A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic  Energy options of biomass use Ministry of Agriculture 2013 CZ

Title (orig.): Možnosti energetického využití biomasy

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication tries to indicate the possibility of biomass energy utilization, set up appropriate support mechanisms and the direction of development of technology for biomass utilization.

The booklet helps to zoom on the Biomass Action Plan 2012 – 2020 for citizens, to describe the potential of biomass, and discovers in detail the possibility of using biomass for wider public.

The publication is thus divided into three thematic sections, according to whom it is addressed, practical application of knowledge of Biomass Action Plan 2012-2020:

  • possibilities of cultivation and utilization of biomass energy in agriculture
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in the municipalities
  • possibilities of energy use of biomass in households.

Link:

Možnosti energetického využití biomasy (PDF)

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment  Royal Decree 1007/2015, of 6 November, by which regulates the acquisition, for the Carbon Fund for a Sustainable Economy, carbon credit Plan to Promote Environment in the sector of the company "PIMA Company" for reducing greenhouse gases at its facilities Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1007/2015, de 6 de noviembre, por el que se regula la adquisición, por el Fondo de Carbono para una Economía Sostenible, de créditos de carbono del Plan de Impulso al Medio Ambiente en el sector de la empresa "PIMA Empresa" para la reducción de gases de efecto invernadero en sus instalaciones

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 1007/2015, of 6 November, by which regulates the acquisition, for the Carbon Fund for a Sustainable Economy, carbon credit Plan to Promote Environment in the sector of the company “PIMA Company” for reducing greenhouse gases at its facilities.

Link:

Real Decreto 1007/2015, de 6 de noviembre, por el que se regula la adquisición, por el Fondo de Carbono para una Economía Sostenible, de créditos de carbono del Plan de Impulso al Medio Ambiente en el sector de la empresa "PIMA Empresa" para la reducción de gases de efecto invernadero en sus instalaciones

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry  Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry 2007 FR

Title (orig.): Decree No. 2007-951 on state subsidies granted for forest investment

Language: English

Summary:

The provisions of this Decree state that the State may grant the general budget to enable the achievement of the following: 1) afforestation, reforestation, regeneration and stand; 2) Work forest improvement; 3) The work of forest service; 4) The work of forest protection including restoration of mountain land, investment in prevention and defense against forest fires and coastal dune fixation operations; 5) cleaning, restoration and pest control in forest stands affected by exceptional natural phenomena; 6) The work of protection and restoration of biodiversity. Grants are awarded on the basis of an estimate and description, in accordance with the general rules on state subsidies for investment projects. However, the subsidy amounts for the transactions referred to in item 5 may be established on the basis of regional scales adopted by regional prefects, under the conditions laid down in Annex 1 to this Order.

Link:

Forest Subsidies
Feed-in tariff

Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP)  Decree Law No. 63/2004, of 22 March (Permanent Forest Fund (FFP) Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries (MADRP) 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 63/2004 de 22 de Março (Fundo Florestal Permanente (FFP))

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 6 articles, institutes the Permanent Forestry Fund, an autonomous body, created complementarily with the Institute for Financing and Supporting the Agriculture and Fisheries Development (IFADAP). It sets the objectives of the Fund, as, for instance: promoting the investment, management and prevention of forest fires; supporting the preventive measures of forest fires; creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry models. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be granted by the Fund. Finally, the Decree indicates the various possible aid foreseen (subsidies, credit lines, insurance premiums and guarantees) and the areas covered by the Fund. The decree is amended by Order No. 296/2013. Amended articles: 3-5 and 7-26 of the Regulation of the Permanent Forestry Fund (approved by Order No. 113/2011) deal with administrative and legal proceedings as well as competence, duties and responsibilities of the above mentioned Forestry Fund, aiming at creating financial mechanisms for enabling sustainable forestry sector. The Ministry for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries shall approve the programme of financial aid to be grated by the Fund.

Link:

Factsheet: Permanent forest fund

Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Service  Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Service 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions

Language: English

Summary:

Sustainable energy provisions. The 2009 Finance Law contains various provisions to increase support of renewable energy. Some of the primary measures are described below. Eco-loan: 0% loan for energy-efficient renovation (Art. 99) The Law also creates a zero-interest loan programme for major renovation activities. The aim is for energy savings to allow repayment of the loans capital. Activities that can be covered under the loan include: -Thermal insulation for roofs, exterior walls, and exterior glass surfaces; -Installation, regulation or replacement of heating or hot water systems; -Installation of heating or hot water systems using renewable energy. The loan amount is limited to EUR 30 000. Biofuels (Articles 16 and 17) The Law also includes some provisions targeting biofuels. Ethanol E85 is to benefit from progressively reduced consumption taxes; these are EUR 23.85 per hectolitre as of 1 January 2009, going down to EUR 20.69 as of 1 January 2010, and EUR 17.29 as of 1 January 2011. In addition, a new category of biofuel blend known as E10 is recognised, a low-lead fuel containing 10% ethanol and 22% ethers. It also provides for a consumption tax reduction on a variety of biofuels, ranging from EUR 15 to 21 in 2009, EUR 11 to 18 in 2011, and EUR 8 to 14 in 2012.

Link:

Finance Law 2009: Sustainable energy provisions

Ministry of Climate, Energy  Energy Strategy 2050 – from coal, oil and gas to green energy Danish Government 2011 DK

Title (orig.): Energy Strategy 2050 – from coal, oil and gas to green energy

Language: English

Link:

Energy Strategy 2050 – from coal, oil and gas to green energy

Ministry of Climate, Energy and Building  Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020 Danish Government 2012 DK

Title (orig.): Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020

Summary:

The Agreement establishes a framework for the policy on climate and energy up to 2020 and outlines the direction Denmark will take until 2050.

According to the Agreement in 2020 half of the electricity consumption will come from wind power, enabling a share of 35% renewable energy in gross energy consumption in 2020. Moreover, the energy consumption is to decrease by more than 12 % in 2020 compared to 2006.

Biogas expansion

  • the current funding of biogas for CHP is to be increased;
  • other opportunities for using biogas – in the natural gas grid, in industrial processes or in the transport sector – are to be made financially more attractive by introducing a series of new funding schemes;
  • capital installation subsidies are to be increased from 20% to 30%;
  • a task force is to be established. This task force is to support the specific projects and make recommendations for additional initiatives, if, in 2012-13, it is assessed that the expansion process is too slow.

Green heating measures:

  • converting from coal to biomass at large-scale power plants will be made more attractive by amending the Heating Supply Act;
  • the smaller open-field plants that are struggling in the wake of high heating prices will be allowed to produce cheap heating based on biomass;

DKK 35 million will be committed to promoting new renewable technologies, e.g. geothermal energy and large heat pumps.

Link:

Danish Energy Agreement for 2012-2020

Ministry of Climate, Energy and Building  The National Allocation Plan 2008-2012 (last available) Danish Government 2007 DK

Title (orig.): English courtesy translation of Denmark’s National Allocation Plan notified to the European Commission 7 March 2007

Language: English

Link:

English courtesy translation of Denmark’s National Allocation Plan notified to the European Commission 7 March 2007

Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism  Law on the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism 2003 CY

Title (orig.): Law on the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Language: English

Summary:

Grant scheme for the promotion of electricity generation using wind, solar thermal, photovoltaic systems and the utilization of biomass – The minimum selling price of electrical energy that will be produced by utilizing biomass-landfill and fed to the transmission / distribution grid is 117.9 -97.4 Eur/MWh for the first 20 years. The grant, paid from the Special Fund for RES will result from the difference between the total selling price and the purchase price of electricity from renewable sources, by the electricity distributor as it is periodically determined by CERA. Note that if the purchase price kWh from the supplier surpass total selling price, then the supplier will pay the excess amount to the Special Fund for RES and RUE.

Link:

Law on the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

Ministry of Commerce, Industry and tourism  National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Ministry of Commerce, Industry and tourism 2010 CY

Title (orig.): National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan – The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism in cooperation with all others competent bodies, considered various scenarios regarding development plans for projects implementing renewable energy sources technologies in the sectors of electricity, heating/cooling and transport and selected the best scenario for Cyprus. The selection was based on the following criteria:

  • the obligation of the Republic of Cyprus to achieve the targets set by Directive 2009/28/•C for both the share of energy from renewable sources in the final consumption of energy and the rate of renewable sources consumed in transport;
  • the domestic renewable energy potential per technology;
  • the cost, maturity, efficiency, potential, development and social acceptance of each technology;
  • the cost and most efficient utilisation of the Special Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Conservation Fund revenue;
  • safe network operation and the potential of each technology with respect to stocks.

Link:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development  Feed-in tariff and tax benefits Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Feed-in tariff and tax benefits

Language: English

Summary:

In France, electricity from renewable sources is promoted through a feed-in tariff and tax benefits. The generation of heat through renewable energy plants is promoted through several systems of energy subsidies, tax regulation mechanisms as well as through a zero percent-interest loan. The main support scheme for renewable energy sources used in transport is a quota system. Furthermore, biofuels are supported through fiscal regulation. The use of the grid for the transmission of electricity from renewable sources is subject to the general legislation on energy. There are no special provisions for electricity from renewable sources. The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations: There are 2 training programmes for RES-installers; 4 certification schemes for PV installations, solar thermal plants, wood-heating systems and heat pumps; one research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programme; a building obligation for the use of renewable heating and two support schemes for RES-H infrastructures. As far as heating and cooling is concerned, public distribution of heat in France is a competence of the local or regional authorities. In order to promote the use of renewable energies, territorial collectivities are entitled to classify heating networks located in their area, provided they are supplied with at least 50% of heat from renewable energy sources. New and renovated buildings located within a classified area are obliged to be connected to the heating network. The procedure of grid connection is at the same time also the procedure for grid development, since the construction of a plant must occur simultaneously with the construction (development) of the district heating grid. In France, public distribution of heat is a competence of the local or regional authorities.

Link:

Feed-in tariff and tax benefits

Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) France Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development 2010 FR

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) France

Language: English

Summary:

2020 renewable energy targets:

  • Overall target: 23% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption;
  • Heating and cooling: 33% of heat consumption met by renewable sources;
  • Electricity: 27% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
  • Transport: 10.5% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources.

In order to achieve above enlisted targets France runs following incentive schemes:

  • Modifications of administrative procedures in order to overcome administrative barriers to the deployment of renewable energies;
  • Tax reliefs (VAT,
  • Measures improving energy efficiency and energy savings in buildings;
  • Grants
  • Financial aid to research, development and deployment of renewable and energy efficiency technologies;

•Investments in railway infrastructure with purpose of energy savings

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) France

Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development  Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Biomass Ministry of Ecology, Energy and Sustainable Development 2009 (amended 2011) FR

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Biomass

Language: English

Summary:

A) The following feed-in tariffs were established under the Electricity Law of 2000. All sites benefiting from the mandatory buyback rates must be under 12 MW of nominal capacity: – Wind energy: production sites built after the law was published (November 2001) can sign a fifteen-year contract which guarantees a FF 0.55/kWh (0.0838) rate for the first five years for all sites. The tariff for the next ten years depends on wind conditions; plants working at full capacity for less than 2,000 hours continue to get EUR 0.0838, those at a full-capacity of 3,600 h/year receive 0.0541/kWh (tariffs in between are determined by a linear regression). These tariffs apply for the first 1,500 MW of nationally installed capacity, thereafter all tariffs decrease by 10% (only for new projects). These tariffs are applicable until December 2002, after they decrease by 3.3% annually to reflect technology learning. – Small hydro: production sites built after the publication of the law (or for the marginal production from retrofits increasing production by more than 10%) can sign a twenty-year contract which guarantees FF 0.40/kWh (0.0610) for sites with a capacity under 500 kW and FF 0.36/kWh (0.0549) for larger ones. An incentive for regularity of production of up to FF 0.10/kWh (0.0152) is available in winter (regularity and winter incentives can be separated). – Combustible waste: production sites built after the publication of the law are guaranteed rates of up to FF 0.299/kWh (0.0456) for medium-voltage connections and FF 0.274/kWh (0.0418) for high-voltage connections. – Solar (PV or any radiative technology): The rate is 0.305/kWh in the overseas departments and Corsica, and 0.0155/kWh on mainland France. It also provides a grant of 4.6/watt for direct grid-connected installations. – Biogas from landfills: production sites built after the publication of the law are guaranteed, in metropolitan France, rates up to 0.0572/kWh for small installations, up to 0.0450/kWh for large installations and linear interpolation for medium-sized installations. -Municipal solid waste (other than biogas): Rate of EUR 0.045 to EUR 0.05/kWh with a bonus for energy efficiency ranging from 0 to EUR 0.003/kWh. -Cogeneration: Rate of between EUR 0.061 and EUR 0.0915/kWh, according to the price of gas, running time and power. Feed-in tariffs for most technologies have been superseded by subsequent regulations, except for biogas from landfills, municipal solid waste and cogeneration. Tariffs for landfill biogas and municipal solid waste run 15 years, while those for cogeneration are 12 years.

B)  In 2002, feed-in tariffs were set for the following renewable energy sources, completing the list of tariffs provided for in the Electricity Law, which came into force in 2001. The tariffs have been set for 15 years, except for solar PV which is for 20 years. All sites benefiting from the mandatory buyback rates must be under 12 MW of nominal capacity: – Biomass (Arreté of 16 April 2002): EUR 0.049/kWh, plus bonus for efficiency of between 0 and EUR 0.12/kWh. – Methanisation (Arreté of 16 April 2002): EUR 0.046/kWh, plus bonus for efficiency of between 0 and EUR 0.12/kWh. – Geothermal (Arreté of 13 March 2002): EUR 0.0762/kWh, with a bonus for efficiency between 0 and EUR 0.003/kWh. – Animal waste (Arreté of 13 March 2002): EUR 0.045 to EUR 0.05/kWh, with a bonus for efficiency between 0 and EUR 0.003/kWh. – Solar photovoltaics (Arreté of 13 March 2002): A tariff of EUR 0.305 per kWh has been set in the overseas departments (DOM), in the islands of Saint Pierre et Miquelon and Corsica and of EUR 0.152 per kWh for mainland France. New tariffs have subsequently been set for most of these technologies (see related entry)

Link:

Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff: Biomass

Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development, National Planning and Development  National Strategy for Research and Development in the field of Energy (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development, National Planning and Development 2007 FR

Title (orig.): National Strategy for Research and Development in the field of Energy

Language: English

Summary:

The French National Strategy for Research and Development in the field of Energy is issued by the ministry in charge of energy (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development, National Planning and Development) and the ministry in charge of research (Ministry for Higher Education and Research) according to Article 10 of the Programme Law on the orientations of the energy policy of 13 July 2005. The Strategy aims to increase energy security, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change. It thus seeks to promote RD&D in technologies and energy sources that limit GHG emissions and/or increase energy efficiency. In the field of renewable energy, the Strategy emphasises RD&D in the following areas: ?Biomass, for electricity production, heating, and used as a fuel ?Photovoltaic energy ?A variety of other renewable energies, for whose development the criteria will be: the source?s energy potential, contribution to energy independence, environmental impact (including emissions and waste), the type of technological barriers, the presence and motivation of actors able to develop them.

Link:

National Strategy for Research and Development in the field of Energy

Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy  Zero percent interest loan for housing renovation Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy 2014 FR

Title (orig.): Zero percent interest loan for housing renovation

Language: English

Summary:

Full name of Instrument & Measure (English): Order of 30 March 2009 regarding the granting conditions of the zero percent-interest loan for the support of housing renovation aiming at improving the energetic performance of existing buildings
The zero percent-interest loan for housing renovation was introduced by the Finance Act of 2009 within the frame of the Environment Grenelle. It allows the financing of work aiming at improving the energy performance of the housing without paying a cash advance and without paying interests. One of the conditions in order to benefit from the loan is to carry out a bunch of works, consisting of at least two actions including the installation of a heating plant or of a sanitary hot water system using renewable energies (Art. 244 quater U, §2, CGI). Only one loan can be granted per housing unit. Moreover, the housing unit shall be a main residence built before 1990 (Art. 244 quater U, §1, CGI). For biomass plants the following are eligible: Wood fuelled heating plants, provided they comply with the requirements of the third rate (“classe 3”) as defined in the Annex II (Art. 7, Arrêté du 30 mars 2009). Wood-burning stoves, wood-fired hearths as well as fireplace inserts are also eligible, provided they have an energetic performance of at least 70% (Art. 7, Arrêté du 30 mars 2009).

Link:

Zero percent interest loan for housing renovation

Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Ministère de l'Environnement - Ministry of the Environment  Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy; Ministère de l'Environnement - Ministry of the Environment 2002 FR

Title (orig.): Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste

Language: English

Summary:

All information relating to waste under Title IV of Part V of the Environmental Code and its implementing regulations must be provided using the codes listed in the list contained in Annex II of this decree. Waste that exhibits one or more of the properties listed in Annex I of this decree is considered hazardous waste. These hazardous wastes are marked with an asterisk in the list in Annex II.

Link:

Decree No. 2002-540 on the classification of waste

Ministry of Economic Affairs  NL Green Deals Ministry of Economic Affairs 2011 NL

Title (orig.): NL Green Deals

Language: English

Summary:

Launched in 2011 in order to help Netherlands achieve its EU 2020 target – 14 % of total energy consumption.

The Green Deals programme seeks to promote and support domestic sustainability. Citizens, companies, local councils and other can propose projects to the government. The projects must address energy, raw materials, transport or water. The government does not provide grants for these projects but can offer seed capital and loans through an innovation fund, and supports projects in various other ways, including through tax breaks, sustainable public procurement and even changing the law to eliminate obstacles.

The aim of Green Deals is to support projects that will produce rapid results – the benefits should become clear within three years.

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on domestic sustainability

Link:

NL Green Deals

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communication  National Development Plan of the Energy Sector until 2020 Estonian Government 2009 EST

Title (orig.): National Development Plan of the Energy Sector until 2020

Language: English

Link:

National Development Plan of the Energy Sector until 2020

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications  Investment Support for the Production of Bio Energy Estonian Government 2012 EST

Title (orig.): Taastuvenergiaallikate laialdasem kasutamine energia tootmiseks

Language: English, Estonian

Summary:

Investment Support for the Production of Bio Energy – Through this measure, investments are available to support farmers in creating the necessary conditions for processing, production and consumption of energy from biomass.

(http://www.res-legal.eu/search-by-country/estonia/single/s/res-e/t/promotion/aid/subsidy-ii-investment-support-for-the-production-of-bio-energy/lastp/123/)

The investment supports for the use of bio energy by farmers are available:

  • for the growing of an energy culture,
  • for processing of biomass and for the production of heat, electricity and fuel from biomass (In case of investment for the production of energy from biomass, the energy must be consumed by the farmer for business or personal means),
  • support to the construction infrastructure necessary for the two abovementioned points (§ 5 par.1, 2 Investment Support for the Production of Bio Energy).

(http://www.res-legal.eu/search-by-country/estonia/single/s/res-e/t/promotion/aid/subsidy-ii-investment-support-for-the-production-of-bio-energy/lastp/123/)

Link:

Subsidy II (Investment Support for the Production of Bio Energy)

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance  Tax Code - VAT reduction Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance 2001 FR

Title (orig.): Tax Code - VAT reduction

Language: English

Summary:

In 2001, the tax credit was extended to include renewable energy sources. Accordingly, natural persons may deduct from income tax a certain percentage of investments in renewable energy plants. Art. 18 bis of Annex IV of the Code Général des Impôts lists all eligible plants and specifies technical and performance requirements. Further provisions regarding the implementation of the tax credit are laid down in Instruction fiscale 5 B-26-05 N° 147, Instruction fiscale 5 B-17-07 N° 88, Instruction fiscale 5 B-10-09 N° 38, Instruction fiscale 5 B-20-10 N° 77 and Instruction fiscale 5 B-22-09 N° 65. The crédit d’impôt for renewable energy plants will apply until the end of 2012 (art. 200 quater, Code Général des Impôts, referred to and specified in Instruction fiscale 5 B-22-09 N° 65). However, it is extended until 2015 for installations carried out in buildings completed since more than two years (Art. 200 quater, Code Général des Impôts).

Link:

Tax Code - VAT reduction

Ministry of Economic Development  Public call to tender for co-financing of district heating Ministry of Economic Development 2011 SI

Title (orig.): Public call to tender for co-financing of district heating

Language: Slovenian

Summary:

Public call to tender for co-financing of district heating using biomass for the period 2011 to 2015 (DOLB 3) – The call document defines the terms, conditions and amount of the subsidy scheme granted by the Ministry of Economic Development for co-financing the district heating systems that use biomass for the period from 2011 to 2014.

Link:

Uradni list Republike Slovenije

Ministry of Economic Development  Decree "Conto Thermal", DM 28/12/12 G.S.E. S.p.a. 2012 IT

Title (orig.): Conto Termico (DM 28/12/12)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the publication of DM 28/12/12, the SO-CALLED Decree “Conto Thermal”, it gives effect to the support system introduced by Legislative Decree 3 March 2011, n. 28 for the stimulation of interventions of small dimensions for increased energy efficiency, and for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources.The Manager of Energy Services – GSE S.p.A. It is the entity responsible for the implementation and management of the mechanism, including the provision of incentives to the beneficiaries. The incentive mechanism is aimed at two types of subjects :

  • Public administrations
  • Private entities , considered as physical persons , condominiums and owners of business income or income from farming

For access to the mechanism , the beneficiary of the incentive is called ” Responsible Party ” is the person who incurred the expenses for the implementation of interventions. The responsible entity may operate through a delegated person for submitting the request for incentive (so-called ” card – demand ” ) and management of contractual relations with the GSE. Are eligible for incentives provided by the DM 12/28/12 the following two categories of actions:

A) interventions to increase energy efficiency

B) interventions of small dimensions relative to installations for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources and high efficiency systems

The government may require the incentive for both categories of interventions (category A and category B).Private individuals are eligible for incentives only for interventions related to small plants for the production of thermal energy from renewable sources and efficient systems (category B). Interventions access to incentives Income Thermal relation to the amount in excess of that required for compliance with the requirements for the integration of renewable sources in new buildings and existing buildings undergoing major renovation, provided by Legislative Decree no. 28/11 and required to the issuance of the building.Now in 2016 it is going to be approved the new the new Conto Thermal: allowed more intervention and introduced simplifications.New types of work allowed , from home automation lighting for processing into nearly zero energy buildings , more generous incentives and simpler procedures . These are the main new features of the new version of the Income Thermal second draft in circulation. New types of work allowed, from home automation lighting for processing into NZEB (nearly zero energy buildings), more generous incentives and simpler procedures. These are the main new features of the new version of the Income Thermal second draft in circulation (attached below), developed by the Ministry of Economic Development in the valley of the public consultation ended on 28 February and which will replace the MD 28 December 2012 .As in the current version, there are available 900 million euro per year, 700 to 200 individuals and businesses and for public authorities. In the latter also includes housing cooperatives.New interventions incentivized the new draft adds, always only for the government, three new measures:

  • transformation into “nearly zero energy buildings” (NZEB)
  • replacement of lighting systems with efficient devices
  • installation of technology management and automatic control of the heating and electrical systems in buildings (building automation), systems of thermoregulation and heat metering

Link:

Conto Termico (DM 28/12/12)
Ecco il nuovo Conto Termico: ammessi più interventi e introdotte semplificazioni

Ministry of Economic Development  Ministerial Decree 10/09/2010 Ministry of Economic Development 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Ministeriale 10/09/2010

Language: Italian

Summary:

National guideline for the authorization of plants powered by renewable sources.

Link:

Decreto Ministeriale 10/09/2010

Ministry of Economic Development  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Ministry of Economic Development 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Piano di Azione Nazionale per le energie rinnovabili (PAN)

Language: Italian

Summary:

The plan outlines the strategies identified for the development of renewable energy sources and draws the main lines of action for each area of intervention (Electricity, Heating – Cooling and Transport).the identifies measures – economic, not economic, support and international cooperation – necessary to achieve the objectives. It also provides for the adoption of certain cross-cutting measures, such as the streamlining of the authorization process, the development of electricity transmission and distribution, the introduction of the technical specifications for the installations, the installer certification, sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids and international cooperation measures.

Link:

Piano di Azione Nazionale per le energie rinnovabili (PAN)

Ministry of Economy  Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy and cogeneration (Règlement du 12 février 2008 et du 23 novembre 2012) Ministry of Economy 2014 LU

Title (orig.): Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy and cogeneration (Règlement du 12 février 2008 et du 23 novembre 2012)

Language: English

Summary:

The Act on production of electricity based on renewable energy sources establishes system of certificates guaranteeing renewable origin of the electricity produced. Certificates are necessary for the administration purposes and dealings between plant’s owner and network operator and other administrative purposes.

(LCMW) Relevance: System of certificates guaranteeing renewable origin of the electricity

Link:

Feed-in tariffs for renewable energy and cogeneration (Règlement du 12 février 2008 et du 23 novembre 2012)

Ministry of Economy  Energy Development Strategy 2014-2020 Latvian Government 2014 LV

Title (orig.): STRATĒĢISKAIS IETEKMES UZ VIDI NOVĒRTĒJUMS Enerģētikas attīstības pamatnostādnēm 2014.- 2020.gadam

Language: Latvian

Link:

STRATĒĢISKAIS IETEKMES UZ VIDI NOVĒRTĒJUMS Enerģētikas attīstības pamatnostādnēm 2014.- 2020.gadam

Ministry of Economy  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Ministry of Economy 2013 HR

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

In the Biomass supply table (2006):  in biomass from forestry sector, the landscape management residues (woody biomass from parks, gardens, tree rows, bushes) are included but unfortunately not quantified in potential. Same treatment in the Biomass from agriculture and fisheries sector for clippings form vines, olives, fruit trees.

Unused arable land:

The Agricultural Land Act (Official Gazette 39/13) stipulates that arable lands must be maintained suitable for agricultural production, which implied preventing its overgrowth with weeds or perennial vegetation, and reductions of its fertility. Furthermore, the Act prescribes the obligation for agricultural land owners and users to cultivate arable lands, with the use of the necessary agrotechnical measures, in a manner that does not diminish its value. The Act also prescribes the level of monetary fines for legal persons, responsible persons and natural persons in the case that arable lands are not maintained in a suitable state for agricultural production, and are not cultivated using the appropriate agrotechnical measures. As evident from the above, non-use of arable lands is not permitted in the Republic of Croatia.

For the implementation of tasks to protect, use, disposal of, trade and consolidate agricultural lands, in 2009 the Government of the Republic of Croatia established the Agency for Agricultural Lands. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Act, unused arable land (defined as those lands that are not in function or are overgrown in perennial vegetation) under government ownership comprises an integral part of the Land Fund the Agency manages. The Agency may issue public calls to give these arable lands into lease or exchange them, exceptionally it may sell them and manage them for the purpose of consolidation. The decision to call a public tender is made by the Agency. Following public tenders implemented in the period from 2003 to 2011, a total of 53,966.87 ha of unused arable lands remain in state ownership, which has remained available and may be given for concession or multi-year lease.

Biogas:

The Energy Strategy of the Republic of Croatia has set the objective that agricultural production used in energy purposes in 2020 is equivalent to at least 20% of the total conditional cattle heads, thus producing about 2.6 PJ of energy from biogas or about 100 million m3 of biogas. The Republic of Croatia promotes the production and use of biogas for the purpose of rational energy use (substitution of fossil fuels with RES), the handling of waste from agricultural and food production, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and stimulating the development of agricultural holdings.

The produced biogas is most often used as a fuel in cogeneration plants for the production of electricity and thermal energy. In the system of eligible electricity producers, with which HROTE has concluded an agreement on electricity purchase, a total of nine biogas-fuelled plants have been connected to the electricity network, with a total installed capacity of 8.135 MW. HROTE has concluded electricity purchase agreements with four project leaders whose plants are yet to become operational, with a total installed capacity of 3.299 MW (status as at 30 September 2013). All produced electricity, reduced by own consumption, is delivered to the electricity distribution system, with the application of incentive prices in line with the Tariff system for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources and cogeneration (Official Gazette 63/12). A part of the produced heat is used through own consumption for maintaining technological processes of anaerobic degradation, while the remainder may be sold (e.g. for heating greenhouses for the growing of vegetables, heating/cooling of rooms or other useful purposes). Producers have not yet achieved the right to the incentive price for the production of thermal energy using biogas as a fuel.

With the applied technology of anaerobic decomposition, biodegradable organic waste is used as a raw material for the production of electricity and thermal energy, and high quality organic fertiliser. Plans are in place to implement technology that would purify biogas to the quality of natural gas (biomethane) and its compression into the distribution network of natural gas, and the use of compressed biomethane in transport.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Ministry of Economy  Quota system / Green certificates Ministry of Economy 2008 RO

Title (orig.): Quota system / Green certificates

Language: English

Summary:

Quota system: In Romania, the main means of promotion is a quota system based on quota obligations, tradable certificates, and minimum and maximum prices. Electricity suppliers and producers are obliged to present a certain number (or quota) of green certificates (art. 8 par. 1 Law No. 220/2008 as referred to in art. 1 par. 11 Emergency Ordinance No. 88/2011). These tradable certificates are allocated to the producers of electricity from renewable sources (art. 6, 10 Law no. 220/2008 as referred to in art. 1 par. 9, 12 Emergency Ordinance No. 88/2011).

Link:

Quota system / Green certificates

Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade  National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade, European Comission 2010 LU

Title (orig.): National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

(LCMW) Relevance: Renewable energy targets

Link:

LU National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade, Department of Energy  Grants for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2010 LU

Title (orig.): Grants for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments

Language: English

Summary:

This law allows for grants to companies in the industrial, commercial and handcraft sector having a commercial establishment permit. Under this regulation, the Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade provides subsidies for energy-saving, and renewable energy investments.

These subsidies are offered for measures taken that improove energy efficiency of industrial processes, for the use of renewable energy sources or for combined heat and power (CHP) production based on renewable energy sources. The assessment is made by comparing the planned investments to a counterfctual scenario.

Grants cover up to 40% of eligible costs. Small and medium sized enterprises are eligible for grants that cover up to an additional 10% of eligible costs.

(LCMW) Relevance: Subsidies for energy-saving, and renewable energy investments

Link:

Grants for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments

Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade, Department of Energy  Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2010 (last amended 2014) LU

Title (orig.): Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity

Language: English

Summary:

The regulation establishes a clearing mechanism for the net costs resulting from the feed-in tariff system for the deployment of renewable energy instillations.

The compensation fund is managed by the Luxembourg Institute of Regulation (ILR), which sets the amount of the annual contribution based on the market price of electricity produced by conventional methods. The revenues gathered through the mechanism are distributed to the end electricity consumers in order to decrease electricity bills costs.

(LCMW) Relevance: Feed-in tariff system for the deployment of renewable energy instillations

Link:

Compensation mechanism for renewable electricity

Ministry of Economy and Innovatoin (MEI)  Resolution of the Council of Ministries - 63/2003 Ministry of Economy and Innovatoin (MEI) 2003 PT

Language: English

Summary:

Promotion of national competitiveness : the main focus is the liberalisation of the electricity market and to decrease energy intensity. In early 2007, the renewable energy targets were reviewed and made more ambitious: -The target rate of electricity produced from renewable energy sources by 2010 was set higher, going from its initial figure of 39% to 45%. – The percentage of biofuels as part of road-transport fuel was set at 10% by 2010, up from the previous target of 5.75%. – 5% to 10% of coal used in Sines and Pego power plants is to be prelaced by biomass or waste by 2010.

Link:

Resolution of the Council of Ministries - 63/2003

Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism 2010 BG

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

Bulgaria 2020 renewable energy targets:

  • Overall target: 16% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumptions;
  • Heating and Cooling: 24% of heat consumption met by renewable energy sources;
  • Electricity: 21% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources;
  • Transport: 8% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources;
  • Measures to promote the use of energy from renewable energy source that will facilitate achievement of above enlisted targets:
  • Feed-in tariff system
  • Obligatory connection of RES plant to the network;
  • Long-term power purchase agreements (25 years for electricity purchased from geothermal and solar plants, 15 years from hydropower plants up to 10MW and from any other type of renewable plant);
  • Obligatory purchase of the electricity from renewable energy producers;
  • Guarantees of origin;
  • Compulsory blending of biofuels;
  • Zero rate of excise duty for pure biofuels;
  • Short and long-term programmes aiming at development of renewables.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland  Finnish Bioeconomy strategy Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland 2014 FIN

Title (orig.): Finnish Bioeconomy strategy

Language: English

Summary:

The Finnish Bioeconomy Strategy is based on smart exploitation of biomass, but strongly based on the traditional forest industry. No direct reference to landscape material, but goal 4 of the strategy is the accessibility of biomass in which the diversity of origin from within Finland should be secured.

Link:

Finnish Bioeconomy strategy PDF

Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland  Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland 2014 FIN

Title (orig.): Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015

Language: English

Link:

Energy and Climate Roadmap 2015 PDF

Ministry of Energy  Feed-in Tariffs for Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources (3rd quarter of 2015) Lithuanian Government 2015 LT

Title (orig.): Feed-in Tariffs for Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources (3rd quarter of 2015)

Language: English

Link:

Feed-in Tariffs for Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources (3rd quarter of 2015)

Ministry of Energy  Law on Energy from Renewable Sources Lithuanian Government 2011 LT

Title (orig.): Law on Energy from Renewable Sources

Language: English

Link:

Law on Energy from Renewable Sources

Ministry of Energy  Purchase of heat produced from RES (Support scheme) Lithuanian Government 2011 LT

Title (orig.): Purchase of heat produced from RES (Support scheme)

Language: English

Summary:

The production of heat and the purchase of heat produced from renewable sources are public service obligations. The state promotes the purchase of heat produced from all renewable energy sources. Utilities have a priority purchase obligation for renewable heat generated by independent producers. Heat suppliers are obliged to purchase all RES heat generated by independent heat producers that is cheaper than the heat produced by the heat supplier himself and which satisfies quality, supply security and environmental requirements. This obligation does not apply where the supply of renewable heat generated by independent heat producers exceeds network capacity (Chapter IV Art. 25 Law on Energy from Renewable Sources; Chapter II Art. 4; Chapter IV Art. 10 Par. 1 Law on Heat Sector).

The procedure and the conditions for the purchase of heat from independent heat producers are defined by the National Control Commission for Prices and Energy (Chapter II Art. 4 Item 2, Chapter IV Art. 10 Item 1 Law on Heat Sector).

Link:

Purchase of heat produced from RES (Support scheme)

Ministry of Environment  Environment policy strategy 2009-2015 Latvian Government 2009 LV

Title (orig.): Environment policy strategy 2009-2015

Language: English

Summary:

The Environmental Policy Strategy 2009–2015 (hereinafter – the EPS) is a medium-term policy planning document reflecting the current situation, defining objectives of the environmental policy, problems to be solved, basic principles and policy results, as well as lines ofaction for the achievement of policy objectives. The EPS has been drafted by the Ministry of Environment. Consultations and discussions were held with industry experts during drafting of the EPS, as well as discussions on the draft EPS with participation of the general public took place on the Web portal www.politika.lv. The policy area covered by the EPS is environmental policy. The overall objective of the Environmental Policy Strategy is to form a basis for preservation and restoration of environmental quality, as well as for sustainable use of natural resources, while at the same time limiting the impact of hazardous environmental factors on human health. Considering that environment- and nature-related issues cover a very broad spectrum of problems, the EPS has been divided into five thematic sections – “AIR”, “WATER”, “LAND”, “NATURE” and “CLIMATE”.

Link:

Environment policy strategy 2009-2015

Ministry of Environment  10 regional Waste Management Plans Latvian Government 2007 LV

Title (orig.): Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Language: Latvian

Link:

Valsts un reģionālie atkritumu apsaimniekošanas plāni

Attachment

PDF (656.96 KB)

Ministry of Environment  Law on Environmental protection Latvian Government 2003 LV

Title (orig.): Law on Environmental protection

Language: English

Link:

Law on Environmental protection

Ministry of Environment  Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF) Lithuanian Government 2011 LT

Title (orig.): Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF)

Link:

Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF)

Ministry of Environment  Advice of the Directorate General for waste and pollution of 27/05/15 Ministry of Environment 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Language: Italian

Summary:

Clarification on the classification of pruning residues resulting from the activities LCMW.  The Note (prot. n. 0006038 / RIN MATTM( laying clarifications on the “Classification of prunings  from the maintenance of the green,” he reiterated definitively settled interpretation of the Environmental Code (Legislative Decree 152/2006): the green waste arising from maintenance and pruning urban green areas can be excluded from the regulation of waste and used to produce energy, if it is shown that the conditions required by Article 184 bis of Legislative Decree 152/2006 on the regulation of by-products.

Link:

Nota della Direzione Generale per I rifiuti e L’inquinamento 27/05/15

Ministry of Environment  Legislative Decree 152/2006 Ministry of Environment 2006 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152

Language: Italian

Summary:

Regulates the management of waste and remediation of contaminated sites, providing with measures that protect the environment and human health by preventing or reducing the adverse impacts of the generation and management of waste and by reducing overall impacts of resource use and improving the effectiveness. The Decree establishing the classification of by-product of biomass, causing the exclusion of their management in the context of waste.

Link:

Decreto Legislativo 3 aprile 2006, n. 152

Ministry of Environment and regional Development  National Waste management Plan 2013-2020 Latvian Government 2013 LV

Title (orig.): Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas valsts plāns 2013.-2020

Language: Latvian

Link:

Atkritumu apsaimniekošanas valsts plāns 2013.-2020.gadam

Attachment

PDF (656.96 KB)

Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs  Royal Decree 1274/2011, of 16 September approving the Strategic Plan of the natural heritage and biodiversity 2011-2017 is approved. Pursuant to Law 42/2007 of December 13th, the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Government 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 1274/2011, de 16 de Septiembre por el que se aprueba el Plan estratégico del patrimonio natural y de biodiversidad 2011-2017. En aplicación a la Ley 42/2007, de 13 de Diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de Biodiversidad

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Strategic Plan for Natural Heritage and Biodiversity 2011-2017 represents the fundamental element of development of the Law 42/2007 on Natural heritage and Biodiversity. His instrument, the new Spanish legislation establishes goals, objectives and actions to promote conservation, sustainable use and restoration of natural heritage and biodiversity for the period 2011-2017.

The Strategic Plan incorporates the commitments made by Spain in international and Community level biodiversity, in particular from the Strategic Plan of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity for the period 2011 2020 (approved by the Contracting Parties in October 2010) and the European Biodiversity Strategy (adopted in May 2011 by the European Commission and endorsed by the Council of Environment Ministers in June 2011).

Link:

Real Decreto 1274/2011, de 16 de septiembre, por el que se aprueba el Plan estratégico del patrimonio natural y de la biodiversidad 2011-2017, en aplicación de la Ley 42/2007, de 13 de diciembre, del Patrimonio Natural y de la Biodiversidad

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  National Renewable Energy Action Plan Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2010 GR

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

This political document  has been translated in institutional reform and policy measures that include:The establishment of a new Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC),The formal acknowledgment of the priority given to achieving the targets set by Directive 2009/28/EC and by international commitments of the country for theprotection of the environmentù; The recent adoption by Parliament of Law L3851/2010 which came into effect on 4th June 2010 and in which ambitious national targets for RES (namely 20% on final energy consumption, 2% above the mandatory level of 18%.

Link:

National Renewable Energy Action Plan

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  Law L3851/2010 - Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2010 GR

Title (orig.): Law L3851/2010 - Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change

Language: English

Summary:

Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to deal with  climate change and other regulations addressing issues under the authority  of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change.                 The Law distinguishes biogas from other biomass feedstocks

Link:

Law L3851/2010

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA) Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2006 GR

Title (orig.): Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Language: English

Summary:

Part of the Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA). Producers that own power plants can sell the electricity with regulated prices (feed-in tariff), differentiated on the basis of type of technology (biomass-biogas), plant size and type of fuel (biomass waste, organic fraction of MSW, sewage sludge, agricultural biomass)

Link:

Feed-in tariff from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change  National Energy Efficiency Action Plan Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change 2014 GR

Title (orig.): National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

This NEEAP takes stock of the progress achieved in improving energy efficiency through the  implementation of policies, measures, market mechanisms, and research and development activities. It is in this context that strategy which is to be implemented to achieve the national energy savings target by 2020, is being developed.

Link:

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan

Ministry of Finace  Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism) Latvian Government 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism)

Language: English

Link:

Law on the Value Added Tax (Tax regulation mechanism)

Ministry of Finance  Law on Excise Duties (Tax regulation mechanism) Latvian Government 2013 LV

Title (orig.): Law on Excise Duties (Tax regulation mechanism)

Language: English

Link:

Tax regulation mechanism (Law on Excise Duties)

Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment  Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax) Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 2012 NL

Title (orig.): Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax)

Language: English

Summary:

In the Netherlands, the consumption of electricity and natural gas is subject to the Act on the Environmental Protection Tax (art. 48 (1) in conjunction with art. 50 (1) WBM). A given consumer is exempt from this tax if the electricity consumed is electricity from renewable energy sources and was generated by the consumer himself (own consumption clause) (art. 64 (1) in conjunction with art. 50 (4), (5) WBM).

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on renewable energy sources

Link:

Tax regulation mechanisms I (Reduction of environmental protection tax)

Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment  Net-Metering Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment 2013 NL

Title (orig.): Net-Metering

Language: English

Summary:

Net-metering applies to clients who are at the same time producer of electricity, which are connected to the electricity grid through a connection with a throughput value smaller than or equal to 3*80A. Clients need to apply for an offer from the responsible grid operator for injecting electricity to the grid and are required to pay a grid use charge (art. 95(a) and (c) in conjunction with art. 31(c) Electricity Act). For small scale clients, energy taxes only apply to the net electricity consumption, defined as the difference between electricity obtained from and fed-in to the grid (art. 50 (1) and (2) WBM).

(LCMW) Relevance: Net-metering clients (producers of electricity)

Link:

Net-Metering

Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic  State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (2014 update) Ministry of Industry and Trade 2014 CZ

Title (orig.): Aktualizace státní energetické koncepce České republiky

Language: CS

Summary:

The document sets a strategic task for the development of Czech energy for another 25 years. The mission of National Energy Policy of the Czech Republic is to provide reliable, safe and environmentally friendly energy supply for the needs of the population and national economy, and also to ensure that the Czech Republic will have a steady supply of energy in case of crisis situations.

The main reason for the approval of the State Energy Policy is needed to clearly articulate priorities and strategic objectives of the state within the energy sector and provide stability to investors, citizens and government in today’s turbulent and dynamic period.

National Energy Concept identifies strategic priorities, which should contribute to the fulfillment of top targets.

Link:

State Energy Policy of the Czech Republic (PDF)
Aktualizace státní energetické koncepce České republiky (ZIP)

Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic  National Action Plan for Renewable Energy (2012 update) Ministry of Industry and Trade 2012 CZ

Title (orig.): Národní akční plán pro energii z obnovitelných zdrojů

Language: CS

Summary:

The National Action Plan for energy from renewable sources sets a national target for the share of energy from renewable sources by 2020 in electricity, heating, cooling and transport. The publication describes the set and projected trajectory of achieving the sets objectives.

Link:

Národní akční plán České republiky pro energii z obnovitelných zdrojů

Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment  Renewables for Government Buildings Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment 2001 NL

Title (orig.): Renewables for Government Buildings

Language: English

Summary:

Under Dutch implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, a scheme for joint purchasing of energy for government buildings is effective. The objective is to arrive at a climate neutral supply of energy for government structures by 2012. In the period 2002-2004, a mandate required that 50% of the consumption of electricity of all government buildings to be derived from renewable energy sources.

Under Dutch implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, a scheme for joint purchasing of energy for government buildings is effective. The objective is to arrive at a climate neutral supply of energy for government structures by 2012. In the period 2002-2004, a mandate required that 50% of the consumption of electricity of all government buildings to be derived from renewable energy sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from renewable energy sources

Link:

Renewables for Government Buildings

Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning  National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020 Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning 2015 SI

Title (orig.): National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020

Language: English

Summary:

The measures contained in the plan are divided by sector: households, the public sector, commerce and  transport. Most of the measures are already in place and being implemented, with the intermediate targets  having so far been met. Some of th e measures are new, chiefly those in the public sector, where there is a  requirement to meet an obligation to renovate 3% of the total floor area of central government buildings every year. There are also additional measures in the commercial sector: efficient energy consumption is becoming an ever more important factor in improving economic competitiveness. The plan include co-financing programme for the construction of district heating systems using wood biomass.

Link:

National energy efficiency action plan 2014 – 2020

Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning  Decree on Support for Electricity Generated from Renewable Energy Sources Ministry of infrastructure and spatial planning 2002 (last amended 2012) SI

Title (orig.): Uredba o podporah električni energiji, proizvedeni iz obnovljivih virov energije – neuradno prečiščeno besedilo NPB7, PisRS)

Language: English

Summary:

A decree law passed in 2002 paved the way for establishing prices and premiums for purchasing electricity from qualified producers. Qualified producers are those that produce electricity from renewable energy sources, or in facilities with higher than average efficiency for combined heat and power.

Under the scheme producers can choose to receive either fixed feed-in tariffs or premium feed-in tariffs from the network operators. A Purchase Agreement is concluded, valid for 10 years. According to the Law on Energy, the uniform annual prices and premiums are set at least once a year. Feed-in tariffs and premiums are differentiated in terms of both technology and size. In 2006, the size differentiation was removed for solar energy, and increased the tariff and premium for biomass. Producers can also choose to adhere to a double tariff system, whereby either the tariff or premium amount varies according to season and time of day. This system is advantageous to producers that can adapt their production.

As of January 2012, new rates for the feed-in premium allocated to renewable power producers on top of the electricity price for technologies have been adjusted. Premiums for all technologies and for plants smaller than 5 MW were increased, except for biomass and CHP. Tariffs for solar PV projects greater than 5 MW were reduced and increased for biomass and CHP. Due to a change in legislation (Off. Gazette, 43/2011) biogas plants connected to the grid after 1. 7. 2012 that use 40% or more of primary agricultural produce (e.g. corn) are not entitled to receive support. If they use less than 40% but more than 25%, then the variable part of the reference costs are set at 70 %.The variable part of feed in tariff in case of solid biomass shall be adjusted in line with changes to the prices of wood biomass (contained in the forecast published by the Energy Agency of the Republic of Slovenia).

Link:

Decree on Renewable Electricity support

Ministry of Middle Class and Ministry of Budget  Subsidies for companies for investing in renewable electricity generation II Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2005 LU

Title (orig.): Subsidy II (Régime d'aide à la protection de l'environnement et à l'utilisation rationnelle des ressources naturelles)

Language: English

Summary:

Companies investing in renewable electricity generation are eligible for investment grants.

Grants may cover up to 45% of the additional costs arising from the use of renewable energy as compared to non-renewable sources. The grant may increase by 20 percentage points for small enterprises and by 10 percentage points for medium-sized enterprises (Art. 8 Loi du 18 février 2010).

Applications shall be submitted to the Ministry of Economy before the investment is made (Art. 11 Loi du 18 février 2010). Art. 11 contains a list of the required documents. Subsidies are awarded by joint decision of the Ministries of Economy and Finance.

(LCMW) Relevance: Companies investing in renewable electricity generation including the biomass

Link:

Subsidy II (Régime d'aide à la protection de l'environnement et à l'utilisation rationnelle des ressources naturelles)

Ministry of the Economy  Framework Law concerning rational use of energy: Law of 5 August 1993 Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 1993 LU

Title (orig.): Framework Law concerning rational use of energy: Law of 5 August 1993

Language: English

Summary:

Framework Law concerning rational use of energy: Law of 5 August 1993 provides the legal basis for deployment and renewable energy usage in Luxembourg. The Law sets out energy savings and renewable energy objectives and measures.

The Law provides for research and demonstration activities on renewable energy sources and/or energy conservation to benefit from public assistance, particularly in the form of pilot projects. It establishes that electricity produced from small-scale renewable energy sources and cogeneration are to be connected to public networks, and that feed-in tariffs are to be established for these sources. It also provides the possibility for renewable energy or cogeneration obligations to be set, for buildings requiring large amounts of energy and those in industry.

The Law establishes mandatory energy use norms and standards for buildings. Building owners must undertake energy performance evaluation. They must also undertake energy-saving improvements in insulation, heating and cooling components, should heating needs exceed 600 kW, cooling needs exceed 300 kW or transformer capacity exceed 500 kW.

 

(LCMW) Relevance: Providing the possibility for renewable energy or cogeneration

Link:

Framework Law concerning rational use of energy: Law of 5 August 1993

Ministry of the Economy and Innovation (MEI)  Modified feed-in tariffs for renewables. Decree Law No. 225.2007 of 31 May 2007 Ministry of the Economy and Innovation (MEI) 2007 PT

Language: English

Summary:

Decree Law No. 225.2007 of 31 May 2007, revised the feed-in tariffs established by the previous Decree Law No. 33 A/2005. The Law covers a wide variety of renewable energy sources, and tariffs vary by source and by capacity. Different tariffs are provided for small (below 5 MW) and large (above 5MW) installations. Wind Below 5 MW: EUR 75/MWh; above 5 MW: EUR 74/MWh Hydro Below 5 MW: EUR 77/MWh; between 5 and 10 MW: EUR 75/MWh Photovoltaic Up to 5 kW: EUR 450/MWh 5 kW to 5 MW: EUR 317/MWh Above 5 MW: EUR 310/MWh micro-generation photovoltaic Under 5 kW: EUR 470/MWh Between 5 and 150 kW: EUR 355/MWh Bioenergy Biomass : EUR 104-109/MWh up to 5 MW; EUR 102-107/MWh above 5 MW (depending on source) Biogas from anaerobic digestion of waste biomass: EUR 117/MWh up to 5 MW; EUR115/MWh above 5 MW Landfill gas: EUR 104/MWh up to 5 MW; EUR 102/MWh above 5 MW Municipal Sold Waste (incineration): EUR 54/MWh up to 5 MW; EUR 53/MWh above 5 MW Waste-derived fuel (incineration): EUR 76/MWh up to 5 MW; EUR 74/MWh above 5 MW Wave power Demonstration wave power up to 4 MW: EUR 260/MWh Pre-commercial wave power from 5 MW up to 20 MW: EUR 191/MWh Commercial wave power above 5 MW: EUR 131/MWh for the first 100 MW; EUR 101/MWh for the subsequent 150 MW; EUR 76/MWh thereafter On 13 September 2007, the Portuguese government approved new incentives for the micro-generation of renewable electricity. This refers to electricity produced primarily for personal consumption, with any excess production available for distribution to third parties or the national grid, up to a limit of 150 kW. The revised rules set a micro-generation tariff of EUR 650 per megawatt hour (MW/h) for an initial five-year period, with payment via electricity bills. An electronic registration platform for micro-generation has been established to manage the new incentive programme, and a simplified licensing and registration procedure has been put in place.

Link:

Modified feed-in tariffs for renewables

Ministry of the Environment  CO2 Reduction Action Plan Ministry of the Environment 2006 LU

Title (orig.): CO2 Reduction Action Plan

Language: English

Summary:

The CO2 Reduction Action Plan was presented on 3 May 2006 by the Minister of Environment, introducing multi-sectoral measures targeting emissions reductions.

The measures elaborated in the Plan are to be tracked and progress measured regularly, while the plan is to evolve as necessary. Implementation and monitoring of the Plan is to be done through a taskforce, supervised by the Ministry of Environment, but which brings together various Ministries (Agriculture, Finance, Housing, Interior, Transport and Public Services).

(LCMW) Relevance: Supporting use of cogeneration and biomass

Link:

CO2 Reduction Action Plan

Ministry of the Environment  Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE) Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 1999 LU

Title (orig.): Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE)

Language: English

Summary:

The Fund for Environmental Protection (“Fonds pur la Protection de l’Environment (FPE)”) was established on 25th November 1999. The goals of the Fund are:

  • Prevention and fight with air pollutions, noise and climate change
  • Prevention and waste management
  • Protection of the environment and environmental heritage
  • Rehabilitation of waste disposal sites and their management
  • Rehabilitation of contaminated areas
  • Promotion of rational usage of energy and energy efficiency
  • Deployment of renewable energies

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of rational usage of energy and energy efficiency; Deployment of renewable energies

Link:

Fund for the Protection of the Environment (FPE)

Ministry of the Environment  National Plan for Sustainable Development (Luxembourg) Ministry of the Environment 1999 LU

Title (orig.): National Plan for Sustainable Development (Luxembourg)

Language: English

Summary:

In the context of the Rio Conference, the Luxembourgish Government approved in 1999 the National Plan for a Sustainable Development. The main objectives of the Plan are the search and the application of political, economic and social policies thus enhancing the sustainable development of the Luxembourgish economy and society, reducing the use of natural resources and preserving the quality of the environment.
The Plan aims at identifying the priority domains of intervention for a sustainable development, at formulating concrete objectives and at proposing actions and tools supporting its implementation and monitoring.

(LCMW) Relevance: Protection of natural and human environment as well as of natural resources

Link:

National Plan for Sustainable Development (Luxembourg)

Ministry of the Environment  Energy Tax Ministry of the Environment 1999 LU

Title (orig.): Energy Tax

Language: English

Summary:

The Energy tax was established by the National Plan on Suistainable Development from 1999. The tax was introduced in order to unify legislative framework in the energy sector to the measures outlined in the EU Directives 2003/55/EC and 2003/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council Concerning Common Rules for the Internal Market in Natural Gas and Electricity.

(LCMW) Relevance: Unification of the legislative framework in the energy sector

Link:

Energy Tax

Ministry of the Environment  Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2012 LU

Title (orig.): Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Language: Luxembourgish

Summary:

Act of 21 March 2012 on the management of waste and amending:

  • A law of 31 May 1999 on the establishment of a fund for environmental protection
  • The law of 25 March 2005 on the operation and financing of the action SuperDrecksKëscht
  • The law of 19 December 2008 a) on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators b) amending the amended Law of 17 June 1994 on the prevention and management of waste
  • The law of 24 May 2011 on services in the internal market

(LCMW) Relevance: Management of waste and amending

Link:

Loi du 21 mars 2012 relative à la gestion des déchets, et modifiant

Ministry of the Environment  Nature protection Law Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2015 LU

Title (orig.): Nature protection Law

Language: French

Link:

Protection De La Nature Et Des Ressources Naturelles

Ministry of the Environment and Minister of Treasury and Budget  Regulation establishing scheme promoting rational use of energy and development of renewable energy sources Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2001 LU

Title (orig.): Regulation establishing scheme promoting rational use of energy and development of renewable energy sources

Language: English

Summary:

This legislation provided incentives in form of financial grants for the installation of renewable systems.

Eligibility criteria:

  • Only private owners were eligible to benefit from the scheme when installing renewable energy installation
  • Two classes of grants depending on electricity generation capacity: 1) 1 kWp – 4 kWp, and 2) > 4 kWp – 50 kWp
  • Systems had to be installed within the private property of the owner
  • Off-grid and connected to the grid installations were eligible for the support

Grant characteristics:

  • One-time financial grant on installation costs
  • Max. EUR 4000 per kWp per beneficiary
  • Owners benefiting from this scheme could also benefit from the  VAT reduction

(LCMW) Relevance: Financial grants for the installation of renewable systems

Link:

Regulation establishing scheme promoting rational use of energy and development of renewable energy sources

Ministry of the Environment, Departement of Financial Aid  Subsidies for investments in renewable electricity generation Official newspaper the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2013 LU

Title (orig.): Subsidy I (Regime d'aides pour la promotion de l'utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie et la mise en valeur des énergies renouvelables)

Language: English

Summary:

Investments in renewable electricity generation are subsidised by the state, which awards investment grants up to a certain maximum. New support conditions were introduced from 1 January 2013 for investments made between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2016. According to the new regulation, only PV installations with a maximum capacity of up to 30 kWp are eligible for subsidy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Investments in renewable electricity generation

Link:

Subsidy I (Regime d'aides pour la promotion de l'utilisation rationnelle de l'énergie et la mise en valeur des énergies renouvelables)

Morgenroth, Andreas  The energy transition at the cemetery - production and use of renewable energies in cemetery open spaces Aeternitas e.V. - Verbraucherinitiative Bestattungskultur 2006 DE

Title (orig.): Die Energiewende auf dem Friedhof - Erzeugung und Nutzung regenerativer Energien auf Friedhofsfreiflächen

Language: DE

Summary:

Landscape architect Andreas Morgenroth describes the benefits and shows how to use renewable energy in cemeteries. He constitutes the framework of the energy transition and explains sustainability aspects of cemetery management, taking into account the special cemetery cultural concerns. On German cemeteries approximately 15,000 hectares are no longer needed for burials. The trend is towards small urn graves. Morgenroth explains several options of production and use of renewable energies and describes cemetery open spaces as predestined.

(LCMW) Relevance: Potential of landscape material from cemeteries for incineration and digestion.

Link:

Pressemitteilung: Friedhöfe könnten Energie erzeugen
Die Energiewende auf dem Friedhof (PDF)

Müller S., Steensen T., Büscher O., Jandewerth M.  Preparation of a biomass potential map BIS-Verlag, Oldenburg (EnviroInfo Conference 2014) 2014 DE

Title (orig.): Preparation of a biomass potential map

Language: EN

Summary:

Proceedings of the 28th EnviroInfo 2014 Conference, Oldenburg, Germany (September 10-12, 2014)

Normally, there are no reliable data sources that give information about the objects of interest like hedges and vegetation along streets, railways, rivers and field margins. There is a great demand for an inventory of these biomass sources which could be answered by applying remote sensing technology. To generate that kind of spatial information, satellite imagery is used in combination with area-wide available GIS and elevation data.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass potential map of hedges and vegetation along streets, railways, rivers and field margins.

Link:

Preparation of a biomass potential map (PDF)

Municipality of Salas  Interreg - Salas Interreg 2009 CZ

Title (orig.): Interreg - Salaš

Language: Czech

Summary:

The Interreg IIIA project was supported to use environmentally clean heating biomass – wood, along with the use of solar collectors for domestic hot water. The basic idea is to utilize local sources of wood (contract with Lesy Czech Republic) for heating houses also reducing emissions from transport. The result of the project is the creation of one job associated with the organization of harvesting, handling, record keeping and billing itself individual participants in the project.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of environmentally clean biomass for heating.

Link:

Interreg - Salas

National Agency for Housing  Decree of 2 April 2012 regarding the regulation of the fund for the support of the thermal renovation of private housings National Agency for Housing 2012 FR

Title (orig.): Decree of 2 April 2012 regarding the regulation of the fund for the support of the thermal renovation of private housings

Language: English

Summary:

The French government has introduced a national programme to support modest households in the thermal renovation of their buildings in order to decrease energy losses called “habiter mieux”. This subsidy is given in form of a lump sum, which can only be granted in addition to a subsidy of the National Agency for Housing, provided the renovation works improve the energetic performance of the housing unit by at least 25% (compared to the conventional energy consumption) (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). Moreover, the district where the housing unit is located shall be signatory of a local commitment agreement against fuel poverty (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). Biogas is eligible, as well as wood fuelled burners, heat-accumulation stoves, pellet stoves and wood-burning stoves are eligible under certain conditions regarding the capacity and output of the plant (Art. 41-44, Arrêté du 3 mai 2007) The subsidy amounts to € 1,600 per household. However the applicant may receive an additional support of the local authorities where the building is located, in which case the National Agency for Housing commits itself to increase the subsidy by the same amount up to € 500. The maximum amount of the subsidy allocated by the National Agency for Housing cannot exceed € 2,100 (Annex, Décret n° 2012-447). From 2013, the amount of the subsidy shall be revised on 1 January of each year.

Link:

Fund for thermal renovation of private housings
Feed-in tariff

National Government Decree  Legislative Decree 28/2011 - authorization procedures National Government Decree 2011 IT

Title (orig.): DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 3 marzo 2011 , n. 28

Language: Italian

Summary:

It defines a new system of incentives for biomass plants renewable, differentiated by size of theplant. With regard to biogas, the decree provides, among other things, that the incentive to take account of traceability and the origin of the raw material and that it’s finalized Also to promote the efficient use of waste and by-products.concerning the promotion of energy from renewable sources, the Decree includes in the definition of ‘biomass’ even’ the cuttings and prunings from the public and private green.

Link:

DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 3 marzo 2011 , n. 28

National Government Decree  Legislative Decree 307/2003 National Government Decree 2003 IT

Title (orig.): Decreto Ministeriale 307/2003

Language: Italian

Summary:

As part of the management of transactions in the Electricity Market, GME was also assigned with the task of organising venues for the trading of Green Certificates (art. 6, Ministerial Decree of 24 Oct. 2005) and of Energy Efficiency Certificates (articles 10, Ministerial Decrees of 20 Jul. 2004, as subsequently amended and supplemented by the Ministerial Decree of 21 Dec. 2007). Legislative Decree 387/03 (as subsequently amended and supplemented), implementing Directive 2001/77/EC on promotion of electricity generation from renewables in the internal electricity market, contains additional provisions on Green Certificates.

Link:

Il Piano di Azione Nazionale (PAN)

Netherlands Enterprise Agency  Tax regulation mechanisms II (Energy Investment Allowance, EIA scheme) Ministry of Economic Affairs 2014 NL

Title (orig.): Tax regulation mechanisms II (Energy Investment Allowance, EIA scheme)

Language: English

Summary:

This tax benefit enables entrepreneurs based in the Netherlands to write off investments in renewable energy plants against tax (art. 3.42 Wet IB 2001). The eligibility criteria are extensively described in the Energy List. The level of funding depends, among other things, on the source of energy and the type of plant used. Investments of less than 450 Euros are ineligible (art. 3.45 (1) (a) Wet IB 2001). Furthermore, a total of at least 2,300 € (and at most €116 million) must be invested in eligible projects within one year (art. 3.42 Wet IB 2001).

(LCMW) Relevance: Regulation of investments in renewable energy plants

Link:

Tax regulation mechanisms II (Energy Investment Allowance, EIA scheme)

Netherlands Enterprise Agency  Subsidies for nature protection and landscape maintenanace Ministry of Economic Affairs 2016 NL

Title (orig.): Subsidies for nature protection and landscape maintenanace

Language: Dutch

Summary:

In the Netherlands, the provinces are responsible for nature conservation. They act as a field director in rural areas and bring the parties together to provide the policy and the implementation of nature and landscape. The provinces also determine where they want to achieve the targets and allocation of resources for this purpose.

(LCMW) Relevance: Policy and the implementation of nature and landscape

Link:

Over het Subsidiestelsel

Norman Dandy  Climate change & street trees project Social Research Report The social and cultural values, and governance, of street trees "The Research Agency of the Forestry Commission" 2010 UK

Title (orig.): "Climate change & street trees project Social Research Report The social and cultural values, and governance, of street trees"

Language: English

Summary:

There are two main elements of the report – a review of the social and cultural values associated with street trees (Section 2) and a review of the governance affecting the presence and absence of street trees in the urban environment (Section 3). These relate to Milestone M1 of Work Package 5 within the Climate Change & Street Trees project plan. Funding for further work on this Work Package has been withdrawn.

(LCMW) Relevance: Maintanance of urban trees

Link:

Report online

Österreichischer Biomasseverband, Austrian Biomass Association  Wood heating for hotels and industry Österreichischer Biomasseverband, Austrian Biomass Association 2016 AT

Title (orig.): Holzwärme für Hotels und Gewerbe

Language: German

Summary:

This flyer presents best practice projects in which Austrian hotel companies – from small inns to luxury 5-star wellness hotels – have switched from oil to wood heating. It describes how the change took place, the motivation of the hotel operators and the economic effects of the measure.

Link:

Online Shop of the Austrian Biomass Association to download flyer

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Energy Act (Act No 458/2000 Coll., on business conditions and public administration in the energy sectors) Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic 2000 CZ

Title (orig.): Zákon č. 458/2000 Sb., o podmínkách podnikání a o výkonu státní správy v energetických odvětvích a o změně některých zákonů (energetický zákon)

Language: CS

Link:

Energy Act (English translation)
Energy Act (original)

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2001 CZ

Title (orig.): Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Waste Act (Act no. 185/2001 Coll.)

Parliament of the Czech Republic  Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.) Parliament of the Czech Republic 2005 CZ

Title (orig.): Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Language: English

Link:

Act on support for the use of renewable sources of energy ( Act No. 180/2005 Coll.)

Pat Howes, Judith Bates, Mike Landy, Susan O’Brien, AEA, Rhys Herbert, Oxford Economics and Robert Matthews and Geoff Hogan, Forest Research  UK and Global Bioenergy Resource - Final report AEA 2011 UK

Title (orig.): UK and Global Bioenergy Resource - Final report

Language: English

Summary:

This report examines potential biomass supply in the UK between 2010 and 2030, given current constraints and the potential to address some of these constraints. It examines the supply side issues only and does not consider constraints on the conversion and use of biomass. The analysis examined the situation to 2030, based on forward estimates of potential biomass supply and included three international development scenarios: business as usual; high investment; and low development. The resource estimated for 2030 is not available now in many cases; a significant proportion of the supply in 2030 would require considerable investment to become available.

(LCMW) Relevance: This report examines potential biomass supply in the UK.

Pehlken, Alexandra , et al.   Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015, 110, pp. 66–77 2015 DE

Title (orig.): Forming stakeholder alliances to unlock alternative and unused biomass potentials in bioenergy regions

Language: English

Summary:

The Story: Potential of alternative biomass types for energy recovery in two regions in the context of German renewable energy regulation (EEG) was addressed. Two selected regions were represented by two biogas plant operators interested in reducing the amount of maize as biogas substrate in their plants due to the new EEG regulation. In the Dornum region, the mayor, the water association, the biogas producer and citizens of Dornum came together to discuss and define the bioenergy solution for their region. During the discussion, it became clear, how advantageous it is to discuss the situation with the wide spectrum of actors and that there are benefits out of it for all the participants. Similar was the situation in the Ihausen region. Although there were some doubts of using some materials, the biogas plant operator made it clear based on his experience.

(LCMW) Relevance: Use of not dedicated cultures for biogas production

Link:

Online

Attachment

PDF (2.51 MB)

PHILIPPE, Roi des Belges  Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme PHILIPPE, Roi des Belges 2003 (last amended 2014) BE

Title (orig.): Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme

Language: English

Summary:

The Royal Decree on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources was adopted in July 2002 and came into force 1 July 2003. It addresses two fundamental issues: first, it sets the conditions for issuing green certificates by the federal regulator (CREG) for offshore wind energy production, and second, it states that the grid operator is obliged to buy green certificates issued anywhere in Belgium at minimum prices of:

  • EUR 107/MWh for offshore wind energy (for installations with a financial close before 1/5/2014) for energy produced by first installed capacity up to 216 MW for each concession, and EUR 90/MWh for additional capacity, and at minimum prices equal to LCOE – [reference price of electricity – correction factor] for installations with a financial close after 1/5/2014, with LCOE = 138 EUR/MWh;
  • EUR 20/MWh for ocean energy (namely wave and tidal).

Other obligations related to buying green certificates have been deleted by the Royal Decree of 21/12/2012. Only green certificates delivered to PV installations commissioned before 1/8/2012 can benefit from a minimum purchase price obligation of up to 150 EUR/MWh.

By virtue of a Royal Decree of 20 December 2000, last modified by the Royal Decree of 20 March 2014, the Minister for Energy from now on can deliver domanial concessions for the construction and the exploitation of installations of electricity production, generated from water, currents or winds, in the territorial sea and the exclusive economic zone of Belgium. The decree in question determinates precisely the zone where the installations may be set up. It also specifies the criteria of granting and the procedure by which the concessions are being issued.

The Programme law of July 2005 called for the mandatory contribution by national transmission service operators (TSO) of up to EUR 25 million worth of undersea cables for each concession. An imbalance costs regime for offshore wind production has been put in place by the Royal Decree of 30/3/2009. Imbalance refers to when the electricity producer produces too much or too little electricity, and must pay the difference to the Regulator. The new policy provides a 10% price reduction on the daily market price for the imbalance cost, for output gaps up to 30 %, or has to be compensated by the producer for imbalances above 30 %, based on the TSO’s tariff for the compensation of imbalances or according to the market conditions for imbalance energy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources

Link:

Quota System and Green Certificate Scheme

Pick, Daniel, Dieterich, Martin, Heintschel, Sebastian  Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste Sustainability 2012 CH

Title (orig.): Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Language: English

Summary:

Residual land currently not used for agricultural production has been considered a promising resource, but in terms of potentials, difficult to estimate for biomass for use in the energy sector. Biomass potentials associated with “green waste” from residual grasslands were assessed for Schwäbisch Hall County in the Federal State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Roadside edges, conservation grasslands subject to low intensity use (landscape maintenance sites), riparian stretches along ditches and streams, and municipal green spaces (public lawns, parks and sports fields) were the area types considered.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from municipal green spaces for biogas production

Link:

Sustainability | Free Full-Text | Biogas Production Potential from Economically Usable Green Waste

Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division  Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division 2001 MT

Title (orig.): Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division

Language: English

Summary:

The Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division (PPCD) was established to ensure the efficient absorption and management of European assistance, both EU and Bi-lateral through effective co-ordination across government departments, authorities, agencies and other stakeholders.

Among others, PPCD offers financial funds to Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency projects (public and private).

Link:

Planning and Priorities Co-ordination Division

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 178/2006 on waste management Portuguese Environmental Agency 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 178/2006

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree, composed of 81 articles divided in five titles, introduces in the national legal order the Directives no. 2006/12/EC on waste and Council and No. 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste. It defines the general system for waste management, including collection, transport, storage, disposal, treatment, valorization and elimination. Moreover, it rules on soil decontamination. Finally, the Decree-Law rules on licensing, registration and control procedures. Among the principles undergoing waste management is worth mentioning: self-sufficiency, management responsibility, prevention and reduction, hierarchy of waste management operations and citizens’ responsibility.

Link:

Factsheet: Waste management Decree

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 233/2004 ruling on greenhouse gas trading license system Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.o 233/2004

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, composed of 38 Articles and five Chapters, introduces into the national legal system the European Parliament and Council Directive No. 2003/87/CE ruling on greenhouse gas trading licenses within the European Community. In particular, the Decree-Law rules on competent bodies, trading licenses systems, national licenses plan, monitoring and information communication, controlling procedures, and penalties.

Link:

Factsheet: Greenhouse gas emission trading system

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 171/2009 creating the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation Portuguese Environmental Agency 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 171/2009 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 10 articles, creates the Fund for the Nature and Biodiversity Protection and Conservation. It establishes composition, duties and competencies of this institution, the aim of which is the conservation, management, research and a sustainable development of the Portuguese biodiversity. The objectives of this Fund are the following: support biodiversity, endangered species and nature conservation projects; promote research and projects contributing to the extension of the protected areas included into the RFCN, etc.

Link:

Factsheet: Fund for biodiversity protection

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Regional Legislative Decree No. 16/2005/A implementing Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances Portuguese Environmental Agency 2005 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto Legislativo Regional n. 16/2005/A de 20 de Julho Transpõe a Directiva n.o 286/278/CEE, do Conselho, de 12 de Junho, referente à utilização das lamas de depuração na agricultura

Language: English

Summary:

Regional Legislative Decree No. 16/2005/A implementing Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances included in List I of the Annex to Directive 76/464/EEC. This Decree, composed of 14 articles, introduces in the Azores Regional legal system the Council Directive 86/280/EEC on limit values and quality objectives for discharges of certain dangerous substances within agricultural activities. In particular, the Decree regulates discharges’ characteristics, soil requirements, protection areas, licensing procedures, information duties, control and monitoring procedures and the required reporting system.

Link:

Factsheet: Decree on discharge of dangerous substances in agriculture

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Decree-Law No. 351/2007 on air quality Portuguese Environmental Agency 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 140/99

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law is composed of eight articles and five annexes. It introduces in the national legal order Directive 2004/107/EC relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air. In particular, it rules on assessment of air concentrations and on related communication procedures. Annexes provide: standards and methods for concentration assessment; reference values of arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; quality objectives.

Link:

Factsheet: Decree on biodiversity protection

Portuguese Environmental Agency  Government Resolution No. 65/2006 on the National Plan for Forest Protection against fires PNDFCI Portuguese Environmental Agency 2007 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.º 351/2007

Language: English

Summary:

This Resolution is composed of one article and one Annex. It approves the National Plan for Forest Protection against fires PNDFCI. The Plan defines the general objectives, the main axes of intervention and the Plan’s continuous monitoring. Moreover, it provides Municipal Operative Plans (POM) and related monitoring indicators. The Plan also contains as appendix an historical perspective of forests in Portugal.

Link:

Factsheet: Air quality Decree

Presenters at the conference  Script of the conference "Biomass to Power and Heat" 1. - 2. 6. 2016 Zittau University of Zittau/Görlitz 2016 DE

Title (orig.): Tagungsband - Beiträge zum Fachkolloquium "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Language: German and English

Summary:

The script of the conference „Biomass to Power and Heat“ 2016 includes the summaries of the 15 expert presentations of this year´s event. The contributions focus on practical introduction, and scientific and economic support for decentralized supply approaches and power generation of wood-like biomass in cogeneration. Accordingly, the presentations cover topics as:

  • biomass from agroforestry
  • new technologies for producing and using pellets
  • spontaneous reactions when storing biomass
  • combined heat and power units with Stirling motor
  • regulation- and monitoring systems for pollution emissions
  • biogas production
  • biochar
  • syngas
  • regional energy markets
  • experiences with different combustibles.

The aims and work of the greenGain project were introduced as well and are summarised in the according chapter of the conference script.

(LCMW) Relevance: Technologies, experiences and new findings in the field of biomass firings. Aline Clalüna from COALS (Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen), partner of the greenGain project, had a presentation at the conference dedicated to the greenGain project (see p. 9 - 13).

Link:

Homepage on conference "Biomass to Power and Heat"

Attachment

Conference script "Biomass to Power and Heat" (22.01 MB)
Flyer with program of the conference (518.18 KB)

Regional Networks for the Development of a Sustainable Market for Bioenergy in Europe  Report: Biomass Action Plan for Salacgrīva Region in Latvia Bioregions. 2012 LT

Title (orig.): Report: Biomass Action Plan for Salacgrīva Region in Latvia

Language: English

Summary:

This document represents one of the five biomass action plans developed within BioRegions project. Action plans set framework for the promotion of renewable energy production and use in five European regions. The action plan for Salacgrīva region (Latvia) was developed by Ekodoma Ltd. in collaboration with Salacgrīva municipality and Salacgrīva Tourism information centre. The aim of the action plan is to create framework for the support of concrete biomass projects in the target region, as well as to develop a wider strategy for regional energy supply with maximum utilization of the regions’ biomass potential. The content of the action plan is following, in Chapter 2 a general description of the region is given, followed by a description of the biomass situation in Chapter 3 and then followed by SWOT analysis in Chapter 4. This is followed by determination of regional bioenergy targets in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 lists concrete actions that should be undertaken to reach these targets, including short to long term actions. Chapter 7 lists the possible impacts of the actions taken and ends with a proposal of monitoring and evaluation of the progress of the actions in the action plan.

(LCMW) Relevance: Creation of framework for the support of concrete biomass projects in the target region

Regional Waste Coordinator (Ireland)  Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021 Southern Region Waste Management 2015 IE

Title (orig.): Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021

Language: English

Summary:

10 local authorities in the Southern Region of Ireland have been set a number of key targets in relation to waste prevention activities under a new plan that was launched on the 14th May 2015 – Southern Region Waste Management Plan 2015-2021.

(LCMW) Relevance: Management plan on utilization of biomass waste

Link:

Southern Waste Region

Attachment

Rommeiß, Nikolas; Thrän, Daniela; Schlägl, Thomas; Daniel, Jaqueline; Scholwin, Frank  Energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service Bundesamt für Straßenwesen, Federal Office for Road Services 2007 DE

Title (orig.): Energetische Verwertung von Grünabfällen aus dem Straßenbetriebsdienst

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

Aim of the research project was to discuss and recommend possibilities of a sustainable economical and energetic utilisation of green wastes from the technical road service (grass cut, wood cut and grass scrapings from roadsides). Suitable utilisation concepts were developed, in consideration of the specific material flow as well as the technical, organisational, legal, ecological and political promotion framework.

(LCMW) Relevance: Roadside maintenance concept

Link:

Publication site of the Federal Office for Road Services

Rösch, Christine  Intercomparison of Approaches to Biowaste and Green Waste Utilization for Material and Energy Production with Particular Consideration of the Situation in Baden- Württemberg Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH 1996 DE

Title (orig.): Vergleich stofflicher und energetischer Wege zur Verwertung von Bio- und Grünabfällen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Verhältnisse in Baden-Württemberg

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

In this work helpful tools were developed for decision making in policy, administration and economy, starting from systems analytical comparison of different approaches of biowaste and green waste treatment with a view to material and energy production. The methods included in the comparison are composting in the backyard, on agricultural fields, in special plants treating only green waste or biowaste and green waste, biowaste treating in biofermentation plants as well as the utilization of green waste and crop residues as biofuel in biomass power plants.

Link:

Download on Homepage of the Karlsruher Institute for Technology

Rosenberg, Alexander  Assessment of energy wood potential from roadside maintenance in the county Rotenburg (Wümme) Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, Chamber of Agriculture Lower Saxony 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Einschätzung des Energieholzpotenzials aus Straßenbegleitgrün im Landkreis Rotenburg (Wümme)

Language: German

Summary:

This report describes the assessment of the biomass potential from roadside maintenance in the German county Rotenburg (Wümme) in the course of the EU INTERREG Baltic Sea Region project Bioenergy Promtion. The author describes the methodology of measuring hedge- and treerows along county roads and illustrates the estimation of vegetation type structures and maintenance urgency. Among other he also names options for efficient planing and implementation of the LCMW in this region.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass from roadside maintenance in the pilot region Rotenburg (Wümme)

Attachment

PDF Report Bioenergy Promotion (1.24 MB)