A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Federal Ministry for Economy, Family and Youth  Ökostromverordnung (feed-in tariffs) 2012 - ÖSVO 2012 Federal Ministry for Economy, Family and Youth 2012

Title (orig.): Ökostromverordnung (feed-in tariffs) 2012 - ÖSVO 2012

Summary:

Green Electricity Act 2012

Link:

Ökostromverordnung (feed-in tariffs) 2012 - ÖSVO 2012

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Bio Waste Regulation Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 1996 DE

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Bioabfallverordnung

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Federal Emissions Protection Ordinances (BImSchV) Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 2015 DE

Title (orig.): 1. BImSchV: Verordnung über kleine und mittlere Feuerungsanlagen

Language: Deutsch

Link:

1. BImSchV: Verordnung über kleine und mittlere Feuerungsanlagen

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety  Federal Act for the Protection of Nature and Landscape Management Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Gesetz über Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Gesetz über Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)  Law on Energy and Climate Fund Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) 2011 DE

Title (orig.): Law on Energy and Climate Fund

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)  National Energy Action Plan Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), European Comission 2010 DE

Title (orig.): National Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

Measures in Germany are the EEG, Combined Heat and Power Act and Market Incentive Program (all also separately listed)

Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour  Eco-Tax Reform Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour 1999 DE

Title (orig.): Eco-Tax Reform

Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection and Federal Ministry of Education and Research  Sixth Energy Research Programme Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection and Federal Ministry of Education and Research 2011 DE

Title (orig.): 6.Energieforschungsprogramm - Forschung für eine umweltschonende, zuverlässige und bezahlbare Energieversorgung

Language: English

Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth 2010 AT

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

4.6 Specific measures for the promotion of the use of energy from biomass

4.6.2 Measures to increase biomass availability, taking into account other biomass users (agriculture and forest-based sectors)

Measures to encourage unused arable land, degraded land, etc. to be used for energy purposes

The cultivation of land for food products and the production of bioresources are not in competition in Austria according to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture.

Unused raw material potential arises primarily from the use of grassland for biogas production. Until a few years ago grassland was still hardly used, however in the near future it will be a very interesting source material for various types of usage (fibre, lactic acid, etc.) and subsequent biogas production.

Strategy to promote the production and use of biogas

Biogas is currently still mainly produced for generating sets which produce green electricity and heat. Because biogas is, besides stored hydropower, the only storable renewable energy source, biogas technology may be used for daily production right up to the peak electricity production in the future. Treated biogas has the same chemical composition as natural gas. Therefore the targets aimed at for the future are the integration of treated biogas into the natural gas grid as well as the sale of biogas to filling stations. According to the Biogas and Compost Association, the use of biogas as fuel is possible through the steady spreading of natural gas powered vehicles and natural gas filling stations (Biogas and Compost Association).

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economics  National Energy strategy Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economics AT

Title (orig.): National Energy strategy

Language: English

Link:

Federal Ministry of Science Websites

Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy  Electricity act (ElWOG) Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy 2010 AT

Title (orig.): Electricity act (ElWOG)

Language: English

Link:

Electricity act (ElWOG)

Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy  Natural gas act (GWG) Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy 2015 AT

Title (orig.): Natural gas act (GWG)

Language: English

Link:

Natural gas act (GWG)

Federal Office of Energy, Federal Office of Agriculture, Federal Office of Spatial Development and Federal Office of Environment  Biomass Strategy Switzerland Federal Office of Energy, Federal Office of Agriculture, Federal Office of Spatial Development and Federal Office of Environment 2009 CH

Title (orig.): Biomass Strategy Switzerland

Language: Deutsch

Link:

Biomassestrategie Schweiz legt übergeordnete Ziele fest

Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER  BELGIUM National renewable energy action plan Plan Federal-Regional Energy Consultation Group CONCERE-ENOVER 2010 BE

Title (orig.): D’action national en matière d'énergies renouvelables; Nationaal actieplan voor hernieuwbare energie

Language: English

Summary:

Belgian authorities pursue a sustainable energy policy that takes into account the economic and social interests of the energy sector as well as the exhaustion of fossil resources and environmental concerns. In this context, renewable energy sources contribute to achieving the following targets:

  • reducing consumption of energy from fossil sources to safeguard future reserves
  • reducing greenhouse gas emissions; – reducing the country’s dependence on energy imports
  • minimising the impact of price fluctuations for energy from other sources
  • creating employment in the framework of an innovative economy
  • diversifying the available range of energy to improve the functioning of the energy market

In the field of electricity generation, Belgium has set up a scheme of green certificates and guaranteed minimum prices to support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support the development of electricity generation from renewable sources

Link:

Belgium National Action Plan

Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises  Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises 2008 FR

Title (orig.): Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement

Language: English

Summary:

On 29 January 2008, the French Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning signed a five-year agreement with the Federation of Retail and Distribution Enterprises, representing 26 500 outlets nationwide. The agreement commits the retail sector to establish packaging waste and greenhouse gas emission reduction goals. Retailers agreed to undertake detailed analysis of the CO2 emissions of all their activities, to better assess emissions from merchandise transportation and in-store activities. They also pledged to improve energy efficiency in stores, by switching to low-energy lighting and upgrading refrigeration and freezer systems. They also committed to acquiring at least 20% of their overall energy use from renewable energy sources by 2020

Link:

Retailer Sustainable Commerce Agreement

Finish Government  National Energy and Climate strategy 2013 Finish Government 2013 FIN

Title (orig.): National Energy and Climate strategy 2013

Language: English

Link:

National Energy and Climate strategy 2013

Finish Ministry of the Environment  Land Use and Building Act (Finish) Ministry of the Environment 1999 FI

Title (orig.): Land Use and Building Act

Language: English

Summary:

The objective of this Act is to ensure that the use of land and water areas and building activities on them create preconditions for a favourable living environment and promote ecologically, economically, socially and culturally sustainable development.

The Act also aims to ensure that everyone has the right to participate in the preparation process, and that planning is high quality and interactive, that expertise is comprehensive and that there is open provision of information on matters being processed.

Link:

Land Use and Building Act

Attachment

Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market  Flanders: Net-Metering (Mécanisme de compensation) Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market 2012; 2014 BE

Title (orig.): Flanders: Net-Metering (Mécanisme de compensation)

Language: English

Summary:

Flanders supports electricity from renewable energy sources by means of a quota system, an ecological premium and a net-metering scheme. Regarding heating and cooling from renewable energy resources, the Flemish support scheme provides for a quota system. Grid operators and municipalities are responsible for setting up premium schemes. The access of electricity from renewable energy sources to the grid is regulated by the basic legislation on energy market and technical regulations by the Flemish Electricity and Gas Regulator (VREG). Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid. Distribution grid operators are obliged to finance grid expansion. Diverse policies are currently under discussion. The level of implementation differs. On 28 September 2012, the Energy Regulation has been revised transposing the building obligations for heat from renewable energy into Flemish law.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on electricity from renewable energy sources

Link:

Flanders: Net-Metering

Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market  Flanders: Subsidy (Ecologic Premium Plus/Strategic Ecologic Support) Flemish Ministry of Energy, Housing, Cities and Social Economy; Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market 2014 BE

Title (orig.): Flanders: Subsidy (Ecologic Premium Plus/Strategic Ecologic Support)

Language: English

Summary:

Enterprises that make certain ecological professional investments in Flanders, can benefit from ecological aid in the form of an investment grant. The application for the ecology premium is made entirely electronically through the Internet.

In general, companies are stimulated to invest in environmental friendly and energy efficient technologies via a subsidy scheme consisting of the Ecologic Premium Plus (EP-PLUS) and Strategic Ecologic Support (EP-STRES).  An ecologic premium plus (EP-PLUS) is paid to technologies registered within a limited technology list (LTL) compiled and revised by the Ministry on the basis of proposals made by VITO (Independent Research Centre). Technologies not singled out in LTL may apply for strategic ecologic support (EP-STRES).The subsidy is paid to companies that operate in the Flemish region (Art. 10 Decree on Economic Aid). For both, the support cannot be combined with green electricity certificates (Art. 17 6° Decree on Ecological Investment). Projects are selected on a call for project basis 3 times per year.

(LCMW) Relevance: Investment in environmental friendly and energy efficient technologies

Link:

Flanders: Subsidy (Ecologic Premium Plus/Strategic Ecologic Support)

Forest research, Forest Commission  Scottish and England Forestry Strategy Forest research, Forest Commission 2006 UK

Title (orig.): Scottish and England Forestry Strategy

Language: English

Summary:

Use of land degraded by former industrial and urban activity makes an increasingly important contribution to the expansion of woodland. Trees planted on such sites offer immense social benefits in addition to the possibility of economic activity on formerly unproductive land. This programme supports the related objectives of the English Forestry Strategy and across Great Britain generally.

(LCMW) Relevance: Maintanence of forests and urban trees in England and Scotland

Link:

England Forestry Strategy
The Scottish Forestry Strategy
Forest Reseach: Waste minimisation and utilisation in greenspace creation
Forest Reseach
Forestry commission England
Forestry commission Scotland

FPS Public health - environment  Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances FPS Public health - environment 2011 BE

Title (orig.): Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

Language: English

Summary:

The Royal Decree of 5/4/2011 on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances establishes sustainability and physico-chemicals requirements for wood pellets.

(LCMW) Relevance: Wood pellets

Link:

Decree on wood pellets for non-industrial heating appliances

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2000 FR

Title (orig.): Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance

Language: English

Summary:

Disposition Général des Aides à la Décision. Starting in 2000, ADEME provided surveys and pre-feasibility studies in the areas of renewables, energy efficiency, waste management, pollution. – Surveys (conseil dorientation, prédiagnostique) are used to identify and prioritise possible solutions to resource mismanagement. Over a two-day period, certified experts audit and diagnose a situation, for a total cost of 2 300 euros. -“Conseils dorientation” are used for complex sites and can cost up to 75000 Euro (ceilings for residential and transport projects are regionally set). A maximum of 70% of the costs for both technical studies are supported by ADEME. – Diagnostics and feasibility studies are used to go to a further level of detail. Diagnostics can cost up to 30 000 Euro for industry and agriculture, ceilings for residential and transport projects are locally set. Feasibility studies can cost up to 75 000 Euro in industry, maximum support levels are 50% of costs. In 2000, ADEME provided assistance to 540 projects in industry, 2240 buildings and 110 000 households.

Link:

Survey and Pre-feasibility Assistance

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2001 FR

Title (orig.): Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment

Language: English

Summary:

The FOGIME was created in 2000 in co-operation with the French development bank for small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) and ADEME. The guarantee fund for investments in energy sustainability (efficiency and renewables) has a budget of approximately ? 17.8 million, of which ? 7.62 million comes from ADEME and ? 10.21 million come from a branch of the development bank for SMEs (BDPME). This fund guarantees up to ? 242 million for loans to the private sector. Its goal is to provide SMEs with the option to obtain loans for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments. This guarantee is only available for SMEs created prior to 2000. Eligible investments include: high performance production, use, recovery and energy storage equipment; energy efficient modifications of production processes and renewables. The guarantee covers medium and long-term risks (2-15 years) and insures the risk taken by the financial institution providing the loan. The guarantee covers 70% of the loan in comparison to 40% average coverage rates for other SME projects covered by BDPME.

Link:

Government Crediting and Loan Guarantee for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Investment

French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion) French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 1999 FR

Title (orig.): Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion)

Language: English

Summary:

In addition to available grants for surveys, pre-feasibility and feasibility studies, ADEME provides support for demonstration projects and diffusion in the renewable energy sector. Grants for demonstration projects can go up to 30 to 40% of project costs depending on the energy source and targeted sector. Assistance can also be provided for market diffusion of demonstrated technologies/projects, grants can reach 15 to 30% of the costs depending on sector they can also be calculated on the basis of avoided CO2-equivalent emissions (up to 400 Euro/t avoided carbon). Support is also available to increase market diffusion of mature and validated innovative technologies which still need to overcome cost barriers. The programme covers wood-energy for industrial boilers, collective and individual household heating; biogas recovery for energy production, electricity from renewables, geothermal heat and ground source heat pumps as well as solar energy.

Link:

Renewable energy market development (support for demonstration and diffusion)

French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME)  Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) 2010 FR

Title (orig.): Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future

Language: English

Summary:

Since 2010, the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) has been in charge of four investment programmes to support testing in real conditions and demonstration plants for renewable energy and green chemistry, lowcarbon vehicle, smart grid and circular economy projects. Totalling EUR 2.45 billion of credits, this initiative is part of the EUR 35 billion Investments for the Future (PIA) programme. The programme is already demonstrating its ability to unite companies and research partners, and to stimulate their innovation capabilities. Compared to other existing national research programmes, this new programme aims at bringing innovation to the market and focuses on specific fields set up by strategic roadmaps.

Specific fields eligible for funding include:

(i) renewable energy and green chemistry (EUR 1.1 billion): development of new technologies in decarbonised energy (e.g. solar, wind), bioresources, low-carbon buildings, energy storage and carbon capture and storage (CCS); (ii) smart grids (EUR 165 million): research and testing in real conditions to enable the integration of intermittent renewable energies into electrical grids and to promote “smart services” that improve energy demand management;(iii) circular economy (EUR 210 million): demonstration plants and circular economy industries, including waste management, soil and sediment remediation, ecodesign and industrial ecology; and (iv) lowcarbon vehicles (EUR 950 million): development of innovative technologies and solutions focused on land and sea transportation.

To manage these projects, ADEME developed specific financial tools, bearing in mind the public objectives of job creation, activity development in the French territory, economic competitiveness and environmental benefits:

(i) state aids complying with European Union regulations on competition. This type of support, the most widely used, consists of refundable grants, where the return mechanism is correlated to the project’s success, and of traditional (non-refundable) grants, mostly dedicated to research laboratories and smalland medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); and

(ii) equity investment tools, where the state plays the role of market investor, one for SME projects and one for intermediate-sized and large enterprise projects. The first 115 selected projects represent investments of more than EUR 3 billion, supported with EUR 940 million from the programme to date. Around two-thirds of allocated credits generate financial returns for the state, based on a risk/gain sharing policy, a new unique form of public-private partnerships in France.

Link:

Green innovation funding: the French programme of Investments for the future

Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency  Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency 2013 HR

Title (orig.): Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme

Language: English

Summary:

The loans granted for the employment of RES-E technologies are part of the “environmental protection” loan scheme by the Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR) in cooperation with the Environmental Protection Fund and business banks.

Link:

Loan in the HBOR Bank scheme

Garay et. al.  The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary Studies in Agricultural Economics 114 (2012) 1-9 2012 HU

Title (orig.): The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary

Language: English

Link:

The potential for the production and use of biomass-based energy sources in Hungary

García D., Gómez M., García A., Royo F.J.  Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring CIRCE Foundation - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption. Natural Resources Division 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Determination of the real potential of greenhouse emissions reduction in Spain by means of the cofiring implementation (Ene2005-00304/Alt Project): methodology for the biomass potential of cofiring

Language: EN

Summary:

Paper presented to the 16th European biomass conference (2 – 6 June 2008, Valencia, Spain).

The reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is a relevant part in many of the current energy and environment policies in most of the European countries. Diverse alternatives are being used by the governments and the private companies to palliate the emissions and the costs derived from the emissions trade system; one of these possibilities for the CO2 emission remediation is the replacement of solid fossil fuels by biomass (co-firing) in different sectors. In Spain the consumption of fossil fuels account for more than 124 Mtep, from which solid fossil fuels represent 20 % of the share in the primary energy.

The main solid fuel consuming sectors are the power generation sector (more than 82 %) and cement industry (more than 7 %). The equivalent CO2emissions of those solid fuel intensive consuming sectors account for more than 20 % of the gross CO2 equivalent emissions, similar to other important sectors like the transport. Therefore the co-firing technology arises as a promising mean to reduce the emissions from solid fossil fuels.

The current paper presents the project ENE2005-00304/ALT (founded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education). The main objective is the assessment of the potential of co-firing in Spain and the development of a methodology based on the Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), allowing a precise knowledge about the multiplier effect, in terms of GHG emissions reduction, associated with this technology and the related economic benefits.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Authors are one of the greenGain project partners (Daniel García, Maider Gómez; CIRCE).

García D., Pascual J., García A., Asín J.  The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain) CIRCE Foundation - Centre of Research for Energy Resources and Consumption 2007 ES

Title (orig.): The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain)

Language: EN

Summary:

Paper presented to the 15th European Biomass Conference & Exhibition 7-11 May 2007 (Berlin, Germany)

The best location for the sitting of a biomass plant inside a territory requires as input data the energy potentials of the territory. Up to date the area outside the territory under assessment has not been considered, and the territory was studied as an island. The paper summarizes the results of using different spatial resolution degrees for the area surrounding the Spanish Teruel province (NUTS 3). Residual biomass from woody crops pruning has been estimated inside the province of Teruel using the geographical resolution of the Corine Land Cover. The resources evaluation for the area surrounding Teruel province (50 km in straight line) has been carried out at four levels of spatial resolution: no biomass in the surroundings, biomass per province (NUTS3), biomass per municipalities (NUTS5), and biomass assigned to the Corine Land Cover land use characterisation. The sum of the potential biomass in a 50 km-radius circle has been calculated for every point inside the province of Teruel per resolution scale. A comparison among the cases has been carried out by qualitative and quantitative observations. The results have shown the essentiality of the surrounding areas when searching for the maximum potentials in a territory. The use of spatially vast information (NUTS 3) generates a distortion in the geographical potentials and may lead to excessively large errors. For the analysed zone, it has been proved that municipality resolution (NU

Link:

The effect of the surrounding conditions in the assessment of biomass: case study of agricultural residual biomass in Teruel province (Spain)

García-Martín A., de la Riva J., Pérez-Cabello F. and R. Montorio  Using remote sensing to estimate a renewable resource: forest residual biomass InTech 2012 EU

Title (orig.): Using remote sensing to estimate a renewable resource: forest residual biomass

Language: EN

Summary:

Chapter from a book Remote Sensing of Biomass – Principles and Applications, Dr. Lola Fatoyinbo (Ed.)

The objective of this chapter is to explain a methodology developed to estimate the amount of FRB potentially suitable for renewable energy production in the pine forests of Mediterranean areas at regional scale, using satellite images and forest inventory data. It is intended, therefore, to eliminate a major barrier to the use of this renewable source of energy. In turn, by using a plain methodology, it is intended that the method developed can be adopted by decision makers and land managers for both forest management and regional planning, considering that energy planning is a major component of land management.

Link:

Using remote sensing to estimate a renewable resource: forest residual biomass

Gołuchowska et. al.  Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives Journal of Ecological Engineering vol. 16(3), 2015 2015 PL

Title (orig.): Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Language: English

Link:

Biomass Utilization As A Renevable Energy Source In Polish Power Industry – Current Status And Perspectives

Government  Law N.174(I)/2006 - Law for the Promotion of Cogeneration of Power and Heat Government 2006 CY

Title (orig.): Law N.174(I)/2006 - Law for the Promotion of Cogeneration of Power and Heat

Link:

Law N.174(I)/2006 - Law for the Promotion of Cogeneration of Power and Heat

Government  National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus Government 2014 CY

Title (orig.): National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus

Language: English

Summary:

Cuprus is a small and isolated system (an island country) without any interconnections to European or other energy networks (electricity, petroleum, natural gas) at present, Cyprus attaches great importance to energy efficiency aiming, inter alia, to improve energy supply security, increase competitiveness and ensure sustainable development/environmental protection. A set of Regulations published in January 2014, provides for the creation of a registry of certified installers of small RES systems for the f Installers of biomass boilers and heating appliances.

Link:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Of Cyprus

Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP) Government 2010 SI

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

The objective of the NREAP is to assess and determine the necessary quantitative values of energy consumption from RES by individual sector (heating and cooling, electricity and transport) and to propose measures to facilitate consumption of the desired quantity of energy from RES in future years. In the NREAP account needs to be taken of the effects of policies for efficient energy use (EEU) on final energy consumption, and measures that must be adopted to achieve the target shares of RES and to fulfil the requirements of Articles 13 to 19 of Directive 2009/28/EC, taking into account the cooperation of local and national authorities, the envisaged statistical transfers of energy from renewable sources between Member States or joint RES projects in other Member States or third countries, and national policies for developing existing and mobilising new sources of biomass.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 (NREAP)

Government  Loan (Environmental Fund) Government 2006 HR

Title (orig.): Loan (Environmental Fund)

Language: English

Summary:

The Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency offers interest-free loans for the promotion of renewable energy sources.

Link:

Loan (Environmental Fund)

Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) Government 2010 RO

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

In the Biomass supply table (2006):  in biomass from forestry sector, the landscape management residues (woody biomass from parks, gardens, tree rows, bushes) are included but unfortunately not quantified in potential. Same treatment in the Biomass from agriculture and fisheries sector for clippings form vines, olives, fruit trees.

Budget allocations for the afforestation of degraded lands, which allowed the afforestation of approx. 5 000 ha of degraded lands per year during the 2005-2006 period have significantly decreased in recent years. Following the issuing of Law 46/2008 – the Forestry Code – the special financial resources established by the latter (the Forest Conservation and Regeneration Fund) or by Law No 18/1991 of the Land Fund (Improvement fund of the forestry land fund) for the afforestation of forest lands and degraded lands incorporated in the forest fund, have also decreased. This decrease has been mainly caused by the fact that special laws have been promoted by means of which developers building touristic roads by forest clearance have been exempted from performance of compensatory payments. Such measures had a direct negative effect on the integrity of the current Forestry Fund, the possibility to extent it in the future as well as on the balance of GHG emissions resulting from the forest clearance action (which shall also be compulsorily reported in accordance with the Kyoto Protocol), which could prevent the fulfilment of the emissions reduction engagement undertaken for the 2010 – 2020 period. Such derogations shall be eliminated from the Organic Law (the Forestry Code).

At present, there are no specific measures promoting the production and use of biogas. Biogas is supported by the following laws: – Law 220/2008 on the establishment of the system for the promotion of energy production from renewable sources, which provides for the granting of 3 green certificates for each 1 MWh supplied within the electricity network by producers generating electricity from biomass, biogas, landfill gas, geothermal energy and associated fuel gas.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Government  Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions Government 1999 FR

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions

Language: English

Summary:

This policy provided the enabling conditions for EdF to purchase electricity produced from renewable sources such as hydro, co-generation, waste incineration and photovoltaics.

Link:

Renewable Energy Purchasing Conditions

Government  Electricity Law 2000 Government 2000 FR

Title (orig.): Electricity Law 2000

Language: English

Summary:

One part of the Energy Law of 10 February 2000, addresses the obligatory purchase of electricity from renewable sources and cogeneration at fixed feed-in tariffs. The law regulates the free access of independent energy producers to the grid and lays the foundation for higher feed-in tariffs for electricity production from renewables and a new tender scheme for renewable energy production capacity. These tariffs have subsequently been updated in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2007 (see separate database entries).

Link:

Electricity Law 2000

Government  Royal Decree 413/2014, regulating the activity of electricity production from renewable energy sources, cogeneration and waste Government 2014 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 413/2014, de 6 de Junio, por el que se regula la producción de energía eléctrica a partir de fuentes renovables, cogeneración y residuos

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 413/2014, regulating the activity of electricity production from renewable energy sources, cogeneration and waste develops the principles established by the Electricity Sector Law and regulates the basis of the new compensation scheme for these facilities. The compensation scheme for each particular facility will be specified according with the type facility to which it will be allocated and the compensation parameters determined for each type facility. Therefore, this Royal Decree will be developed by the corresponding Ministerial Orders providing the type facilities and the corresponding compensation parameters.

Link:

Real Decreto 413/2014, de 6 de Junio, por el que se regula la producción de energía eléctrica a partir de fuentes renovables, cogeneración y residuos

Government  Royal Decree 1699/2011 of 18 November 2011, regulating the grid connection of low-power electricity production facilities Government 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1699/2011 de 18 de noviembre de 2011, que regula la conexión a red de baja potencia las instalaciones de producción de electricidad

Language: Spanish

Summary:

2011 saw the publication of Royal Decree 1699/2011 of 18 November 2011, regulating the grid connection of low-power electricity production facilities. This standard establishes basic, simplified administrative and technical conditions for connection to the low and high voltage grid (up to 36 kV) of renewable energy and low-power cogeneration facilities in order to reduce the proceedings required to develop these facilities.

Link:

Real Decreto 1699/2011, de 18 de noviembre, por el que se regula la conexión a red de instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica de pequeña potencia

Government  Law 54/1997 of 27 November, on the Electricity Sector Government 1997 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Electricity Sector Law 54/1997, of November 27, whose main objective is to regulate the activities of the special regime for power generation from renewable energies, power less than 50MW, granting powers to the Autonomous Communities for authorization. This Act is repealed, except the additional provisions 6,7,21 and 23, by repealing 1.a of law 24/2013 of December 26. BOE-A-2013-13645, subject to the provisions of the final disposition 3 of the act. However, the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of art. 38 and 2, 3 and 4 of Art.42, will remain in force until the art. 33 of the Act applies, as provided transitional provision 7.

Link:

Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Government  Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October Government 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October, which regulates the procedure assignment of specific remuneration system in the call for new production of electricity from biomass located on the mainland electricity system and technology facilities Wind convened pursuant to Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, their remuneration parameters are adopted.

Link:

Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Government  National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) Government 2010 MT

Title (orig.): National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

Malta 2020 targets:

  • Overall target: 10% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption
  • Heating and cooling: 6% of heat consumption met by renewable sources
  • Electricity: 14% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources
  • Transport: 11% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources

In order to achieve above enlisted targets Malta runs following incentive schemes:

  • Feed-in tariff
  • Net-metering
  • Grants framework for electric vehicles, PV, solar thermal, wind turbines
  • CHP promotion
  • Biofuels support
  • Guidelines for micro wind turbine installations
  • Certification framework for solar technologies installers

Link:

National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Government  National Energy Policy Government 2012 MT

Title (orig.): National Energy Policy

Language: English

Summary:

The National energy policy for Malta was launched in December 2012 after the publication of a first draft in 2009 and the finalisation of a strategic environmental impact assessment in September 2012. It lists decisions and actions that have already been implemented as well as measures aimed at ensuring the sustainability of Malta’s energy sector.

Proposed measures on renewable energy include:

1) a feed-in tariff system for the installation of PV panels by the private sector which are not supported through other funding, providing between 16 and 18 cents per kWh;

2) a new call for tender to install PV panels on an additional 40,000 square meters of public building rooftops;

3) a new scheme giving the option of a communal PV solution for small investors and for households who do not have access to a rooftop;

4) the extension of incentives for the purchase of solar water heaters and the installation of double glazing apertures and other measures of insulation and efficient use of energy

Link:

National Energy Policy

Government  Decree-Law No. 17/2009 establishing the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System Government 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 17/2009 de 14 de Janeiro

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and one Annex, establishes the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System and defines protecting new measures and implementing actions for the aforementioned System in view of an effective fire prevention and management of forests. It regulates necessary fire prevention, planning activities, zoning of vulnerable areas and provides an organizational framework for forestry planning at both national and local levels. It also regulates authorized fires and monitors activities. Sanctions and offences are prescribed within. Annex specifies requirements for fuel management.

Link:

Factsheet: National forest protection system

Government  Decree-Law No. 179/2012 establishing measures to promote production and exploitation of forest biomass Government 2012 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 179/2012 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law amends article 3 of Decree-Law No. 5/2011, establishing measures to promote the production and exploitation of those forests destined to the supply of biomass centrals. Amendments specify extension of delays to present request of incentives.

Link:

Factsheet: Exploitation of forest biomass

Government  Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment Government 1999 PT

Language: English

Summary:

New budget provisions allow purchasers of renewable energy equipment, such as solar panels for residential use, to benefit from a reduced VAT of 5%. Investment costs in renewable end-use technology were deductible from the income tax with a limit to the deduction set at PTE 50 000 in 2000. Beginning in 1999, investors in equipment using solar energy are entitled to claim a depreciation rate of 25% (previously set at 7.14%).

Link:

Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment

Government  New Tariffs for Renewables Government 2001 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In 2001, the buy-back tariffs for renewables were increased (up to 25% for wind energy), in order to develop more electricity generation under the special regime for co-generation and renewables.

Link:

New Tariffs for Renewables

Government  Portugal feed-in tariff Government 2014 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In Portugal, electricity from renewable sources generated in existing installations is promoted through a feed-in tariff. Support to new installations can be provided through specific power granting tenders. The new remuneration regime for Small Production Units (UPP) will come into force in January 2015 and will be based on a bidding model in which producers offer discounts to a reference tariff.

In Portugal, the government has set a fund to finance research and projects on innovation and technological development in the field of renewable energy, as well as has started campaigns to raise awareness on RES issues. With regards to policies in the building sector, the obligation to use solar thermal collectors for heating water and other regulations on the certification of performance and durability of installations and components are in place. In addition, training programmes for installers of RES plants are already part of the education system. In Portugal, there are two support schemes for the use of renewable energy sources in the transport sector: a tax exemption to small producers (PPDs) and a biofuel quota to companies supplying fuels for consumption in the market.

Link:

Feed-in tariff (Tarifas feed-in)

Government departments Aragon  Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 Government departments Aragon 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The May 15, 2013, he appeared at the Crown Room of the Government of Aragon draft Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 . It is a document that reflects the indicative planning on energy for the coming years prepared by the Directorate General of Energy and Mines of the Department of Industry and Innovation, in close contact with the other comprising the regional government and the key industry players such as energy companies, technology centers, large consumers or project promoters. With this presentation, the plan, which is undergoing environmental assessment of plans and programs to the competent body of the Autonomous Community -INAGA-, starts the way of public information. The Directorate General of Energy and Mines in cooperation with the Directorate General for Citizen Participation, External Action and Cooperation start over June a specific participation process. Their goal is not only to account for the content of the Plan, but society is part of their preparation and setup or what is the same, get an energy plan for each and for all the Aragonese.

Link:

Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Government departments Aragon  Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon, for which actions on certification of energy efficiency of buildings are regulated and their record is created in the area of Aragon Government departments Aragon 2014 ES

Language: Spanish

Summary:

RD 46/2014 , of April 1, the Government of Aragon, by which the proceedings are covered in certification of energy efficiency of buildings and their record is created, within the Community Autonoma de Aragon. Decree 46/2014 creates the Registry and technical certificates, specifying the procedures of registration certificates, instructions for displaying labels, as well as control and inspection certificates, among others.

 

Link:

Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon

Government of Aragón  Law 3/2014, of 29 May, amending Law 15/2006 of 28 December, amending Montes de Aragon Government of Aragón 2014 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 3/2014, de 29 de Mayo, de Montes

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Law 3/2014, of 29 May .The content of the reform of the Forest Act of Aragon is based on the need for certain aspects of environmental legislation are consistent with the structural reforms being made to reactivate the economy and employment, without losing sight of the management and sustainable use of forest resources. One of the goals being pursued is the simplification of administrative procedures in various procedures, eliminating ineffective intervention mechanisms, that even delay management by public administrations. The main changes the following stand out: He reviews the legal definition of “forests” and its scope is changed in certain cases; stopping at the characteristics required of abandoned agricultural land, forest land enclaves and those that can be ascribed to forestry to be included within the category of “mountains”. In Relation to the indivisibility of woodlots or mountain, will be indivisible when its surface is less than twenty hectares (previously exceeding ten hectares) He extended to fifteen years the validity of the project management and technical plans and the plans of management of forest resources, disappearing authorization process of harvesting of private forests to conform to the plan during that period.

Link:

Ley 3/2014, de 29 de mayo, por la que se modifica la Ley 15/2006, de 28 de diciembre, de Montes de Aragón

Government of Aragón  ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure Government of Aragón 2015 ES

Title (orig.): ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Language: Spanish

Summary:

ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure.

Link:

ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Government of Spain  Law 45/2007 of 13 December, for the sustainable development of rural areas Government of Spain 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Law 45/2007 for the sustainable development or rural areas, the basis of its own rural policy, as state policy, fully adapted to the economic, social and environmental conditions established particular the Spanish countryside, allowing complement the implementation of the instruments of European policies and convencional sectoral policies to ensure sustainable development of rural areas.

Link:

Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Government of Spain  Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October Government of Spain 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, which establishes a call for granting the specific remuneration system to new facilities for production of electricity from biomass in the peninsular and technology for wind power system.

Link:

Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg  Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2015 LU

Title (orig.): Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission

Language: English

Summary:

The Rural Development Programme (RDP) for Luxembourg was formally adopted by the European Commission on 1 July 2015, outlining the Grand Duchy’s priorities for using the EUR 368 million of public money that is available for the 7-year period 2014-2020 (EUR 100.6 million from the EU budget and EUR 267.4 million of national co-funding).

Luxembourg’s RDP puts particular emphasis on actions related to restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems.

Link:

Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission

Havlíčková, K. et al.  Analysis of the biomass potential in the Czech Republic The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG) 2010 CZ

Title (orig.): Analýza potenciálu biomasy v České republice

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication presents the outcomes of the MŽP SP/3G/24/07 project implemented by the The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG), (in original Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (VÚKOZ)). The book consists of eight chapters dealing mainly with determining the biomass potential of arable land and economy of energy from biomass There are 26 colored graphic attachments at the end of the publication, which display various map outputs describing the resource maps and the attachment. Potential of forest harvest residues by age levels is also indicated in this attachment.

Link:

Website of the project
Homepage of the institute

Höner, G.  Heating with hedge rows Forstmagazin Top Agrar Online 2017 DE

Title (orig.): Heizen mit Hecken

Language: German

Summary:

In der Ausgabe 2012/2012 des Forstmagazins Topagrar.com wird das Management der Wallheckenpflege durch den Heckenkoordinator im Münsterland beschrieben. Dabei werden die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Heckeneigentümer und Lohnunternehmer, die regionale Vermarktung der Hackschnitzel und der maschinelle Einsatz im Kreis Steinfurt genauer betrachtet.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Onlineartikel Heizen mit Hecken

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE) IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 1974 ES

Title (orig.): El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy, IDAE, is a part of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism agency, through the Ministry of Energy, which oversees organically. Contribute to achieving the objectives that have acquired our country in terms of improving energy efficiency, renewable energy and other low carbon technologies is the strategic framework of their activity. In this sense, the IDAE conducts dissemination and training, technical support, development of specific programs and funding technological innovation projects and replicable character. Also, the Institute is leading an intense international activity within the framework of various European programs and cooperation with third countries.

Link:

El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  Renewable Energy Plan 2011-2020 IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The government temporarily suspended bonuses for new installations of special regime. Given the economic crisis and the situation of the electricity system, which draws a large and growing tariff deficit that threatens its sustainability, the Council of Ministers approved on 27th January 1 Royal Decree Law   to temporarily suspend proceedings renewable earmarking remuneration and suppress, also temporarily, economic incentives for new installations producing electricity from renewable energy sources, waste and cogeneration . The Renewable Energy Plan (PER) 2011-2020 has been approved by the Council of Ministers Agreement of 11 November 2011, establishing objectives in line with Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, and according to the terms of Royal Decree 661/2007, by which the activity of electricity production under the special regime and regulates Law 2/2011, of March 4, Sustainable Economy.

Link:

Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  Technical Guide thermal biomass installations in buildings IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 2009 ES

Title (orig.): Guía técnica: Instalaciones de biomasa térmica en edificios

Language: Spanish

Link:

Guía técnica: Instalaciones de biomasa térmica en edificios

IEA Biomass Agreement Task 33  IEA Biomass Agreement Task 33 Country Report Sweden 2015 IEA Biomass Agreement Task 33 2015 SWE

Title (orig.): IEA Biomass Agreement Task 33 Country Report Sweden 2015

Language: English

Link:

IEA Biomass Agreement Task 33 Country Report Sweden 2015 PDF

Igliński et. al.  Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 2014 PL

Title (orig.): Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

Language: English

Link:

Development of biomass in polish energy sector: an overview

International Energy Agency  IEA Review: Energy Policies Denmark 2011 OECD/IEA 2011 DK

Title (orig.): IEA Review: Energy Policies Denmark 2011

Language: English

Link:

IEA Review: Energy Policies Denmark 2011

International Energy Agency  IEA Review: Energy Policies Estonia 2013 OECD/IEA 2013 EST

Title (orig.): IEA Review: Energy Policies Estonia 2013

Language: English

Link:

IEA Review: Energy Policies Estonia 2013

Kaltschmitt et. al.  Overall economic assessment of energy production from biomass taking into account external and macroeconomic effects Bundesministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten; Federal Ministry of Food, Agricutlure and Forestry 2000 DE

Title (orig.): Gesamtwirtschaftliche Bewertungder Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse unter Berücksichtigung externer und makroökonomischer Effekte

Language: German

Summary:

The aim of this study was to determine the advantages and disadvantages of increased energy generation from biomass in Germany from a business and economic point of view. As a result of the investigation, conclusions were reached about the marginal and basic conditions that make energy supply from biogenic solid and liquid fuels most cost-effective for the operator and for the economy as a whole.

(LCMW) Relevance: Economic aspect of LCMW biomass utilisation

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Funda, Karsten; Lootsma, Auke; Hofmann, Hubertus  Costs and benefits of an optimized bowaste utilisation in regard to energy efficiency, climate- and resource protection Umweltbundesamt, German environmental protection agency 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Separately collected organic wastes in Germany are currently predominately composted and subsequently recycled for soil improvement and fertilization. Usage of the immanent energy potential of the organic wastes is just emerging. With special emphasis on organic wastes from households, parks and gardens as well as landscape management, the study analyses key questions on an improved material flow management.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management possibilities for LCMW material

Link:

Download on the homepage of the German environmental protection agency

Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas; Graven, Thomas; Bergs, Claus-Gerhard; Hermann, Tim  Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste - Suggestions for policy-makers at local authorities

Language: English, German

Summary:

In order to provide guidance in optimising bio-waste collection and use especially for local policy-makers, this booklet sets out the potential in bio-waste and the technical processes currently available for using the various categories of bio-waste. Furthermore, with the aid of a checklist local policy-makers can estimate whether optimising bio-waste recovery is practical in terms of increasing the amounts collected or the quantity of energy generated on site.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment, energetic and material utilisation, economic and ecologic aspects

Link:

Download of booklet on homepage of BMU

Attachment

Booklet ecologically sustainable recovery of bio-waste (6.56 MB)

KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation)  KfW Renewable Energies Program Standard KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation) 2014 DE

Title (orig.): KfW Renewable Energies Program Standard

Language: English

Link:

KfW Renewable Energies Program Standard

KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation)  Loan (KfW Financing Initiative Energiewende) KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation) 2014 DE

Title (orig.): Loan (KfW Financing Initiative Energiewende)

Link:

Loan (KfW Financing Initiative Energiewende)

KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation)  KfW-Program Energy-Efficient Rehabilitation (Energieeffizient Sanieren) KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation) 2009 DE

Title (orig.): KfW-Program Energy-Efficient Rehabilitation (Energieeffizient Sanieren)

Language: English

Link:

KfW-Program Energy-Efficient Rehabilitation (Energieeffizient Sanieren)

KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation)  Market Incentive Programme KfW (Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau = Reconstruction Loan Corporation) 2012 DE

Title (orig.): Marktanreizprogramm

Kirsten Graulich  Energy Transition - Do it yourself Tagesspiegel Potsdamer Neueste Nachrichten 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Energiewende selber Machen

Language: DE

Summary:

The German regions Teltow, Kleinmachnow and Stahnsdorf lack sufficient biomass for a biomass facility. But now there is the idea of using leaf-fall for energy production. The local citizens should take part on this project.

Link:

Energiewende selber Machen

L. Leible, S. Kälber, G. Kappler, H. Oechsner und M. Mönch-Tegeder  Biogas from Landscape Management grass KIT Scientific Publishing 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Biogas aus Landschaftspflegegrass

Language: German

Summary:

In order use landscape maintenance material (LCMW) in biogas plants process relevant constraints need to be addressed first, e.g. by pre-conditioning the material. The objective of this study is to analyse and evaluate  LCMW as substrate for biogas plants from a process- technological and economical perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grass from Landscape management

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (1.79 MB)

La Voz de Galicia  Recycling and biomass plant to use biomass from roadside cleaning La Voz de Galicia.es 2007 ES

Title (orig.): Sugieren una planta de reciclaje y aprovechamiento de biomasa para residuos de cunetas

Language: ES

Summary:

Pontevedra could carry out a project to use biomass from roadsides for energy purposes if the initiative proposed by the Workers’ Commissions succeed. The trade Union asked the Council, to which are attributable 2,200 km of roads, to launch the initiative.

The plant would produce energy and fertilizers or both at the same time. It would also treat the biomass residues from different centres and farms of the provincial agency. Additionally it would process the residues from the forest cleaning, agriculture and vineyards.

The residues from the roadside cleaning are many times abandoned in site and therefore become a dangerous fuel in case a fire starts.

Link:

Sugieren una planta de reciclaje y aprovechamiento de biomasa para residuos de cunetas

Madlener R., Vögtl S.  Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel CEPE Working Paper 2006 CH

Title (orig.): Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

Language: EN

Summary:

The municipal utilities of Basel (IWB) are in the process of building a 30 MW wood-fired CHP plant in the city of Basel, a project idea that was initially propelled by visionaries from the forest sector. The plant is attractive both politically and from a business perspective, as several goals related to the increased use of renewable energy can be achieved simultaneously. Moreover, significant woody biomass resources are awaiting further exploitation in the Basel region, which could help to improve markedly the cost effectiveness of forest maintenance. In this paper we study the history and some of the characteristics of the planned project from a socio-economic perspective.

(LCMW) Relevance: Socio-economic analysis of diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas.

Link:

Diffusion of bioenergy in urban areas: socio-economic analysis of the planned Swiss wood-fired cogeneration plant in Basel

Malta Resources Authority  Malta feed-in tariff Malta Resources Authority 2014 MT

Title (orig.): Malta feed-in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

In Malta, electricity generated by domestic PV installations is mainly supported through a feed-in tariff. Malta promotes solar water heating systems for domestic use through a subsidy scheme. Support for renewable energy sources used in transport is provided through tax relief. The Malta Resources Authority is proposing that the existing system of tax exemption on biofuels is partly replaced by a mandatory substitution obligation. When the new regulation enters into force, importers will be obliged to blend a specific percentage of biofuels into their product. Electricity generated by renewable energy plants must be given priority transmission. According to the regulations in place, new grid capacity will be offered through a tendering procedure where required. There is a registration scheme for RES installations and a training programme for installers in Malta.

Link:

Malta feed-in tariff

Milan Oravec & Marián Slamka  Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia foropa.eu 2013 SK

Title (orig.): Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia

Language: English

Link:

Regional Profile of the Biomass Sector in Slovakia

Minister Gospodarski  National action plan for renewable energy Minister Gospodarski 2010 PL

Title (orig.): Krajowy plan dzialania w zakresie energii ze źródel odnawialnych

Language: Polish

Summary:

The national action plan for energy from renewable sources, hereinafter referred to as the National Plan … is fulfilling the obligation under Art. 4 paragraphs. 1 Directive of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2009/28 / EC of 23 April 2009. On the promotion of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77 / EC and 2003/30 / EC. The national action plan for energy from renewable sources has been prepared by the schedule prepared by the European Commission (Commission Decision 2009/548 / EC of 30 June 2009. Establishing a template for the national action plans for energy from renewable sources under Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament and the Council).

Link:

Krajowy plan dzialania w zakresie energii ze źródel odnawialnych

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Forest Code Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 1979 FR

Title (orig.): Forest Code

Language: English

Summary:

The French forest code is a collection of regulations and legislation concerning the protection and management of forests in France, including public forests. Sustainable forest management ensures their biodiversity, productivity, regeneration capacity, vitality and their potential to fulfill, now and in the future, relevant economic, ecological and social functions, at local, national and international level without causing damage to other ecosystems.

Link:

Forest Code

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 1987 FR

Title (orig.): Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks

Language: English

Summary:

The law covers provisions relating to the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks. It consists of 53 articles divided into 2 parts, namely: Organisation of civil security, establishing the conditions for the preparation of safeguard measures and the implementation of means to deal with major risks and disasters, in order to protect people, property and the environment against accidents, disasters and catastrophes (I); Forest protection against fire and prevention of major risks, bearing dispositions on the right of citizens to information on the major risks to which they are subject to the control of urbanization, forest defense against the fire, the prevention of natural and technological risks (II). The Act amends various previous laws and, in particular, it adds three tracks to Act No. 65-498 of 29 June 1965 on the transport of chemicals by pipeline.

Link:

Law No. 87-565 on the organization of civil security, protection of forests against fire and the prevention of major risks

Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Rural development and marine fishing code Ministère de l'agriculture, de l'agroalimentarie et de la forêt - Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 2014 FR

Title (orig.): Rural development and marine fishing code

Language: English

Summary:

This code contains all legislation concerning the planning and sustainable development of rural areas and marine fishing. The code consists of 9 different parts: (1) furnishings and equipment for rural areas, (2) veterinary public health and plant protection, (3) agricultural exploitation, (4) land leases, (5) agricultural professional organizations, (6) production and markets, (7) social provisions, (8) Education, vocational training and agricultural development, and agricultural research and (9) Marine fisheries and marine aquaculture.

Link:

Rural development and marine fishing code

Ministère de l'écologie et du développement durable  Environmental Code Ministère de l'écologie et du développement durable 2014 FR

Title (orig.): Environmental Code

Language: English

Summary:

The Environmental Code combines the main legal and regulatory texts, which are applicable to “classified facilities”, waste, water and air. Classified facilities are those that may present a risk to the surrounding area, public health and safety, agriculture, the protection of nature and the environment and the conservation of sites, monuments and places of archaeological heritage. They fall within the scope of the nomenclature established by the relevant legislation. They are subject to an integrated permit regime, which is divided into the declaration regime (for lowest risk activities), the registration regime (for medium risk activities) or the authorisation regime (for highest risk activities).

Link:

Environmental Code

Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy  Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders Ministère de l’Ecologie, du Développement durable et de l´Energie – Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Language: English

Summary:

A promotional tariff may be awarded to the winners of tenders for the construction of renewable energy plants. The ministry responsible for energy invites tenders at irregular intervals to reach the target production of electricity from renewable sources, which is specified in the multi-annual investment plant (Programmation Pluriannuelle des Investissements PPI), (art. 8 Loi n°2000-108). The calls for tenders are published in the official gazette of the European Union. The actual payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan (art. 1 Décret n°2002-1434).

Link:

Act on the Modernisation and Development of Public Electricity Supply - Tenders

Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie  Energy Transition Act. Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie 2015 FR

Title (orig.): Energy Transition Act.

Summary:

In mid-2014 France has revealed a draft of its Energy Bill (likely to be adopted in 2015) establishing climate and renewable energy targets to be reached by 2030.

The split of the renewable energy target for 2030 follows NREAP model:

  • Overall target: 32% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption;
  • Heating and cooling: 38% of heat consumption met by renewable sources;
  • Electricity: 40% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
  • Transport: 15% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources.

In order to reach the above 2030 target France is planning to use mechanisms set by NREAP.

The Bill set a goal to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 40% (compared to 1990 baseline) and to reduce overall fossil fuel consumption 30% by 2030.

Also France is aiming at decreasing its reliance on nuclear energy power generation. The goal is to reduce the share of nuclear energy to 50% of electricity production by 2025, from around 75% in 2014.

Link:

Energy Transition Act.

Ministere de leconomie et des finances  Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment Ministere de leconomie et des finances 2002 FR

Title (orig.): Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment

Language: English

Summary:

Under the 2003 Finance Law, the reduced VAT rates applying to equipment for renewable energy production and use which is installed in primary or secondary residencies built for more than two years has been extended until 31 December 2003. The VAT rate is 5.5% in France and Corsica and 2.1% in Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion. The equipment must be bought from and installed by the same company. Reference Law n° 2002-1575 of 30 December 2002 – Finance Law for 2003

Link:

Extension of the Law on Reduced VAT for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment

Ministere de leconomie, des finances  District Heating Classification Ministere de leconomie, des finances 1999 FR

Title (orig.): District Heating Classification

Language: English

Summary:

A decree on 5 May 1999 introduced a simplified procedure for classifying district heating using renewable energy or cogeneration, allowing local authorities to obligate new buildings in specified zones to be connected to the district heating grid.

Link:

District Heating Classification

Ministerstvo hospodárstva a výstavby SR  National Action Plan for energy from renewable sources Ministerstvo hospodárstva a výstavby SR 2010 SK

Title (orig.): Národný akčný plán pre energiu z obnoviteľných zdrojov

Language: Slovak

Summary:

The National Action Plan for renewable energy deals and describes the steps of the national policy of Slovakia in relation to renewable resources. It describes the expected energy consumption from 2010 to 2020, also deals with targets and trajectories in the field of renewable energy. There is described an overall national target in the renewable resources and how to achieve it. The document also deals with the preparation of a national action plan for renewable energy and continuing in its implementation.

Link:

Národný akčný plán pre energiu z obnoviteľných zdrojov (PDF)

Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain  Royal Decree 1027/2007, of 20 July, approving the Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings approved Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1027/2007, de 20 de julio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de Instalaciones Térmicas en los Edificios

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The new Regulation of Thermal Installations in Buildings, hereinafter RITE,approved in Royal Decree 1027/2007 and published in the Official Gazette of August 29, 2007, is the basic regulatory framework that establishes the requirements for energy efficiency and security to be met by thermal installations in buildings designed to meet the demand for welfare and health of people, during the design and sizing, implementation, maintenance and use, and to determine the procedures to demonstrate compliance.

Link:

Real Decreto 1027/2007, de 20 de julio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de Instalaciones Térmicas en los Edificios

Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain  Royal Decree 900/2015 of 9 October laying down the administrative and financial arrangements for supplying electric power consumption with consumption and production conditions, technical regulating Ministry for Industry, Energy, and Tourism-Spain 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 900/2015, de 9 de octubre, por el que se regulan las condiciones administrativas, técnicas y económicas de las modalidades de suministro de energía eléctrica con autoconsumo y de producción con autoconsumo

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 900/2015 of 9 October, the technical and economic conditions of the modes of supply of electric energy consumption and production with consumption are regulated, it proceeds to make a brief summary. Probably it can’t be expected immediately implement this decree, for the Autonomous Communities in the scope of its powers, must adapt and implement their own standards to facilitate its implementation. Let’s see if once and for all, regulate in favor of a rational application of minimum requirements to avoid discouraging demand for these savings and CO2 savings, especially for photovoltaic plants.

Link:

Real Decreto 900/2015, de 9 de octubre, por el que se regulan las condiciones administrativas, técnicas y económicas de las modalidades de suministro de energía eléctrica con autoconsumo y de producción con autoconsumo

Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain  Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, by which the activity of electricity production under the special regime (Valid until July 14, 2013) is regulated Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain 2007 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 661/2007, de 25 de Mayo, por el que se regula la actividad de producción de energía eléctrica en régimen especial

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, by which the activity of electricity production in the special regime, established under remuneration to apply to the special regime facilities (renewable and cogeneration), including photovoltaics. However, compensation under RD 661 only applies to photovoltaic systems with final registration in the Administrative Register of production facilities under the special regime before September 2008, so it is necessary to regulate the remuneration of the facilities that fall under the such registration after this date. In the following link you can find a summary of Royal Decree 1578/2008, of 26 September, remuneration for production of electricity using solar photovoltaic technology for installations after the deadline keeping the remuneration of Royal Decree 661/2007 of May 25, for the technology.

Link:

Real Decreto 661/2007, de 25 de mayo, por el que se regula la actividad de producción de energía eléctrica en régimen especial

Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain  Order ITC / 2877/2008, of October 9, establishing a mechanism to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport sets Ministry for Industry, Tourism and commerce-Government of Spain 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Orden ITC/2877/2008, de 9 de octubre, por la que se establece un mecanismo de fomento del uso de biocarburantes y otros combustibles renovables con fines de transporte

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Order ITC / 2877/2008, of October 9, establishing a mechanism to promote the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport sets

Link:

Orden ITC/2877/2008, de 9 de octubre, por la que se establece un mecanismo de fomento del uso de biocarburantes y otros combustibles renovables con fines de transporte

Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs  Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA) Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs 2000 MT

Title (orig.): Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA)

Language: English

Summary:

Article 4 of the MRA establishes the functions of the Authority and gives wide ranging responsibilities essentially involving regulation of practices, operations and activities in the energy, water and minerals Industrial enterprises exploiting resources such as oil exploration, quarry owners and abstractors of groundwater;sectors. This broadly can be considered to incorporate the regulation of: The national utilities and service providers for energy and water namely Enemalta Corporation and the Water Services Corporation and their subsidiary companies; Retailers and operators in the regulated sectors including: operators of petrol stations, gas and kerosene delivery entities, offshore bunkering companies, private operators of desalination plants and operators of road tankers; Tradesmen such as electricians.

The Authority is also responsible for oil exploration and climate change, as well as having the function to promote energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy.

and gives wide ranging responsibilities essentially involving regulation of practices, operations and activities in the energy, water and minerals Industrial enterprises exploiting resources such as oil exploration, quarry owners and abstractors of groundwater;sectors. This broadly can be considered to incorporate the regulation of: The national utilities and service providers for energy and water namely Enemalta Corporation and the Water Services Corporation and their subsidiary companies; Retailers and operators in the regulated sectors including: operators of petrol stations, gas and kerosene delivery entities, offshore bunkering companies, private operators of desalination plants and operators of road tankers; Tradesmen such as electricians. The Authority is also responsible for oil exploration and climate change, as well as having the function to promote energy efficiency and renewable sources of energy

Link:

Malta Resources Authority Act (MRA)

Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs  Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs 2004 MT

Title (orig.): Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES

Language: English

Summary:

In 2004, government appointed Green Leaders, one in each Line Ministry, in an initiative aimed towards meeting Government’s corporate responsibilities with regards to the environment. Government has also embarked on various information campaigns within the educational sector and the public sector.

The Green Leader system has driven each ministry, department and entity to take steps to reduce energy consumption and waste of resources. Energy audits have been carried out in all administrative buildings as well as in residential homes for the elderly and health centers and measures have been actuated to reduce energy. The Green Leaders have also led an educational campaign to eliminate waste, with stickers attached to light switches and above water taps to serve as a constant reminder against waste.

All these measures are intended to complement the government’s public environmental awareness campaign and propulsion towards sustainable lifestyles. Educational talks are organized within schools for awareness on alternative energies. Adverts and programmes are created for the promotion of alternative energy.

Link:

Information Campaigns on Energy Effiency and RES

Ministry for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure and Minister of Finance  Financial aid programme for energy savings and renewable energy in housing 2013 Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2013 LU

Title (orig.): Financial aid programme for energy savings and renewable energy in housing 2013

Language: English

Summary:

The regulation of 12 December 2012 sets up a new financial aid scheme called “PRIMe House”. The regulation went into force on 1 January 2013 superseding regulation in force between 2008 and 2012.

Scheme provides financial support in form of grants for projects aiming to improve energy savings and usage of renewable energy sources in the building sector. The scheme focus is on renovation and improvement of already existing households and enactment of new households with high energy efficiency indicators and substantial usage of renewable energy sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support improving energy savings and usage of renewable energy sources in the building sector

Link:

Financial aid programme for energy savings and renewable energy in housing 2013

Ministry od economic development  Ministerial Decree 06/07/2012 Ministry od economic development 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Ministeriale 06/07/2012

Language: Italian

Summary:

Defines how the incentives for the production of electricity from renewable sources,from 2013, promoting the implementation of determined types of systems.The Decree issued by the Minister of Economic Development on 6 Jul. 2012, in consultation with the Minister of Environment, Land and Sea Protection, implemented article 24 of Legislative Decree no. 28 of 3 Mar. 2011 on support for electricity generation by renewable power plants other than photovoltaic ones. The Decree gave, among others, indications about the management of Guarantees of Origin.

Link:

Decreto Ministeriale 06/07/2012

Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery  Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations

Language: English

Summary:

In February 2009, the French government launched a plan to improve the energy efficiency of agricultural exploitations. The plan will support the Grenelle de lEnvironment objective of having 30% of agricultural exploitations be low-energy consumption by 2013. As part of the plan six agreements have been signed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing and various public and private organisations (ADEME, GDF-Suez, EDF, the agriculture chamber APCA, Sofiprotéol, Cristal Union, federation of agricultural equipment users FNCUMA). The plan comprises eight streams: 1-Improved evaluation of energy use: The plan will enhance and improve data collection and analysis on agricultural energy use, including renewable energy production and use. 2-Implementing energy performance evaluations 3-Improving the energy efficiency of agricultural equipment 4-Improving the energy efficiency of agricultural production 5-Promoting the use of renewable energy: The plan will seek to promote the use of methane for energy production and support investment in other renewable energy equipment such as biomass heaters, hot-water heaters and driers, as well as solar PV systems. 6-Addressing special needs of overseas territories: The above activities are to be adapted for overseas territories and their crops, and will include renewable energy pilot projects and the promotion of sugar cane bagasse as an energy source. 7-Promoting research and innovation; this will involve a needs assessment, deployment activities and financial and technical support innovative activities. 8-Monitoring, reporting and communication on the plans activities, including designating responsibility and establishing the necessary institutions at both the national and regional level. Investments must be at a minimum EUR 2000 to be eligible for support. Qualifying energy-saving and renewable energy equipment qualify for investment support of 40%, to a maximum of EUR 40 000, or EUR 150 000 for a cooperative. Investment support goes up to 50% if the applicant has the status of Young Farmer. Examples of qualifying equipment include building insulation, milk pre-coolers, engine test stands, heat recovery equipment, solar water heaters, biomass heaters, heat exchangers and solar heaters. Engine test stands for tractors can benefit from investment support of up to 75%, to a maximum of EUR 250 000. For anaerobic digestion units, the maximum amount is EUR 500 000. For 2009, the plan has received funding of EUR 35 billion, of which EUR 30 billion have been allocated as part of the French governments economic stimulus plan.

Link:

Plan for the energy performance of agricultural exploitations

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland  Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland 1996 FIN

Title (orig.): Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Language: English

Summary:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry (1094/1996, amendments up to 112/2003 included) contains 9 chapters:

  • Chapter 1 – General provisions
  • Chapter 2 – Ensuring the sustainability of timber production
  • Chapter 3 – Support for maintaining the biological diversity in forests
  • Chapter 4 – Forest ecosystem management
  • Chapter 5 – Other promotion measures
  • Chapter 6 – Application, granting and payment as well as recovery and legal consequences
  • Chapter 7 – Steering and supervision
  • Chapter 8 – Miscellaneous provisions
  • Chapter 9 – Entry into force and transitional provisions

(LCMW) Relevance: Financial support on maintenance of forest biomass

Link:

Act on the Financing of Sustainable Forestry

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development  Subsidies for RES in agriculture Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 2011 RO

Title (orig.): Subsidies for RES in agriculture

Summary:

RES-H technologies may be supported by subsidies from the National Rural Development Programme for own consumption.However, there is currently no open call for Measure 123.Furthermore, the Romanian Environmental Fund provides subsidies to legal entities and natural persons for the installation of heating systems using renewable energy sources.However, there has been no call for applications since 2011, since the budget for 2012 has been used for financing projects on the waiting list from 2011. Due lacking funds, no new call for applications took place in 2013. The availability of budgets for a new call for applications in 2014 is still uncertain. However, the Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change announced that the subsidy programme should be continued and a new call for applications can be expected for the end of 2014 or latest for 2015.

Link:

Subsidy (Modernizarea exploatatiilor agricole – Masura 121)

Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Action Plan for Biomass in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 Ministry of Agriculture 2012 CZ

Title (orig.): Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020

Language: CS

Summary:

Biomass Action Plan in the Czech Republic for the period 2012-2020 presents an analysis of the biomass use in the Czech Republic for energy purposes, and proposes appropriate measures for sustainable agro-energy interconnections till the year 2020.

The material includes information on key areas of energy use of biomass, including the use of solid biomass for direct combustion to produce heat and electricity, biogas production and liquid biofuels and proposes appropriate measures for the sustainability of the biomass field by 2020.

Biomass Action Plan presents real potential of various types of biomass for efficient energy utilization.

The Biomass Action Plan is built on a previous similar document prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture for years 2009-2011, which indicated the possibility of biomass energy utilization.

Link:

Akční plan pro biomasu v ČR na období 2012–2020 (PDF)