Project greenGain is looking for solutions to increase energy utilisation of biomass feedstock coming from landscape conservation and maintenance work carried out in the public interest. The main target groups are regional and local players, who are responsible for maintenance and conservation work and for the biomass residue management in their regions. Moreover, the focus will be on service providers – including farmers and forest owners, their associations, NGOs and energy providers and consumers.

The three year project which started on January 2015 is supported by the Horizon 2020, European program to foster research and innovative solutions in the EU. The project is gathering partners and researchers from Germany, Italy, Spain and Czech Republic. Researchers are analysing biomass feedstock potential coming from landscape conservation and various technological options to utilise it. We are also identifying possible obstacles and provide recommendations to a wide range of stakeholders in the EU 28.


Funding programme:                    Horizont 2020

Funding volume:                          1, 8 Mio. €

Duration:                                      36 months (01/2015 – 12/2017)

Participation:                                8 partners from 4 countries


Woody and herbaceous biomass feedstock only from landscape conservation (incl. fields and forests) and maintenance work (LCMW) carried out in the public interest, like biomass from:

  • roadsides,
  • watercourses and power lines,
  • areas like parks, cemeteries and other recreation areas as well as from nature reserves but also from private gardens,
  • no residues from plantations and residues from harvesting an economically viable product, unless such plantations have the purpose of or add to landscape conservation and maintenance works.

Main target groups

regional and local players, who are responsible for maintenance and conservation work and for the biomass residue management in their regions & service providers – including farmers and forest owners, their associations, NGOs and energy providers and consumers


  • Trigger the exploitation and to coordinate as well as to support the market uptake of currently underused resources from biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work carried out in public interest for energy purposes
  • mobilize biomass, not competing with food and feed production
  • cover planning, harvesting, transport, pre-treatment, measuring and energy conversion of non-food biomass resources & financial frameworks
  • support local governance processes, develop tools for an active & supportive citizenship and realising a good practices know-how platform

Work packages (WPs)

WP1:     Project Management

The objective of this work package (WP) is to lead, facilitate, coordinate and ensure the execution of the project in close and positive cooperation between project partners to achieve the project goals, outputs and deliverables. FNR as Consortium leader is the responsible body and contact point for the European Commission (EC).

WP2:     Dissemination and Use of Results

The activities in WP2 are focused on communication, dissemination and exploitation of project results. The key recipients are experts, officials, businesses and general public in the EU28 member states. The main objective is to raise awareness on the potential of energy utilisation of biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance works. Main tool for dissemination is the project website, regular newsletter and public events such as workshops and conferences. The exploitation of project results is facilitated by regular planning and reporting during the course of the project.

WP3:     Creating an EU knowledge platform for LCMW feedstocks and reach the commitment of non-project LCMW stakeholders

The WP3 facilitates a vital exchange of information and experiences in between relevant players external to the project and between these external stakeholders and the greenGain project. It aims to create an EU expert network for a better and easier exchange of information for the use of feedstock of such kind. What are the keys for LCMW biomass exploitation? What are key elements in the implementation of the value chain? greenGain will produce two summary documents targeting both questions. First a guide with good practices observed which favour and contribute the promotion and success of LCMW value: policies, support mechanisms, intersectional alliances, etc. Second a specific handbook describing the logistics and operations of different LCMW chains, aiming to show alternatives for the harvest, handling and treatment of different biomass resources.

WP4:     LCMW feedstock potential and best usage in conversion routes to bioenergy

Within the WP4 we focus on ways how to use LCMW biomass as a source of bioenergy. First, available information will be analysed with help of internet and literature research, interviews and making use of information from recent projects. Then, the ways how can be biomass converted into bioenergy will be examined. Is the local use in a biogas plant better than pre-treatment and transport to central conversion site in other region? What are the success criteria for implementing the pathways in praxis? After identifying the success criteria, we will try to adapt them to other regions in EU28. Modelling will be used for accessing economic and environmental costs of the pathways. In the final stage, we will draft business models for LCMW biomass energy use for different regions of EU28.

WP5:     Pilot experiences for market supply of LCMW

Within the WP5, greenGain will carry out 7 pilot experiences of LCMW biomass utilization in 4 European countries: Spain (Matarraña and Bajo Aragón), Italy (Trasimeno area), Germany (Friesland and Rotenburg) and Czech Republic (Kněžice and Vltavotýnsko). Starting from an active interaction with local companies, final biomass consumer, local authorities and permitting bodies, the different LCMW biomass will be identified. The most relevant and feasible biomass types will be object of specific insight in economic, legal and sustainability issues. A pilot experience will be carried out based on a promising LCMW biomass type, meaning the supply chain will be implemented, monitored and evaluated.

WP6:     Policies, Finance, Governance and Public acceptance

The overall aim of the WP6 is to reinforce regional, national and EU policy by a systematic analysis of the legal, policy, financial and governance frameworks firstly in the model regions and secondly in the EU 28 regarding energetic use of feedstock from LCMW. This WP provides recommendations to the EC for appropriate and practical improvements in the sustainable feedstock supply from LCMW. A strategy paper on how to tackle bottlenecks in national and EU strategies and legislation will be elaborated and presented to the EC and national decision makers. Results will be implemented in the model regions and presented/discussed in the national workshops or other adequate measures of such kind.

Role of the model regions in IT, CZ, ES, DE



  • Implementation of measures to improve the energetic use of material landscape maintenance
  • Development of a reliable dataset concerning the availability of biomass from landscape conservation and maintenance work in the regions
  • Development of tailor-made financing concepts
  • Implementation of the analyzed logistics/storage in the most sustainable utilization pathways & exploitation strategies
  • Implementation of the identified measures of public participation and good governance
  • Developed quality and sustainability standards

Description of model regions:

Bajo Aragón



Rotenburg (Wümme)


Týn nad Vltavou