A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 363/2007 of 2 November - legal framework for renewable electricity generated by ‘microproduction units Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 363/2007 de 2 de Novembro

Language: English

Summary:

This decree-law establishes the legal framework for renewable energy generation by ‘microproduction units’. A microproduction unit is defined as an installation that uses a single production technology and a single-phase or three-phase load operating at low voltage and has a capacity of up to 5.75 kW (art. 3 DL 118-A/2010). It provides for a simplified licensing regime for local grid connected, low-voltage, small/residential renewable energy producers. Licensing is conducted through the internet, via the System of Registration of Microproducers (SRM), an electronic platform through which producers register their installations. Micro producers cannot inject more than 50 % of the power mentioned in the purchasing contract, except in the case of installations for condominiums. The tariffs are limited to 15 years, the maximum production may not exceed 4 MWh/year and the annual maximum capacity eligible for the tariff is 11 MW in 2013 (art 1 DL 118-A/2010). Currently the regime is being discussed by the government.

Link:

Factsheet: RE in microproduction units

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May - Feed-in tariff Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2013 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 189/88 de 27 de Maio - Tarifas feed-in

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-Law No. 189/1988 of 27 May – Feed-in tariff. In Portugal, the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. Decree-Law No. 189/88 regulates the generation of renewable electricity. DL 225/2007, DL 33A-2005 and DR 71/2007 amended the provisions on the feed-in tariff for electricity from renewable sources. The guaranteed feed-in tariff is the only promotion mechanism. The amount of incentive is dependent on the energy source. Using a coefficient Z (DL 339-C/2001) the FiT is varied according to the technology used. Currently the regime is being discussed by the government. For biogas (fermentation of municipal solid waste, sewage sludge, agricultural and food waste and landfill gas) the support in provided for 15 years, for biomass (forest and animal biomass) the support is provided for 25 years. In case of micro- or miniproduction a separate degree is in force, respectively 363/2007 and 34/2011.

Link:

Factsheet: Feed-in tariff

Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development  Decree-law 23/2010 of 25 March Directorate General for Energy and Geology at the Ministry of Economy, Innovation and Development 2010 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-lei 23/2010 de 25 de Março

Language: English

Summary:

Decree-law 23/2010 introduced the legal framework for cogeneration activities and a remunerative framework for operators. As such it implements the directive 2004/8/EC of February 11 of the European parliament and council on the promotion of cogeneration which amended directive 92/42/EEC of May 21. It aims to increase energy efficiency and security of supply by creating a framework for the promotion and development of high efficiency cogeneration of heat and electricity based on useful heat demand and primary energy savings in the internal energy market. This law regulates the activity of cogeneration, establishing its legal status and remuneration. The tariff is based on two modalities, according to the choice of cogeneration, accessible to efficient cogeneration and high efficiency cogeneration. Incentives are provided based on three criteria: reduction of primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions compared with the separate production of electric and thermal energy; cogeneration production that is efficient and uses renewable resources; and promoting the participation of cogeneration in the electricity market. At least 50% of primary energy consumed must come from renewable resources.

Link:

Factsheet: Cogeneration

Directorate General for Energy and Raw Materials (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning)  Livret de Developpement Durable Directorate General for Energy and Raw Materials (Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Planning) 2007 FR

Title (orig.): Livret de Developpement Durable

Language: English

Summary:

Preferential loans for energy saving measures. On 5 October 2006, the French Government announced the creation of a EUR 10 billion fund for the funding of domestic energy conservation projects with low-interest loans. Available from 1 January 2007, the low-interest loans are based on a previous tax-free savings account known as the CODEVI (Compte pour le Développement Industriel). This savings product allowed banks to finance the development of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The CODEVI as of 1 January 2007 has been renamed the LDD (Livret de Développement Durable), and banks must use a portion of these funds to offer preferential loans for domestic energy conservation projects. While the CODEVI was capped at EUR 4600 per person, the LDD cap has been raised to EUR 6000 per person to raise additional funds for these loans. As of 2009 the account pays tax-free interest of 2.5% a year. In 2008, banks must dedicate 2% of the funds to energy conservation loans, rising to 5% in 2009 and 10% thereafter. Preferential loans can be awarded to individuals, co-properties and entrepreneurs for the purchase and installation of equipment producing energy from renewable sources; space and water heating equipment using wood or other biomass; heat pumps. Applicants must provide the bank with documents from the equipment installer, certifying that the equipment and installation meets the required criteria.

Link:

Livret de Developpement Durable

Dorottya Hujber and Tamás Szilágyi, ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building  Danube Region Biomass Action Plan ÉMI Non-Profit Limited Liability Company for Quality Control and Innovation in Building 2014 HU

Title (orig.): Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

Language: English

Link:

Danube Region Biomass Action Plan

DZIENNIK USTAW, RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ  Renewable Energy Law of Poland DZIENNIK USTAW, RZECZYPOSPOLITEJ POLSKIEJ 2015 PL

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Law of Poland

Language: Polish

Summary:

Renewable Energy Act of Poland

Attachment

PDF (644.80 KB)

Eastern & Midlands Waste Region (EMWR)  Waste Plan for Connacht Ulster Region Connacht Ulster Waste Region 2015 IE

Title (orig.): Waste Plan for Connacht Ulster Region

Language: English

Summary:

The strategic vision of the regional waste plan is to rethink our approach to managing wastes, by viewing our waste streams as valuable material resources can lead to a healthier environment and sustainable commercial opportunities for our economy.

(LCMW) Relevance: Strategy for sustainable regional waste plan

Link:

Waste plan online

EC  Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling EC 2011 EU

Title (orig.): Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling

Language: English

Link:

Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on sustainability requirements for the use of solid and gaseous biomass sources in electricity, heating and cooling

EC  Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy EC 2015 EU

Title (orig.): Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy

Language: English

Link:

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank - A framework strategy for a resilient energy union with a forward-looking climate change policy

EC  Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels EC 2010 EU

Title (orig.): Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels

Language: English

Link:

Commission communication on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels

Economy and Employment Administration of the Brussels-Capital region; Public Service of the Walloon region – Directorate General for Energy (DG04)  Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014; Aide à l'investissement) Economy and Employment Administration of the Brussels-Capital region; Public Service of the Walloon region – Directorate General for Energy (DG04) 2004; 2006; 2009 BE

Title (orig.): Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014; Aide à l'investissement)

Language: English

Summary:

Primes Energies 2014: Within the bounds of its available budget, the Brussels Capital region provides energy subsidies for residential, industrial as well as service sector buildings located in the Brussels region. Moreover, energy subsidies can also apply for renovation works in buildings older than 10 years. The energy subsidies are defined each year and apply from 1 January to 31 December.

The energy subsidies of the Brussels Capital region are allocated according to the income level. Three levels of subsidies are thus possible (6.4 Conditions générales primes énergies 2014):

  • Base income: > € 60,000 for singles and > € 75,000 for couples
  • Middle income: € 30,000 – 60,000 for singles and € 45,000 – 75,000 for couples
  • Low income: < € 30,000 for singles and < € 45,000 for couples

These income limits are increased by € 5,000 EUR per fiscally irresponsible person and if the applicant is under 35 years old. The subsidy is increased by 10 % for residential buildings situated within a Housing and Renovation Development Area (Espace de Développement Renforcé du Logement et de la Rénovation).

Social real estate agencies, public service real estate agencies as well as the Housing fund of the Brussels region benefit of the subsidies of the low income category. Industrial as well as service sector buildings benefit from the subsidies of the base income category (6.4 Conditions générales primes énergies 2014).

Aide à l’investissement: Within the bounds of its available budget, the Brussels-Capital provides investment assistance for companies which develop environmental projects, including investments in renewable energy plants.

(LCMW) Relevance: Development of environmental projects, including investments in renewable energy plants

Link:

Brussels: Subsidy (Primes Energies 2014)
Brussels: Subsidy (Aide à l'investissement)

Ence: Energía & Celulosa  The majority of the forest fires could be avoided through a plan to clean the forests Ence: Energía & Celulosa 2012 ES

Title (orig.): La mayor parte de los incendios serían evitables mediante un plan para la limpieza de las masas forestales

Language: ES

Summary:

The withdrawal of forest biomass surplus allows to decrease the forest fires occurrence 70 %, and in case of fire, and in case of occurrence, allows a faster and most efficient extinction and also a better forest recovery.

 

(LCMW) Relevance: The forests cleaning are an important source of employment and renewable energy.

Link:

La mayor parte de los incendios serían evitables mediante un plan para la limpieza de las masas forestales

ENEA  Italian Action Plan for Energy Efficiency 2014 ENEA 2014 IT

Title (orig.): Piano d'azione per l'efficienza energetica 2014 (PAEE)

Language: Italian

Summary:

The document, drawn up by ENEA, shows the energy efficiency targets set by Italy in 2020 and policy measures to enable their achievement. In particular, the Plan proposes to strengthen the measures and existing instruments and introduce new mechanisms to overcome the problems encountered, particularly in some sectors.Particular attention is devoted to the description of the new measures introduced by Legislative Decree 102/2014, which transposed Directive 2012/27/ EU.

Link:

Piano d'azione per l'efficienza energetica 2014 (PAEE)

Enel Energia  Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant Biomass magazine 2015 IT

Title (orig.): Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Language: EN

Summary:

Enel Energia has begun construction of an innovative combined-cooling,-heat-and-power (CCHP) mini-biomass plant (capacity of 199 kWe) at the historic Luxottica factory in Agordo, in the Veneto region’s Belluno province of Italy. The plant will be fuelled with solid biomass from the local area, such as woodchips, clippings and pruning by-products.

Link:

Enel Energia begins work on first mini-biomass plant

Energy Technologies Institute  Bioenergy - An insights report by the Energy Technologies Institute Energy Technologies Institute 2015 UK

Title (orig.): "Bioenergy - An insights report by the Energy Technologies Institute"

Language: English

Summary:

The ETI’s Bioenergy Value Chain Model (BVCM) is a comprehensive and flexible toolkit for the modelling and optimisation of fullsystem bioenergy value chains over the next five decades. It has been designed to answer variants of the question: What is the most effective way of delivering a particular bioenergy outcome in the UK, taking into account the available biomass resources, the geography of the UK, time, technology options and logistics networks?

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy Value Chain Model

Link:

PDF online

Environment Agency  Environment Management Guide Environment Agency 2014 UK

Title (orig.): Environment Management Guide

Language: English

Summary:

Environmental management guidance ”Manage waste on land: guidance for land managers” describes how to deal with waste, including hazardous waste, register waste exemptions and apply for environmental permits in UK.

(LCMW) Relevance: Desription how to deal with biomass waste in UK

Link:

Environmental management guidance online

Environment and Energy administration; Public Service of the Walloon region  Wallonia: Subsidy (primes Energie 2014) Environment and Energy administration; Public Service of the Walloon region 2010; 2014 BE

Title (orig.): Wallonia: Subsidy (primes Energie 2014)

Language: English

Summary:

Energy subsidies are provided by the Walloon Region for the generation of electricity through CHP plants using renewable energy. The energy subsidies for CHP plants were renewed for the year 2014 with the same conditions as for 2013.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from biogas and biomass

Link:

Wallonia: Subsidy (primes Energie 2014)

Environment and Energy Management Agency  Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund Environment and Energy Management Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Act on the Implementation of the Targets Set at the "Grenelle de l’Environnement" Summit, also called „Grenelle 1" - heat fund

Language: English

Summary:

The French government introduced in 2008 a heat fund (Fonds Chaleur) in order to support the production of heat through renewable energy plants (Art. 19 §4, Loi n° 2009-967). The budget of the heat fund is divided into two subvention types: on the one hand, a national call for tenders, which is published yearly for large biomass plants, on the other hand the support of other renewable energy projects is administered on a regional level by the regional agencies of the ADEME. The call for tender 2014 will close on 30.01.2014. Only biomass plants with a heat production over 1,000 toe per year are eligible, provided they are submitted for the industrial, agricultural and service sectors. The payment to be awarded is calculated in accordance with the successful tenderer’s finance plan and with consideration of the relation between the amount of support asked for and the amount of renewable heat produced.

Link:

Grenelle 1 - Heat fund
Feed-in tariff

Estonian Govenment  GIS: Extended use of renewable energy sources for the generation of energy and reconstruction of district heating networks I, II Estonian Govenment 2010 EST

Title (orig.): GIS: Extended use of renewable energy sources for the generation of energy and reconstruction of district heating networks I, II

Language: English

Link:

GIS: Extended use of renewable energy sources for the generation of energy and reconstruction of district heating networks I, II

Estonian Government  Investment support for the reconstruction of RES CHP plants Estonian Government 2012 EST

Title (orig.): Investment support for the reconstruction of RES CHP plants

Language: English

Link:

Investment support for the reconstruction of RES CHP plants