A list of available literature covering biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work. We include both academic and popular sources, literature written in English and also in other languages.

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Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
Government  Law 54/1997 of 27 November, on the Electricity Sector Government 1997 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Electricity Sector Law 54/1997, of November 27, whose main objective is to regulate the activities of the special regime for power generation from renewable energies, power less than 50MW, granting powers to the Autonomous Communities for authorization. This Act is repealed, except the additional provisions 6,7,21 and 23, by repealing 1.a of law 24/2013 of December 26. BOE-A-2013-13645, subject to the provisions of the final disposition 3 of the act. However, the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of art. 38 and 2, 3 and 4 of Art.42, will remain in force until the art. 33 of the Act applies, as provided transitional provision 7.

Link:

Ley 54/1997, de 27 de noviembre, del Sector Eléctrico

Government  Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October Government 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Order IET / 2212/2015 of 23 October, which regulates the procedure assignment of specific remuneration system in the call for new production of electricity from biomass located on the mainland electricity system and technology facilities Wind convened pursuant to Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, their remuneration parameters are adopted.

Link:

Orden IET/2212/2015, de 23 de octubre, por la que se regula el procedimiento de asignación del régimen retributivo específico en la convocatoria para nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa situadas en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica, convocada al amparo del Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, y se aprueban sus parámetros retributivos

Government  National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) Government 2010 MT

Title (orig.): National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Language: English

Summary:

Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.

Malta 2020 targets:

  • Overall target: 10% of share of energy generated from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption
  • Heating and cooling: 6% of heat consumption met by renewable sources
  • Electricity: 14% of electricity demand met by electricity generated from renewable energy sources
  • Transport: 11% of energy demand met by renewable energy sources

In order to achieve above enlisted targets Malta runs following incentive schemes:

  • Feed-in tariff
  • Net-metering
  • Grants framework for electric vehicles, PV, solar thermal, wind turbines
  • CHP promotion
  • Biofuels support
  • Guidelines for micro wind turbine installations
  • Certification framework for solar technologies installers

Link:

National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP)

Government  National Energy Policy Government 2012 MT

Title (orig.): National Energy Policy

Language: English

Summary:

The National energy policy for Malta was launched in December 2012 after the publication of a first draft in 2009 and the finalisation of a strategic environmental impact assessment in September 2012. It lists decisions and actions that have already been implemented as well as measures aimed at ensuring the sustainability of Malta’s energy sector.

Proposed measures on renewable energy include:

1) a feed-in tariff system for the installation of PV panels by the private sector which are not supported through other funding, providing between 16 and 18 cents per kWh;

2) a new call for tender to install PV panels on an additional 40,000 square meters of public building rooftops;

3) a new scheme giving the option of a communal PV solution for small investors and for households who do not have access to a rooftop;

4) the extension of incentives for the purchase of solar water heaters and the installation of double glazing apertures and other measures of insulation and efficient use of energy

Link:

National Energy Policy

Government  Decree-Law No. 17/2009 establishing the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System Government 2009 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n.° 17/2009 de 14 de Janeiro

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law, consisting of 9 Chapters and one Annex, establishes the Second Amendments to Decree-Law No. 124/2006 on National Forest Protection System and defines protecting new measures and implementing actions for the aforementioned System in view of an effective fire prevention and management of forests. It regulates necessary fire prevention, planning activities, zoning of vulnerable areas and provides an organizational framework for forestry planning at both national and local levels. It also regulates authorized fires and monitors activities. Sanctions and offences are prescribed within. Annex specifies requirements for fuel management.

Link:

Factsheet: National forest protection system

Government  Decree-Law No. 179/2012 establishing measures to promote production and exploitation of forest biomass Government 2012 PT

Title (orig.): Decreto-Lei n. 179/2012 de 3 de Agosto

Language: English

Summary:

This Decree-Law amends article 3 of Decree-Law No. 5/2011, establishing measures to promote the production and exploitation of those forests destined to the supply of biomass centrals. Amendments specify extension of delays to present request of incentives.

Link:

Factsheet: Exploitation of forest biomass

Government  Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment Government 1999 PT

Language: English

Summary:

New budget provisions allow purchasers of renewable energy equipment, such as solar panels for residential use, to benefit from a reduced VAT of 5%. Investment costs in renewable end-use technology were deductible from the income tax with a limit to the deduction set at PTE 50 000 in 2000. Beginning in 1999, investors in equipment using solar energy are entitled to claim a depreciation rate of 25% (previously set at 7.14%).

Link:

Tax Reduction for Renewable Energy Equipment

Government  New Tariffs for Renewables Government 2001 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In 2001, the buy-back tariffs for renewables were increased (up to 25% for wind energy), in order to develop more electricity generation under the special regime for co-generation and renewables.

Link:

New Tariffs for Renewables

Government  Portugal feed-in tariff Government 2014 PT

Language: English

Summary:

In Portugal, electricity from renewable sources generated in existing installations is promoted through a feed-in tariff. Support to new installations can be provided through specific power granting tenders. The new remuneration regime for Small Production Units (UPP) will come into force in January 2015 and will be based on a bidding model in which producers offer discounts to a reference tariff.

In Portugal, the government has set a fund to finance research and projects on innovation and technological development in the field of renewable energy, as well as has started campaigns to raise awareness on RES issues. With regards to policies in the building sector, the obligation to use solar thermal collectors for heating water and other regulations on the certification of performance and durability of installations and components are in place. In addition, training programmes for installers of RES plants are already part of the education system. In Portugal, there are two support schemes for the use of renewable energy sources in the transport sector: a tax exemption to small producers (PPDs) and a biofuel quota to companies supplying fuels for consumption in the market.

Link:

Feed-in tariff (Tarifas feed-in)

Government departments Aragon  Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 Government departments Aragon 2013 ES

Title (orig.): Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The May 15, 2013, he appeared at the Crown Room of the Government of Aragon draft Aragon Energy Plan 2013-2020 . It is a document that reflects the indicative planning on energy for the coming years prepared by the Directorate General of Energy and Mines of the Department of Industry and Innovation, in close contact with the other comprising the regional government and the key industry players such as energy companies, technology centers, large consumers or project promoters. With this presentation, the plan, which is undergoing environmental assessment of plans and programs to the competent body of the Autonomous Community -INAGA-, starts the way of public information. The Directorate General of Energy and Mines in cooperation with the Directorate General for Citizen Participation, External Action and Cooperation start over June a specific participation process. Their goal is not only to account for the content of the Plan, but society is part of their preparation and setup or what is the same, get an energy plan for each and for all the Aragonese.

Link:

Plan Energético de Aragón 2013-2020

Government departments Aragon  Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon, for which actions on certification of energy efficiency of buildings are regulated and their record is created in the area of Aragon Government departments Aragon 2014 ES

Language: Spanish

Summary:

RD 46/2014 , of April 1, the Government of Aragon, by which the proceedings are covered in certification of energy efficiency of buildings and their record is created, within the Community Autonoma de Aragon. Decree 46/2014 creates the Registry and technical certificates, specifying the procedures of registration certificates, instructions for displaying labels, as well as control and inspection certificates, among others.

 

Link:

Decree 46/2014, of April 1, the Government of Aragon

Government of Aragón  Law 3/2014, of 29 May, amending Law 15/2006 of 28 December, amending Montes de Aragon Government of Aragón 2014 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 3/2014, de 29 de Mayo, de Montes

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Law 3/2014, of 29 May .The content of the reform of the Forest Act of Aragon is based on the need for certain aspects of environmental legislation are consistent with the structural reforms being made to reactivate the economy and employment, without losing sight of the management and sustainable use of forest resources. One of the goals being pursued is the simplification of administrative procedures in various procedures, eliminating ineffective intervention mechanisms, that even delay management by public administrations. The main changes the following stand out: He reviews the legal definition of “forests” and its scope is changed in certain cases; stopping at the characteristics required of abandoned agricultural land, forest land enclaves and those that can be ascribed to forestry to be included within the category of “mountains”. In Relation to the indivisibility of woodlots or mountain, will be indivisible when its surface is less than twenty hectares (previously exceeding ten hectares) He extended to fifteen years the validity of the project management and technical plans and the plans of management of forest resources, disappearing authorization process of harvesting of private forests to conform to the plan during that period.

Link:

Ley 3/2014, de 29 de mayo, por la que se modifica la Ley 15/2006, de 28 de diciembre, de Montes de Aragón

Government of Aragón  ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure Government of Aragón 2015 ES

Title (orig.): ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Language: Spanish

Summary:

ORDER of March 12, 2015, the Minister for Industry and Innovation, which are convened by the year 2015, financial aids for diversification and energy saving, rational use of energy and utilization of indigenous resources and renewable, and electrical and gas infrastructure.

Link:

ORDEN de 12 de marzo de 2015, del Consejero de Industria e Innovación, por la que se convocan para el año 2015, ayudas en materia de ahorro y diversificación energética, uso racional de la energía y aprovechamiento de los recursos autóctonos y renovables, e infraestructuras eléctricas y gasistas

Government of Spain  Law 45/2007 of 13 December, for the sustainable development of rural areas Government of Spain 2008 ES

Title (orig.): Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Law 45/2007 for the sustainable development or rural areas, the basis of its own rural policy, as state policy, fully adapted to the economic, social and environmental conditions established particular the Spanish countryside, allowing complement the implementation of the instruments of European policies and convencional sectoral policies to ensure sustainable development of rural areas.

Link:

Ley 45/2007, de 13 de diciembre, para el desarrollo sostenible del medio rural

Government of Spain  Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October Government of Spain 2015 ES

Title (orig.): Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

Language: Spanish

Summary:

Royal Decree 947/2015 of 16 October, which establishes a call for granting the specific remuneration system to new facilities for production of electricity from biomass in the peninsular and technology for wind power system.

Link:

Real Decreto 947/2015, de 16 de octubre, por el que se establece una convocatoria para el otorgamiento del régimen retributivo específico a nuevas instalaciones de producción de energía eléctrica a partir de biomasa en el sistema eléctrico peninsular y para instalaciones de tecnología eólica

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg  Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission Grand Duchy of Luxembourg 2015 LU

Title (orig.): Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission

Language: English

Summary:

The Rural Development Programme (RDP) for Luxembourg was formally adopted by the European Commission on 1 July 2015, outlining the Grand Duchy’s priorities for using the EUR 368 million of public money that is available for the 7-year period 2014-2020 (EUR 100.6 million from the EU budget and EUR 267.4 million of national co-funding).

Luxembourg’s RDP puts particular emphasis on actions related to restoring, preserving and enhancing ecosystems.

Link:

Luxembourg's Rural Development programme for 2014-2020 approved by the European Commission

Havlíčková, K. et al.  Analysis of the biomass potential in the Czech Republic The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG) 2010 CZ

Title (orig.): Analýza potenciálu biomasy v České republice

Language: CS

Summary:

This publication presents the outcomes of the MŽP SP/3G/24/07 project implemented by the The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (RILOG), (in original Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (VÚKOZ)). The book consists of eight chapters dealing mainly with determining the biomass potential of arable land and economy of energy from biomass There are 26 colored graphic attachments at the end of the publication, which display various map outputs describing the resource maps and the attachment. Potential of forest harvest residues by age levels is also indicated in this attachment.

Link:

Website of the project
Homepage of the institute

Höner, G.  Heating with hedge rows Forstmagazin Top Agrar Online 2017 DE

Title (orig.): Heizen mit Hecken

Language: German

Summary:

In der Ausgabe 2012/2012 des Forstmagazins Topagrar.com wird das Management der Wallheckenpflege durch den Heckenkoordinator im Münsterland beschrieben. Dabei werden die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Heckeneigentümer und Lohnunternehmer, die regionale Vermarktung der Hackschnitzel und der maschinelle Einsatz im Kreis Steinfurt genauer betrachtet.

(LCMW) Relevance: Ressource used for Biomass Assessment of the LCMW type Hedge Rows on Banks (D5.2)

Link:

Onlineartikel Heizen mit Hecken

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy (IDAE) IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 1974 ES

Title (orig.): El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy, IDAE, is a part of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism agency, through the Ministry of Energy, which oversees organically. Contribute to achieving the objectives that have acquired our country in terms of improving energy efficiency, renewable energy and other low carbon technologies is the strategic framework of their activity. In this sense, the IDAE conducts dissemination and training, technical support, development of specific programs and funding technological innovation projects and replicable character. Also, the Institute is leading an intense international activity within the framework of various European programs and cooperation with third countries.

Link:

El Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía (IDAE)

IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy  Renewable Energy Plan 2011-2020 IDAE, Institute for Diversification and Saving of Energy 2011 ES

Title (orig.): Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020

Language: Spanish

Summary:

The government temporarily suspended bonuses for new installations of special regime. Given the economic crisis and the situation of the electricity system, which draws a large and growing tariff deficit that threatens its sustainability, the Council of Ministers approved on 27th January 1 Royal Decree Law   to temporarily suspend proceedings renewable earmarking remuneration and suppress, also temporarily, economic incentives for new installations producing electricity from renewable energy sources, waste and cogeneration . The Renewable Energy Plan (PER) 2011-2020 has been approved by the Council of Ministers Agreement of 11 November 2011, establishing objectives in line with Directive 2009/28 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, and according to the terms of Royal Decree 661/2007, by which the activity of electricity production under the special regime and regulates Law 2/2011, of March 4, Sustainable Economy.

Link:

Plan de Energías Renovables 2011-2020