meet its legally-binding target to ensure 15% of energy comes from renewable energy sources by 2020.

Under the 2008 Climate Change Act, the UK must meet legally binding carbon “budgets”, committing the UK to cuts its emissions by 34% by 2020 and 80% by 2050. The Strategy comprises three primary 2020 targets:

  • Over 30% of electricity to be generated from renewable energy sources, mostly from wind power, with biomass, hydro, wave and tidal power playing important roles;
  • 12% of heat to be generated from renewable energy sources, from a large range of sources (biomass, biogas, solar, heat pumps);
  • 10% of transport energy to come from renewable energy sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Target to get over 30% of electricity to be generated from renewable energy sources, mostly from wind power, with biomass, hydro, wave and tidal power playing important roles

Link:

The UK Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

Umbria Region  Regional Law 14 of 2010 Umbria Region 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 14 del 2010: Disciplina degli istituti di partecipazione alle funzioni delle istituzioni regionali (Iniziativa legislativa e referendaria, diritto di petizione e consultazione)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the Regional Law n. 14 of the 16th of February 2010, the Region of Umbria introduces new rules over the administrative and political participation of civil society in decision-making procedures within the competence of the regional institutions. Four instruments are designed to provide the participation of stakeholders: the legislative initiative, the referendum question initiative, the right to petition and finally the consultation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Umbria region Government  R.R. n°. 7 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region Umbria region Government 2014 IT

Title (orig.): Biomassa: La tecnologia che utilizza la biomassa 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region

Language: Italian

Summary:

Technology that uses biomass:The term biomass is understood to mean the organic material (mainly of plant origin), in which the solar energy has accumulated through the process of photosynthesis that can liberate and exploit through thermo-chemical or biochemical processes. These substances are available as direct products or residues of agriculture and forestry, as by-products or waste from the agro-food waste and how the chain of distribution and final consumption.

Associated with the term biomass, and now commonly used in renewable energy concept bio-fuel, which generally means any organic substance other than oil, natural gas, coal or from their derivatives, used as fuel.The most important types of biomass are:

  • Biomass forestry: forest residues, wood processing industry waste (wood chips, sawdust, etc.)
  • Agricultural Biomass: scraps of farms
  • Biogas derived from animal waste, waste from livestock farms, waste, algae and aquatic crops, municipal solid waste

For more information on the domestic use of biomass read the following guide. The administrative procedureThe administrative procedures for authorizing the installation and operation of biomass plants are the subject of rrn 7 of 29 July 2011. These procedures are defined in Annex A of RR 7/2011, which vary according to certain parameters (installed electric capacity, location and type of plant, the existing constraints in the area), and are as follows:

  • COMMUNICATION
  • enabler SIMPLIFIED PROCEDURE
  • AUTHORIZATION ONLYIn the case of installations outside buildings and with an output exceeding 50 kW must meet the general criteria of location and design in Annex B and consider unsuitable areas listed in Annex C of the RR 7/2011

Link:

Biomassa: La tecnologia che utilizza la biomassa 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region

Umbria region Government  SEAR Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014-2020 - Umbria Region Umbria region Government 2014 IT

Title (orig.): SEAR Strategia Energetico Ambientale Regionale

Language: Italian

Summary:

After the Regional Energy Plan approved in 2004 and the regional strategy for the production of energy from renewable sources 2011-2013 approved in 2011 , the region has embarked on a new policy paper as a tool to monitor and govern the development of the region by supporting and promoting energy chain .

The preliminary document it was approved the preliminary document of the Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014 – 2020

The path of consultation , which began last February 6 , includes a series of meetings with associations and public bodies

It was adopted the proposed Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014 – 2020

Link:

SEAR Strategia Energetico Ambientale Regionale