Renewable Energy Directive

Author Title (in English) Publisher Year Country
European Commission  Renewable Energy Directive European Commission 2009 EU

Title (orig.): Renewable Energy Directive

Language: English


The Directive establishes an overall policy for the production and promotion of energy from renewable sources in the EU.

The RED sets a mandatory RES target in overall energy consumption and in transport fuels and GHG emission reduction target (which could be achieved through use of the RES such as biomethane). It establishes sustainability criteria for biofuels and describes mass-balance system.

Mandatory national targets for the overall share of energy from renewable sources. Rules relating to the national renewable energy action plans, joint projects between Member States and with third countries, guarantees of origin, administrative procedures, information and training, and access to the electricity grid for energy from renewable sources. Sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids.

Art. 3.1 sets binding national targets to create 20% of energy consumption from renewables, increase energy efficiency by 20% and reduce GHG emissions by 20% by 2020.  Art. 3.4 obliges all Member States to ensure that at least 10% of their transport fuels come from renewable sources by 2020.

Art. 17 sets out sustainability criteria for all biofuels and bioliquids produced or consumed in the EU to ensure that they guarantee real GHG savings and protects biodiversity.  Art. 17.1 defines that biofuels and bioliquids produced from waste and residues, other than agricultural, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry residues, need only fulfil the sustainability criteria in relation the GHG savings. Art. 21(2) establishes the “double-counting” system, i.e. the contribution made by biofuels produced from wastes, residues, non-food cellulosic material, and lingo-cullulosic material is considered to be twice that made by other biofuels.

As a sustainability criteria, Art. 17(2) establishes 35% GHG emission reduction level. It will be raised up to at least 50% from 2017 and at least 60% from 2018. Art. 19 provides a calculation of GHG emissions.


Renewable Energy Directive


FNR - The Agency for Renewable Resources
Christiane Volkmann

CZ Biom - Czech Biomass Association
Jan Doležal

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