A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)  Bioenergy: a burning issue Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) 2012 UK

Title (orig.): Bioenergy: a burning issue

Language: English

Summary:

The UK is currently witnessing a major rush to build large-scale electricity-only biomass plants as well as seeing an increase in biomass used in co-firing. The scale of proposed power plant development dwarfs the planned use of domestic fuel resource. Instead, many of these new plants are expected to be dependent on imported biomass. They are generally being built on the UK coast near port facilities with expected sources of feedstock from Canada, the US, Russia and the Baltic States, among others. Furthermore, new plants are often being sited in locations where it is either not possible or not economic to capture the substantial quantities of heat produced, significantly reducing their efficiency and therefore their ability to deliver greenhouse gas emissions reductions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass plants in UK

Link:

Bioenergy: a burning issue

Sandija Zēverte-Rivža  Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014) Energetika 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Article: Promotion of biogas production in Latvia (2014)

Language: English

Link:

Promotion of biogas production in Latvia

Schonhoff, Andreas; Berger, Florian; Khalsa, Jan Hari Arti; Lenz, Volker; Teltewskaja, Gundula; Werner, Hans  Final report of the customized concept for municipal energy carriers Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum 2016 DE

Title (orig.): Schlussbericht für das Verbundvorhaben Innovatives bedarfsangepasstes Kommunal-Energieträger Konzept (IbeKET)

Language: German

Summary:

Endbericht des Verbundvorhaben “Innovatives bedarfsangepasstes Kommunal-Energieträger Konzept” (IbeKET). Zu den konzeptionellen Zielen gehörten die Erarbeitung eines übertragbaren Konzeptes zur Beschaffung, Aufbereitung und energetische Nutzung von Biomasse wie Laub, Grünschnitt und Gewässepflegematerial, sowie das Anstreben einer Umsetzung am Standort der LUTRA GmbH. In technischer Hinsicht sollte grundsätzlich die energetische Nutzung der genannten Reststoffbiomassen unter Einhaltung der gegebenen Rahmenbedingungen ermöglicht werden.

Link:

Dokumentinformation

Secretary of State for the Environment; Secretary of State for Wales; Secretary of State for Scotland  The Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994 Secretary of State for the Environment; Secretary of State for Wales; Secretary of State for Scotland 1994 UK

Title (orig.): The Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994

Language: English

Summary:

The Secretary of State for the Environment as respects England, the Secretary of State for Wales as respects Wales and the Secretary of State for Scotland as respects Scotland, being Ministers designated(1) for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972(2) in relation to measures relating to the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution of water and the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution caused by waste, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by section 2(2) of that Act, sections 30(4) and 104(1) of the Control of Pollution Act 1974(3), sections 1(3)(a), 2, 8(2) and 9(1)(4) of the Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989(5), sections 29(10), 33(3), 35(6), 36(1), 39(3), 40(3), 43(8), 45(3), 50(3), 54(14), 64(1), (4) and (8), 74(6), 75(8) and 156 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990(6) (having in particular had regard in exercising their powers under section 33(3) of that Act to the matters specified in section 33(4) of that Act) and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf hereby make the following Regulations:

(1S.I. 1989/2393 and 1992/2870.
(4) See the definition of “prescribed”.

(LCMW) Relevance: Policy on reduction and elimination of pollution caused by waste, in exercise of the powers

Link:

The Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994

Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM)  Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP) Secretary to Energy and Administrations for Energy, Regional Energy Administrations (ANRE, DGTRE, IBGE-BIM) 2002 BE

Title (orig.): Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Language: English

Summary:

In April 2000, the federal government decided that all generators of electricity from renewable sources will become progressively free to choose their own electricity supplier if they use more electricity than they are able to generate. Consumers who buy a significant amount of their electricity from renewable sources are also eligible to choose their electricity supplier. When coordinating the call to electricity suppliers, the transport-grid manager, taking into account the needed supply security, gives priority to plants using renewable energy sources for power production, or to cogeneration units. The Flemish Parliament approved the decree regarding the liberalisation of the electricity market and marked the following categories as eligible:

  • Producers using quality CHP installations or renewables for electricity generation (up to a certain ceiling)
  • Consumers of renewables-generated electricity by means of a CHP unit (for a certain amount of electricity) or consumers using heat from CHP units or renewables
  • Consumers using heat from a supplier who generates this heat by means of CHP units or renewables (for a maximum of 500 kWh electricity per GJ heat)

In Wallonia, a corresponding decree was approved and aims to gradually open the market for producers using CHP and/or renewables for electricity generation, as well as consumers using renewable electricity and/or electricity generated by means of a CHP unit, or using heat from CHP units or renewables.

(LCMW) Relevance: Electricity from renewable sources

Link:

Access to the Grid (Renewables and CHP)

Šipkovs et. al.  Article: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia (2012) Riga Technical University 2012 LV

Title (orig.): Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

Language: Latvian

Link:

Publikācija: Biomass Utilization Strategies and Policies in Latvia

SPW-DGO4-Département de lénergie et du Bâtiment durable  Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia SPW-DGO4-Département de lénergie et du Bâtiment durable 2005; 2010 BE

Title (orig.): Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia

Language: English

Summary:

As of 2006, the Walloon government awarded grants for the installation of micro-cogeneration systems and high-efficiency wood-burning furnaces and heating boilers. Households, entreprises, self-employed workers and private entities were all eligible to receive grants. Every year, the programme is reviewed, taking into account the evolution of technology.

(LCMW) Relevance: Grants for the installation of high-efficiency wood-burning furnaces and heating boilers

Link:

Energy Fund Grants for Small-Scale Heat Generation - Wallonia

State Energy and Water Regulation Commission  Bulgaria feed-in tariff State Energy and Water Regulation Commission 2011 BG

Title (orig.): Bulgaria feed-in tariff

Language: English

Summary:

In Bulgaria, electricity from renewable sources is mainly promoted through a feed-in tariff. Producers of electricity from renewable sources are contractually entitled against the grid operator to the purchase and payment of electricity at a guaranteed price. The connection of renewable energy plants to the grid is subject to the provisions of the general legislation on energy. Renewable energy is not given priority access. The use of renewable energy for heating and cooling is promoted through a subsidy from the European Regional Development Fund, several loan schemes and through an exemption for building owners from property tax. In Bulgaria, the main support scheme for renewable energy sources used in transport is a quota system. This scheme obliges companies importing or producing petrol or diesel to ensure that biofuels make up a defined percentage of their annual fuel sales. Furthermore, biofuels are supported through a fiscal regulation mechanism. The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations in Bulgaria: There is a professional training programme for RES-installers as wells as a building obligation for the use of renewable heating and for the exemplary role of public authorities. eNERGY ACT 2013 (last amended mid-2015)

Link:

Bulgaria feed-in tariff

State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC)  Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA) State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC) 2014 BG

Title (orig.): Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

Language: English

Summary:

Grid connection. Part of the Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA). Based on the regulations of the Renewable and Alternative Energy Sources and Biofuels Act, electricity distribution companies are obliged to purchase the electricity generated from geothermal and solar energy for 25 years, whereas from the other sources of RES, including biomass, the offtake obligation is fixed at 15 years. End suppliers are obliged to offtake the electricity produced by RES. Failure to do so will result in a penalty amounting to between BGN 7,000 (appr. EUR 3,600) and BGN 20,000 (appr. EUR 10,225).

Link:

Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA)

State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC)  Feed-in tariffs (FITs) for electricity from renewable sources State Energy and Water Regulatory Committee (SEWRC) 2014 BG

Title (orig.): Feed-in tariffs (FITs) for electricity from renewable sources

Language: English

Summary:

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) for electricity from renewable sources (2011 last updated 2015). Part of the Energy from Renewable Sources Act (ERSA). Producers that own power plants can sell the electricity with regulated prices (feed-in tariff), differentiated on the basis of type of technology (biomass-biogas), plant size and type of fuel (biomass waste, organic fraction of MSW, sewage sludge, agricultural biomass)

Link:

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) for electricity from renewable sources

Stegner, Jan  Framework for energetic utilization of biomass from landscape management in Saxony - Final Report Sächsischen Staatsministeriums für Umwelt und Landwirtschaft 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Rahmenkonzept zur energetischen Verwertung von Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Freistaat Sachsen – Abschlussbericht

Language: DE

Summary:

Following topics are assessed:

  • Political and legal framework for energy recovery from biomass from landscape management
  • Volume of landscaping material in Saxony
  • Determination of energetic utilization demand for biomass from landscape management
  • Technical solutions for utilizing biomass from landscape management
  • Analysis and presentation of technological deficiencies and uncertainties exploitation potential
  • Regionalized analysis of acceptance for plant operators and farms with regard to their willingness to energetic utilization of biomass from landscape management
  • Suitable recycling methods and technologies for the energy use of landscaping material

Under the current technical and technological and politico-economic conditions, the energetic use of landscape material via biogas and combustion in small and medium combustion plants or large combustion plants are appropriate ways. Both pathways require further procedural and logistical improvement.

The energetic use of landscape material is currently in Saxony barely realized. Especially in biogas plants, energy use with small technical changes would be possible. However, the political and economic conditions contradict such use.

(LCMW) Relevance: The political and economic conditions contradict the utilization of this biomass type.

Link:

Rahmenkonzept zur energetischen Verwertung von Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Freistaat Sachsen

Straub, Christoph  Assessment of the energy wood potential and its availability in the forest and in the open country with new remote sensing methods Inaugural Dissertation at the Albert Ludwigs University in Freiburg in Breisgau 2010 DE

Title (orig.): Erfassung des Energieholzpotentials und seiner Verfügbarkeit im Wald und im Offenland mit neuen Fernerkundungsmethoden

Language: German, English Abstract

Summary:

The aim of this thesis was to develop new methods to provide detailed information regarding the spatial distribution of biomass and those components that can be used for energy production using modern remote sensing techniques. An important aspect was the development of automated procedures with appropriate software solutions.

(LCMW) Relevance: Biomass assessment with remote sensing

Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland  Bioenergy roadmap Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland 2010 IE

Title (orig.): Bioenergy roadmap

Language: English

Summary:

In 2010 a Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland was developed and published to outline the growth potential of bioenergy in Ireland to 2050 such as:

  • Annual abatement of over 11Mt of CO2
  • Bioenergy is highly suitable for inclusion in a national distributed energy network
  • Over 3,500Ktoe of indigenous resources are available for the bioenergy supply chain by 2050
  • bioenergy in transport should meet 27% of total transport  primary energy demand
  • biomass in electricity generation should meet 28% of total electricity demand
  • biomass should meet 40% of  total heat demand
  • reach 80% emissions reduction

(LCMW) Relevance: Bioenergy Roadmap for Ireland

Link:

Bioenergy roadmap PDF online
SEAI online

Swedish Government  Quota system for renewable energies Swedish Government 2003 FIN

Title (orig.): Quota system for renewable energies

Language: English

Summary:

Act No. 2011:1200 obliges electricity suppliers, certain electricity consumers and energy-intensive companies to annually acquire renewable energy certificates in due proportion to their electricity sales and their consumption by a set date (Chapter 4 §§ 1 and 4 Act No. 2011:1200). Furthermore, the Act stipulates the conditions in which owners of renewable energy generation plants may acquire electricity certificates (Chapter 2 §§ 1-13 Act No. 2011:1200).

In general, all renewables, including biogas generated from biomass, are eligible for the quota system (Chapter 1 § 2 No. 2 Act No. 2011:1200). One certificate is issued for every MWh of electricity produced, regardless of the generation technology employed (Chapter 3 § 2 Act No. 2011:1200). Obligated persons that fail to satisfy their quota obligation shall pay a quota obligation fine.

During the past few years, certificate prices ranged between 15 and 40 €/MWh.

A change introduced in 2006 was the extension of the validity of the certificates from 2010 to 2030 in order to improve long-term investment security.

According to the Swedish Energy Agency, Sweden and Norway introduced a common electricity certificate market on 1 January 2012. The producers of RES electricity receive certificates in their own country. These certificates can be traded on both the Swedish and Norwegian markets (Chapter 1 § 5 Act No. 2011:1200).

The Swedish RES quota system has led to an increase of the share of RES electricity from 51.2% in 2004 to 60% in 2012. During the first few years, mainly biomass power plants (and to a smaller degree hydro-power) benefitted from the scheme while in recent years, the share of wind energy has been steadily increasing.

Link:

Energypedia: Quota system for renewable energies
Quota system for renewable energies

Swedish Tax Authority; Ministry of the Environment  Tax regulation mechanisms Swedish Tax Authority; Ministry of the Environment 1990-2010 SWE

Title (orig.): Tax regulation mechanisms

Language: English

Summary:

  • Tax reductions for households. Act No. 2009:194 sets rules for the tax-deduction of RES-related installation works in households. The installation of renewable energy devices and the replacement of conventional heating sources with renewable ones may be deducted from tax.
  • Energy and carbon dioxide taxes. In Sweden, energy and carbon dioxide taxes are levied on the supply, import and production of fossil fuels for heating purposes. Renewable energy sources are exempt from these taxes. The biogas must be certified with sustainability certification according to Chapter 3 § 1b Act No. 2010:598. Biomass must also be certified with sustainability certification according to Chapter 3 § 1b Act No. 2010:598.
  • Nitrous oxide tax. The producers of heat are obliged to pay a tax according to their nitrous oxide emissions. Heat producers using renewable energy sources are exempt from this obligation.

All renewable energy technologies are exempt from the tax obligations.

Link:

Tax regulation mechanisms

Swiss Federal Council  Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC) Swiss Federal Council 2016 CH

Title (orig.): Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC)

Language: English

Link:

Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC)

Swiss Federal Office of Energy  Pilot and Demonstration Program Swiss Federal Office of Energy 1977 CH

Title (orig.): Pilot and Demonstration Program

Language: English

Link:

Pilot and Demonstration Program

Swiss Federal Office of Energy  Energy Research Program Swiss Federal Office of Energy 1977 CH

Title (orig.): Energy Research Program

Language: English

Link:

Energy Research Program

Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE  SwissEnergy Programme Energieschweiz 2001 CH

Title (orig.): SwissEnergy Programme

Link:

SwissEnergy Programme

Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE  Feed-in remuneration at cost for renewable energy sources Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE 2009 CH

Title (orig.): Kostendeckende Einspeisevergütung (KEV)

Language: English

Summary:

Feed-in tariff at cost is an instrument that was developed by the federal government for the purpose of promoting electricity production from renewable energy sources. It covers the difference between the production cost and the market price, and guarantees producers of electricity from renewable sources a price that corresponds to their production costs. Feed-in tariff at cost is available for the following technologies: hydropower (installed capacity up to 10 megawatts), photovoltaics (installed capacity from 10 kilowatt), wind energy, geothermal energy, biomass and biological waste. Contributions are made to the associated fund by all electricity consumers, who pay a fee per consumed kilowatt hour.

The tariffs for power from renewable sources are specified on the basis of reference power plants for each technology and output category. The tariff is applicable for 20 years (10 years for biomass infrastructure power plants). In view of technological progress and the increasing degree of market maturity of new technologies, the tariff rates are subject to a regular review. Reductions only apply to new production facilities that are put into operation.

New facilities can be registered with the national network operator, Swissgrid. Due to the great demand, there is a long waiting list. Owners of small photovoltaic power plants (from 2 up to 30 kilowatt) can ask a unique capital subsidy. For more details, see the Swissgrid website.

For detailed information on the amount of base payments and wood bonus (Swiss Francs/kWh) see third link bellow.

Link:

Feed-in remuneration at cost for renewable energy sources

The Danisch parliament  Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009 Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009

Language: English

Link:

Promotion of Renewable Energy Act 2009

The Danish parliament  Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act) Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act)

Language: English

Link:

Feed-in premium tariffs for renewable power (included in Promotion of Renewable Energy Act)

The Federal Ministry of Finance (Service Public Fédéral des Finances)  Tax regulation mechanism (tax deduction on investments costs for companies) The Federal Ministry of Finance (Service Public Fédéral des Finances) 1992 (last amended 2014) BE

Title (orig.): Arrêté royal d'exécution du Code des impôts sur les revenus 92 du 27 Août 1993, lequel est dénommé, en abrégé, “AR/CIR 92” / Koninklijk Besluit Tot Uitvoering Van Het Wetboek Van De Inkomstenbelastingen 1992, Afgekort Als "Kb/Wib 92

Language: English

Summary:

Entitled companies may reduce their taxable profit by a fixed percentage of their investment in renewable energy installations.  The regions are responsible for determining whether renewable energy installations are eligible or not (Art. 49 AR/CIR 92 referring to Annex II). The categories of eligible investments are listed within the appendix 1 of the form CEB 2 available in each region and referring to Annex II of AR/CIR 92.

The tax deduction amounts to 14,5% of the investment value for the fiscal year 2014 (Avis relatif à la déduction pour investissement).

  • Tax deductions on investments costs can be claimed through the tax return.
  • A certificate regarding investments for energy saving devices is necessary. The certificate is delivered by the regions, according to the investment location. The competent administration departments of the regions are to be found in the notice of the federal tax administration regarding the tax deduction on investments.

Link:

National: Tax regulation mechanism (tax deduction on investments costs for companies)

The French National Research Agency  Investments for the Future programme The French National Research Agency 2009 FR

Title (orig.): Investments for the Future programme

Language: English

Summary:

Launched in 2009 by the French Government, the Investments for the Future programmes are strategic initiatives which aim to boost French competitiveness by investing in research, higher education and vocational training, in industry and SMEs, in sustainable development and in expanding sectors such as digital technology, biotechnology and nuclear energy. Drawing on ANR know-how and expertise, the French Government has entrusted the agency with management of the research and higher education component of the programmes. The aim is to massively invest over the long-term in innovative S&T projects which will eventually be a source of growth and progress for the French economy.

ANR’s activities aim at:

-Developing science and technology

-Rallying teams around societal and S&T challenges

-Speeding up knowledge creation and transfer, and fostering academic-industry partnerships

-Promoting collaborative work and interdisciplinary dialogue

-Preparing a new generation of talents

-Facilitating European and international collaborations

Link:

Investments for the Future programme

The government (Venstre and De Konservati ve [Venstre, the Danish Liberal Party and The Danish Conservative Party]) and Dansk Folkeparti [The Danish Peoples’ Party]  Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012 Danish Government 2009 DK

Title (orig.): Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012

Language: English

Link:

Green Growth Agreement 2010-2012

The Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic  The promotion of renewable energy sources and high-efficiency cogeneration and some changes to certain laws The Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic 2009 SK

Title (orig.): The promotion of renewable energy sources and high-efficiency cogeneration and some changes to certain laws

Language: Slovak

Link:

Zákon o podpore obnoviteľných zdrojov energie a vysoko účinnej kombinovanej výroby a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov

The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia  Waste Management Act Latvian Govenment 2014 LV

Title (orig.): Waste Management Act

Language: English

Link:

Waste Management Act

The Parliament of the Republic of Latvia  Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030 Latvian Government 2010 LV

Title (orig.): Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030

Language: English

Attachment

PDF (2.30 MB)

Tischew, S., Heck, P.  Establishing an example of a regional energy cycle with biomass from LCMW in the natural park Unteres Saaletal with special consideration of a GIS- assessment on the long-term availability of the biomass potential DBU (Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt) 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Etablierung eines beispielhaften regionalen Energiekreislaufs mit Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Naturpark Unteres Saaletal unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer GIS-gestützten Abschätzung des langfristig zur Verfügung stehenden Biomassepotenzials

Language: DE

Summary:

1) Analyse status quo – classification of the research area with areal photos and existing data to select LCMW areas
2) Determination and definition of use- and maintenance- categories based on aims of nature protection
3) Establish 18 test areas to verify height classes, perform a biomass collection (harvest) and record data on vegetation and habitat.
4) Develop a procedure based on GIS to assess the biomass potential
5) Selection of several representative forest stands and record of random samples to derive forest stand types
6) Calculation of the biomass stock of the selected stands and calculation of the wood stock of the single stand types
7) Derive the actual useable biomass potential of all LCMW areas
8) Develop a regional concept for the use of wood from LCMW for a heating site in the primary school Wettin and make a cost calculation for the heating system

(LCMW) Relevance: Method for a comprehensive determination of the available standing woody biomass potential from LCMW

Link:

Etablierung eines beispielhaften regionalen Energiekreislaufs mit Biomasse aus der Landschaftspflege im Naturpark Unteres Saaletal unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer GIS-gestützten Abschätzung des langfristig zur Verfügung stehenden Biomassepotenzials

Tuscany Region  Regional Law 46 of 2013 (Tuscany): promotion of citizen participation in the processes of construction of regional and local policies Regione Toscana 2013 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 46 del 2013. Dibattito pubblico regionale e promozione della partecipazione alla elaborazione delle politiche regionali e locali

Language: Italian

Summary:

At the end of 2007 the Region of Tuscany approved Law no. 69 defining the rules on the Promotion of Participation in the Formulation of Regional and Local Policies. The new regional law on participation (LR 46/2013), follows and reinforces the positive experiences started in Tuscany in recent years due to the previous regional law (LR 69/2007) which represented, in many ways, a pilot case in Italy. This was an innovative legal provision explicitly aimed at pro-actively promoting citizen engagement in local and regional decision making: by incorporating features explicitly derived from deliberative theory, it institutionalizes citizen participation; that is, the involvement through group dialogue of citizens and stakeholders in decision-making about problems or issues of public interest. The results from this laboratory are of relevance to scholars, practitioners and politicians who are interested in such democratic innovations. The law was updated by the Law 46/2013 which instituted as compulsory the public regional debate for the investments over 50 million euro and as discretionary for investments above 10 million (which are anyway considered at regional level).

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

UE  Reg. (EU) N.1305/2013 UE 2013 IT

Title (orig.): REGOLAMENTO (UE) N. 1305/2013 DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO E DEL CONSIGLIO

Language: Italian

Summary:

Support for rural development by the Fund of European Agricultural for Rural Development (FEASR)

Link:

REGOLAMENTO (UE) N. 1305/2013 DEL PARLAMENTO EUROPEO E DEL CONSIGLIO

UE and Regional Government  Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020 UE and Regional Government 2014 SI

Title (orig.): Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020

Language: English

Summary:

Support for rural development by the Fund of European Agricultural for Rural Development (FEASR).

Link:

Factsheet on 2014-2020 Rural Development Programme for Slovenia

UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC)  Climate Change Act 2008 UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) 2008 UK

Title (orig.): Climate Change Act 2008

Language: English

Summary:

On 26 November 2008, the Climate Change Act became law. The Act aims to improve carbon management, help the transition toward a low-carbon economy, and demonstrate strong international UK leadership. Major provisions of the Act include the setting of legally binding targets, the establishment of a carbon budgeting system, and the creation of a Committee on Climate Change. The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) is an independent body designed to recommend targets, advise on the level of carbon budgets, as well as to monitor and report progress towards targets.

(LCMW) Relevance: The Act aims to improve carbon management and related increase of renewable energy (as the biomass energy)

Link:

Report: The Carbon Plan - reducing greenhouse gas emissions
CCC websites
Climate Change Act 2008

UK Government  UK Green Deal UK Government 2010 UK

Title (orig.): UK Green deal

Language: English

Summary:

The Green Deal provides a framework of accredited market participants, through which people pay for some of the cost of improving their homes and businesses using a type of loan that is paid back with the savings they can expect to make on their fuel bills. Prior to signing a Green Deal Plan, an assessor will recommend improvements that are appropriate for a property and indicate whether they can be expected to pay for themselves through reduced energy bills.

 

(LCMW) Relevance: Support on homes and businesses use of sustainable energy

Link:

UK Green Deal

UK Government  National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) UK Government 2010 UK

Title (orig.): National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC, member countries of the European Union were obliged to draft, and submit to the European Commission, National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathways that will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy targets.

The UK Government believes that climate change is one of the gravest threats we face, and that urgent action at home and abroad is required. We need to use a wide range of levers to decarbonise the economy. The development of renewable energy sources, alongside nuclear power and the development of carbon capture and storage, will also enable the UK to play its full part in international efforts to reduce the production of harmful greenhouse gases.

(LCMW) Relevance: UK 2020 renewable energy targets

Link:

National action plans online

UK Government  Second Progress Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom (2009) UK Government 2013 UK

Title (orig.): "Second Progress Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom (2009)"

Language: English

Summary:

The UK Government strongly supports renewable energy as part of a diverse low-carbon and secure energy mix. Alongside gas and low-carbon transport fuels, nuclear power and carbon capture and storage (CCS), renewable energy brings energy security, decarbonisation of our economy and green growth. UK Government committed to achieving the UK’s challenging and legally binding target of 15% renewables by 2020 in a cost effective and sustainable way, minimising the impact on consumer bills. All parts of the UK are playing a part in delivering this commitment, with the Devolved Administrations setting themselves challenging targets for the level of renewable electricity and heat consumption by 2020.

(LCMW) Relevance: Report on the Promotion and Use of Energy from Renewable Sources for the United Kingdom

Link:

PDF online

UK Government  Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 UK Government 2009 UK

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

Language: English

Summary:

The UK Renewable Energy Strategy 2009 is a white paper outlining how the UK will meet its legally-binding target to ensure 15% of energy comes from renewable energy sources by 2020.

Under the 2008 Climate Change Act, the UK must meet legally binding carbon “budgets”, committing the UK to cuts its emissions by 34% by 2020 and 80% by 2050. The Strategy comprises three primary 2020 targets:

  • Over 30% of electricity to be generated from renewable energy sources, mostly from wind power, with biomass, hydro, wave and tidal power playing important roles;
  • 12% of heat to be generated from renewable energy sources, from a large range of sources (biomass, biogas, solar, heat pumps);
  • 10% of transport energy to come from renewable energy sources.

(LCMW) Relevance: Target to get over 30% of electricity to be generated from renewable energy sources, mostly from wind power, with biomass, hydro, wave and tidal power playing important roles

Link:

The UK Renewable Energy Strategy 2009

Umbria Region  Regional Law 14 of 2010 Umbria Region 2010 IT

Title (orig.): Legge Regionale 14 del 2010: Disciplina degli istituti di partecipazione alle funzioni delle istituzioni regionali (Iniziativa legislativa e referendaria, diritto di petizione e consultazione)

Language: Italian

Summary:

With the Regional Law n. 14 of the 16th of February 2010, the Region of Umbria introduces new rules over the administrative and political participation of civil society in decision-making procedures within the competence of the regional institutions. Four instruments are designed to provide the participation of stakeholders: the legislative initiative, the referendum question initiative, the right to petition and finally the consultation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Promotion of governance and acceptance for bioenergy related projects

Link:

Online

Umbria region Government  R.R. n°. 7 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region Umbria region Government 2014 IT

Title (orig.): Biomassa: La tecnologia che utilizza la biomassa 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region

Language: Italian

Summary:

Technology that uses biomass:The term biomass is understood to mean the organic material (mainly of plant origin), in which the solar energy has accumulated through the process of photosynthesis that can liberate and exploit through thermo-chemical or biochemical processes. These substances are available as direct products or residues of agriculture and forestry, as by-products or waste from the agro-food waste and how the chain of distribution and final consumption.

Associated with the term biomass, and now commonly used in renewable energy concept bio-fuel, which generally means any organic substance other than oil, natural gas, coal or from their derivatives, used as fuel.The most important types of biomass are:

  • Biomass forestry: forest residues, wood processing industry waste (wood chips, sawdust, etc.)
  • Agricultural Biomass: scraps of farms
  • Biogas derived from animal waste, waste from livestock farms, waste, algae and aquatic crops, municipal solid waste

For more information on the domestic use of biomass read the following guide. The administrative procedureThe administrative procedures for authorizing the installation and operation of biomass plants are the subject of rrn 7 of 29 July 2011. These procedures are defined in Annex A of RR 7/2011, which vary according to certain parameters (installed electric capacity, location and type of plant, the existing constraints in the area), and are as follows:

  • COMMUNICATION
  • enabler SIMPLIFIED PROCEDURE
  • AUTHORIZATION ONLYIn the case of installations outside buildings and with an output exceeding 50 kW must meet the general criteria of location and design in Annex B and consider unsuitable areas listed in Annex C of the RR 7/2011

Link:

Biomassa: La tecnologia che utilizza la biomassa 29/07/2011 - Umbria Region

Umbria region Government  SEAR Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014-2020 - Umbria Region Umbria region Government 2014 IT

Title (orig.): SEAR Strategia Energetico Ambientale Regionale

Language: Italian

Summary:

After the Regional Energy Plan approved in 2004 and the regional strategy for the production of energy from renewable sources 2011-2013 approved in 2011 , the region has embarked on a new policy paper as a tool to monitor and govern the development of the region by supporting and promoting energy chain .

The preliminary document it was approved the preliminary document of the Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014 – 2020

The path of consultation , which began last February 6 , includes a series of meetings with associations and public bodies

It was adopted the proposed Regional Environmental Energy Strategy 2014 – 2020

Link:

SEAR Strategia Energetico Ambientale Regionale

Umbria region Government  Rural Development 2014-2020 - Umbria Region Umbria region Government 2014 IT

Title (orig.): Rural Development 2014-2020 - Umbria Region

Language: Italian

Summary:

This  Plan is the regional financial instrument for the development and improvement of rural sector in Umbria. FEASR finances this plan and the thematic objectives of European rural policy.

Support for investments in the creation, improvement or expansion of all types of small infrastructures , including investments in renewable energy and energy saving . Intervention 7.2.2 Support for investment in renewable energy and in energy saving.

Support for cooperation for the supply of biomass for energy production and industrial processes

Link:

Rural Development 2014-2020 - Umbria Region

Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland  Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland Untere Naturschutzbehörde Friesland, Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland - DE

Title (orig.): Wallhecken Landkreis Friesland

Language: German

Summary:

The brochure gives an introduction what defines hedgerows on bank (Wallhecken, Knicks) and shows their occurence in the county Friesland in the North of the German state Lower Saxony. Further, the history and ecological importance of hedgerows on banks is explained and what factors threatens their preservation. Finally, the brochure lists the measures necessary to protect and maintain these landscape structures and informs about the availalbe financial support for owners.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ecological, legal, treatment and financial information on hedgerows on banks

Link:

General information on hedgerows on bank on the homepage of the Lower Nature Protection Agency Friesland

Attachment

PDF Brochure hedgerows on banks in Friesland (14.27 MB)

Velázquez-Martí B. , Sajdak M., López-Cortés I. , Callejón-Ferre A.J.  Wood characterization for energy application proceeding from pruning Morus alba L., Platanus hispanica Münchh. and Sophora japonica L. in urban areas Renewable Energy (vol. 62, issue C, pages 478-483) 2014 EU

Title (orig.): Wood characterization for energy application proceeding from pruning Morus alba L., Platanus hispanica Münchh. and Sophora japonica L. in urban areas

Language: EN

Summary:

Pruning urban forests generates significant amounts of lignocellulosic biomass every year. The energy potential of this biomass is unclear. The aim of this research was direct analysis of the gross calorific value (GCV), elemental composition and moisture content of Morus alba L., Platanus hispanica  Münchh. and Sophora japonica L. by means of laboratory equipment.

(LCMW) Relevance: The gross calorific value and other analysis proved these residues to be an interesting source of bioenergy.

Link:

Wood characterization for energy application proceeding from pruning Morus alba L., Platanus hispanica Münchh. and Sophora japonica L. in urban areas

von der Mühlen & Dietrich  Landscape Management Plan County Friesland Landkreis Friesland 2013 DE

Title (orig.): Landkreis Friesland Fortschreibung des Landschaftsrahmenplans: Biotopkartierung, Erhebung der gesetzlichen geschützen Biotope, Überprüfen der vorliegenden Wallheckenkartierung

Language: German

Summary:

Im Juni 2011 wurde durch den Landkreis Friesland die Biotoptypenkartierung auf der Grundlage einer Luftbildinterpretation, die Erfassung der gesetzlich geschützten Biotope sowie die Überprüfung der vorliegenden Wallheckenkartierung von 1987 / 88 in Auftrag gegeben. Auftrag war es, eine für das Kreisgebiet flächendeckende Biotoptypenkarte unter Berücksichtigung der gesetzlich geschützten Biotope (§ 30 BNatSchG) als Grundlage für die Fortschreibung des Landschaftsrahmenplanes des Landkreis Friesland zu erstellen. Vorgehensweise und Ergebnisse der Bestandserhebungen werden in diesem Fachbeitrag beschrieben.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Landkreis Friesland

Attachment

Landschaftsrahmenplan Landkreis Friesland (2.84 MB)

Waste serv ltd.  Electricity Production from waste treatment plant Waste serv ltd. 2011 MT

Title (orig.): Electricity Production from waste treatment plant

Language: English

Summary:

The new Sant’ Antnin Waste Treatment Plant includes a biological treatment plant for the production of biogas through the anaerobic digestion of biodegradable municipal solid waste.

The biogas produced is to be used for the generation of electricity by combustion in a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant, and any excess electricity will be fed to the grid

Link:

Electricity Production from waste treatment plant

Wiehe, Julia  Energetic utilisation of wood from landscape maintenance: Hedgerows on banks as heat source for the county Grafschaft Bentheim Inaugural Dissertation at the University Hanover 2003 DE

Title (orig.): Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege - Wallhecken als Wärmequelle für den Landkreis Grafschaft Bentheim

Language: German

Summary:

In this diploma thesis it was investigated if in the German county Grafschaft Bentheim and the neighboring Dutch province of Overijssel poorly preserved hedgerows on banks can be used as a renewable energy source for heat generation.

(LCMW) Relevance: Utilisation of hedgerows on banks

Link:

Die energetische Nutzung von Holz aus der Landschaftspflege

WMW (Waste Management World)  Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa WMW (Waste Management World). Multi-fuel fired plant 2010 SE

Title (orig.): Babcock & Wilcox Vølund lands order on second generation multi-fuel plant. New multi-fuel fired CHP plant in Landskronaa

Language: EN

Summary:

The new facility in Landskrona, Sweden is part of a new generation of plants capable of burning a wide range of biomass and sorted waste fuels. Multi-fuel fired combined heat and power plants will cover the future need for advanced technology to exploiting all resources. New fuels, ranging from sorted industrial waste to wood chips, will contribute towards meeting the EU requirements for a reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases.